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Given  By 






A  Campaign  To  Disarm  and  Defeat  the 
United  States 

APRIL  1,  1951 



Prepared  and  released  by  the 

Committee  on  Un-American  Activities,  U.  S.  House  of  Representatives 
Washington,  D.  C 




Committee  on  Un-American  Activities,  United  States  House  of 

eighty-second  congress,  first  session 

John  S.  Wood,  Georgia,  Chairman 

Francis  E.  Walter,  Pennsylvania 
Morgan  M.  Moulder,  Missouri 
Clyde  Doyle,  California 
James  B.  Frazier,  Jr.,  Tennessee 
Harold  H.  Velde,  Illinois 
Bernard  W.  Kearney,  New  York 
Donald  L.  Jackson,  California 
Charles  E.  Potter,  Michigan 

Frank  S.  Tavenner,  Jr.,  Counsel 

Louis  J.  Russell,  Senior  Investigator 

John  W.  Carrington,  Clerk  of  Committee 


Communist  "Peace"  Offensive 

International  Communist  "Peace"  Movement:  Paee 

Controlling  Strategy 1 

Cominform  Sets  the  Stage 4 

World  Congress  of  Intellectuals 8 

Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  for  World  Peace,   March  25-27, 

1949 11 

World  Congress  of  Partisans  of  Peace  (First  World  Peace  Congress) 

April  1949 16 

Americans  Sponsoring  Committee  for  World  Peace  Congress 17 

American  Continental  Congress  for  Peace,  September  5-10,  1949 21 

Red  "Peace"  Delegations 24 

Stockholm  Conference,  March  16-19,  1950 29 

Speakers  at  Stockholm 29 

Americans  at  Stockholm 31 

Signature  Campaign 31 

Second  World  Peace  Congress,  November  1950 36 

The  Communists'  "Peace"  Campaign  Within  the  United  States 39 

Petition  Campaign  in  U.  S.  A 40 

Peace  Information  Center 42 

William  Edward  Burghardt  DuBois 43 

Abbott  Simon 46 

American  Comments  on  Signature  Campaign 1 47 

Use  of  Front  Organizations 51 

American  Peace  Crusade 51 

Maryland  Committee  for  Peace 54 

Committee  for  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact 54 

Mid-Century  Conference  for  Peace 58 

Exploitation  of  Religion  in  the  "Peace"  Campaign 61 

National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace 64 

Marcel  Scherer 69 

"Peace"  Riot 70 

The  "Peace"  Campaign  Directed  at  Women's  Groups 71 

The  "Peace"  Campaign  Strategy  for  Youth  and  Students 77 

Association  of  Internes  and  Medical  Students 79 

Prague  Congress 79 

Labor  Youth  League 80 

Leon  Wofsy 81 

Subversion  of  Scientists  Through  the  "Peace"  Movement 82 

Linus  Carl  Pauling 85 

Philip  D.  Morrison 87 

Johannes  Steel 90 

Role  of  the  Moscow  Radio  in  the  "Peace"  Campaign 95 


I.  Articles  Dealing  with  the  World  Peace  Congress  Appearing  in  "For 

a  Lasting  Peace,  for  a  People's  Democracy" 99 

II.  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  for  World  Peace,  held  in  New 
York  City,  March  25,  26,  and  27,  1949,  Communist  AflSliations  of 

Sponsors 104 

III.  Americans  Sponsoring  the   World   Peace   Congress  held  in   Paris, 

April  1949 110 

IV.  Members  of  the  Permanent  Committee  of  the  World  Peace  Congress-  112 
V.  Call  to  the  American  Continental  Congress  for  Peace,  Mexico  City, 

September  5-10,  1949 116 



Appendixes — Continued  Page 

VI.  American  Sponsoring  Committee  for  Representation  at  the  Second 

World  Peace  Congress 118 

VII.  "World  Peace  Appeal"  adopted  by  the  Permanent  International 
Committee,  World  Peace  Congress,  United  States  Youth  Spon- 
soring Committee 119 

VIII.  Plan  of  Work  of  National  Committee,  Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A., 

July  15  to  Labor  Day,  1950 120 

IX.  List  of  Sponsors,  by  States,  of  Stockholm  Appeal 124 

X.  American  Peace  Crusade,  various  documents,  etc 135 

XI.  List  of  Sponsors  of  Maryland  Committee  for  Peace 142 

XII.  Call  to  Mid-Century  Conference  for  Peace,  May  29,  30,  1950,  Ini- 
tiating Sponsors 143 

XIII.  Labor  Wants  Peace  Talks  not  a  Pact  for  War — a  Statement  on  the 

North  Atlantic  Pact  together  with  signers. __ 152 

XIV.  Call  to  a  National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace,  Chicago,  111.,  October 

1  and  2,  1949 — Arrangements  Committee  and  Sponsors 157 

XV.  Conference  for  Peace  Called  by  Ohio  Unionists 163 

XVI.   World  Peace  Council — Members  elected  at  Second  World  Peace 

Congress 164 


Figure  1:  American  delegates,  arm  in  arm  with  Alexander  Fadeev,  Soviet 
whip  of  the  World  Peace  Congress.     Left  to  right:  Unidentified  woman, 
Rockwell  Kent,  Albert  Kahn,  Mr.  Fadeev,  and  Johannes  Steel.     (In  De- 
fense of  Peace,  April  1950,  p.  51) 29 

Figure  2:  Cartoon  urging  sit-down  strikes  against  munition  shipments  for 
troops  fighting  the  Communists.     In  (Defense  of  Peace,  official  organ, 

World  Peace  Congress,  January  1950,  p.  43) 30 

Figure  3:  World  Peace  Appeal,  petition  blank,  issued  by  the  Campaign 

Committee  for  the  World  Peace  Appeal 33 

Figure  4:  This  photograph  shows  the  thumbprint  signatures  of  citizens  of 
French  Equatorial  Africa  who  endorsed  the  World  Peace  Appeal.  These 
fingerprint  signatures  are  those  of  men  and  women  who  never  had  the 
chance  to  learn  to  write.     Thus,  they  could  not  be  expected  to  read  the 

petition  ( Dailv  Worker,  August  24,  1 950,  p.  4) 35 

Figure  5:  The  Worker,  June  11,  1950,  p.  1 Facing  40 

Figure  6:   Mid-Century  Conference  for  Peace,  30  North  Dearborn  Street, 

Chicago  2,  111.,  Conference  Program 144 


President  Truman,  in  a  radio  address  to  the  Nation  on  September  1, 

The  Soviet  Union  has  repeatedly  violated  its  pledges  of  international  coopera- 
tion. It  has  destroyed  the  independence  of  its  neighbors.  It  has  sought  to 
disrupt  those  countries  it  could  not  dominate.  It  has  built  up  tremendous 
armed  forces  far  beyond  the  needs  of  its  own  defense. 

Communist  imperialism  preaches  peace  but  practices  aggression. 

John  Foster  Dulles,  Republican  adviser  to  the  State  Department, 
in  testimony  before  a  Senate  Foreign  Relations  subcommittee,  July 
5,  1950: 

*  *  *  it  is  my  opinion  that  the  leaders  of  communism  are,  before  ventur- 
ing an  open  war,  trying  to  create  a  public  opinion  of  the  world  to  believe  that  they 
are  the  nations  that  stand  for  peace  and  that  we  are  the  Nation  that  stands  for 
war,  and  they  have  made  very  good  progress  in  doing  that     *     *     * 

They  know  that  everybody  wants  peace,  and  if  they  can  pose  as  the  lovers  of 
peace,  then,  perhaps  they  can  risk  war. 

Note. — The  names  of  persons  mentioned  in  this  report  as  being  connected 
with  the  organizations  which  are  herein  discussed  were  talien  from  actual  docu- 
ments of  these  organizations  and  the  public  press. 

It  has  come  to  the  attention  of  the  committee  that  some  of  the  persons  who 
are  so  described  in  either  the  text  or  the  appendix  withdrew  their  support  and/or 
affiliation  with  these  organizations  when  the  Communist  character  of  these 
organizations  was  discovered.  There  may  also  be  persons  whose  names  were 
used  as  sponsors  or  affiliates  of  these  organizations  without  permission  or  knowl- 
edge of  the  individuals  involved. 

The  committee,  having  no  desire  to  charge  any  innocent  person  with  having 
Communist  affiliations,  will  therefore  publish  the  names  of  any  individual  who 
has  so  withdrawn  from  these  organizations  or  whose  name  was  used  by  these 
organizations  without  permission  or  knowledge  in  a  future  report  if  such  person 
will  communicate  with  the  committee,  giving  the  circumstances  in  his  particular 


The  most  dangerous  hoax  ever  devised  b}^  the  international  Com- 
munist consphacy  is  the  current  world-wide  "peace"  offensive. 

It  has  received  the  official  endorsement  of  the  Supreme  Soviet  of 
the  U.  S.  S.  R.  The  Information  Bureau  of  the  Communist  and 
Workers  Parties  (Cominform),  successor  to  the  Communist  Interna- 
tional, has  given  this  campaign  top  priority.  It  has  been  designated 
as  the  major  effort  of  every  Communist  Party  on  the  face  of  the  globe, 
including  the  Communist  Party  of  the  United  States. 

Communists  and  their  coconspirators  are  spearheading  this  move- 
ment in  cities  and  communities  throughout  the  United  States — at 
meetings,  on  street  corners,  in  shops,  homes,  schools  and  colleges,  in 
the  press  and  on  the  radio — in  fact,  in  every  walk  of  life.  Unless  it  is 
completely  exposed,  many  may  be  deceived  and  ensnared. 

The  Communist  "peace"  movement  assumes  different  forms  at 
various  times  and  places.  This  is  calculated  to  disguise  its  Communist 
origin  and  to  evade  legal  prosecution.  Thus,  we  find  the  movement 
appearing  as  the  World  Congress  of  Intellectuals,  the  International 
Committee  of  Intellectuals  in  Defense  of  Peace,  the  World  Peace 
Congress  or  the  World  Congress  of  Partisans  of  Peace,  and  American 
Continental  Congress  for  Peace,  all  with  identical  slogans  and 
propaganda,  and  espoused  by  the  same  group  with  slight  variations. 

The  same  system  has  characterized  the  movement  within  the 
United  States.  Here  the  "peace"  movement  has  paraded  at  various 
times  as  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  for  World  Peace, 
Campaign  Committee  for  the  World  Peace  Appeal,  Committee  for 
Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact,  and  its  Mid-Century 
Conference  for  Peace,  the  Peace  Information  Center,  the  National 
Labor  Conference  for  Peace,  and  a  multitude  of  other  names  in  various 
localities  and  among  various  special  pi-ofessional,  religious,  racial, 
women's  and  youth  groups. 


Controlling  Strategy 

What  do  the  master  conspirators  in  the  Kremlin  hope  to  achieve 
as  a  result  of  the  "peace"  offensive  to  which  they  are  applying  so  much 
of  their  resources  and  energies  on  an  international  scale? 

As  World  War  II  was  drawing  to  a  close,  the  democratic  nations 
hoped  that  the  Soviet  Union  would  become  part  of  a  law-abiding  world, 
from  which  wars  would  be  forever  banished.  But  Joseph  Stalin  had 
other  views.  His  doctrine  was  that  it  was  "inconceivable"  that  the 
Soviet  Union  could  continue  for  a  long  period  side  by  side  with  non- 
Communist  states.  He  was  convinced  that:  "Ultimately  one  or  the 
other  must  conquer." 

By  and  large,  the  American  people  are  always  willing  to  live  and  let 
live.     They  have  long  felt  that,  if  the  Russians  were  willing  to  tolerate 


Communist  dictatorship  as  a  form  of  government,  we  should  adopt  a 
hands-off  poUcy  and  let  the  Russian  people  work  out  their  own  destiny. 
No  such  attitude  of  tolerance  toward  the  United  States  and  its  form 
of  government  characterizes  the  Russian  rulers.  The  history  of  the 
past  5  years  has  demonstrated  that  Stalin  has  firmly  adhered  to  a  con- 
cept which  is  explicitly  stated  in  Stalin's  1933  edition  of  Leninism: 

The  victory  of  socialism  in  one  country  is  not  an  end  in  itself;  it  must  be  looked 
upon  as  a  support,  as  a  means  for  hastening  the  proletarian  victory  in  every  other 
land.  For  the  victory  of  the  revolution  in  one  country  (in  Russia,  for  the  nonce) 
*     *     *     is  likewise  the  beginning  and  the  continuation  of  the  world  revolution. 

In  other  words,  the  Communist  juggernaut,  not  content  with  having 
trampled  Russia  and  numerous  satellite  countries  under  its  heel^ 
envisages  nothing  less  than  world  conquest. 

For  a  time  this  basic  Communist  goal  was  held  in  abeyance.  It  was 
sidetracked  from  1934  to  1939  when  Russia  feared  Hitler's  rising  power 
and  endeavored  to  establish  a  united  front  with  the  democracies  against 
the  Fascist  aggressor.  It  was  resumed  during  the  fateful  period  of  the 
Stalin-Hitler  pact.  But  once  again  it  was  placed  in  cold  storage  after 
Hitler's  attack  on  Russia  on  June  22,  1941.  With  the  close  of  World 
War  II,  however,  the  Communists  returned  to  their  original  and  funda- 
mental position  of  aggression,  as  subsequent  events  have  amply 
demonstrated.  We  are  in  the  midst  of  a  Communist  drive  for  world 
conquest,  of  which  the  present  "peace"  offensive  is  an  organic  and 
strategic  part.  It  is  necessary  for  the  American  people  to  under- 
stand what  is  behind  this  global  psychological  onslaught  and  guard 
against  it. 

Just  as  France  developed  illusions  about  the  impregnability  of  the 
Maginot  line  prior  to  World  War  II,  only  to  succumb  later  to  Hitler's 
iron  legions,  so  some  Americans  conceive  of  our  security  as  based  only 
upon  a  spectacular  weapon  like  the  atom  bomb  or  the  H-bomb.  They 
fail  to  realize  the  destructive  and  disintegrating  effects  of  psychological 
warfare,  which  may  be  less  spectacular  but  equally  effective. 

The  Communist  leaders  are  fully  aware  that  propagandists,  within 
or  without  the  United  States,  have  easy  access  to  the  American  public. 
There  is  one  radio  for  every  two  persons  in  the  United  States,  and  the 
United  States  maintains  radio  freedom  both  as  to  broadcasting  and 
the  listener's  choice  of  program.  The  American  press  is  also  free. 
Thus,  an  American  may  read  or  listen  to  whatever  he  pleases. 

The  Communists  exploit  our  freedom  with  their  psychological 
warfare,  which  finds  expression  in  the  present  "peace"  offensive.  The 
current  Communist  "peace"  offensive  has  certain  specific  immediate 
aims,  which,  if  realized,  can  prove  of  inestimable  value  to  the  Soviet 
war  machine. 

In  the  first  place,  the  Communist  military  machine  has  boldly 
seized  upon  the  word  "peace"  in  an  effort  to  secure  moral  sanction  for 
its  own  aggressive  designs.  To  achieve  this,  Communists  must  at 
the  same  time  portray  its  victims  and  mtended  victims  as  being  ruled 
by  imperialist  warmongers  and  "war  criminals."  It  is  a  case  of  the 
pickpocket  crying  "Stop,  thief!" 

Communists  want  to  sap  American  morale  and  secure  converts  to 
treason.  Soviet  strategy  aims  to  take  full  advantage  of  the  fact  that 
there  are  many  well-meaning  Americans  who,  in  their  deep  detestation 
of  war,  may  be  misled  by  Communist  declarations  of  peace  and 
friendship.     In  their  failure  to  understand  the  nature  of  a  Communist 


dictatorship,  these  persons  fail  to  reaHze  that  an  aggressive  war 
machine,  such  as  Russia  has,  looks  upon  a  nation's  good  will  as  a 
symptom  of  weakness  and  as  an  encouragement  toward  further 

Knowing  that  democracies  such  as  the  United  States  are  responsive 
to  public  opinion,  the  Communist  "peace"  drive  is  also  calculated  to 
develop  a  feeling  of  false  security  among  us  so  that  the  Red  military 
machine  can  strike  whenever  and  wherever  it  pleases. 

The  Communists  fear  our  superiority  in  the  field  of  atomic  weapons. 
By  appealing  for  the  destruction  of  al]  atomic  bombs  (while  maintain- 
ing their  own  in  guarded  secrecy),  the  Red  leaders  hope  to  reduce  our 
defenses  by  depriving  our  forces  of  this  military  weapon. 

A  major  part  of  the  Communist  "peace"  offensive  is  directed  toward 
those  working  in  strategic  positions  affecting  the  production  and  trans- 
port of  military  material.  In  this  connection,  special  efforts  are  being 
made  to  reach  scientific  personnel  and  labor  unions  in  key  industries 
in  order  to  bring  about  espionage  as  well  as  strikes  and  acts  of  sabotage 
which  will  cripple  production. 

It  is  readily  realizable  that  if  these  eft'orts  are  successful  a  disastrous 
blow  to  our  national  defense  will  be  struck. 

A  short  cut  to  understanding  the  methods  and  aims  of  the  Com- 
munist "peace"  offensive  may  be  found  in  a  little-known  German 
work.  Propaganda  Als  Waffe  (Propaganda  as  a  Weapon),  by  Willi 
Muenzenberg,  former  European  propaganda  expert  for  the  Communist 
International.  He  wrote  a  description  of  the  Fascist  propaganda  of 
Adolph  Hitler,  but  the  description  snugly  fits  Stalin's  latest  "peace" 
offensive.     Muenzenberg  said  of  Hitler's  propaganda: 

According  to  an  ancient  recipe,  the  slogan  is  repeated  over  and  over  again  until 
it  is  presumed  that  the  "mock"  truth  has  penetrated  into  people's  consciousness 
sufficiently  so  as  to  make  it  appear  acceptable  as  the  real  truth     *     *     * 

Concepts  are  falsified,  their  meaning  distorted  into  the  opposite.  *  *  * 
Thus  dictatorship  was  converted  into  "purified  democracy,"  and  violation  of 
political  rights  became  "Liberty"     *     *     *_ 

*  *  *  4:  *  *  * 

The  louder  the  Hitler  propaganda  machine  talks  about  peace,  the  more  positive 
it  is  in  avowing  its  friendhness,  the  surer  we  may  be  that  it  is  planning  and  will 
carry  into  effect  new  surprises.  While  talking  about  peace,  it  plots  new  attacks 
against  the  peace  of  Europe     *     *     *_ 

*  *  *  Thg  German  General  Staff  published  the  following  strategic  concep- 
tion for  the  defeat  of  all  their  enemies:  "At  the  time  of  Frederick  the  Great,  the 
slogan,  'God  is  with  the  strongest  battahons,'  was  the  only  valid  one."  Today, 
in  times  of  psychological  warfare,  we  may  add:  "And  with  those  who  can  tell  the 
most  lies."     *     *     * 

*  *  *  By  lulling  the  enemy  to  sleep  with  pacifist  phrases,  he  tries  to  induce 
him  to  neglect  his  preparations  for  war.  This  sleep-inducing  hocus-pocus  with 
which  he  tricks  his  enemy  is  well  suited  to  covering  up  his  own  war  preparations. 

It  is  clear  that  the  present  Soviet  "peace"  offensive  is  identical  in 
character  and  aims  with  a  similar  offensive  conducted  by  Adolph 
Hitler  prior  to  and  during  World  War  II. 


In  September  1947,  the  representatives  of  nine  European  Com- 
munist and  Workers  (Communist)  Parties,  of  Yugoslavia,  Bulgaria, 
Kumania,  Hungary,  Poland,  France,  Czechoslovakia,  Italy,  and  the 
Soviet  Union,  met  at  an  undisclosed  location  in  Poland  to  establish 
the  Information  Bureau  of  the  Communist  Parties,  known  as  the 
Cominform.  This  organization  is  the  modern  version  of  the  Com- 
munist International,  allegedly  interred  in  1943. 

As  is  customary  in  sucli  international  Communist  gatherings,  the 
main  report  was  presented  by  A.  Zhdanov,  speaking  for  the  dominant 
delegation  representing  the  Communist  Party  of  the  Soviet  Union. 
He  laid  the  groundwork  for  the  current  "peace"  offensive  when  he 
presented  the  warlike  formula  that  the  "international  arena"  was 
divided  "into  two  major  camps" — "the  imperialist  and  antidemo- 
cratic camp,  on  the  one  hand,  and  the  anti-imperialist  and  democratic 
camp,  on  the  other."  Zhdanov,  as  expected,  identified  "the  principal 
driving  force  of  the  imperialist  camp"  as  the  U.  S.  A.  "allied  with 
*  *  *  Great  Britain  and  France."  He  said,  "The  anti-Fascist 
forces  comprise  the  second  camp.  This  camp  is  based  on  the  U.  S.  S.  R. 
and  the  ncAv  democracies." 

The  significance  and  authority  of  the  Cominform  was  immediately 
acknowledged  by  William  Z.  Foster,  national  chairman  of  the  Com- 
munist Party,  U.  S.  A.  In  his  pamphlet.  The  Meaning  of  the  Nine- 
Party  Conference,  he  summarized  Cominform  decisions  as  follows  for 
the  members  of  his  party: 

The  simple  reality  is  that  the  nine-party  Communist  conference,  and  the 
Information  Bureau  which  it  set  up,  have  as  their  purpose  to  put  the  peoples  of 
Europe  on  guard  against  the  attempt  of  Wall  Street  imperialism  to  conquer  and 
enslave  them.  *  *  *  n^he  nine  Communist  Parties,  in  their  joint  conference, 
were  also  correct  in  warning  their  nations  and  all  humanity  of  the  Fascist  danger 
involved  in  the  offensive  of  Wall  Street  imperialism  against  the  peoples  of  Europe 
and  the  rest  of  the  world.  *  *  *  xhe  statement  of  the  nine  Communist 
Parties  also  does  a  major  service  in  awakening  the  peoples  of  Europe  and  the 
world  to  the  growing  danger  of  a  new  world  war,  as  a  consequence  of  the  ruthless 
expansionist  drive  of  American  big  business. 

The  sequel  to  the  Cominform  conference  was  an  open  letter  signed 
in  the  autumn  of  1947  by  12  Soviet  publicists  (Alexander  Fadeyev, 
Constantine  Fedin,  Boris  Gorbatov,  Valentin  Katayev,  Alexander 
Korneichuk,  Leonid  Leonov,  Nikolai  Pogodin,  Mikhail  Sholokhov, 
Constantine  Simonov,  Alexander  Tvardovsky,  Vsevolod  Vishnevsky, 
and  Wanda  Wasilewska).  It  was  addressed  to  "Writers  and  men  of 
culture  in  the  United  States  of  America!"  Intended  as  the  opening 
gun  in  the  "Peace"  campaign,  it  was  calculated  to  corrupt  and  sow 
disaffection  among  cultural  leaders  in  the  United  States.  Of  course, 
the  letter  made  no  mention  of  the  series  of  ruthless  purges  among 
intellectuals  in  the  Soviet  Union,  nor  of  Soviet  acts  of  aggression. 
Pubhshed  in  No.  7  of  Soviet  Literature,  1948,  it  read  in  part  as 

The  ideas  of  fascism  *  *  *  have  of  late  been  constantly  finding  champions 
and  proponents  among  prominent  statesmen,  diplomats,  military  men,  industrial- 
ists, journalists,  and  even  scientists  in  your  country.     *     *     * 



Men  of  letters,  men  of  art  and  culture  are  people  whose  lips  are  not  to  be  sealed 
so  easily  by  police  truncheons,  by  gags,  or  banknotes.  The  peoples  of  the  world 
want  to  hear  their  voices  from  the  pages  of  newspapers,  magazines,  and  books, 
from  the  boards  of  theaters,  from  canvases  and  screens.     *     *     * 

*  *  *  we  call  upon  you,  masters  of  American  culture,  to  raise  your  voice 
against  the  new  threat  of  fascism,  against  the  instigators  of  war     *     *     *     _ 

This  appeal  evoked  a  ready  response  from  Soviet  sympathizers  in 
the  United  States,  whose  statement  of  reply  was  published  in  Masses 
and  Mainstream  for  May  1948,  a  monthly  Communist  magazine, 
and  also  in  the  above-mentioned  issue  of  Soviet  Literature.  In  this 
statement,  American  capitalists  were  charged  with  seeking  to  "plant 
the  dragon's  teeth  of  our  bayonets  in  every  land." 

The  statement  bore  the  signatures  of  the  following  members  of  the 
Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.:  James  S.  Allen,  Herbert  Aptheker,  Alvah 
Bessie,  Richard  O.  Boyer,  Howard  Fast,  Ben  Field,  Barbara  Giles, 
V.  J.  Jerome,  Meridel  LeSuein-,  A.  B.  Magil,  Joseph  North,  Isidor 
Schneider,  Howard  Selsam,  Samuel  Sillen,  and  Doxey  Wilkerson. 

After  this  preliminary  spadework,  a  World  Congress  of  Intellectuals 
was  held  under  Communist  direction  in  Communist-controlled  Poland 
on  August  25  to  28,  1948,  which  annoimced  the  establishment  of  the 
International  Committee  of  Intellectuals  in  Defense  of  Peace.  This 
congress  is  described  in  more  detail  in  a  subsequent  section  of  this 

For  a  Lasting  Peace,  For  a  People's  Democracy,  for  September  15, 

1948,  official  organ  of  the  Information  Bureau  of  the  Communist  and 
Workers  Parties,  greeted  the  World  Congress  of  Intellectuals  as  afford- 
ing "proof  of  the  great  progress  made  by  the  intelle'ctuals  after  World 
War  II."  The  conference  was  hailed  as  demonstrating  "the  strivings 
of  the  intellectuals  to  unite  in  the'struggle  for  peace."  The  Cominform 
approved  of  the  fact  that  the  conference  called  upon  "all  professional 
workers  in  all  lands  to  organize  congresses  and  set  up  committees  for 
defense  of  peace."  The  Cominform  organ  then  emphasized  that 
"The  Congress  decisions  confront  the  Comminiist  Parties  and  espe- 
cially the^Communist  intellectuals  with  the  important  and  honorable 
task  of  being  in  the  forefront — in  bringing  together  and  organizing 
the  intellectuals  of  their  countries  for  the  defense  of  peace  and  culture." 

Wliile  the  second  Cominform  congress  held  in  Rumania  in  June 
1948  was  primarily  concerned  with  the  defection  of  Marshal  Tito  of 
Yugoslavia,  the  third  Cominform  congress  held  at  the  end  of  November 

1949,  at  an  undisclosed  location  in  Hungary,  concentrated  on  the 
problem  of  consolidating  and  expanding  the  "peace  movement." 
Again  the  lead  was  given  by  the  Communist  Party  of  the  Soviet 
Union  through  an  official  spokesman,  M.  Suslov.  In  considerable 
detail,  he  outlined  the  progress  of  the  movement,  indicating  how 
closely  Moscow  follows  its  development: 

The  strength  and  power  of  the  peace  movement  lies  further  in  the  fact  that  it 
has  assumed  an  organized  character.  The  champions  of  peace  increasingly 
consolidate  and  organize  themselves  on  a  local,  national,  and  international  scale. 

Of  great  significance  in  unfolding  the  movement  of  the  fighters  for  peace  was 
the  Wroclaw  Congress  of  Cultural  Workers  in  Defense  of  Peace,  the  World 
Congress  of  the  Democratic  Women's  Federation  held  in  Budapest  (autumn  1948), 
and  particularly  the  World  Peace  Congress,  held  in  Paris  and  Prague  on  April 
20-25,  which  represented  600,000,000  organized  fighters  for  peace. 

The  movement  for  the  defense  of  peace  constantly  extends  and  consolidates. 
The  Second  World  Trade  Union  Congress,  held  in  Milan  early  in  July,  approved 


the  manifesto  issued  by  the  Paris  Congress  and  drew  up  a  concrete  program  of 
action  for  the  72,000,000  trade-unionists  organized  in  the  World  Federation  of 
Trade  Unions. 

National  peace  congresses  were  held  in  a  number  of  countries.  The  wave  of 
strikes,  popular  demonstrations  and  meetings  of  protest  against  the  ratification 
of  the  North  Atlantic  agreement  swept  the  whole  of  Western  Europe. 

In  many  countries,  national  committees  in  defense  of  peace  were  formed,  and 
the  organization  of  peace  coinmittees  in  towns,  factories,  and  offices  began. 

The  movement  of  the  fighters  for  peace  also  gains  ground  in  the  United  States 
of  America  and  Great  Britain. 

It  must  be  realized  that  while  ostensibly  the  Cominform  consisted  of 
nine  Communist  and  Workers  Parties  of  Europe,  it  served  in  fact  as  a 
convenient  vehicle  whereby  the  Communist  Party  of  the  Soviet 
Union  could  lay  down  the  line  for  all  Communist  Parties  throughout 
the  world  and  carry  with  it  a  semblance  of  approval  from  affiliated 
parties.  It  must  also  be  remembered  that  the  pattern  of  control 
over  the  Cominform  remains  the  same  as  that  which  applied  to  its 
predecessor,  the  Communist  International.  The  latter  was  described 
by  Walter  G.  Krivitsky,  former  Chief  of  Soviet  Military  Intelligence, 
in  testimony  before  the  Special  Committee  on  Un-American  Activities 
on  October  11,  1939,  as  follows: 

The  Communist  International  is  not  an  organization  of  autonomous  parties. 
The  Communist  Parties  are  nothing  more  than  the  branch  offices  of  the  Russian 
Communist  Party.  The  Communist  International  that  operates  in  Moscow  is 
nothing  more  than  an  administrative  body  which  transmits  the  decrees  reached 
by  the  Political  Bureau  of  the  Central  Committee  of  the  Communist  Party  of 
Soviet  Russia. 

Thus,  Soviet  Delegate  Suslov  spoke  with  supreme  authority  when 
he  specified  the  duties  of  the  various  Communist  Parties  in  connection 
with  the  "peace"  campaign.  He  declared  at  the  1949  Cominform 

Particular  attention  should  be  devoted  to  drawing  into  the  peace  movement 
trade-unions,  women's,  youth,  cooperative,  sport,  cultural,  education,  religious, 
and  other  organizations,  and  also  scientists,  writers,  journalists,  cultural  workers, 
parliamentary,  and  other  political  and  public  leaders.     *     *     * 

Suslov  outlined  specific  tactics  to  be  employed.  He  demanded  that 
the  Communist  and  Workers  Parties  direct  peace  campaigns  within 
*WZ  mass  public  associations."  In  other  words,  non-Communist 
organizations  were  to  be  subverted  to  serve  Communist  ends.  Suslov 
told  the  Communists  to  spread  the  Soviet  peace  propaganda  by  way 
of  "mass  demonstrations,  meetings,  rallies,  drawing  up  of  petitions  and 
protests,  questionnau-es,  formation  of  peace  committees  in  towns  and 
in  the  countryside."  He  said,  "It  is  necessary  to  proceed  from  the 
concrete  conditions  in  each  country,  skillfully  combining  various 
forms  and  methods  of  the  movement  with  the  general  tasks."  We 
shall  describe  how  assiduously  these  directives  were  followed  in  the 
United  States  in  a  later  section  of  this  report. 

Suslov  claimed  that  the  Soviet-inspired  "peace"  movement  by 
November  1949  had  won  over  "hundreds  of  millions"  of  people.  He 
referred  to  these  persons  as  "partisans  of  peace." 

It  should  be  noted  that  the  term  "partisans  of  peace"  was  first 
injected  into  the  Communist  peace  movement  in  April  1949  when  a 
Soviet-guided  world  peace  congress  was  held  in  Paris  under  the  formal 
title  "World  Congress  of  Partisans  of  Peace." 

This  is  not  an  accidental  term  but  one  of  ominous  significance.  It 
should  be  recalled  in  this  connection  that  during  World  War  II  the 


Communists  controlled  large  groups  of  partisans  in  Yugoslavia,  Greece, 
France,  Italy,  and  elsewhere  who  carried  on  an  active  campaign  of 
sabotage  behind  the  enemy  lines  under  instructions  similar  to  the 

Make  every  effort  to  have  the  tanks,  airplanes,  and  armoured  cars  produced 
by  you  soon  go  out  of  commission!  See  to  it  that  the  mines  and  shells  do  not 
explode!  Disorganize  railroads!  Dislocate  the  transportation  systems.  *  *  * 
Disorganize  traffic,  blow  up  bridges.  *  *  *  Sabotage  the  production  of  guns, 
tanks,  ammunition;  call  strikes!  Blow  up  *  *  *  ammunition  dumps  and 
storehouses!  Disorganize  their  military  shipments!  (Manifesto  to  all  Slavs  issued 
by  the  Second  All-Slavonic  Congress  held  in  Moscow,  April  4-5,  1942.) 

The  "peace"  meetings  held  in  Rome  on  October  28-31,  1949,  and 
in  Stocldiolm,  March  16-19,  1950,  were  under  the  auspices  of  the 
Permanent  Committee  of  the  World  Congress  of  Partisans  of  Peace. 
In  other  words,  the  Communists  have  made  it  plain  that  their  "peace" 
campaign  is  not  just  a  propaganda  mechanism.  They  mean  business 
in  terms  of  sabotage,  violence,  and  civil  war. 

We  have  culled  from  the  pages  of  For  a  Lasting  Peace,  For  a 
People's  Democracy,  official  Cominform  organ,  a  list  of  the  articles 
describing  the  progress  of  the  peace  movement  throughout  the  world. 
They  are  listed  in  appendix  I  to  this  report.  It  should  be  noted 
that  this  publication  is  required  reading  for  every  member  of  the 
Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.,  and  that  these  articles  were  published 
as  a  guide  for  their  activities.  The  articles  indicate  the  world-wide 
scope  of  the  movement  and  show  how  each  constituent  national 
organization  is  called  upon  to  report  its  activities  to  the  headquarters 
of  the  Cominform.  It  should  also  be  noted  that  the  United  States 
was  mcluded  among  this  number. 


With  the  Comiiiform  as  a  pace  setter,  a  World  Congress  of  Intel- 
lectuals was  held  at  Wroclaw  (Breslan),  Poland,  August  25  to  28, 
1948.  One  of  the  delegates  to  the  Wroclaw  meeting  was  Bryn  J. 
Hovde,  head  of  the  New  School  for  Social  Research.  He  described 
his  experiences  at  the  congress  as  follows,  giving  an  illuminating  pic- 
ture of  its  tenor  and  purposes: 

Every  speech  insulting  the  United  States  and  glorifying  the  Soviets  was  wildly 
applauded.  *  *  *  After  the  first  speech  by  the  Soviet  novelist,  Fadiejew,  a 
speech  which  for  vituperation  was  never  excelled  and  which  set  the  tone  for  the 
Congress.  *  *  *  j  wound  up  with  a  strong  statement  of  democracy  as  the 
only  basis  for  peace.  No  speaker  at  the  Congress  got  a  colder  reception.  *  *  * 
Speaking  was  like  throwing  flat  stones  on  an  icy  lake. 

Referring  again  to  the  speech  of  Fadayev,  Air.  Hovde  declared: 

If  this  speech  had  been  made  by  a  responsible  member  of  government,  it  would 
be  the  kind  used  to  justify  a  premeditated  military  attack. 

Dr.  Julian  Huxley,  director  general  of  UNESCO,  who  attended  the 
Wroclaw  meeting,  summed  up  his  impression  of  the  proceedings  as 

The  Congress  from  the  outset  took  a  political  turn;  there  was  no  real  discussion 
and  the  great  majority  of  speeches  were  either  strictly  Marxist  analyses  of  current 
trends,  or  else  polemical  attack  on  American  or  western  policy  and  culture. 

The  aforementioned  Alexander  Fadayev  is  the  general  secretary 
of  the  Union  of  Soviet  Writers.  He  owes  his  elevation  to  this  post 
in  1946  to  his  role  of  official  axman  for  the  Central  Committee  of  the 
Communist  Party  of  the  Soviet  Union,  w^hich  on  August  14  of  that 
year  attacked  all  representatives  of  culture  from  humor  to  science 
wiio  could  be  suspected  of  any  friendliness  toward  the  West. 

His  fury  against  American  writers,  who  ply  their  craft  freel}^  and 
independent!}^  beyond  the  confines  of  the  Soviet  dictatorship,  fur- 
nishes a  strange  contrast  with  his  servility  toward  the  Communist 
Party  leaders. 

"German  Fascists  needed  beasts  *  *  *,"  Fadayev  stated  at  the 
Wroclaw  congress. 

American  monopolists  find  beasts  indispensable  for  the  realization  of  their  plans 
for  world  domination.  Reactionary  writers,  scientists,  philosophers,  and  artists 
are  ready  to  serve  their  masters.  They  place  on  a  pedestal  schizophrenics  and 
drug  addicts,  sadists  and  pimps,  provocateurs  and  monsters,  spies  and  gangsters. 
These  beast-like  creatures  fill  the  pages  of  novels,  volumes  of  poetry,  casts  of 
moving  pictures. 

He  compared  them  to  "jackals"  who  "learned  to  use  the  typewriter" 
and  "hyenas"  who  "mastered  the  fountain  pen." 

Referring  to  the  United  States,  whose  air  of  freedom  he  was  recently 
permitted  to  enjoy,  Fadayev  declared: 

The  imperialists  of  that  country,  whose  facade  by  the  irony  of  fate  is  adorned 
by  the  Statue  of  Liberty,  have  taken  upon  themselves  in  great  haste  the  role  of 
conspirators  and  organizers  of  a  new  war. 


Fadayev  chose  to  ignore  Soviet-Communist  imperialist  aggression 
in  Poland,  Rumania,  Hungary,  Albania,  Czechoslovakia,  Bulgaria, 
Lithuania,  Latvia,  Esthonia,  Korea,  and  China,  the  ruthless  violation 
of  treaties  and  the  vanguard  activities  of  its  fifth  column  in  other 
countries,  including  the  United  States.  Despite  the  fact  that  the 
United  States  has  appropriated  for  itself  not  one  foot  of  foreign  soil 
as  a  result  of  World  War  II,  Mr.  Fadayev  continued: 

After  the  Second  World  War,  the  entire  world  was  divided  into  two  camps: 
the  democratic,  antifascist,  anti-imperialist  cami^  led  by  the  Soviet  Union,  and 
the  antidemocratic,  reactionary,  imperialist  camp  led  by  the  ruling  circles  of  the 
United  States  of  America. 

This  man  who  was  responsible  for  the  purging  of  countless  Soviet 
writers,  now  either  in  prison  camps  or  in  their  graves,  went  on  to  de- 
scribe a  "cold  terror"  confronted  by  the  "American  intelligentsia," 
declaring  that  "a  writer  who  writes  anything  dissenting  from  the 
official  policy  of  the  Government  of  the  United  States  is  also  threat- 
ened with  10  years  in  prison."  He  denounced  "this  rude  violence" 
as  a  "mad  effort  to  impose  fascism  on  America  by  legal  means." 

Soviet  delegates  who  played  a  prominent  part  in  tlie  congress  were 
Ilya  Ehrenburg,  Samod  Vurgun,  David  Zaslavsky,  O.  Pisarzhevsky, 
L.  Leonov,  Eugene  Tarle,  Mirzo  Tursun-Zadeh,  Mikhail  Sholokhov, 
Mr.  Kharlamov,  and  others. 

Among  the  Americans  who  attended  the  meeting  at  Wroclaw  were: 
Howard  Fast,  writer;  Harlow  Shapley,  astronomer;  Saul  Carson, 
writer;  Norman  Corwin,  writer;  Jo  Davidson,  sculptor;  Clifford  Durr, 
attorney;  William  Gropper,  artist;  Albert  E.  Kahn,  coauthor  of  The 
Great  Conspii-acy — the  Secret  War  Against  Soviet  Russia;  Freda 
Kirchwey,  magazine  publisher;  O.  John  Rogge,  attorney;  Donald 
Ogden  Stewart,  writer;  Colston  E.  Warne,  consultant  for  the  Presi- 
dent's Economic  Advisory  Council;  Ella  Winter;  George  Abbe,  writer; 
Yaroslaw  Chyz,  journalist;  Catherine  Corwin,  actress;  Leta  Crom- 
well, professor;  Florence  Davidson,  painter;  G.  wS.  Delatour,  professor; 
Virginia  Durr,  active  in  the  Wallace  movement  and  the  Southern 
Conference  for  Human  Welfare,  a  Communist  front;  Jacques  Ferrand; 
Edita  Morris,  writer;  J.  V.  Morris,  ^vriter;  E.  T.  Prothro,  psychologist; 
Colin  D.  Kopp,  clergyman;  Nathan  D.  Sachs,  businessman  and 
Wallace  supporter;  James  Sheldon;  J.  H.  Smith,  a  social  worker;  Juri 
Suhl,  \vriter  for  Commimist  publications;  and  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Jack 

The  Moscow  New  Times  thought  so  well  of  the  remarks  made  by 
delegate  Albert  E.  Kahn  at  Wroclaw  that  it  commented  as  follows: 

Albert  E.  Kahn,  member  of  the  American  Progressive  Party  and  a  well-known 
publicist,  agreed  with  those  delegates- who  compared  modern  American  policy 
to  the  policy  of  Hitlerite  Germany,  which  had  unleashed  the  Second  W'orld  War. 
The  Hitlerites  started  off  in  the  same  way  as  America's  ruling  circles  are  now 

In  a  vivid  speech,  replete  with  factual  material,  Albert  E.  Kahn  stressed  that 
power  in  America  had  been  seized  by  a  small  but  extremely  powerful  group  of 
financiers  and  industrialists. 

The  Truman  doctrine  and  Marshall  plan,  he  said,  were  not  the  brain  child  of 
the  American  people,  but  the  monstrosity  of  Washington  and  Wall  Street. 

Broadcasting  from  Moscow  on  April  4,  1949,  Doctor  of  Philosophy 
Chernov  explained  in  detail  the  Soviet  Government's  attitude  toward 
literature,  science,   and  art  in  all  its  full  significance.     Inveighing 

10  THE    COMMiraiST    "PEACE"    OFFENSIVE 

against  "cosmopolitan"  teachings,  he  declared  that  the  Communist 
Party  of  the  Soviet  Union  has — 

revealed  the  antipatriotic  bourgeois  cosmopolitan  meaning  of  the  subservience  to 
the  capitalist  West,  has  shown  that  admiration  for  all  things  foreign  leads  to 
national  treason,  to  the  betrayal  of  the  interests  of  the  Soviet  people  and  the 
Socialist  fatherland. 

This  bitter  hatred  for  all  western  culture  and  the  attempt  to  divorce 
writers,  scientists,  and  artists  from  their  own  native  land  and  win  their 
allegience  for  the  Soviet  Union  is  an  underlying  aim  and  theme  of 
the  Communists'  scientific  and  cultural  conferences  for  world  peace. 

The  World  Congress  of  Intellectuals  elected  a  permanent  Inter- 
national Committee  of  Intellectuals  in  Defense  of  Peace  with  head- 
quarters in  Paris;  this  committee  has  also  been  referred  to  as  the 
International  Committee  of  Intellectuals  for  Peace  and  the  Inter- 
national Liaison  Committee  of  Intellectuals  for  Peace.  Paris  served 
simultaneously  as  the  headquarters  of  the  following  international 
Communist  fronts:  World  Federation  of  Trade  Unions,  World 
Federation  of  Democratic  Women,  World  Federation  of  Democratic 
Youth,  and  the  International  Association  of  Democratic  Lawyers. 

The  program  for  the  futm^e,  as  adopted  at  the  World  Congress  in 
Wroclaw,  called  for  the  establishment  of  national  branches  and  the 
holding  of  national  meetings  along  the  same  Communist  lines  as  the 
World  Congress.  In  obvious  conformance  with  this  program  was 
the  holding  of  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  for  World  Peace 
in  New  York  City  in  March  1949;  this  is  described  in  the  following 
section  of  this  report. 

CITY  ON  MARCH  25,  26,  AND  27,  1949 

The  Communist  "peace"  movement  is  organized  very  much  on  the 
order  of  a  thi-ee-ring  circus  on  a  world  scale,  its  talent  traveling  from 
country  to  country.  The  object  of  this  strategy  is  to  give  the  move- 
ment prestige  and  impetus  in  each  country,  through  the  introduction 
of  foreign  Communists  prominent  in  cultural  circles. 

A  "peace"  congress,  which  was  staged  in  New  York,  paraded  under 
the  imposing  title  of  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  for  World 
Peace.  The  gathering,  held  at  the  Waldorf-Astoria  Hotel  on  March 
25,  26,  and  27,  1949,  was  actually  a  supermobilization  of  the  inveterate 
supporters  of  the  Communist  Party  and  its  auxiliary  organizations. 

The  Communist-front  connections  of  the  sponsors  are  very  exten- 
sive. One  person  was  affiliated  with  at  least  85  Communist-front 
organizations.  Three  persons  were  affiliated  with  from  71  to  80 
Communist-front  organizations;  4  affiliated  with  from  51  to  60 
Communist-front  organizations;  8  affiliated  with  from  41  to  50;  10 
affiliated  with  from  31  to  40;  27  affiliated  with  from  21  to  30;  and  245 
were  affiliated  with  from  5  to  10  Communist-front  organizations. 
At  least  20  of  these  sponsors  are  either  avowed  members  of  the  Com- 
munist Party  of  the  United  States  of  America,  or  their  membership 
cards  or  party  affiliations  have  been  made  part  of  a  sworn  public 
record.  In  election  campaigns,  at  least  49  have  given  their  open 
support  to  Communist  Party  candidates.  A  complete  list  of  sponsors 
and  the  number  of  theh  Communist-front  affiliations  wiU  be  found  in 
appendix  II  to  this  report. 

The  purpose  of  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  can  be  briefly 
summarized  as  follows: 

1.  To  provide  a  propagandist  forum  against  the  Marshall 
plan,  the  North  Atlantic  defense  pact,  and  American  foreign 
policy  in  general. 

2.  To  promote  support  for  the  foreign  policy  of  the  Soviet 

3.  To  mobilize  American  intellectuals  in  the  field  of  arts, 
science,  and  letters  behind  this  program  even  to  the  point  of 
civil  disobedience  against  the  American  Government. 

4.  To  prepare  the  way  for  a  subsequent  world  peace  congress 
in  Paris  on  April  20  to  24,  1949,  with  similar  aims  on  a  world  scale 
and  under  similar  Communist  auspices. 

5.  To  discredit  American  culture  and  to  extol  the  virtues  of 
Soviet  culture. 

The  meeting  was  sponsored  by  a  Communist-front  organization 
known  as  the  National  Council  of  the  Arts,  Sciences,  and  Professions. 
The  National  Council  of  the  Arts,  Sciences,  and  Professions  is  a 




descendant   of   the   Independent   Citizens   Committee   of   the   Arts^ 
Sciences,  and  Professions. 

In  August  1945,  June  Hoffman,  representing  the  cultural  section  of 
the  Communist  Party  at  its  New  York  State  convention,  declared 
proudly : 

We  built  the  Independent  Citizens  Committee  of  the  Arts,  Sciences,  and 
Professions,  and  it  is  a  great  political  weapon. 

At  that  same  Communist  convention,  Lionel  Berman,  husband  of 
Louise  Berman,  (formerly  Louise  Bransten)  a  known  contact  of  Soviet 
espionage  agents,  was  praised  by  the  cidtural  commission  of  the 
Communist  Party  for  his  role  in  setting  up  the  ICCASP — Independent 
Citizens  Committee  of  the  Arts,  Sciences,  and  Professions. 

On  August  2,  1948,  Louis  F.  Budenz,  former  managing  editor  of  the 
Daily  Worker,  testified  before  the  Senate  subcommittee  of  the  Com- 
mittee on  Expenditures  in  the  Executive  Departments  as  follows: 

The  Independent  [Citizens]  Committee  of  the  Arts,  Sciences,  and  Professions 
was  worked  out  originally  in  my  office  in  the  Daily  Worker.  It  was  worked  out 
by  the  cultural  commission  of  the  Daily  Worker,  of  which  Lionel  Berman,  the 
cultural  section  organizer  of  the  party,  was  a  member,  and  he  was  entrusted 
not  only  by  that  meeting  but  by  the  political  committee,  as  the  result  of  these 
discussions  with  the  task  of  forming  the  Independent  Citizens  Committee  of  the 
Arts,  Sciences,  and  Professions. 

The  following  sponsors  of  the  New  York  "peace"  conference  were 
affiliated  with  the  Independent  Citizens  Committee  of  the  Arts,. 
Sciences,  and  Professions: 

Louis  Adamic 
Gregory  Ain 
Samuel  L.  M.  Barlow 
Leonard  Bernstein 
Henry  Blankfort 
Kermit  Bloomgarden 
Ernst  P.  Boas 
.Theodor  Brameld    ' 
Millen  Brand 
Henrietta  Buckmaster 
Rufus  F.  Clement 
Aaron  Copland 
Norman  Corwin 
Leo  Davidoff 
Jo  Davidson 
Olin  Downes 

Thomas  Mann 
John  McManus 
Linus  Pauling 
John  P.  Peters 
Walter  Rautenstrauch 
Paul  Robeson 
Harold  Rome 
Artur  Schnabei 
Artie  Shaw 
Harlow  Shapley 
Herman  Shumlin 
John  Sloan 

Donald  Ogden  Stewart 
Dalton  Trumbo 
Max  Weber 

Paul  Draper 
Albert  Einstein 
Philip  p]vergood 
Henry  Pratt  Fairchild 
Howard  Fast 
Jose  Ferrer 
E.  Y.  Harburg 
Lillian  Hellman 
Ira  Hirschmann 
Langston  Hughes 
Crockett  Johnson 
Robert  W.  Kenny 
I.  M.  Kolthoff 
Leon  Kroll 

John  Howard  Lawson 
Ring  Lardner 

Certain  outstanding  features  of  the  Waldorf-Astoria  peace  confer- 
ence of  March  25,  26,  and  27  are  worthy  of  note  in  revealing  its 
nature  and  aims.  First  and  foremost  was  its  Communist  character. 
From  the  outset,  the  State  Department  referred  to  the  gathering  as 
"a  sounding  board  for  Communist  propaganda."  The  State  Depart- 
ment pointed  out  that  "none  of  the  cultural  leaders  of  eastern  Europe" 
who  attended  "were  free  to  express  any  view  other  than  that  dictated 
by  the  political  authorities  in  Moscow,"  and  expressed  no  doubt  "as 
to  the  manner  in  which  the  Communists  will  attempt  to  use  and 
manipulate"  the  conference. 

It  is  significant  that  one  of  the  unpublicized  participants  was  none 
other  than  Alexander  Trachtenberg,  head  of  the  International  Pub- 
lishers, Communist  publishing  house.  He  is  the  "Fadayev"  of  the 
Communist  Party  of  the  United  States;  in  other  words,  its  cultural 
commissar.     He  was  the  reporter  on  Communist  literature  at  the 


Communist  Party  conventions  of  1936  and  1937,  brain-trustor  of  such 
cultural  fronts  as  the  Workers  Cultural  Federation,  the  Jefferson 
School  of  Social  Science,  the  Book  Union,  the  Workers  School,  and 
the  League  of  American  Writers,  and  at  one  time  was  in  charge  of  the 
mass  distribution  of  Stalin's  statement  on  the  wSoviet  Constitution. 
Accompanying  him  at  this  peace  conference  in  New  York  were  John 
Gates,  member  of  the  national  board  of  the  Communist  Party, 
United  States  of  America,  who  has  since  been  convicted  of  consphacy 
to  advocate  overthrow  of  the  Government  by  force  and  violence,  and 
Claudia  Jones,  member  of  the  national  committee  of  the  Communist 
Party,  United  States  of  America,  who  was  ordered  deported  after  an 
Immigi-ation  hearing  in  December  1950. 

Referring  to  this  conference,  Henry  Kassyanowicz,  broadcasting 
from  Warsaw  on  March  30,  1949,  declared: 

Notably  it  testified  to  the  fact  that  the  Communists  are  the  vanguard  of  the 
world  peace  movement. 

In  keeping  with  the  general  tone  of  the  conference,  a  resolution 
was  adopted  defending  the  Communist  leaders  then  on  trial  for 
teaching  and  advocating  the  overthrow  of  our  Government  by  force 
and  violence.  The  conference  condemned  the  court  proceedings  as 
''heresy  trials  of  political  philosophies  and  attempts  to  limit  and 
destroy  the  right  of  association."  Present  on  the  dais  at  the  Waldorf- 
Astoria  Hotel  were  three  professors  dismissed  from  the  University  of 
Washington  after  theh  Communist  Party  membership  had  been 

A  member  of  the  Communist  Party  struck  the  main  chord  of  the 
conference  in  his  outright  advocacy  of  civil  disobedience.  Chosen  for 
this  role  was  Richard  Boyer,  who  spoke  openly  as  a  member  of  the 
Communist  Party.  Just  as  the  party  speaks  in  the  name  of  Jefferson, 
Paine,  and  Lmcoln  to  disguise  its  character  as  a  Soviet  fifth  column, 
Boyer  enunciated  his  Kremlui-inspired  message  in  the  name  of  such 
outstandmg  American  literary  figures  as  Ralph  Waldo  Emerson  and 
Henry  D.  Thoreau. 

Those  who  have  thoughtlessly  lent  their  names  to  the  so-called 
Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  for  World  Peace  should  weigh 
carefullj^  the  motive  behind  his  appeal  that  "it  is  the  duty  of  Ameri- 
cans to  defy  an  American  Government  intent  on  imperialist  war." 

In  a  similar  vein,  Ladislav  Stoll,  dean  of  the  Academy  of  Political 
and  Social  Science  in  Communist-dominated  Prague,  Czechoslovakia, 
bluntly  declared  at  the  conference  that  "it  is  simply  not  possible  not  to 
take  sides  in  the  struggle  between  the  old,  dying  world  of  capitalism 
and  the  new  socialist  world,"  adding  that  "we  must  unite  for  the 
destruction  of  the  old  order  and  the  bringmg  on  of  the  new." 

A  debasmg  spectacle  was  presented  by  Shostakovich,  a  talented 
young  composer,  ousted  from  his  chah  at  the  Moscow  Conservatory 
of  Music,  at  the  behest  of  men  m  the  Soviet  Politburo,  because  he 
failed  to  produce  music  to  "which  w^orkers  can  beat  time  and  hum  as 
they  try  to  accelerate  production."  Shostakovich  humbly  avowed 
at  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  that  "I  laiow  the  [Com- 
munist] Party  is  right."  He  bowed  abjectly  and  publicly  before  the 
"well-laiown  decision  of  the  Central  Committee  of  the  Communist 
Party  concernmg  music." 

By  their  presence  at  the  conference,  their  sponsorship,  and/or  their 
failure  to  express  their  disapproval,  the  following  musical  figures  in 


the  United  States  gave  their  tacit  confirmation  of  this  fantastic 
doctrine:  Zlatko  Balokovic,  Leonard  Bernstein,  Marc  Bhtzstein, 
Aaron  Copland,  Olin  Downes,  Morton  Gould,  Ray  Lev,  Alan  Lomax, 
Aubrey  Pankey,  Wallingford  Riegger,  Paul  Robeson,  and  Artur 

Throughout  the  sessions  the  main  theme  was  pro-Soviet  and  anti- 
American.  Clifford  Odets,  author  of  a  number  of  pro-Communist 
propaganda  plays,  assailed  what  he  called: 

one  of  the  greatest  frauds  ever  perpetrated  against  the  American  people;  the 
fraud  that  the  Soviet  Union  is  making  a  war  against  the  United  States. 

He  had  only  to  tune  in  his  radio  to  Moscow  on  any  day  of  the  week  to 
hear  a  sample  of  the  type  of  vilification  and  slander  directed  against 
the  United  States  by  the  Soviet  Government  in  its  ideological  war 
against  this  country  for  purposes  that  are  obviously  hostile  and  warlike. 
.  WhUe  Sergei  A.  Gerasimov,  president  of  the  Soviet  Academy  of 
Art,  and  chief  purger  of  Soviet  films,  declaimed  on  the  lofty  ideals  of 
the  Soviet  ''conception  of  life."  of  its  "happy  creativeness,"  of  its 
"manifestation  of  good  will  toward  the  friendship  of  nations,"  Clifford 
Odets,  son  of  a  wealthy  Philadelphia  mattress  manufacturer,  who  has 
accepted  munificent  royalties  from  Hollywood  and  Broadway, 
declared : 

I  cannot  blame  the  Soviet  Union  because  an  apocalyptic  beast  is  running  loose  in 
our  world  today  and  its  name  is  Money,  Money,  Money.  As  an  American, 
in  the  tradition  of  all  American  artists  of  the  past,  the  moral  values  of  my  world 
are  in  question,  not  Russia's. 

At  the  same  New  York  session,  Paul  M.  Sweezy,  writer  on  economics 
for  Communist  publications,  fumed  that — 

the  real  threat  to  peace  comes  from  the  utter  and  complete  inability  of  the  rulers 
of  the  United  States  to  devise  a  nonwarlike  program  for  dealing  with  the  over- 
whelming problems  that  are  pressing  in  on  them  from  all  sides. 

Simultaneously,  he  denounced  the  Marshall  plan  as  devised  to 
"block  a  real  revolution  in  the  economic  mstitutions  of  western 

Colston  E.  Warne,  who  has  defended  the  Communist  Party  in  the 
past,  claimed  that  our  basic  national  pattern  is  fast  becoming  that  of 
a  war  economy.  I.  F.  Stone,  left-wing  columnist  who  has  defended 
the  Communist  Party  and  its  leaders  repeatedly,  announced  that  he 
came  to  the  conference  because  he  believed  that  "the  machinery  of 
American  Goverimient  is  set  for  war."  Previously  he  had  written 
that  every  Soviet  effort  at  peace  had  been  rejected  by  the  United 

These  gentlemen  chose  to  ignore  the  stubborn  facts  of  cm-rent  history 
which  have  convinced  even  such  an  ardent  advocate  of  Soviet- 
American  friendship  as  Mrs.  Eleanor  Roosevelt,  that— 

Russia,  while  professing  a  desire  for  peace,  has  actually  shown  by  its  actions 
that  it  intended  to  control  as  many  nations  as  possible  by  imposing  on  them 
Communist  ideas  and  in  some  cases,  Communist  economy,  as  well  as  the  same 
type  of  police  state  which  at  present  governs  Russia  itself. 

It  is  by  no  means  accidental  that  Richard  Boyer's  appeal  for  civil 
disobedience  was  directed  to  an  audience  which  included  the  following 
scientists:  Harlow  Shapley,  of  Harvard  University;  William  A.  Hig- 
ginbotham,  of  the  Brookhaven  National  Laboratory,  Upton,  Long 
Island;  Philip  Morrison,  of  Cornell  University;  Victor  Weiskopf,  of  the 


Massacliusetts  Institute  of  Technology;  Oswald  Veblen  and  Albert 
Einstein,  of  Princeton.  If  the  Communists  could,  by  playing  upon  the 
political  naivete  of  physical  scientists,  incite  scientists  to  "strike" 
against  their  own  government,  it  would  be  a  real  achievement  for  the 
Soviet  fatherland.  Such  is  a  basic  purpose  of  this  international 
"peace"  movement,  which  is  headed  by  Frederic  Joliot-Curie,  French 
Communist  and  atomic  scientist,  who  has  attacked  the  United  States 
for  keeping  the  atomic  bomb  secret.  This  aspect  of  the  "peace" 
campaign  is  described  in  detail  in  a  later  section  of  this  report. 

The  Literary  Gazette,  appearing  in  Moscow  in  the  latter  part  of 
March  1949,  carried  an  article  by  Boris  Lavrenev,  the  playwright, 
calling  the  participants  in  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  in 
New  York  the  "real  leaders  of  America."  He  described  the  Waldorf- 
Astoria  Hotel  gathering  as  meeting — 

in  the  living,  gloomy  jungles  of  Wall  Street  where  the  sinister  plans  of  a  new  world 
war  are  being  nurtured. 

He  predicted  that  the  conference  would — 

lay  the  foundation  for  the  creation  of  an  active  and  effective  front  for  peace  and 
struggle  against  the  groups  of  frenzied  cannibals  who  dream  of  throwing  the 
•planet  into  the  nightmare  inferno  of  general  war  and  extracting  superprofits  from 
the  rivers  of  blood. 

He  told  his  Moscow  readers  that  the  "dungeons  of  the  anti-American 
committee"  are  filling  up  with  opponents  of  the  North  Atlantic  pact. 

On  April  1,  1949,  Ilya  Ehrenburg,  Soviet  publicist  and  novelist, 
hailed  the  "Congress  of  the  American  Intellectuals  in  Defense  of 
Peace"  as  the  voice  of  "truly  progressive,  noble  America."  This  was 
a  reference  to  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference. 

On  April  2,  1949,  Soviet  commentator  Vladimirov  announced 
that — 

At  this  Congress  the  voice  of  progressive  intelligentsia  made  itself  heard  against 
the  ruling  circles  of  the  United  States — 

adding  that — 

The  Congress  is  a  serious  warning  to  the  provokers  and  instigators  of  a  new 
war— they  will  not  be  supported  by  the  masses. 

But  Comrade  Vladimirov  made  it  plain  that  this  movement  would 
not  confine  itself  merely  to  speeches  and  the  adoption  of  resolutions. 

The  masses — 

he  declared — 

do  not  confine  themselves  to  the  moral  support  of  the  promoters  of  peace;  they 
wage  a  daily  and  active  fight  against  the  instigators  of  war.     *     *     * 

The  statement  by  Sharkey,  leader  of  the  Australian  Communist  Party,  that  the 
Australian  workers  *  *  *  fully  support  the  Soviet  Union  in  case  an  imperial- 
ist war  being  launched  against  it,  caused  approval  among  the  workers  of 

More  specifically  he  pointed  out  that — 

A  wave  of  strikes  broke  over  the  entire  country  in  protest  against  those  who 
persecute  the  upholders  of  peace  *  *  *  against  those  who  help  the  instigators 
of  war.  At  the  same  time  a  strike  occurred  in  the  opposite  part  of  the  world  in 
the  Belgian  town  of  Antwerp,  where  the  dockers  ceased  work  in  protest  against 
the  North  Atlantic  paqt. 

20-24,  1949 

Under  the  new  and  more  militant  title  of  the  World  Congress  of 
Partisans  of  Peace,  the  Communist  "peace"  drive  staged  its  next 
performance  in  the  Salle  Pleyel,  the  largest  concert  hall  in  Paris,  on 
April  20-24,  1949.  However,  384  delegates  were  barred  by  the 
French  Government  because  of  their  subversive  character,  and  these 
individuals  held  a  rump  session  simultaneously  in  the  hall  of  the 
Commerce  and  Industries  Exhibition  in  Communist  Prague,  Czecho- 
slovakia. The  two  conferences  were  connected  by  long-distance 
telephone,  radio,  and  plane.  Expense  was  apparently  no  considera- 
tion. Prague  delegates  were  considered  full  participants  of  the  Paris 

This  World  Congress  of  Partisans  of  Peace  is  more  commonly 
referred  to  as  the  World  Peace  Congress,  and  will  be  referred  to  as 
such  hereafter  in  this  report. 

With  the  exaggeration  that  has  always  characterized  the  peace 
movement,  the  congress  at  first  claimed  that  its  1,784  delegates  from 
72  countries  spoke  in  the  name  of  600,000,000  women  and  men 
throughout  the  world,  or  "more  than  one-third  of  mankind."  This 
miraculous  leap  in  strength  had  evidently  been  accomplished  in  the 
8  months  since  the  first  Wroclaw  conference.  No  supportmg  data 
was  given.  Yet  even  these  figures  were  subsequently  expanded  by 
the  Communists.  The  British  Peace  Committee,  an  affiliate,  an- 
nounced in  its  official  pamphlet,  Peace  to  the  World,  that  the  Paris- 
Prague  gatherings  represented  "organizations  numbering  800,000,- 
000."  The  January  1950  issue  of  In  Defense  of  Peace,  official  organ 
of  the  World  Peace  Congress,  again  revised  this  figure  and  announced 
"that  the  delegates  at  Paris  and  at  Prague  represented  over  1,000,- 
000,000  people." 

The  initial  call  to  this  World  Peace  Congress  was  sent  out  under  the 
names  of  the  International  Committee  of  Intellectuals  in  Defense  of 
Peace,  and  the  Women's  International  Democratic  Federation,  both 
Communist  fronts  on  an  international  scale.  The  Committee  of 
Intellectuals  was  previously  described  in  this  report  as  the  offshoot 
of  the  1948  World  Congress  of  Intellectuals. 

A  clue  to  the  composition  of  the  congress  is  contained  in  the  report 
of  its  Mandates  Committee  which  reported  that  "50  percent  of  the 
delegates  were  intellectuals  and  members  of  artistic  professions." 
For  some  reason,  such  persons  have  proven  the  easiest  prey  to  Mos- 
cow's shrewd  wire  pullers.  Included  among  the  announced  American 
sponsors  were  the  following: 


Americans  Sponsoring  Committee  for  World  Peace  Congress  i 

Bishop  Arthur  W.  Moulton] 

Dr.  William  E.  B.  DuBois    [Listed  as  cochairmen 

O.  John  Rogge  J 

Elmer  Benson  John  Howard  Lawson 

Richard  O.  Boyer  Prof.  John  Marsalka 

Joseph  Brainen  Prof.    Francis   Otto    Matthiessen    (later 

Dr.  Charlotte  Hawkins  Brown  deceased) 

Angus  Cameron  Arthur  Miller 

Rabbi  J.  X.  Cohen  Prof.  Philip  Morrison 

Prof.  Henry  W.  Longfellow  Dana  Clifford  Odets 

Olin  Downes  Martin  Popper 

Muriel  Draper  Raymond  Robins 

Prof.  Henry  Pratt  Fairchild  Maud  Russell 

Howard  Fast  Rose  Russell 

Lion  Feuchtwanger  Prof.  Frederick  L.  Schuman 

Daniel  S.  Gillmor  Artie  Shaw 

Shirley  Graham  Dr.  Maud  Slye 

Ada  Bell  Jackson  Louis  Untermeyer 

Sam  Jaffe  Dr.  Mary  Van  Kleeck 

Albert  E.  Kahn  Max  Weber 

Rockwell  Kent  Dr.  Gene  Weltfish 

Dr.  John  A.  Kingsbury  Lenore  Sophie  Stewart  (Ella  Winter) 

Leo  Krzycki 

The  official  organ  of  the  Commform,  For  a  Lasting  Peace,  For  a 
People's  Democracy,  "welcomed"  the  Paris  peace  congress  in  its  issue 
of  March  15,  1949.  In  the  course  of  the  sessions,  the  victory  of  the 
Chuiese  Communist  armies  was  announced,  bringing  the  assembled 
"peace"  delegates  to  their  feet  in  an  outburst  of  cheering.  The  dele- 
gates were  asked  if  they  want  the  Chinese  war  to  continue.  They 
answered  with  a  thimdering  "Yes!"  They  were  asked  if  they  want 
peace  now  in  China.     They  shouted  "No!" 

As  is  customary  at  these  gatherings,  the  Soviet  delegation  occupied 
the  vanguard  position.  Soviet  Literature,  No.  8,  1949,  in  an  en- 
thusiastic description  of  the  event,  said  the  speeches  of  the  Soviet 
delegates  "were  listened  to  at  the  Paris  and  Prague  sittings  of  the 
Congress  with  deep  attention  and  interest."  Threatening  those  re- 
sponsible for  the  Atlantic  defense  pact,  Alexander  Fadayev,  general 
secretary  of  the  Union  of  Soviet  Writers  and  Soviet  ship  of  the  con- 
gress, declared  that  "We,  the  peoples  of  the  world,  shall  punish  you 
severely."     He  closed  his  speech  with  praises  for  the  "great  Stalin." 

Mr.  Fadayev,  a  member  of  the  presidium  of  the  congress,  made  it 
plain  that  the  United  States  was  the  chief  target  of  his  incendiary 
tu'ade.  He  assailed  what  he  called  the  "feverish  armament  drive" 
in  America,  without  citing  armament  figures  of  the  Soviet  Union. 
He  delivered  a  caustic  comment  on  the  U.  S.  State  and  Justice 

Fadayev,  however,  was  unstinting  in  his  praise  of  the  Soviet  Union, 
which  he  termed  "our  great  Soviet  coimtry."  He  lauded  "the  peaceful 
efforts  of  the  Soviet  Union"  and  deplored  the  actions  of  those  who 
"have  turned  down  the  offers  for  a  peace  pact  made  by  Stalm,  the 
great  leader  of  the  Soviet  State." 

His  Russian  associate,  Ilya  Ehrenbin-g,  ridicided  the  "American  way 
of  life,"  with  its  "drug  stores,  gangster  films,  divine  service  advertise- 
ments, and  the  Un-American  Activities  Committee." 

1  A  more  complete  list  of  American  sponsors  may  be  found  in  appendix  III. 


Other  Soviet  headliners  who  spoke  m  a  similar  vein  were  M.  Tursiiii- 
Zade,  V.  Volgm,  Metropolitan  Nikolai,  P.  Fedoseyev,  A.  Maresyev, 
Alexander  Korneichuk,  Wanda  Wassilewska,  L.  Kosmodenyanskaya, 
and  C.  Simonov. 

Howard  Fast,  an  American  Commimist,  railed  at  the  congress 
against  "the  slander  of  the  mercenary  press  and  radio  m  the  United 
States  against  the  Soviet  Union." 

Paul  Robeson,  a  Negro  and  a  Communist,  for  whom  America  has 
meant  fame  and  fortune  as  a  concert  smger,  actor,  and  athlete, 
received  a  tremendous  ovation  when  he  declared,  "It  is  certainly 
unthinkable  for  myself  and  the  Negro  people  to  go  to  war  in  the  interests 
of  those  who  have  oppressed  us  for  generations"  against  a  country 
(referrmg  to  Russia)  "which  in  one  generation  has  raised  our  people 
to  the  full  dignity  of  mankind."  Robeson's  treasonous  statements 
have  been  overwhelmingly  repudiated  by  prominent  members  of  his 
own  race  such  as  Jackie  Robinson,  Walter  White,  Lester  Granger, 
Josh  White,  and  many  others. 

Leo  Krzycki,  a  Polish  emigrant  who  has  enjoyed  the  blessings  of  the 
United  States  for  years,  yet  whose  subversive  record  as  president  of 
the  American  Slav  Congress  occupies  a  prominent  place  in  a  Com- 
mittee on  Un-American  Activities  report  on  that  organization,  assailed 
"the  Truman  doctrme  and  the  Marshall  plan,  and  chiefly  the  North 
Atlantic  pact,"  at  the  peace  congress. 

Another  American  delegate,  O.  John  Rogge,  expressed  some  slight 
hesitancy  about  criticizmg  his  o\vn  Government  at  the  Paris  Congress, 
but  nevertheless  recommended  holduag  more  and  similar  "peace" 

Chairman  of  the  congress  was  Frederic  Joliot-Curie,  an  avowed 
member  of  the  Communist  Party  of  France,  and  then  head  of  the 
French  atomic  energy  commission.  In  his  address  to  the  congress, 
he  echoed  the  Soviet  line  that  the  defense  efforts  of  non-Communist 
nations  are  actually  attempts  to  launch  a  war  against  the  Soviet 
Union.  "*  *  *  we  are  to  destroy  a  regime,"  he  said,  "which  is 
guilty  of  the  unforgivable  crime  of  eliminating  the  exploitation  of 
man  by  man."  He  also  hurled  the  usual  Communist  charge  of 
"imperialism"  at  the  United  States. 

He  spoke  against  the  utilization  of  science  for  "war  purposes"  but 
he  made  no  mention  of  the  enormous  number  of  German  scientists 
who  had  been  forcibly  required  to  serve  the  Soviet  Government. 
Nor  did  he  refer  to  the  triumphs  in  the  field  of  atomic  weapons  of 
which  the  Russians  are  openly  boasting. 

Since  the  congress,  Joliot-Curie  has  been  removed  as  head  of  the 
French  "  atomic  energy  commission.  His  removal  has  become  the 
subject  of  violent  protest  by  the  secretariat  of  the  peace  congress. 

An  increasing  militancy  of  the  peace  movement,  evident  at  the 
Paris-Prague  congresses,  was  confirmed  by  Soviet  comments  on  the 
affair.  A  few  days  after  the  meeting,  the  Moscow  Pravda  assured 
its  readers  that  "Tliis  congress  was  not  an  assembly  of  pacifists." 
Soviet  Literature,  No.  8,  1949,  declared  that  "It  became  clear  on  the 
very  first  day  of  the  Congress  sessions  in  Paris  and  Prague  that  the 
Congi-ess  would  not  be  turned  into  a  meeting  of  inactive  pacifists." 
A  Moscow  broadcast  of  November  7,  1949,  stated  that  the  Paris 
meeting  did  not  represent  "a  pacifist  ideology  which  usually  combines 


the  denunciation  of  war  in  words  with  complete  inactivity  in  deed." 
The  strident  theme  of  the  congress  according  to  the  same  som-ce 
was:  "We  shall  not  ask  for  peace  of  the  warmongers  but  impose 
peace  on  them." 

A  banner  on  the  wall  of  the  Salle  Pleyel,  where  the  Paris  section 
of  the  congress  met,  declared:  "Hitler  wanted  us  to  fight  the  U.  S.  S.  R. 
We  didn't  go  nor  shall  we  go  for  Truman." 

Some  clarification  of  what  is  behind  these  words  is  to  be  found  in 
For  a  Lasting  Peace,  For  a  People's  Democracy,  official  Cominform 
organ,  for  June  1,  1949,  which  declared,  "The  peace  movement  is 
gaining  momentum  among  the  civil  population,  and  will  spread  to 
the  personnel  of  armies,  navies,  and  air  forces  of  the  capitalist 

The  spirit  of  defiance  which  permeated  the  Paris-Prague  meetings 
was  also  expressed  in  the  manifesto  of  the  peace  congress,  which  called 
for  "Daring,  and  still  more  daring  in  the  struggle  for  peace." 

Among  those  who  addressed  the  Paris  meeting  was  Boleslaw  Gebert, 
also  known  as  Bronislaw  Konstantine  Gebert  and  as  William  Gebert. 
He  was  an  alien  charter  member  of  the  Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A., 
and  a  former  member  of  its  national  committee,- who,  suddenly  and 
without  State  Department  sanction,  left  the  United  States  aboard  the 
Polish  Steamship  Batory  on  August  16,  1947.  He  appeared  at  the 
Paris  peace  congress  as  a  representative  of  the  Communist-dominated 
World  Federation  of  Trade  Unions  and  condemned  the  "capitalist 

In  fact,  all  international  Communist-front  organizations  joined  in 
support  of  the  Paris-Prague  meetings.  Frederic  Joliot-Curie  appeared 
in  behalf  of  the  World  Federation  of  Scientific  Workers,  which  he 
heads.  Mme.  Eugenie  Cotton  and  Mme.  Hodinova-Spurna  repre- 
sented the  Women's  International  Democratic  Federation.  Louis 
Saillant,  as  well  as  Boleslaw  Gebert,  spoke  in  the  name  of  the  World 
Federation  of  Trade  Unions.  Guy  de  Boysson  was  the  spokesman  of 
the  World  Federation  of  Democratic  Youth.  Joseph  Grohman  ap- 
peared in  behalf  of  the  International  Students'  Union,  while  Jiri 
Hronek  acted  in  the  same  capacity  for  the  International  Organization 
of  Democratic  Journalists.  Also  participating  was  Joseph  Nordman 
in  behalf  of  the  International  Association  of  Democratic  Lawyers. 
Soviet  Literature,  No.  8,  1949,  claimed  that  16  such  "international 
democratic  organizations"  participated. 

The  congress  did  not  tolerate  any  effort  to  disseminate  the  truth 
regarding  Soviet  aggression  or  the  Communist  dictatorship.  The 
congress  manifesto  urged  "the  condemnation  of  newspapers,  books, 
magazines,  films,  persons,  and  organizations"  which,  according  to 
Communist  standards,  "disseminate  propaganda  for  a  new  war." 
Supplementing  this  decision,  the  Cominform  organ,  For  a  Lasting 
Peace,  For  a  People's  Democracy,  for  June  1,  1949,  called  for  "a 
daily  struggle"  against  "the  press,  cinema,  radio,  and  other  means  of 
propaganda  used  by  the  bom-geoisie  to  slander  the  Soviet  Union  and 
the  democratic  camp."  As  a  result  of  such  instructions,  newspapers, 
radio  stations,  and  films,  seeking  to  lift  the  iron  curtain  and  expose 
the  real  nature  of  communism,  have  been  subjected  to  a  Red  terror 
campaign  running  all  the  way  from  scurrilous  letters  and  boycotts 
to  picket  lines  and  actual  violence. 


To  further  this  effort,  the  congress  decided  to  set  up  a  committee  to 
award  "international  peace  prizes  for  the  best  films,  works  of  literature 
and  art"  which  conform  to  its  Communist  standards. 

The  congress  further  decided  to  publish  a  journal,  In  Defense  of 
Peace,  in  the  English,  Spanish,  German,  Chinese,  French,  Portuguese, 
and  Russian  languages,  enabling  the  peace  organization  to  reach 
every  major  country  on  the  face  of  the  globe.  This  journal  has  since 
served  as  a  guide  for  all  the  various  Communist  "peace"  congresses 
and   committees. 

A  Permanent  Committee  of  the  World  Congress  for  Peace,  con- 
sisting of  representatives  from  50  countries,  was  established  as  a 
result  of  the  Paris-Prague  meetings. 

It  included  the  following  Americans:  O.  John  Rogge,  W,  E.  B. 
DuBois,  Albert  Kahn,  Bishop  A.  W.  Moulton,  Paul  Robeson,  Howard 
Fast,  Donald  Henderson,  and  Gene  Weltfish.^ 

A  smaller  resident  bureau  in  Paris  was  established  to  exercise  actual 
day-to-day  control. 

The  congress  chose  as  its  emblem  the  dove  of  peace,  as  drawn  by 
the  French  Communist  artist,  Pablo  Picasso. 

The  Cominform  voiced  its  satisfaction  with  the  proceedings  of  the 
peace  congress  in  For  a  Lasting  Peace,  For  a  People's  Democracy, 
of  June  1,  1949: 

The  events  of  the  past  20  months  have  completely  confirmed  the  correctness 
of  the  analysis  of  the  postwar  international  situation  given  in  the  resolution  of  the 
Information  Bureau  of  the  Communist  and  Workers  Parties  in  September  1947 
*  *  *  The  World  Peace  Congress  held  in  Paris  and  Prague  on  April  20-25 
was  the  people's  strongest  protest  against  war  *  *  *  The  Communist  and 
Workers  Parties  are  in  the  vanguard  of  the  struggle  for  peace. 

1  Permanent  committee  members  from  countries  other  than  the  United  States  are  listed  in  appendix  IV 
to  this  report. 

SEPTEMBER  5  10,  1949 

The  American  Continental  Congress  for  Peace  was  held  in  Mexico 
City  from  September  5  to  10,  1949.  This  was  another  phase  in  the 
Communist  world  "peace"  campaign,  aimed  at  consolidating  anti- 
American  forces  throughout  the  Western  Hemisphere.  It  was  staged 
right  on  our  own  doorstep  as  a  direct  challenge  to  the  United  States. 

The  following  Americans  were  chosen  as  vice  presidents:  Dr. 
Linus  Pauling,  an  atomic  scientist  from  California  and  former  head  of 
the  American  Chemical  Society;  and  Dr.  W.  E.  B.  DuBois,  who  had 
just  returned  from  a  briefing  at  a  Soviet  Peace  Congress  held  in 
Moscow,  August  25-29.  The  Committee  for  United  States  Partici- 
pation in  the  American  Continental  Congress  for  World  Peace, 
which  issued  invitations  to  prospective  American  sponsors,  included 
W.  E.  B.  DuBois,  O.  John  Rogge,  Uta  Hagen,  Linus  Pauling,  John 
Clark,  Charles  Houston,  Robert  W.  Kenny,  Paul  Robeson,  Ben 
Shahn,  Rev.  John  B.  Thompson,  Dr.  Gene  Weltfish,  and  Charles 

Harlow  Shapley,  who  chaired  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Confer- 
ence for  World  Peace  in  New  York,  served  as  a  sponsor,  together  with 
an  alleged  400  other  Americans,  most  of  them  identified  with  the  New 
York  Conference. 

According  to  Joseph  Starobin,  the]  Daily  Worker's  special  corre- 
spondent at  the  congress,  the  United  States  delegation  included  200 
persons  and  was  larger  than  any  other.  Starobin  said  the  largest 
single  group  of  American  delegates,  56,  came  from  the  Progressive 
Party  and  the  Young  Progi-essives  of  America,  and  that  the  following 
unions  (Communist-dominated)  were  represented :  International  Long- 
shoremen's and  Warehousemen's  Union;  Marine  Cooks  and  Stewards; 
International  Fur  and  Leather  Workers;  the  United  Office  and 
Professional  Workers  of  America;  the  Food,  Tobacco  and  Agricul- 
tural Workers;  and  the  Teachers  Union  (UPW). 

Starobin  reported  that  there  were  in  all  1,200  delegates  from  19 
American  countries.  With  the  customary  Communist  resort  to 
inflated  figures,  the  conference  claimed  that  the  United  States  dele- 
gates represented  organizations  with  a  total  membership  of  more  than 
1,000,000  persons. 

Moscow  welcomed  the  gathering  in  a  broadcast  in  Spanish  to  Latin 
America  on  July  30.  So  did  the  Communist  press  of  the  various 
Latin  American  countries.  Rober  W.  Tubby,  U.  S.  State  Depart- 
ment news  officer,  declared  prior  to  the  congress:  "It  appears  that 
it  will  be  another  Moscow-directed  conference.  We  fully  expect  that 
the  activities  will  be  devoted  to  providing  an  apologia  for  the  Moscow 
point  of  view." 

Obviously  supervising  the  congress  were  Roger  Garaudy,  French 
Communist  and  critic,  and  Paul  Eluard,  French  poet,  who  appeared 

1  A  list  of  contemplated  American  participants  and  sponsors  of  the  American  Continental  Congress  for 
Peace,  printed  in  the  congress'  official  "Call,"  will  be  found  in  appendix  V  to  this  report. 



as  representatives  of  the  World  Peace  Congress  Permanent  Com- 
mittee. This  was  estabhshed  as  a  result  of  the  Paris-Prague  World 
Peace  Congress  in  April  1949. 

Chief  organizer  of  the  American  Continental  Congress  for  Peace 
was  the  artist  Pablo  O'Higgins,  in  whose  studio  the  artist  Alfaro 
Siqueiros  disguised  himself  to  prepare  the  first  attempt  to  assassinate 
Leon  Trotsky.  Assisting  O'Higgins  with  congress  arrangements  was 
Dr.  Esther  Chapas,  who  was  formerly  a  collaborator  of  Jacques 
Mornard,  alias  Frarik  Jacson,  the  assassin  of  Trotsky.  Also,  taking 
an  active  part  were  such  well-known  Latin-American  Communists 
as  Lombardo  Toledano,  Diego  Rivera,  Narciso  Bassols,  Fernando 
Bamboa,  and  Alfaro  Siqueiros,  of  Mexico;  Lazaro  Pena  and  Juan 
Marinello  of  Cuba;  Salvador  Ocampo  and  Pablo  Neruda,  exiled  from 
Chile;  and  Solano,  secretary  general  of  the  Panamanian  Communist 

Active  in  setting  up  the  machinery  of  the  conference  was  Maxine 
Wood  of  New  York,  also  known  as  Maxine  Finsterwald,  who  has 
been  identified  with  a  string  of  Communist  fronts,  such  as  the  Ameri- 
can League  for  Peace  and  Democracy,  Washington  branch;  the  Wash- 
ington Committee  for  Democratic  Action;  the  International  Workers 
Order;  the  League  of  American  Writers;  the  Civil  Rights  Congress; 
New  Masses  and  Mainstream;  the  Joint  Anti-Fascist  Refugee  Com- 
mittee; the  National  Federation  for  Constitutional  Liberties;  the 
American  Labor  Party;  the  National  Council  of  the  Arts,  Sciences, 
and  Professions;  the  Congress  of  American-Soviet  Friendship;  and  the 
Ainerican  Committee  for  Protection  of  Foreign  Born. 

Among  those  chosen  as  honorary  presidents  of  the  congress  were 
the  following  outstanding  Communists :  Luis  Carlos  Prestes  of  Brazil, 
Giuseppi  di  Vittorio  of  Italy,  Paul  Robeson  of  the  United  States, 
Alexander  Fadayev  of  the  Soviet  Union,  Frederic  Joliot-Curie  of 
France,  and  Dolores  Ibarruri  of  Spain. 

The  prevailing  theme  of  the  conference,  as  usual,  was  anti- American 
and  pro-Russian.  Toledano  charged  the  United  States  with  seeking 
to  make  an  "economic  colony"  of  all  Latin- American  countries.  As 
quoted  by  the  Moscow  Soviet  Overseas  Service  broadcast  on  Septem- 
ber 9,  1949,  he  insisted  that  the  Soviet  Union  was  the  most  powerful 
force  for  peace.  A  delegate  from  El  Salvador  declared  that  "The 
United  States,  obeying  Wall  Street,  wants  war  to  impose  capitahst 
imperialism  on  the  world  while  the  Soviet  Union  is  willing  to  wage 
merciless  war,  if  necessary,  to  achieve  peace." 

Commenting  on  the  American  border  police,  James  Endicott, 
Canadian  delegate,  declared,  "The  difference  in  ideology  between 
this  vast  organized  police  network  and  the  ideology  of  Hitler  and 
Mussolini  is  hard  to  understand." 

Howard  Johnson,  American  Communist  leader,  addressed  the  con- 
ference in  behalf  of  the  11  U.  S.  Communist  leaders  then  on  trial, 
and  since  convicted  of  conspiracy  to  overthrow  the  government  by 
force  and  violence. 

O.  John  Rogge,  a  traditional  figure  at  Communist  "peace"  con- 
gresses, took  the  occasion  to  utter  a  few  mild  criticisms  of  the  Soviet 
Union,  although  inveighing  most  heavily  against  his  native  country, 
the  United  States.  Three  American  delegates — John  T.  Bernard, 
Armando  Ramirez,  and  Howard  Johnson,  educational  director  of 
the  New  York  State  Communist  Party — immediately  took  the  floor 


at  the  congress  and  denounced  Rogge's  speech  as  an  "outrageous 
slander  of  the  Soviet  Union."     This  was  received  with  an  ovation. 

Consistent  with  the  Communist  pohcy  of  inveighng  rehgious  groups 
into  their  "peace"  campaign,  Domingo  Villamil  called  for  the  coopera- 
tion of  Catholics  and  Communists  "in  the  interests  of  peace." 

The  congress  decided  to  establish  an  artists'  section  to  utilize  the 
talents  of  craftsmen  in  Mexico  and  four  cities  in  the  United  States 
(Los  Angeles,  Chicago,  New  York,  and  San  Francisco)  for  the  pub- 
lication of  a  bimonthly  magazine.  Active  in  the  promotion  of  this 
project  were  Lilli  Anne  Killen  and  Victor  Arnautoff  of  San  Francisco, 
Peggy  Craft  of  Chicago,  Antonio  Fransoni  of  New  York,  and  Leopoldo 
Mendez  and  Pablo  O'Higgins  of  Mexico  City. 

A  recorded  message  was  received  from  Paul  Robeson,  who  did  not 
personally  attend.  His  wife  was  present  at  the  congress,  however, 
and  made  an  address.  At  the  close  of  the  congress,  greetings  were 
read  from  Henry  A.  Wallace  and  Charles  Chaplin. 

An  official  call  to  the  American  Continental  Congress  for  World 
Peace  included  the  following  partial  list  of  congress  sponsors  in  the 
United  States:  Henry  A.  Wallace,  Thomas  Mann,  Rev.  Arthur  W. 
Moulton,  Dr.  Artur  Schnabel,  Dr.  Harlow  Shapley,  Reid  Robinson, 
Waldo  Frank,  Dr.  F.  O.  Matthiessen  (now  deceased),  Willard  Motley, 
Angus  Cameron,  Muriel  Draper,  Katherine  Dunham,  Olin  Downes, 
Dr.  Edward  K.  Barsky,  Scott  Nearing,  Clifford  Odets,  Capt.  Hugh 
Mulzac,  Aubrey  Pankey,  Dorothy  Parker,  Ben  Zion  Goldberg, 
Marion  Greenwood,  Dasliiell  Hammett,  Joseph  P.  Selly,  Dr.  Maude 
Slye,  Albert  Maltz,  Agnes  Smedley,  Anna  Sokolow,  Moses  Soyer, 
William  Zorach,  Prof.  Hemy  Pratt  Fairchild,  Donald  Henderson, 
Rev.  Charles  A.  Hill,  Dr.  Allan  Butler,  Rev.  Stacy  Adams,  Rabbi 
Michael  Alper,  Prof.  Abraham  Cronbach,  David  Burliuk,  Sr.,  Howard 
Fast,  Rev.  Joseph  Fletcher,  Rev.  Kenneth  Ripley  Forbes,  Prof.  Karl  F. 
Heiser,  Stefen  Heym,  Prof.  J.  Allen  Hickerson,  Rev.  Kenneth  de  P. 
Hughes,  Rockwell  Kent,  Martha  Dodd,  Paul  J.  Kern,  Prof.  I.  M.  Kol- 
thoff,  Corliss  Lamont,  Allan  Lomax,  Rev.  McKenna,  Vito  Marcan- 
tonio,  Rev.  Jolm  C.  Meiners,  Rev.  William  Howard  Melish,  Dr.  Clyde 
Miller,  Jennings  Perry,  Prof.  Seymour  Pitcher,  Martin  Popper,  Anton 
Refrieger,  Col.  Raymond  Robins,  Shirley  Graham,  Percy  Greene, 
Theodore  Stanford,  Donald  Ogden  Stewart,  Theodore  Ward,  Prof. 
Colston  E.  Warne,  Max  Weber,  James  Waterman  Wise,  and  Rev. 
Ruthven  S.  Chalmers. 

The  Communist  magazine,  Masses  and  Mainstream,  for  November 
1949,  in  reporting  on  the  congress,  announced  that  the  keynote 
address  of  congress  president  Dr.  Enrique  Gonzales  Martinez  had 
struck  "  the  great  chord  that  has  sounded  at  the  other  peace  congresses 
over  the  past  months — at  Wroclaw  and  New  York  and  Paris  and 
Prague  and  Bucharest  and  Moscow." 

The  leading  papers  of  Mexico  City  denounced  the  congress  as  a 
completely  Communist  project  directed  from  Moscow,  as  did  the 
Inter-American  Confederation  of  Labor  at  its  meeting  in  Cuba  in 


In  October  1949,  the  Communists  added  a  new  maneuver  to  their 
fraudulent  "peace"  campaign.  They  decided  to  send  "peace"  delega- 
tions to  the  parliaments  of  the  major  non-Communist  nations  as  well 
as  to  the  Soviet  Union. 

It  was  a  simple  but  clever  tactic.  For  even  if  democratic  parlia- 
ments refused  to  endorse  peace  proposals  manufactured  by  the 
Soviets  to  mask  Soviet  aggression,  the  delegations  could  wind  up 
with  a  royal  reception  in  the  Soviet  Union.  Thus,  to  wishful  thinl^ers 
and  dupes,  the  Soviet  Union  would  appear  as  the  only  nation  genuinely 
interested  in  peace. 

This  new  strategy  was  devised  by  the  Permanent  Committee  of 
the  World  Peace  Congress  at  a  session  in  Rome  on  October  28-31, 
1949,  and  perfected  by  the  secretariat  of  the  World  Peace  Congress 
on  February  9,  1950. 

vSpecifically,  it  was  decided  to  send  delegations  "composed  of  people 
of  world  renown"  to  the  parliaments  of  such  world  powers  as  the 
United  States,  U.  S.  S.  R.,  China,  Great  Britain,  France,  Belgium, 
Holland,  and  Italy,  during  the  period  from  February  to  March  10, 

The  Permanent  Committee  of  the  World  Peace  Congress  concocted 
the  following  high-sounding  peace  proposals  to  be  presented  by  the 
"peace"  delegations: 

1.  To  stop  the  armaments  race. 

2.  To  stop  the  atom  bomb  menace. 

3.  To  stop  the  wars  of  intervention  now  talking  place. 

4.  To  stop  repressive  action  against  defenders  of  peace. 

5.  To  stop  the  war  of  nerves. 

All  that  is  necessary  to  carry  out  these  proposals,  declared  the 
World  Peace  Congress  Committee,  is  that  "international  negotiations 
be  started  and  that  the  great  powers  sign  a  peace  pact." 

Of  course,  the  committee  ignored  the  long  chain  of  pacts  solemnly 
signed  by  the  Soviet  Union  and  later  broken  without  scruple.  This 
record  of  broken  agreements  is  given  in  the  appendix  of  this  report. 

The  peace  committee  also  ignored  the  fact  that  the  Soviet  Govern- 
ment has  the  largest  standing  army  in  the  world ;  that  it  has  not  dis- 
armed since  World  War  II  as  other  countries  have  done,  but,  on  the 
contrary,  has  concentrated  upon  increased  armaments;  that  it  boasts 
of  its  progress  in  building  atomic  weapons;  that  Communist  military 
forces  have  committed  aggression  in  China,  Indochina,  Greece, 
Korea,  Tibet,  and  other  parts  of  the  world;  that  the  Soviet  Union  has 
ruthlessly  piu'ged  those  who  stand  for  contacts  and  peaceful  relations 
with  the  non-Communist  world;  and  has  taken  the  initiative  in 
launching  and  provoking  a  world-wide  barrage  of  propaganda  against 
the  United  States. 

The  fact  that  12  Europeans  had  been  selected  for  a  "peace"  delega- 
tion which  would  attempt  to  appear  before  the  Congress  of  the 


United  States  was  announced  in  the  French  Communist  paper 
L'Humanite  on  February  18,  1950. 

To  exaggerate  the  importance  of  the  project,  a  welcoming  committee 
for  the  delegation  was  formed  in  the  United  States,  composed  of  a 
number  of  individuals  identified  on  previous  occasions  with  the  World 
Peace  Congress.  These  included  O.  John  Kogge,  Bishop  Arthur 
Moulton,  W.  E.  B.  DuBois,  Lion  Feuchtwanger,  and  Dr.  Linus 
Pauling.  The  Communist  Daily  Worker  of  March  1,  1950,  announced 
that  "100  Notables  Ask  Visas  for  Peace  Delegates."  The  "notables" 
were  the  usual  run  of  Communist  fellow  travelers. 

The  twelve  who  constituted  the  "peace"  delegation,  and  their  records 
are  as  follows: 

Pablo  Picasso:  Spanish  painter.  A  member  of  the  French  Communist  Party 
since  1944,  he  has  been  a  leading  figure  in  various  Communist-front  organizations, 
including  the  International  Committee  of  the  World  Partisans  of  Peace. 

Rev.  Hexdett  Johnson:  Dean  of  Canterbury.  Member  of  the  editorial  board 
of  the  British  Daily  Worker.  Delegate  to  several  conferences  of  the  Partisans 
of  Peace  and  British  member  of  the  World  Peace  Committee. 

Ivor  Montagu:  British  film  producer,  director  and  scenarist,  and  active  in  many 
phases  of  motion-picture  production.  He  has  been  a  Communist  Party  member 
since  1932  and  is  a  member  of  the  Daily  Worker  editorial  staff. 

Dr.  Max  Cosyns:  Belgium's  foremost  atomic  scientist  and  associate  of  Professor 
Piccard  since  1932.  An  avowed  Communist  sympathizer,  Cosyns  has  been  playing 
a  vigorous  role  in  various  front  organizations. 

Eugene  Aubel:  Professor  of  chemistry  and  biology.  University  of  Paris.  A  mem- 
ber of  the  French  Communist  Party.  Active  in  Communist-front  organizations. 
Delegate,  World  Congress  of  Intellectuals,  Wroclaw,  Poland,  1948,  and  a  member, 
National  Council  Combattants  de  la  Liberte  et  de  la  Paix  (Fighters  for  Liberty 
and  Peace). 

Hans  Erni:  Well-known  Swiss  modernist  painter.  An  ardent  fellow  traveler, 
he  is  a  leader  of  the  Swiss-Soviet  Friendship  Association. 

Jean  Lurcat:  Artist,  reportedly  a  member  of  the  French  Communist  Party 
and  an  active  member  in  numerous  Communist-front  organizations. 

Luigi  Caccialore:  A  parliamentary  deputy,  Cacciatore  is  an  active  leader  of  the 
Italian  Socialist  Party,  which  cooperates  with  the  Italian  Communist  Party.  He 
was  Minister  of  Posts  and  Telecommunications  in  the  De  Gasperi  cabinet  in  1947. 

Dr.  Mario  Montesi:  Communal  councillor  of  Rome  since  the  liberation.  He 
was  at  one  time  active  in  the  Christian  Democratic  Party  but  later  joined  the 
pro-Communist  Christian  Movement  for  Peace. 

Giuseppina  (Pina)  Palumbo:  A  socialist  senatoi"  and  former  social  worker,  she 
was  the  first  woman  given  a  post  in  the  Italian  Government  after  liberation.  She 
is  now  active  in  leftist  women's  groups. 

Prof.  Oliviero  Mario  Olivo:  Italian  specialist  in  anatomy  and  histology  and  one- 
time Rockefeller  fellow  in  the  United  States.  He  took  part  in  the  leftist-sponsored 
Congress  of  Italian  Culture  in  1948. 

Fvrio  Diaz:  Communist  mayor  of  Leghorn  since  the  liberation.  Thirty-three 
years  old,  law  graduate;  formerly  taught  at  University  of  Pisa.  Member  of  the 
Italian  Communist  Party  and  its  organ,  the  Friends  of  Unita. 

After  consulting  with  leaders  in  both  Houses  of  Congress,  the  State 
Department,  on  March  3,  1950,  denied  visas  to  the  members  of  the 
"peace"  delegation,  on  the  groiind  that  as  Communists  or  fellow 
travelers  they  were  subject  to  exclusion  from  the  United  States  under 
our  immigration  laws. 

Commenting  on  the  character  of  the  delegation,  the  Honorable 
Tom  Connally,  chairman  of  the  Senate  Foreign  Relations  Committee, 
declared  on  the  floor  of  the  Senate  on  March  2,  1950: 

Many  of  the  members  of  the  delegation  are  inadmissible  under  the  law  and 
have  no  right  to  come  to  the  United  States.  They  are  intending  to  come  here  to 
sow  dissension.  They  are  planning  to  come  here  to  infiltrate,  to  propagandize,  to 
harass,  and  to  annoy  the  Congress  of  the  United  States.     We  do  not  receive 

76512—51 3 


delegations  of  this  kind  or  in  this  form.     They  must  come  through  their  own 
governments,  through  diplomatic  channels. 

The  Honorable  Kenneth  S.  Wherry,  minority  floor  leader  in  the 
Senate,  agreed  with  Senator  Connally,  stating: 

The  United  States  would  not  want  to  open  its  ports  to  the  bubonic  plague;  and 
to  allow  these  revolutionaries  to  come  into  this  country  to  spread  their  doctrine 
against  our  Government  would  be  equally  dangerous     *     *     *. 

Furthermore,  the  American  people  need  no  instruction  from  these  Communists, 
and  their  fellow  travelers,  of  the  World  Congress  of  Partisans  of  Peace,  on  the 
way  to  peace  *  *  *_  -pj^e  delegation  of  Communists  and  fellow  travelers  who 
seek  to  enter  our  gates  to  spread  their  propaganda  against  our  republican  pro- 
cedures would  simply  add  to  our  difficulties  in  stamping  out  revolutionary  com- 
munism among  our  own  people. 

In  France,  Communist  pressure  was  sufiiciently  strong  to  compel 
a  reception  to  a  "peace"  delegation  on  March  2,  1950,  by  M. 
Edouard  Herriot,  president  of  the  National  Assembly  of  France. 
Members  of  this  delegation  included  the  following  American  fellow 
travelers:  Rockwell  Kent;  Frances  Damon,  representing  the  World 
Federation  of  Democratic  Youth;  and  Johannes  Steel,  pro-Commun- 
ist radio  commentator.  A  similar  situation  in  Italy  secured  for  a 
"peace"  delegation  an  audience  from  Mr.  Bonomi,  the  president  of 
the  Italian  Senate;  and  Mr.  Grouchi,  president  of  the  Italian  National 
Assembly  on  February  28,  1950. 

United  States  refusal  to  admit  the  "peace"  delegation  sent  the 
Communist  propaganda  machine  into  high  gear.  In  the  Daily  Worker 
of  March  9,  1950,  Paul  Kobeson  called  the  State  Department's  exclu- 
sion order  "a  shameful  blow"  aimed  at  "the  overwhelming  majority  of 
Americans  and  peoples  throughout  the  world  who  support  the  cause 
of  peace."  The  Moscow  radio  on  the  sam.e  day  charged  that  the 
American  Government  "does  not  reflect  the  opinion  of  many  millions 
of  people  in  the  United  States  *  *  *  who  *  *  *  are  inter- 
ested in  the  prevention  of  war     *     *     *." 

The  next  step,  as  expected,  was  Moscow's  welcoming  of  a  "peace" 
delegation  to  the  Soviet  Union.  On  March  3,  1950,  Jean  Lafitte, 
general  secretary  of  the  Permanent  Committee  of  the  World  Peace 
Congress,  annoimced  that  a  delegation  of  fifteen  would  leave  Paris 
for  Moscow. 

Included  in  this  delegation  were  the  foUowing  American  "peace" 
congress  adherents:  O.  John  Rogge,  Rockwell  Kent,  and  Johannes 
Steel.  Steel  stated  that  "The  Soviet  Union  forestalled  om-  desires  by 
inviting  us  to  come  and  present  the  World  Committee's  proposals.'^ 
The  welcome  was  understandable.  It  was  a  case  of  Moscow's 
puppets  bringing  Moscow's  proposals  back  to  Moscow. 

The  delegation  arrived  at  the  Central  Aerodrome  in  Moscow  on 
March  5.  They  were  accorded  high  official  honors.  First  to  greet 
them  was  Leonid  Leonov,  in  behalf  of  the  Supreme  Soviet  of  the 
U.  S.  S.  R.,  of  which  he  was  a  deputy.  He  also  headed  the  Soviet 
Peace  Committee  delegation.  Dmitri  Shostakovitch,  Russian  com- 
poser, who  had  attended  the  Scientific  and  Cultm-al  Conference  for 
World  Peace  in  New  York  in  March  1949,  was  on  hand,  as  were  repre- 
sentatives of  various  officially  approved  Soviet  organizations  such  as 
the  Slav  Committee  of  the  U.  S.  S.  R.,  the  Anti-Fascist  Committee  of 
Soviet  Women,  the  Anti-Fascist  Committee  of  Soviet  Youth,  the 
U.  S.  S.  R.  Society  for  Cultural  Relations  with  Foreign  Countries, 
and  the  Union  of  Soviet  Writers. 


On  March  7,  the  delegation  was  received  by  the  Soviet  Peace 
Committee  and  warmly  welcomed  by  A.  A.  Siu-kov. 

Speaking  in  behalf  of  the  foreign  "peace"  delegation,  Yves Farge,  of 
France,  declared  that  "The  peace  movement  within  the  Soviet  Union 
is  today  our  strongest  support." 

Rockwell  Kent,  the  American  artist,  was  called  upon  for  a  few 
remarks,  which  are  quoted  in  part: 

I  must  tell  you  that  I  am  not  an  official  representative  of  the  American  Govern- 
ment. To  be  quite  honest  I  must  declare  that  the  present  Government  of 
America  is  not  my  Government  and  does  not  represent  me  (In  Defense  of  Peace, 
No.  8,  March  1950,  p.  20). 

All  present,  including  Mr.  Kent,  unanimously  agreed  upon  a  resolution 
of  protest  against  the  action  of  the  American  Government  in  banning 
a  "peace"  delegation.  The  resolution  was  proposed  by  V.  Pudovkin, 
member  of  the  Soviet  Peace  Committee. 

On  March  8,  the  delegation  was  received  in  the  Great  Kremlin 
Palace  by  the  chairmen  of  both  chambers  of  the  U.  S.  S.  R.  Supreme 
Soviet,  Comrades  V.  V.  Kuznetsov  and  I.  A.  Parfenov,  who  accepted 
the  delegation's  official  message  from  the  Permanent  Committee  of 
the  World  Congress  of  Partisans  of  Peace. 

Yves  Farge,  in  behalf  of  the  delegation,  utilized  the  subsequent  press 
conference  to  declare  that  the  U.  S.  S.  R,.  is  the  first  country  to  give 
the  delegates  a  clear  reply  to  the  Permanent  Committee's  proposals. 
He  stated  that  "every  time  the  U.  S.  S.  R.  delivers  its  peace  proposals 
to  the  UN,  we  gather  all  our  strength  in  support  of  these  proposals." 
In  conclusion  he  asked  that  he  be  permitted  "to  greet  Generalissimo 
Stalin  together  with  you."  James  Endicott,  chairman  of  the  Cana- 
dian Committee  of  Partisans  of  Peace,  seized  upon  the  occasion  to 
attack  the  American  F.  B.  I. 

With  the  cooperation  of  a  then  pliant  American  stooge,  Moscow 
thereupon  staged  a  coup  that  was  to  provide  ammunition  for  its  psy- 
chological warfare  for  weeks  to  come.  O.  John  Rogge  was  permitted, 
with  great  fanfare  and  publicity,  to  address  a  selected  audience,  which 
consisted  of  the  presidium  or  executive  committee  of  the  Supreme 
Soviet  of  the  U.  S.  S.  R.,  in  the  marble  and  gold  hall  of  the  Kremlin. 
It  was  the  first  time  that  an  American  had  addressed  a  Soviet  parlia- 
ment or  a  committee  thereof. 

Mr.  Rogge  called  upon  both  Russians  and  Americans  to  halt  exploit- 
ing differences  and  to  start  searching  for  points  of  agreement.  The 
Americans  must  stop  blaming  the  Commmiists  and  the  Russians  must 
stop  blaming  the  capitalists,  he  said,  adding  that  he  sought  to  remove 
"the  mountains  of  fear  which  divide  the  American  and  Soviet  peoples." 
He  proposed  a  compromise  between  the  Baruch  plan  of  atomic 
inspection  and  that  submitted  to  the  United  Nations  by  Soviet  Foreign 
Minister  Vishinsky. 

Rogge's  remarks,  of  course,  were  challenged  in  the  Soviet  press. 
Izvestia,  on  March  12,  carried  an  article  by  S.  Gerasimov,  member  of 
the  Presidium  of  the  Soviet  Peace  Committee,  who  declared  in  part: 

But  it  is  hardly  possible  to  agree  with  John  Rogge  in  his  estimate  of  the  true  state 
of  affairs. 

Rogge's  eloquence,  naturally,  brought  not  the  slightest  change  in 
Russia's  policy;  the  Soviet's  an ti- American  radio  and  press  campaign 
continued  at  full  blast.     The  unprovoked  Communist  military  attack 


on  South  Korea  occurred  only  five  months  later  at  a  cost  of  thousands 
of  American  lives. 

The  Communist  Daily  Worker  in  the  United  States  capitalized  on 
the  Moscow  reception.     On  March  10,  it  editorialized  as  follows: 

Moscow  Welcomes  Peace.  Washington  said  "No."  But  Moscow  said  "Yes." 
Our  State  Department  has  rudely  refused  to  let  a  peace  delegation  come  here, 
*  *  *  The  Soviet  Government,  on  the  other  hand,  gave  a  generous  and  im- 
pressive welcome  to  the  American  delegation  headed  by  O.  John  Rogge.  *  *  * 
Moscow  did  not  spurn  Rogge's  peace  proposal  because  Rogge  believes  in  the 
capitalist  system. 

On  March  10,  the  newspaper  also  made  a  trans-Atlantic  call  to 
Rockwell  Kent  in  Moscow,  who  assured  the  Daily  Worker  of  the 
Supreme  Soviet's  "wholehearted  support"  of  the  delegation's  peace 

Moscow's  Soviet  European  broadcast  of  March  6,  1950,  pointed  out 
that  the  parliaments  of  Communist-controlled  eastern  zone  of  Ger- 
many, Rumania,  Bulgaria,  and  Czechoslovakia  had  readily  consented 
to  discuss  the  World  Peace  Congress  proposals,  "while  the  U.  S.  Con- 
gress, whose  Members  do  not  express  the  will  of  their  electors  but  that 
of  capitalist  monopolies,  has  taken  a  different  attitude." 

The  entire  episode  was  a  graphic  example  of  the  intimate  collabora- 
tion between  the  Soviet  Government  and  the  World  Peace  Congress 
in  the  Soviet-initiated  "peace"  offensive. 


The  Permanent  Committee  of  the  World  Peace  Congress  met  again 
in  Stockholm,  Sweden,  between  March  15  and  19,  1950,  with  120 
delegates  in  attendance. 

In  a  dispatch  from  Stockholm  on  July  19,  1950,  Prime  Minister 
Tage  Erlander  of  Sweden  expressed  his  disgust  over  the  fact  that  the 
name  of  that  city  was  being  used  for  international  Communist  propa- 
ganda. He  declared,  "The  overwhelming  majority  of  the  Swedish 
people  have  no  sympathy  to  spare  for  the  attempts  of  the  Communists 
to  exploit  for  their  particular  ends,  mankind's  love  for  peace  and 
abhorrence  of  war." 

Figure  1. 

American  delegates,  arm  in  arm  with  Alexander  Fadeev,  Soviet  whip  of  the  World  Peace  Congress.  Left  to 
right:  Unidentified  woman,  Rockwell  Kent,  Albert  Kahn,  Mr.  Fadeev,  and  Johannes  Steel.— In  Defense 
of  Peace,  April  1950,  page  51. 

Although  the  meeting  was  used  as  a  sounding  board  for  Communist 
propaganda,  its  main  object  was  to  launch  the  boldest  and  most  far- 
reaching  maneuver  of  the  whole  Communist  peace  movement- — the 
world-wide  circulation  of  "peace"  petitions. 

Among  the  American  delegates  to  the  Stockholm  meeting  were 
Rockwell  Kent,  Johannes  Steel,  O.^John  Rogge,  and  the  avowed  Com- 
munist Albert  Kahn. 


Jean  Lafitte,  general  secretary  of  the  Permanent  Committee  and 
French  Communist,  reported  at  the  Stockholm  session  that  52 
National  Committees  in  Defense  of  Peace  were  affiliated  with  the 
Committee  of  the  World  Peace  Congress.  He  added  that  the  organ- 
ization is  linked  with  81  countries  and  that  19  national  "peace" 
congresses  had  been  organized  since  October  1949.  He  complained, 
however,  that  "the  movement  has  not  developed  in  accordance 
with     *     *     *     possibilities"  in  the  United  States. 




Lafitte  reported  that  the  "peace"  campaign  "has  also  assumed  new- 
forms  *  *  *  In  France,  Italy,  Belgium,  Holland,  the  dockers 
are  refusing  to  unload  arms  *  *  *"  He  suggested  that  "their 
magnificent  example"  should  be  followed  in  other  countries.  It  should 
be  noted  that  such  tactics  were  not  proposed  for  use  within  the  Soviet 
Union  or  its  satellites,  however. 

Figure  2. 

Cartoon  urging  sit-down  strikes  against  munition  shipments  for  troops  fighting  the  Commimists.— In 
Defense  of  Peace,  official  organ,  World  Peace  Congress,  January  1950,  page  43. 

Mr.  Louis  Saillant,  another  leading  speaker  at  the  Stockholm  con- 
ference, is  the  general  secretary  of  the  Communist-controlled  World 
Federation  of  Trade  Unions.  The  WFTU  has  always  been  a  supporter 
of  the  World  Peace  Congress.  Saillant's  speech  also  stressed  the  new 
and  bolder  tactics  discussed  by  Lafitte.  He  declared  that  "propagan- 
da and  direct  action  can  no  longer  be  separated."  In  fact,  he  insisted 
that  the  best  "peace  propaganda  is  direct  action,"  which  he  considered 
an  "advanced  form  of  struggle." 

Keferring  to  cases  where  Communist-inspired  seamen  and  dockers 
have  refused  to  transport  or  unload  war  material,  Saillant  said, 
"These  experiences  hold  valuable  lessons  for  all  countries     *     *     *" 


He  demanded  international  support  of  "those  dockers  and  seamen," 
and  declared,  "this  is  the  path  that  all  defenders  of  peace  in  the 
capitalist  comitries  should  follow."  His  emphasis  upon  the  capitalist 
countries  should  be  noted.  Saillant  then  somided  the  following  call 
to  treason: 

We  should  state  that  one  of  the  essential  duties  of  the  defenders  of  peace  is  the 
refusal  to  work  on  and  produce  war  material  in  all  capitalist  countries     *     *     *_ 

Abbe  Boulier  of  France,  another  speaker  at  the  Stockholm  meeting, 
eagerly  followed  Saillant's  lead  and  endorsed  "the  refusal  of  the 
strikers,  of  the  dockers  to  work  for  war,"  as  Avell  as  "the  refusal  of 
scientific  workers  to  work  for  the  production  of  death."  Naturally, 
this  tactic  was  to  apply  only  to  the  so-called  capitalistic  countries. 

Abbe  Boulier  capitalized  on  his  clerical  calling  and  appealed  to  "the 
churchmen  and  to  those  who  are  influenced  by  the  churches,"  to  aid 
the  subversive  "peace"  front. 

The  Roman  Catholic  Church  has  twice  taken  steps  to  discipline 
Abbe  Boulier  for  his  pro-Communist  activities.  The  first  action 
against  him  was  taken  in  1949  after  his  return  from  a  peace  congress 
meeting  in  Czechoslovakia.  His  functions  as  a  priest  were  removed, 
but  when  the  abbe  gave  assurances  of  his  loyalty  to  the  church  they 
were  subsequently  restored. 

However,  Father  Boulier  continued  his  activities  in  behalf  of  the 
Communists  and  their  "peace"  campaign,  and  on  September  9,  1950, 
the  New  York  Times  reported: 

The  Roman  Catholic  Church  took  a  repressive  measure  against  one  of  its 
fellow-traveling  priests  today.  Archbishop  Maurice  Feltin  of  Paris  forbade 
Abbot  Jean  Boulier  to  say  mass  or  to  receive  sacraments  for  an  undefined  period 
starting  September  10. 


O.  John  Rogge,  American  attorney,  presented  the  same  line  to  the 
Stockholm  conference  that  he  presented  at  "peace"  conferences  at 
Wroclaw,   New  York,    Paris,   Mexico,   London,   and   Moscow. 

U.  S.  Communist  Party  member  Albert  Kalm,  as  expected,  devoted 
his  speech  to  a  bitter  attack  on  the  United  States  and  a  eulogy  on  the 
Soviet  Union.  With  true  Communist  servility,  he  meekly  accepted 
the  criticism  leveled  by  the  conference  at  the  "peace"  movement  in 
the  United  States.  He  promised  better  results  in  the  future.  He 
agreed  with  the  complaint  that  his  associates  had  limited  themselves 
to  "enlisting  the  endorsement  of  prominent  personahties,"  and  he 
promised  that  hereafter  they  would  seek  "to  build  a  broad  organiza- 
tional base  among  trade-unionists,  jnass  organizations,  national  groups, 
youth  and  women's  organizations." 

This  provides  a  striking  example  of  how  the  "peace"  movement  in 
the  United  States  is  controlled  from  abroad. 


The  most  far-reaching  decision  made  by  the  Permanent  Committee 
of  the  World  Peace  Congress  at  its  meeting  in  Stockholm  was  the 
launching  of  the  world-wide  drive  for  signatures  to  a  so-called  World 
Peace  Appeal.  It  is  the  boldest  and  most  extensive  piece  of  psycho- 
logical warfare  ever  conducted  by  any  organization  on  a  world  scale. 
Moreover,  it  was  shrewdly  contrived  and  carefully  timed. 


The  World  Peace  Appeal  was  launched  3  months  before  the  outbreak 
of  Communist  armed  aggression  against  South  Korea.  Obviously  the 
appeal  was  intended  as  a  smoke  screen  for  such  aggression.  And 
even  though  the  Korean  conflict  completely  exposed  the  falsity  of  the 
Communists'  "peace"  movement,  the  petition  appeal  is  brazenly 
continuing  today. 

The  contents  of  the  petitions,  which  the  Communists  claim  have 
been  signed  by  more  than  273,000,000  persons,  are  designed  to  attract 
the  unwary.^     They  include  four  brief  demands: 

We  demand  the  outlawing  of  the  atomic  weapons  as  instruments  of  aggression 
and  mass  murder  of  peoples. 

We  demand  strict  international  control  to  enforce  this  measure. 

We  believe  that  any  government  which  first  uses  atomic  weapons  against  any 
other  country  whatsoever  will  be  committing  a  crime  against  humanity  and 
should  be  dealt  with  as  a  war  criminal. 

We  call  on  all  men  and  women  of  good  will  throughout  the  world  to  sign  thi& 

Here  is  what  is  behind  these  demands,  however.  Well  aware  that 
the  United  States,  for  its  own  protection  against  Soviet  aggression, 
has  established  superiority  in  the  development  of  atomic  weapons, 
the  Communists  hope  to  weaken  American  defenses  by  demanding  the 
outlawing  of  atomic  weapons. 

The  second  misleading  demand  in  the  petition  is  for  "strict  inter- 
national control"  of  atomic  weapons.  Authorized  representatives  of 
the  American  Government  in  the  field  of  atomic  energy  have  pointed 
out  that  international  control  is  impossible  without  provision  for 
international  inspection  of  plants  within  each  country  by  an  inter- 
national authority.  Under  these  conditions,  the  United  States  gener- 
ously offered  before  the  United  Nations  to  turn  over  to  the  inter- 
national authority  all  the  materials,  facilities,  and  know-how  in  our 
possession,  as  well  as  to  dispose  of  all  atom  bombs  and  other  atomic 
weapons.  Every  nation  in  the  world  except  Soviet  Russia  and  her 
satellites  accepted  the  American  plan  as  fair  and  workable.  Thus,  it 
is  Soviet  Russia  which  has  prevented  international  controls  over  the 
atom  bomb. 

The  petition  demand  that  "any  government  which  first  uses  atomic 
weapons  against  any  other  country  *  *  *  should  be  dealt  with  as  a 
war  criminal"  is  intended  to  tie  our  hands  in  the  case  of  aggressive 
wars  instigated  by  Communists. 

The  petition  is  cleverly  directed  to  "all  men  and  women  of  good  will 
throughout  the  world."  The  petition  fails  to  mention  that  the 
signer  would  be  supporting  the  crudest  and  most  ruthless  dictatorship 
known  to  recorded  history,  which  has  just  launched  an  unprovoked 
and  brutal  attack  on  the  South  Korean  Republic.  It  is  as  if  Adolph 
Hitler  were  appealing  to  *  'men  of  good  will . ' '  Regrettably,  to  a  number 
of  intellectuals  in  our  country  and  elsewhere  the  paradox  is  not 

By  soliciting  names  and  addresses  from  "peace"  petition  signers,  the 
Communists  are  in  a  position  to  establish  a  huge  Red  mailing  list 
which  can  be  used  for  the  circulation  of  Communist  propaganda. 

In  Switzerland,  a  cross  mark  is  made  against  the  name  of  anyone 
who  refuses  to  sign  the  petitions  and  the  individual  is  threatened  with 
reprisals  in  the  event  of  Communist  control  of  the  Swiss  Government. 



In  iron-curtain  countries,  those  who  have  refused  to  sign  have  been 
thrown  into  jail.  In  Moscow,  the  Communist  Party  organ,  Pravda, 
announced  that  anyone  in  any  country  who  refused  to  sign  the 
petition  automatically  became  "an  accomplice  and  henchman  of  the 
warmongers"  in  the  eyes  of  the  Communists. 

Figure  3. 





Thruout  the  world — 

In  Chiim,  Italy,  Itrael,  in  England  and  Braiil,  in 

France  and  Mexico,  in  Finland  and  Poland,  Siceden 

and  the  Soviet  Union,  in  Africa  and  India  and  in 

the  United  States — 

Tens  of  millions  of  people  of  all  faiths  and  creeds, 

all  races  are  signing  this  appeal. 

If  we,  the  people  say  NO  to  war 


•  We  demand  the  outlawing  of  the  atomic  weapons  as  instruments  of  aggression 
and  mass  murder  of  peoples. 

•  We   demand   strict   international   control    to    enforce    this    measure. 

•  We  believe  that  any  government  which  first  uses  atomic  weapons  against  any 
other  country  whatsoever  will  be  committing  a  crime  against  humanity  and  should 
be  dealt  with  as  a  war  criminal. 

•  We  call  on  all  men  and  women  of  good  will  thruout  the  world  to  sign  this  appeal.* 
Return  this  petition  to: 

Collected  by   Address  

*  This  appeal  was  issued  at  Stockholm  in  March,  1950  by  the  "World  Committee  in  Defense  of  Peace." 
Trygve  Lie,  Secretary  of  the  United  Nations,  said  of  this  Committee:  "I  bless  everyone,  every  man  and 
woman,  who  works  for  peace."  ,f4™  York  r.™./,  Mw  1950) 

Issued  by 

Campaign  Committee  for  the  World  Peace  Appeal — P.  O.  Box  349,  Grand  Central  Station,  New  York  City 

World  Peace  Appeal  petition  blank, 

by  campaign  committee  for  the  World  Peace  Appeal. 

Also  illustrative  of  the  pressure  exerted  in  Communist-dominated 
countries  to  get  signers  to  "peace  petitions"  is  the  following  incident: 
The  Polish  delegates  to  an  International  Congress  of  Architects,  held 
in  Paris,  stated  that  they  could  not  participate  in  the  congress  unless 
that  body  approved  the  Stockholm  peace  petition.  Lacking  such 
approval,  the  Polish  delegation  renounced  the  congress. 

The  same  type  of  pressure  has  been  applied  to  the  churches  in 
Communist  Poland.  Instructors  in  church  schools  in  a  given  locality 
are  called  in  to  sign  the  Stockholm  pledge.  If  they  refuse,  they  are 
told  the  Government  will  forbid  them  to  teach  the  young.  Thus,  the 
Warsaw  regime  has  coerced  a  few  priests  into  signing  the  petition. 



As  expected,  the  petition  has  received  the  enthusiastic  approval  of 
every  section  of  the  international  Communist  hierarchy.  On  March 
24,  1950,  a  week  after  the  appeal  was  launched  by  the  World  Peace 
Congress  in  Stockholm,  the  petition  was  publicly  endorsed  by  the 
Information  Bureau  of  the  Communist  and  Workers  Parties  (Comin- 
form)  through  its  official  organ.  On  June  11,  1950,  the  Worker, 
U.  S.  Communist  Party  organ,  announced  the  "Nation-wide  drive  for 
millions  of  signatures"  and  put  every  individual  Communist  on  notice 
that  he  "has  the  duty  to  rise  to  this  appeal."  On  June  20,  1950,  the 
"peace  petition"  received  the  official  endorsement  of  the  Supreme 
Soviet  of  the  U.  S.  S.  R.,  which  has  been  echoed  by  the  governing 
bodies  of  every  Communist  satellite  country,  and  by  all  Communist 
Parties  throughout  the  world. 

In  publicizing  the  petition  campaign,  the  Communists  have  made 
fantastic  claims  as  to  the  number  of  signatures  obtained.  The 
following  tabulation,  representing  a  claimed  total  of  273,470,566 
signers,  or  one-eighth  of  the  human  race,  has  been  presented  by 
M.  Joliot-Curie,  chairman  of  the  World  Peace  Committee  in  Paris: 





U.  S.  S.  R 


193,  000,  000 
24,  500,  000 
12,  500,  000 
9,  200,  000 
7,  200.  000 
9,  000,  000 
463,  000,  000 
18,  500,  000 

115,  275,  000 
18,  000,  000 
9,  500,  000 
7,  500,  000 
5,  801, 346 
5,  680,  000 
44,  000,  000 
17,  046,  000 

West  Qermany 


49,  700,  000 
41,  200,  000 
46,  000,  000 

50,  500,  000 
347,  000,  000 

83,  000,  000 
150, 000,  000 

2,  000, 000 
12  000  000 




Great  Britain 

790,  277 



127  389 


United  States : .     . 

1, 345,  000 


1, 350, 000 

East  Germany. 

According  to  a  radio  broadcast  from  Rumania,  this  alleged  total  of 
273,470,566  signers  does  not  represent  a  mere  one-eighth  of  the 
human  race.  The  broadcast  said  that,  "taking  into  consideration 
that  only  adult  people  sign,  it  can  be  said  that  in  all  600,000,000 
people,  or  a  quarter  of  the  world's  population,  have  supported  the 
appeal"  (Bucharest,  Agerpress  in  Morse  to  Europe,  August  11,  1950.) 

It  should  be  noted  that  235,000,000,  or  86  percent,  of  these  alleged 
signatures  come  from  Communist-dominated  countries  where  the 
petition  has  been  officially  approved  and  refusal  to  sign  would  con- 
stitute defiance  of  the  government.  The  Soviet  Union  is  said  to  have 
rolled  up  100,000,000  signatures  in  2  weeks.  In  Communist-controlled 
East  Germany,  the  announced  total  of  signatures  equals  90  percent 
of  the  total  population,  including  infants. 

The  Daily  Worker  of  August  24,  1950,  displays  a  photograph  of 
thumbprints  of  natives  of  French  Equatorial  Africa,  who  allegedly 
eagerly  signed  the  World  Peace  Appeal.  No  doubt  this  practice  was 
followed  among  other  peoples.  It  is  obvious  that  these  persons 
could  not  have  read  the  peace  appeal  to  which  they  affixed  their 

Equally  demonstrative  of  Communist  methods  is  the  photograph  in 
the  Worker  for  July  23,  1950,  showing  three  triplet  toddlers  who 
allegedly  declared  "No  Atom  Bombs  for  Us!  We  Want  to  Live!" 
and  then  affixed  their  fingerprints  to  the  peace  petition. 

The  conclusion  is  obvious  that  the  "peace"  petition  campaign  pro- 
vides another  example  of  Communist  willmgness  to  use  any  trickery 
or  deceit  to  achieve  their  ends. 


FlCURE    4. 


^■"■^  r~ 


They  Sign 
For  Peace 

These  Iwo  photogr.iphs  slio'w 
the  spirit  for  ptue  that  has  im- 
pelled 300,000  000  to  sign  tlu 
World  Peace  Appeal  to  haii  the 
A-bomb.  The  photograph  abo\e 
shows  survivors  of  the  town  of 
Lidice  signing  the  This 
is  the  Czechoslovak  town  which 
the  Nazis  razed  to  the  ground 
and  where  thev  murdered  prac- 
tically every  inhabitint  Only  ,i 
handful  e  s  c  a  p  e  »I  «If ath— and 
these  want  the  new  ixUrmina- 
fion  weapon  —  the  A-bomb- 

The  photograph  below  shows 
the  thumb  print  signatures  of 
citizens  of  French  Fqiialorul 
Africa  who  eagerly  sign  the 
World  Peace  Appeal  These 
fingerprint  signatures  are  those 
of  men  and  women  who  never 
had  the  chance  to  learn  to  write. 

This  photograph  shows  the  thumbprint  signatures  of  citizens  of  French  Equatorial  Africa  who  endorsed 
the  World  Peace  Appeal.  These  fingerprint  signatures  are  those  of  men  and  women  who  never  had  the 
chance  to  learn  to  write.  Thus,  they  could  not  be  expected  to  read  the  petition.  (Daily  Worker,  August 
24,  1950,  p.  4.) 


A  Second  World  Peace  Congress  was  scheduled  to  be  held  in 
Sheffield,  England,  from  November  13  to  19,  1950.  It  was  also 
referred  to  as  the  Second  World  Congress  of  the  Partisans  of  Peace, 
and  the  Second  World  Congress  of  the  Defenders  of  Peace. 

Some  2,000  delegates  from  all  over  the  world  were  reported  mobi- 
lized in  preparation  for  this  latest  forum  for  Soviet  propaganda. 
Sixty-five  delegates  were  selected  in  the  Soviet  Union.  In  the  United 
States,  there  was  established  an  Ajnerican  Sponsoring  Committee  for 
Representation  at  the  Second  World  Peace  Congress,  with  an  office  at 
135  Liberty  Street,  New  York  6,  N.  Y.  The  committee  announced 
in  the  Daily  Worker  on  November  9,  1950,  that  60  persons  would  go 
to  Sheffield  as  a  United  States  delegation. 

Acting  head  of  the  American  Sponsoring  Committee  was  Prof. 
Joseph  Fletcher,  of  the  Episcopal  Theological  Seminary,  Cambridge, 
Mass.  Acting  secretary  was  the  Rev.  Robert  M.  Muir,  who  later 
personally  led  an  American  delegation  to  the  Second  World  Peace 
Congress.  Both  individuals  have  previously  supported  the  Com- 
munists' "peace"  campaign  in  this  country,  as  well  as  other  Commu- 
nist projects.  For  a  partial  list  of  the  Second  World  Peace  Congress 
sponsors  and  delegates  from  the  United  States,  see  appendix  No.  VI 
to  this  report. 

The  elaborate  plans  of  the  Communists  for  their  Sheffield  gathering 
went  awry,  however,  when  many  of  the  foreign  delegates  were  refused 
admittance  to  Britain.  British  Prime  Minister  Clement  Attlee  on 
November  1,  1950,  had  denounced  the  forthcoming  congress  as  a 
"bogus  forum  of  peace  with  the  real  aim  of  sabotaging  national 
defense"  and  had  said  there  would  be  a  "reasonable  limit"  on  foreign 
delegates.  Excluded  by  the  British  Government  were  such  figures  as 
Frederic  JoHot-Curie,  French  Commmiist  and  head  of  the  World 
Peace  Congress,  and  Ilya  Ehrenburg,  AJexander  Fadeyev,  and 
Dmitri  Shostakovitch,  familiar  "peace"  congress  leaders  from  the 
Soviet  Union.  The  Daily  Worker  in  the  United  States  complained 
that  five-sixths  of  the  delegation  from  this  country  was  refused 
admission  to  England,  including  the  leader  of  the  U.  S.  delegates, 
the  Rev.  Robert  M.  Muir. 

The  number  of  delegates  who  appeared  at  Sheffield  to  attend  the 
World  Peace  Congress  dropped  from  an  anticipated  2,000  to  500, 
half  of  whom  were  British. 

Two  days  before  the  scheduled  opening  of  the  Sheffield  congress  on 
November  13,  the  Committee  of  the  World  Peace  Congress  decided  to 
transfer  the  entire  congress  to  Warsaw,  in  Communist-dominated 

The  500  available  delegates  in  England  held  a  token  session  in 
Sheffield  on  November  13,  after  which  they  hurried  by  plane  and 
boat  to  Warsaw.  The  Sheffield  session  was  comprised  of  closed 
meetings  during  the  day,  and  an  open  rally  at  night,  at  which  the 


British  and  United  States  Governments  were  loudly  attacked.  Speak- 
ers at  the  rally  included  Dr.  Hewlett  Johnson,  the  "Red"  Dean  of 
Canterbury,  Pablo  Picasso,  Communist  artist  from  France;  and  O. 
John  Rogge  and  the  Rev.  John  Paul  Jones,  from  the  United  States. 

The  Second  World  Peace  Congress  managed  to  get  under  way  in 
Warsaw,  Poland,  by  the  evening  of  November  16,  1950.  The  Polish 
radio  reported  that  80  countries  were  represented  at  the  Warsaw 
gathering  by  1,756  delegates,  192  guests,  and  137  observers.  Presidmg 
was  Frederic  Joliot-Curie. 

At  the  opening  session,  a  presidium  of  the  "peace"  congress  was 
elected,  including  the  foUowing  residents  of  the  United  States:  Howard 
Fast,  Paul  Robeson,  Rev.  Joseph  Fletcher,  Prof.  W.  E.  B.  DuBois,  and 
Thomas  Mann.  None  of  the  5  was  present  at  the  conference,  although 
63  delegates  and  observers  did  attend  the  Warsaw  gatheruig,  according 
to  the  Daily  Worker. 

The  election  to  the  presidium  of  delegates  from  Communist  North 
Korea  and  Communist  China  was  greeted  with  ovations  at  the 
congress.  Despite  the  fact  that  United  Nations  forces  were  then 
fighting  bloody  battles  to  halt  the  aggression  of  North  Korean  Com- 
munists against  democratic  South  Korea,  the  "peace"  congress 
delegates  gave  a  standing  tribute  to  the  North  Korean  delegate 
elected  to  the  presidium,  Pak  Den-ai.  He  was  brazenly  acclaimed  as 
a  representative  of  the  "heroic  Korean  people"  who  were  fighting 
"American  aggressors."  The  Chinese  Communists'  vice-premier, 
Kuo  Mo-jo,  was  also  elected  to  the  congress'  presiding  committee. 
He  subsequently  presented  a  major  speech  at  the  congress  on  the 
subject  of  American  "aggression"  in  the  Far  East.  It  should  be 
noted  that  a  few  days  after  the  conclusion  of  this  "peace"  congress, 
armies  of  the  Chinese  Communists  launched  a  full-scale  invasion  of 
Korea  in  support  of  the  Communist  aggressors  of  North  Korea. 

As  in  the  case  of  previous  "peace"  congresses,  Warsaw  was  simply 
an  arena  in  which  Communists  and  their  fellow  travelers  vied  with 
each  other  in  vilifying  democratic  nations,  particularly  the  United 
States,  and  glorifying  Communist  dictatorship.  The  congress,  which 
ran  from  November  16  through  November  22,  heard  key-note  speeches 
from  such  familiar  Soviet  masters  of  insult  as  Alexander  Fadayev  and 
Ilya  Ehrenburg. 

Typical  of  the  tone  of  the  congress  was  the  declaration  by  Fadayev 
on  November  17  that  the  Soviet  Union  seeks  "the  consolidation  of 
peace  tlu"oughout  the  world"  while  the  United  States  acts  as  the 
greatest  enemy  of  peace.  Fadayev  venomously  insisted  that  the 
United  States  was  turning  Korea  "into  a  desert  of  ruins  and  ashes, 
flooding  the  country  with  the  blood  of  children  and  performing  all  sorts 
of  Fascist  bestialities     *     *     *" 

Only  discordant  note  in  this  Communist  refrain  was  somided  by 
O.  John  Rogge,  an  attorney  from  the  United  States,  who  has  regularly 
attended  and  supported  international  Communist  "peace"  gatherings 
and  who  up  to  now  was  a  member  of  the  Permanent  Committee  of  the 
World  Peace  Congress.  For  some  unexplained  reason,  Rogge  delivered 
a  speech  to  this  "peace"  congress  on  November  19  in  which  he  made 
a  major  break  with  the  Communist  Party  "peace"  line.  Rogge's 
heretical  statements  included  a  charge  that  the  Communists  resorted 
to  violence  as  illustrated  in  Korea  and  Tibet.  Rogge  also  repudiated 
the  Stockholm  Peace  Appeal. 


The  congress  received  Mr.  Rogge's  speech  with  boos  and  derisive 
laughter.  On  the  following  day,  another  congi^ess  participant  from 
the  United  States,  Charles  F.  Howard,  of  Des  Moines,  Iowa,  denounced 
the  stand  taken  by  Mr.  Rogge  and  received  prolonged  cheers  from 
the  congiess  audience.  Mr.  Rogge  was  not  reelected  to  the  Permanent 
Committee  of  the  Congress. 

The  Moscow  radio  also  condemned  Mr.  Rogge  for  his  statements 
at  the  congress.  This  was  in  sharp  contrast  to  the  favorable  publicity 
awarded  by  the  Moscow  radio  to  Willard  Uphaus,  another  congress 
delegate  from  the  United  States.  The  Moscow  home  service  broadcast 
of  November  18  noted  that  on  that  day  Mr.  Uphaus  had  spoken 
''with  bitterness  of  the  war  hysteria  which  now  prevails  in  the  United 

At  its  conclusion,  the  Warsaw  "peace"  congress  authorized  the 
formation  of  a  World  Peace  Council.  A  presidium  of  208  members 
was  selected  for  the  new  council,  including  15  Americans.  Among 
the  Americans  were  W.  E.  B.  DuBois,  Joseph  F.  Fletcher,  Paul 
Robeson,  Howard  Fast,  and  Charles  Howard.^ 

Soviet  Russia  and  its  satellites  have  persistently  obstructed  peace 
efforts  within  the  United  Nations.  Nevertheless,  the  Moscow  radio 
heralded  the  World  Peace  Council  as  "the  expression  of  the  determina- 
tion of  the  peoples  to  take  into  their  own  hands  the  struggle  for  peace" 
because  "the  peoples, dare  not  ignore  the  fact  that  the  United  Nations 
does  not  justify  their  hopes  in  the  preservation  of  peace."  The 
Moscow  radio  announced  that  the  Warsaw  "peace"  congress  had 
issued  a  manifesto  stating  that  the  UN  "did  not  warrant  the  hopes 
of  the  peoples  for  the  preservation  of  peace." 

The  entire  Second  World  Peace  Congress  was  summed  up  by  Mos- 
cow as  signifying  the  "invincible  power"  of  the  "movement  for  the 
warding  off  of  a  new  war  being  prepared  by  the  bosses  of  the  imperial- 
ist camp  and  first  of  all  by  those  of  the  United  States." 

1  A  list  of  members  elected  to  the  World  Peace  Council  at  the  Second  World  Peace  Congress,  held  in 
Warsaw,  is  printed  in  appendix  XVI. 


While  the  Cominform,  through  the  World  Peace  Congress,  exercises 
direction  and  supervision  of  the  Communist  ''peace"  campaign  on 
a  world  basis,  the  Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.,  directs  the  movement 
within  the  United  States.  What  the  Moscow  radio  declared  on 
April  14,  1949,  is  valid  in  every  country  in  connection  with  the 
World  Peace  Congi-ess  and  its  affiliates: 

As  a  matter  of  course  Communists  *  *  *  are  marching  at  the  helm  of  the 
movement     *     *     *. 

In  1948,  the  Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.,  chose  as  its  "peace" 
vehicle  the  Progressive  Party.  William  Z.  Foster,  Communist  Party, 
U.  S.  A.,  chairman,  declared  that  "the  new  Progressive  Party  offers 
the  opportunity  for  the  forces  fighting  for  peace."  Since  this  new 
organization  polled  only  a  little  over  a  million  votes  in  the  1948 
election,  Avith  interest  evaporating  during  nonelection  years,  a  new 
instrument  had  to  be  devised  for  the  Communist  "peace"  campaign. 

Joseph  Starobin,  foreign  news  editor  of  the  Daily  Worker  and  close 
collaborator  with  Gerhart  Eisler,  former  Comintern  representative, 
was  appointed  secretary  of  the  U.  S.  Communist  Party's  Peace 
Committee.  As  such,  he  was  nominally  in  charge  of  the  party's 
".peace"  activities. 

William  Z.  Foster,  chaii'man  of  the  Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.,  in 
a  keynote  message  to  a  National  Committee  meeting  of  the  party 
March  23-25,  1950,  called  the  "peace"  movement  "our  most  decisive 
political  task."  He  declared  it  "should  be  the  very  center  of  the 
work  of  this  meeting  of  the  National  Committee,"  and  that  emphasis 
should  be  placed  upon  "the  holding  of  a  meeting  between  Truman 
and  Stahn,  the  fight  against  the  H-bomb,  the  reduction  of  Marshall 
plan  aid,  the  cutting  of  the  arms  budget."  These  proposals  were 
all  calculated  to  weaken  the  hand  of  the  United  States  in  its  dealings 
with  the  Soviet  Union. 

Gus  Hall,  general  secretary  of  the  Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.,  and 
a  key  figure  in  the  "peace"  campaign  within  the  United  States, 
reported  on  the  afore-mentioned  national  committee  m.eeting  in  the 
May  1950  issue  of  Political  Affairs.  He  said  that  "Every  party 
organization,  every  club,  every  section  must  have  a  plan  for  peace," 
adding  that — 

it  is  now  possible  to  have  some  type  of  peace  movement,  campaign,  organization, 
or  committee  in  every  union,  church,  block,  neighborhood,  shop,  department, 
shift,  industry,  city,  country,  State.  It  seems  practical  that  we  should  launch, 
among  other  things,  the  election  in  all  organizations  of  Peace  Committees  as 
one  of  the  standing  committees. 

As  a  precaution  against  possible  identification  of  the  movement 
with  the  Communist  Party,  Mr.  Hall  urged  "action  of  a  thousand 
different  varieties,  in  the  widest  circles."  Echoing  the  Cominform's 
call  for  maximum  flexibility.  Hall  urged  that  the  Communists  draw 


40  THE    COMMLnsnST    "PEiACE"    OFFENSIVE. 

into  the  "peace"  movement  those  "who  differ  on  or  oppose  Com- 
munism," "non -Communists,"  and  "even  anti-Communists,"  in  order 
that  a  "wider  mass  movement"  be  developed.  He  pointed  out  that 
this  tactic  increased  the  "hkehhood"  of  drawing  ^^ sincere  people  who 
are  non-Communists  and  even  anti-Communists  into  the  struggle." 

Echoing  the  treasonous  note  sounded  by  the  Moscow  radio  and 
the  sessions  of  the  World  Peace  Congress,  the  U.  S.  Communist 
Party's  official  organ.  Political  Affairs,  declared  in  May  1950  that — 

the  struggle  for  peace  has  reached  a  new,  high  state.  New,  miUtant  forms  of  direct 
struggle  against  war  preparations — such  as  the  refusal  to  produce  war  materials 
and  the  refusal  to  unload  Atlantic  pact  arms  shipments  from  the  U.  S.  or  to  load 
troops  and  arms  for  war  against  the  colonial  peoples — are  hitting  at  the  very 
heart  of  the  imperialist  war  preparations. 

The  executive  secretary  of  the  Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.,  is 
well  qualified  for  the  role  of  deceit  and  treachery  he  portrays  in  the 
Communist  peace  campaign.  Gus  Hall,  also  kno^vTl  as  Arva  Halberg, 
is  a  graduate  of  the  Lenin  School  for  Communist  conspirators  in 
Moscow.  Ohio  court  records  and  sworn  testimony  before  the  Special 
Committee  on  Un-American  Activities  on  November  4,  1938,  show 
that  Gus  Hall  was  active  in  the  steel  strike  in  Warren,  Ohio,  in  1936 
and  1937  where,  as  picket  captain  and  Communist  organizer,  he 
established  what  was  virtually  an  armed  dictatorship  over  the  city. 
He  was  in  charge  of  a  djriiamite  and  nitro-glycerine  squad  used  for 
the  purpose  of  terrorizing  families  and  blowing  up  industrial  plants 
and  bridges.  Mr.  Hall's  prison  record  includes  sentences  for  forgery 
and  malicious  destruction  of  property. 

The  same  Gus  Hall  was  the  chief  reporter  at  this  afore-mentioned 
national  committee  meeting  of  the  party  referred  to  officially  as  the 
"Plenum  on  the  Struggle  for  Peace." 

Petition  Campaign  in  U.  S.  A. 

In  a  two-page  spread  m  the  Worker  of  June  11,  1950,  the  Com- 
munist Party,  U.  S.  A.,  presented  "a  special  plan  for  its  membership"^ 
in  response  to  the  Stockholm  pledge  campaign.  Joseph  Starobin,  as 
secretary  of  the  Communist  Party's  Peace  Committee,  announced 
"a  whirlwind,  Nation-wide  campaign  to  register  the  peace  desire 
of  at  least  5,000,000  Americans."  ' 

He  disclosed  that  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Moos  was  executive  director  of  a 
Peace  Information  Center  at  56  West  Forty-fifth  Street,  New  York 
City,  which  was  "making  available  the  petition."  She  has  been 
identified  in  sworn  testimony  before  the  Committee  on  Un-American 
Activities  as  an  active  member  of  the  Communist  Party  and  the 
mother-in-law  of  William  Walter  Remington,  who  was  convicted  in  a 
New  York  court  on  February  7,  1951,  for  perjury  relating  to  his 
Communist  Party  membership,  Mrs.  Moos,  Starobin  announced, 
had  just  returned  from  a  London  executive  meeting  of  the  Permanent 
Committee  of  the  World  Peace  Congress. 

Mr.  Starobin  also  announced  that  Dr.  W.  E.  B.  DuBois  was  the 
chairman  of  the  Peace  Information  Center,  and  that  Abbott  Simon 
was  serving  as  executive  secretary  of  the  Center.  The  Communist 
activities  of  these  two  individuals  are  described  in  detail  in  a  later 
part  of  this  section  of  this  report. 





















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•llr  1^1  61  II  II  III"  "14 

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The  national  committee  of  the  Communist  Party  called  on  "all  its 
members  to  join  the  current  Nation-wide  campaign  for  millions  of 
signatm-es  for  peace."  The  national  committee,  in  its  usual  elusive 
manner,  disclaims  central  responsibility  for  the  campaign  itself, 
stating  that  "the  Communist  Party  alongside  other  popular  organiza- 
tions and  individuals  welcomes  and  joins  this  endeavor."  [Italics 
supplied.l  In  Communist  double  talk,  front  organizations  are  referred 
to  as  "popular"  or  "mass"  organizations.  Nevertheless,  full  respon- 
sibility is  placed  upon  each  individual  party  member  to  serve  as  the 
spark  plug  of  this  campaign.  The  importance  which  the  party 
attaches  thereto  is  indicated  by  the  following  excerpt  from  the  national 
committee  statement: 

The  Communist  Party  therefore  calls  on  every  single  one  of  its  members  to 
turn  his  and  her  entire  activity  to  this  single,  gigantic  peace  effort  *  *  *.  Upon 
us  Communists  rests  the  responsibility  of  *  *  *  achieving  the  widest  unity 
of  the  people.  This  can  bring  a  BIG  BREAK-THROUGH  for  peace.  To  this 
great  end,  we  propose  a  campaign  by  our  entire  movement,  and  every  member  of  it, 
to  get  millions  of  signatures  on  the  Stockholm  Peace  Petition. 

This  is  NOT  just  "another  petition  campaign."  This  is  NOT  a  campaign  in 
which  we  can  afford  a  large  number  of  inactive  members.  This  is  NOT  a  routine 
drive,  with  hit-or-miss  methods. 

This  campaign  places  responsibility  on  all  national,  district.  State,  section,  and 
branch  leaders  and  leading  bodies — to  show  by  example,  to  set  goals  for  themselves 
and  publicly  carry  out  these  goals  *  *  *  the  branches  *  *  *  must  be  the  basic 
core  of  the  campaign.  Special  branch  meetings  are  necessary.  Full  attendance 
must  be  guaranteed,  and  every  branch  member  visited  with  specific  plans. 

In  an  effort  to  pressure  party  members  to  produce  maximum 
results,  the  party  has  designated  those  who  pledge  500  signatures  as 
"heroes  and  heroines  of  peace."  Those  who  pledge  200  signatiu-es 
are  to  be  known  as  "sentinels  of  peace,"  while  those  who  pledge  100 
signatures  become  "peace  stewards."  Suitable  emblems  are  to 
be  awarded. 

The  Communist  press  is  fully  mobilized  behind  this  all-out  effort,  for 
which  the  national  committee  prepares  articles  and  discussion  outlines. 
As  part  of  the  campaign: 

Political  Affairs  is  to  run  special  articles.  The  Daily  and  Sunday  Worker,  the 
Daily  People's  World,  the  Freiheit,  and  all  other  newspapers  and  magazines 
shall  be  invited  to  join  this  campaign  *  *  *.  Six  pamphlets  for  mass  distribution 
are  now  in  preparation. 

The  campaign  is  pointed  at  specific  targets  in  "every  shop,  com- 
munity, and  industry."  It  is  dovetailed  with  party  activity  "in 
decisive  factories  and  unions — in  auto,  steel,  electrical,  textile, 
mining,  rubber,  transport."  The  party  has  special  plans  for  reaching 
the  Negi'o  population  and  involving  it  in  the  appeal  campaign. 
This  mvolves  "special  concentration  provisions  for  Harlem,  the 
Chicago  South  Side,  Los  Angeles,  Philadelphia,  Detroit,  and  other 
major  centers  of  the  Negro  people."  This,  of  course,  includes  the 
South.  All  leading  party  committees  were  told  "to  work  out  special 
plans  for  fuU  involvement  of  existing  women's  peace  committees." 

As  far  as  the  youth  are  concerned,  the  party  urged  young  Com- 
munists to  visit  "baU  parks,  beaches,  schools  and  universities,  factories 
and  farms"  in  quest  of  signatures.  This  phase  is  carried  out  in  the 
name  of  the  U.  S.  Youth  Sponsoring  Committee,  World  Peace  Ap- 
peal.^    Even  farmers  are   not  exempt,  for   "party  organizations   in 

'  See  appendix  VII  to  this  report  for  the  members  of  the  U.  S.  Youth  Sponsoring  Committee  of  the  World 
Peace  Appeal. 


the  heart  of  the  great  rural  and  farming  communities"  were  instructed 
to  "undertake  to  register  this  opposition  to  a  Wall  Street  war."  For 
this  purpose,  rural  State  and  local  fairs,  caravans,  and  motorcades 
were  ordered  organized. 

The  national  committee  worked  out  the  following  time  schedule  for 
the  campaign: 

July  4:  First  national  mobilization,  with  mass  outpouring  to  the  beaches, 
camps,  resorts. 

August  6:  Second  national  mobilization,  the  anniversary  of  the  Hiroshima 
bomb,  1,000  open-air  rallies  and  shop  gate  meetings,  booths  and  tables  for  street- 
corner  collection  of  signatures. 

September  4:  Labor  Day  mobilization — brigades,  caravans,  motorcades  to 
rural  communities,  fairs,  countryside. 

October  24:  United  Nations  Day — conclusion  of  campaign— delegations  to 
U.  N. 

A/[atthew  Cvetic,  an  undercover  agent  for  the  FBI  in  western 
Pennsylvania,  testified  before  the  Committee  on  Un-American 
Activities  on  October  13,  1950.  During  his  testimony  he  placed  into 
the  record  of  the  committee  certain  directives  issued  by  the  Com- 
munist Party,  U.  S.  A.  One  of  these,  "Plan  of  Work  of  National 
Committee,  Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.,  July  15  to  Labor  Day,  1950," 
outlines  the  task  of  Communists  in  the  so-called  peace  campaign. 
See  appendix  VIII,  pages  118-121  of  this  report,  for  a  reprint  of  the 


The  Peace  Information  Center  was  described  in  the  preceding  section 
of  this  report  as  "making  available"  the  Stockholm  peace  petition. 

On  February  9,  1951,  the  Peace  Information  Center,  then  located 
at  799  Broadway,  New  York,  and  five  of  its  officers  were  indicted  by 
a  Federal  grand  jury  in  New  York  for  failure  to  register  under  the 
Foreign  Agents  Registration  Act.  Named  as  defendants  along  with 
the  center  were:  W.  E.  B.  Du  Bois,  whose  record  of  Communist 
activities  is  given  later  in  this  report;  Elizabeth  Moos,  mother  of  the 
former  wife  of  William  Remington,  recently  convicted  of  perjury  in 
denying  Communist  membership;  Kyrle  Elkin,  of  New  York,  Abbott 
Simon,  of  New  York,  whose  background  is  given  later  in  this  report; 
and  Sylvia  Soloff,  of  New  York.  The  indictment  charges  the  center 
with  acting  as  a  publicity  agent  for  the  Committee  of  the  World 
Congress  of  the  Defenders  of  Peace,  "the  international  organization 
established  by  the  Cominform  to  publicize  the  so-called  Stockholm 
Peace  Appeal."  ^ 

According  to  the  New  York  Times,  February  10,  1951,  pages  1 
and  6,  the  Peace  Information  Center  was  said  to  have  been  dissolved. 
The  center  did  not  relinquish  its  offices  at  799  Broadway  until  January 
30,  1951.  It  left  no  forwarding  address  but  its  telephone  number 
was  changed  to  that  of  the  New  York  Labor  Conference  for  Peace. 

If  convicted,  the  defendants  could  receive  a  maximum  sentence  of 
5  years  in  jail  and  a  fine  of  as  much  as  $10,000  each. 

»  See  appendix  IX  for  a  list  of  sponsors,  by  States,  of  the  Stockholm  Peace  Appeal. 



William  Edward  Biirghardt  DuBois,  an  82-year-old  Negro  scholar 
and  historian,  was  the  chairman  of  the  Peace  Information  Center, 
which  had  charge  of  the  "peace"  petition  campaign.  In  this  capacity 
he  was  asked  to  register  as  a  foreign  agent  by  the  Department  of  Jus- 
tice on  August  23,  1950.  He  refused  to  do  so,  and  was  subsequently 
indicted  for  his  refusal  by  a  Federal  grand  jury  on  February  9,  1951. 
DuBois  has  been  a  supporter  of  movements  in  behalf  of  wSoviet  foreign 
policy  for  over  20  years  from  the  time  he  was  a  member  of  the  national 
committee  of  the  All-American  Anti-Imperialist  League  in  1928  to- 
gether with  such  avowed  Communists  as  William  Z.  Foster  and  Harry 
Gannes,  to  the  present.  In  1933  he  was  a  member  of  the  American 
Committee  for  Struggle  Against  War  together  with  the  same  William 
Z.  Foster.  In  1946,  he  was  a  member  of  the  New  York  Committee 
to  Win  the  Peace. 

Subsequently  the  Communist  "peace"  drive  selected  Henry  A. 
Wallace  as  its  chief  exponent  and  the  movement  behind  his  candidacy 
for  President  became  the  major  concentration  of  the  Communist 
Party.  Mr.  DuBois  has  been  an  active  sponsor  of  the  Progressive 
Citizens  of  America  in  1947,  which  developed  in  1948  into  the  Pro- 
gressive Party.  Mr.  DuBois  was  a  member  of  its  platform  committee 
at  the  Wallace  nominating  convention  in  July  1948  and  a  member  of 
the  National  Wallace  for  President  Committee.  Although  Mr. 
Wallace  has  recently  repudiated  the  Progressive  Party  because  of  its 
anti-American  stand  on  Korea,  Mr.  DuBois  was  the  1950  candidate 
for  the  United  States  Senate  of  the  American  Labor  Party,  the  New 
York  adjunct  of  the  Progressive  Party. 

The  movement  which  blossomed  forth  under  Communist  inspiration 
and  direction  as  the  World  Peace  Congress  found  in  W.  E.  B.  DuBois 
an  active  supporter  from  the  outset.  He  was  a  sponsor  of  the  Scien- 
tific and  Cultural  Conference  for  World  Peace  held  at  the  Hotel 
Waldorf  Astoria  on  March  25  to  27,  1949,  arranged  by  the  National 
Council  of  the  Arts,  Sciences  and  Professions  of  which  Mr.  DuBois 
was  a  vice  chairman.  He  was  a  member  of  the  sponsoring  committee 
of  the  meeting  of  the  World  Peace  Congress  held  in  Paris  April  20  to  23, 
1949,  and  served  as  cochairman.  He  was  a  sponsor  of  the  American 
Continental  Congress  for  World  Peace  held  in  Mexico  City,  September 
5  to  10,  1949,  under  the  same  Communist  auspices.  Again  he  was 
a  special  guest  of  the  Soviet  Peace  Congress  held  in  Moscow  in  the 
fall  of  1949.  He  spent  10  days  in  Moscow,  traveling  thereafter  to 
the  Communist  cities  of  Warsaw  and  Prague.  At  the  close  of  Feb- 
ruary 1950,  he  was  a  member  of  a  welcoming  committee  for  a  dele- 
gation from  the  World  Peace  Congress  visiting  the  United  States, 
members  of  which  were  excluded  by  direction  of  the  State  Depart- 
ment because  of  their  Communist  records.  In  September  1950  he 
was  a  speaker  at  the  International  Students  Congress  in  Prague 
which  cooperated  with  the  World  Peace  Congress  movement. 

Mr.  DuBois  has  never  to  the  knowledge  of  the  Committee  on  Un- 
American  Activities  avowed  membership  in  the  Communist  Party. 
In  a  speech  before  the  House  Foreign  Aflairs  Committee,  he  declared 
flatly,  "I  am  a  fellow  traveler  with  Communists  insofar  as  they  believe 
the  great  ideals  of  socialism."  He  has,  however,  supported  the 
Communist  Party  and  individual  Communists  on  fi^quent  occasions. 

44  THE    COMMinsriST    "PEiACE"    OFFEN^^SIVE 

In  1942  he  was  a  member  of  the  Citizens  Committee  to  Free  Earl 
Browder,  general  secretary  of  the  Communist  Party  convicted  for 
passport  fraud.  According  to  the  Daily  Worker  of  February  28, 
1947,  page  2,  he  was  the  signer  of  a  statement  in  behalf  of  Gerhart 
Eisler,  a  notorious  Comintern  agent,  now  a  leader  in  Communist 
Germany.  According  to  the  Daily  Worker's  issue  of  April  22,  1947, 
page  5,  he  signed  a  statement  to  President  Truman  protesting  an 
alleged  attempt  to  outlaw  the  Communist  Party.  He  spoke  in  behalf 
of  John  Howard  Lawson;  Hanns  Eisler,  brother  of  Gerhart;  and 
Howard  Fast.  The  year  1948  finds  him  signing  protests  in  behalf  of 
the  following  Communists:  Pablo  Neruda  of  Chile;  Communist 
teachers;  alien  Communists  facing  deportation;  Simon  Gerson  of 
New  York;  Gerhart  Eisler;  and  the  12  Communist  leaders  indicted 
for  teaching  and  advocating  the  overthrow  of  our  Government  by 
force  and  violence.  In  1949  he  signed  various  statements  and  even 
briefs  in  behalf  of  these  12  Communist  leaders,  11  of  whom  were  con- 
victed as  charged  in  October  1949.  He  also  supported  suspended 
Communist  teachers;  John  Howard  Lawson  and  Dal  ton  Trumbo; 
and  endorsed  the  candidacy  of  Benjamin  J.  Davis,  Jr.,  Communist 
candidate  for  New  York  City  councilman.  He  sponsored  a  testi- 
monial for  Harry  Sacher,  attorney  for  the  12  Communist  defendants. 
In  1950  he  continued  his  support  of  the  11  convicted  leaders  to  the 
point  of  appealing  against  the  action  of  the  United  States  Government 
to  the  United  Nations.  He  has  been  associated  with  a  number  of 
organizations  specializing  in  the  defense  of  Communists,  such  as  the 
Civil  Rights  Congress,  the  American  Committee  for  Protection  of 
Foreign  Born,  and  the  Joint  Anti-Fascist  Refugee  Committee. 

In  the  Daily  Worker  of  June  28,  1947,  page  7,  he  is  quoted  in  an 
attack  on  the  free  enterprise  system  and  the  "fear  of  being  called 
Communist."  In  the  Daily  Compass  of  August  11,  1949,  page  26, 
he  refers  to  the  term  "Communist"  as  a  "witchword."  The  same 
publication  on  September  25,  1950,  page  4,  quotes  him  as  branding 
the  effort  "to  convince  ourselves  that  the  problem  of  the  world  today 
is  the  Soviet  Union  and  communism"  as  a  "deliberate  deception." 

Dr.  DuBois  has  been  the  subject  of  numerous  laudatory  editorials 
and  articles  in  the  Communist  press,  a  significant  token  of  Communist 
esteem,  including  the  Daily  Worker,  the  Daily  People's  World,  and 
Masses  and  Mainstream. 

Dr.  DuBois  seems  to  be  tremendously  obsessed  with  communism 
as  it  is  practiced  in  the  Soviet  Union.  Although  he  has  made  a  number 
of  visits  to  that  country  he  never  deigned  to  mention  such  matters  as 
forced  labor,  slave  labor  camps,  or  the  suppression  of  speech,  press, 
and  assembly.  In  November  1937,  he  signed  the  Golden  Book  of 
American  Friendship  with  the  Soviet  Union.  On  May  29,  1946,  he 
was  a  speaker  at  Madison  Square  Garden  at  a  meeting  of  the  National 
Council  of  American  Soviet  Friendship  in  honor  of  three  Soviet  writers. 
In  the  (Communist)  Masses  and  Mainstream  for  August  1948,  he 
declared  that  "the  attempt  of  Russia  to  change  the  economic  founda- 
tion of  modern  life  is  an  even  greater  phenomenon  than  the  French 
Revolution."  In  1947  and  1948,  he  signed  a  number  of  appeals  made 
by  the  National  Council  of  American-Soviet  Friendship  urging  an 
immediate  conference  between  the  United  States  and  the  Soviet 
Union,  and  was  a  speaker  for  this  front  organization.  In  1948  he  was^^ 
a  member  of  the  advisory  council  of  the  magazine  Soviet  Russia  Today, 


:and  a  frequent  contributor  to  the  publication.  This  magazine  re- 
corded his  greetings  on  the  occasion  of  the  thirty -first  anniversary  of 
the  Kussian  re\»okition.  Ignoring  the  current  Communist  barrage  of 
propaganda  tlu-oughout  the  world  against  the  United  States  on  August 
11,  1949,  he  declared  that  "Russia  and  communism  are  not  your 
enemies."    Again  on  November  7,  1949,  he  paid  his  obeisance  to  the 

;  Soviet  dictatorship  by  appearing  at  the  Soviet  Embassy  at  the  thirty- 
second  anniversary  celebration  of  the  Russian  revolution.  Dr.  DuBois' 
utterances  have  been  marked  by  considerable  rancor  toward  the 
United  States.  On  October  5,  1950,  he  characterized  Communist 
aggression  in  Korea  as  "a  civil  dispute  for  which  the  United  States 
and  especially  South  Korea  were  principally  responsible." 

On  September  20,  1948,  he  evaluated  the  Marshall  plan  as  an  at- 
tempt "to  scare  people  into  conformity  by  the  tlu-eat  of  starvation." 
He  has  frequently  sought  to  bring  the  United  States  into  disrepute 
by  defiantly  appealing  over  its  head  to  the  United  Nations.  On 
October  11,  1947,  he  wrote  and  forwarded  "An  Appeal  to  the  UN 
for  Redress"  regarding  an  alleged  "Denial  of  Human  Rights  to  Minori- 

ities  in  the  Case  of  Citizens  of  Negro  Descent  in  the  United  States  of 
America,"  which  provoked  bitter  opposition  in  the  National  Associa- 
tion for  the  Advancement  of  Colored  People.  On  September  17,  1949, 
he  appealed  to  the  UN  again  in  behalf  of  the  Ingram  family,  proteges 
of  the  Civil  Rights  Congress.  On  May  10,  1950,  he  sent  another 
statement  to  the  UN,  this  time  in  behalf  of  11  convicted  Communist 

i leaders.  He  has  also  petitioned  the  UN  in  behalf  of  the  Council  on 
African  Affaii'S,  a  well-known  Communist-front  organization. 

Dr.  DuBois  has  supported  the  American  Council  for  a  Democratic 

'Greece,  an  organization  devoted  to  support  of  the  civil  war  led  by 
Greek  Communists  against  the  Greek  Government.  Similarly  opposed 
to  American  policy  and  supporting  the  Chinese  Communists  is  the 
Committee  for  a  Democratic  Far  Eastern  Policy,  of  which  Dr.  DuBois 
has  been  an  active  sponsor  and  speaker. 

W.  E.  B.  DuBois  has  also  found  the  time  to  contribute  articles  and 

:give  his  support  to  such  Communist  publications  as  the  Daily  Worker, 
Masses  and  Mainstream  (as  contributing  editor),  and  New  Masses  (as 

•  contributing  editor). 

Lest  it  be  thought  that  Dr.  DuBois  is  really  representative  of  the 
great  mass  of  Negro  people,  it  must  be  pomted  out  that  he  was  dropped 
as  research  director  of  the  National  Association  for  the  Advancement 
of  Colored  People  on  the  ground  of  "violating  confidences  of  the  asso- 
ciation." He  protested  against  the  appointment  as  UN  consultant  of 
Walter  White,  outstanding  leader  of  the  NAACP,  claiming  that  the 
NAACP  would  thus  be  tied  to  the  "foreign  policy  of  the  present  admin- 
istration." In  this  dispute  the  Daily  Worker  sided  definitely  with  Dr. 
DuBois  as  did  outstanding  Communist  spokesmen.  He  has  shown  a 
distinct  preference  for  Communist-front  organizations  operating 
among  Negroes,  such  as  the  Council  on  African  Affairs,  and  the 
Southern  Negro  Youth  Congress.  Dr.  DuBois  has  written  a  book 
entitled  "The  World  and  Africa."  On  page  258  of  this  work  he  makes 
the  following  significant  connnent: 

There  are  people,  and  wise  people,  who  have  said  that  this  [Dr.  DuBois  refers 
here  to  satisfaction  of  human  wants. — Ed.]  can  never  be  accomplished  under  the 
■present  organization  of  the  world  for  business,  industry,  and  profit;  that  in  order 
tto  accomplish  this  we  must  establish  stern  dictatorship  of  a  few  who  hold  to  thi& 


idea  of  the  commonweal.  This  is  the  theory  of  communism.  There  are  many 
who  dislike  the  idea;  there  are  some  who  fear  and  hate  it  for  obvious  reasons. 
But  to  these  there  is  one  clear  answer:  Accomplish  the  end  which  every  honest 
human  being  must  desire  by  means  other  than  communism,  and  communism  need 
not  be  feared.  On  the  other  hand,  if  a  world  of  ultimate  democracy,  reaching 
across  the  color  line  and  abolishing  race  discrimination,  can  only  be  accomplished 
by  the  method  laid  down  by  Karl  Marx,  then  that  method  deserves  to  be 
triumphant  no  matter  what  we  think  or  do. 

Among  other  Communist-front  organizations  which  Dr.  DuBois  has 
seen  fit  to  associate  himself  with  are  the  Washington  Book  Shop, 
American  Labor  Party,  the  Cahfornia  Labor  School,  and  the  Jefferson 
School  of  Social  Science. 


It  is  worth  while  to  examine  the  background  of  Abbott  Simon,  the 
aggressive  executive  secretary  of  the  Peace  Information  Center. 
He  originally  headed  the  Youth  Industrial  Branch  of  the  Communist 
Party  in  the  city  of  Chicago.  He  has  apparently  served  as  a  handy 
man  for  the  Communist  Party  in  a  number  of  its  front  projects. 
From  1937  to  1940,  he  acted  as  the  legislative  director  of  the  American 
Youth  Congress,  which  will  be  remembered  as  having  booed  the 
President  of  the  United  States  on  the  White  House  lawn  during  the 
Stalin-Hitler  pact.  According  to  the  Daily  Worker  of  February  22, 
1937,  pages  1  and  4,  Simon  was  arrested,  with  William  Hinckley, 
national  chahman  of  the  American  Youth  Congress,  during  this 
demonstration.  In  1938  Simon  was  chosen  to  represent  the  American 
Youth  Congress  as  a  delegate  to  the  World  Youth  Congress. 

In  1940  Simon  became  acting  secretary  of  the  Committee  To 
Defend  America  by  Keeping  Out  of  War,  formed  to  support  the  line 
of  the  Stalin-Hitler  pact.  After  World  War  II  the  Communist  Party 
line  changed  to  marked  hostility  toward  the  United  States.  Foremost 
in  this  campaign  was  a  front  organization  known  as  the  National  Win 
the  Peace  Committee,  with  Abbott  Simon  as  its  national  director. 
When  this  outfit  folded  up,  Mr.  Simon  reappeared  as  field  director 
of  the  National  Council  of  American-Soviet  Friendship.  All  these 
organizations  have  been  cited  as  subversive  by  the  Attorney  General. 
With  this  record,  Mr.  Simon's  appointment  as  head  of  the  "peace" 
campaign  is  fully  understandable. 

Abbott  Simon  resides  with  his  brother  in  a  five-room,  two-terraced 
penthouse  apartment  at  21  East  Eighty-seventh  Street,  New  York 
City,  which  is  used  from  time  to  time  for  Communist-front  meetings. 
He  was  an  enrolled  member  of  the  Communist-controlled  American 
Labor  Party  in  1947  and  1948. 


W  Reactions  to  the  Communist-inspired  "peace"  petition  campaign 
were  overwhelmingly  hostile  among  loyal  American  organizations. 
Some  of  the  individuals  in  the  United  States  who  sponsored  the 
Communist  Stockholm  Appeal  will  be  found  listed  in  appendix  XII 
to  this  report. 

The  following  are  among  the  statements  issued  by  loyal  American 
organizations : 


The  Communist  fifth  column  is  behind  the  so-called  "peace  petitions"  now 
being  circulated  in  the  United  States,  National  Commander  George  N.  Craig 
of  the  American  Legion  charged  today  (July  9,  1950). 

"This  is  a  coldly  calculated,  Kremlin-directed  plot  to  soften  up  the  minds, 
morale,  and  will  power  of  the  American  people  to  resist  aggression,"  Commander 
Craig  asserted  in  an  appeal  to  all  citizens  to  ignore  such  petitions. 

"The  circulation  of  these  petitions,  whether  they  call  for  outlawing  of  atomic 
weapons  or  for  peace  at  any  cost,  is  a  desperate  bid  to  swerve  the  American 
people  from  resolute  action  to  wishful  thinking.  It  is  a  masterful  psychological 
stroke  designed  to  accomplish  two  Communist  objectives. 

"In  the  United  States  the  purpose  of  these  petitions  is  to  embarrass  our  Gov- 
ernment and  to  disrupt  our  national  unity. 

"Abroad  the  aim  of  such  petitions  is  to  show  up  America  as  the  enemy  of  peace 
on  the  basis  of  worthless  papers  addressed  to  no  one  and  bearing  the  names  of  mil- 
lions of  Red  slaves  and  dupes  in  other  areas  of  the  world. 


"The  petitions  are  being  circulated  in  the  United  States  through  numerous 
Communist-front  organizations  which  masquerade  under  civic,  economic,  social, 
racial,  religious,  or  humanitarian  labels.  Anyone  having  even  the  slightest  doubt 
about  a  group  that  is  trying  to  get  his  signature  should  contact  the  National 
Americanism  Commission  of  the  American  Legion  in  Indianapolis  for  advice." 


The  American  Federation  of  Labor  vigorously  condemns~the  so-called  Stock- 
holm Peace  Appeal  as  a  rank  fraud. 

We  urge  every  workingman  and  workingwoman  to  spurn  the  peddlers  of  this 
spurious  petition. 

We  call  upon  every  loyal  American,  every  true  lover  of  peace,  to  refuse  to  sign 
or  circulate  it. 

We  cannot  urge  too  strongly  every  self-respecting  American  to  treat  those  who 
are  the  organizers  of  this  "Stockholm  movement"  and  the  purveyors  of  its  petitions 
as  enemies  of  the  American  people  operating  under  false  colors. 

Not  only  in  far-off  Korea  do  enemies  of  the  American  people  disguise  themselves 
as  Americans.  In  our  own  country,  in  our  factories,  shops,  offices,  churches, 
schools,  and  on  our  streets,  enemies  of  America  also  disguise  themselves  and 
pose  as  Americans. 

Camouflage  is  a  Communist  weapon  of  war  which  can  be  just  as  deadly  against 
our  sons  and  brothers  in  the  U.  S.  as  in  Korea.  The  so-called  Stockholm  Petition 
is  precisely  such  a  weapon. 

The  fake  peace  petition  does  not  oppose  all  aggression  with  all  weapons.  It 
singles  out  only  one  weapon — the  one  in  which  our  country  still  holds  the  lead 
and  which  provides  our  country  and  the  other  democracies  with  a  measure  of 
military  security  against  the  gigantic  Russian  war  machine. 


Were  these  fake  peace  maneuvers  to  succeed,  were  the  U.  S.  to  fall  into  the 
Russian  bear  trap  of  banning  atomic  weapons — while  Russia  rejects  America's 



plan  for  their  effective  international  inspection,  control  and  elimination — the 
possibility  for  Communist  world  domination  by  the  Soviets  would  be  enormously 
enhanced.  That  is  just  what  the  petition  promoters  and  the  sinister  signature 
seekers  want. 

Cruel  confirmation  of  this  strategy  of  the  Stockholm  petitioners  is  at  hand  in 
Korea;  that  is  why  the  Communist  drive  for  signatures  coincides  with  the  Moscow- 
directed  invasion  of  South  Korea.  It  was  carefully  planned  to  hide  and  help  the 
brutal  aggression  of  the  Soviet  dictators  against  the  people  of  Korea,  the  American 
people,  and  the  United  Nations  as  an  effective  agency  of  world  peace. 

The  Communists  are  not  waging  a  peace  offensive.  The  Communists  are 
waging  an  offensive  against  peace,  liberty,  and  social  progress.  The  American 
Federation  of  Labor  is  confident  that  organized  labor  will  lead  the  Nation  in 
unmasking  and  upbraiding  those  enemies  within  our  country  with  the  same 
determination  that  our  armed  forces  are  fighting  against  the  Communist  enemy 
from  without  (AFL  Weekly  News  Service,  August  11,  1950). 


Congress  of  Industrial  Organizations 

CIO  Executive  Board, 
Washington,  D.  C,  August  29,  1950. 

Currently  there  is  being  circulated  widely  throughout  the  United  States,  and 
particularly  among  trade-union  members,  a  so-called  "Peace  Petition."  This 
document  was  drafted  by  a  so-called  "World  Peace  Congress"  held  in  Stockholm, 
Sweden,  March  15  to  19,  1950.  Announcement  of  this  petition  campaign  was 
first  given  to  the  world  in  a  publication  entitled  "For  a  Lasting  Peace,  For  a 
Peoples'  Democracy."  This  publication  is  one  of  the  official  organs  of  the  Infor- 
mation Bureau  of  the  Communist  Party  known  as  the  Cominform. 

As  could  be  expected,  the  American  Communist  Party  accepted  the  Cominform 
directive  and  launched  its  own  peace  petition  with  an  announcement  in  the  Daily 
Worker  on  June  11,  1950.  Every  American  Communist  has  been  ordered  officially 
to  join  in  a  "nation-wide  drive  for  millions  of  signatures."  The  document  is 
headed  "Your  Hand  Can  Stop  Atomic  War." 

Despite  the  fact  that  the  Communists  and  their  dupes  in  this  country  are 
presently  condoning,  defending,  and  supporting  the  present  aggressive  sneak  at- 
tack by  Communists  on  the  South  Korean  Republic,  they  continue  nevertheless 
to  offer  this  specious  document  as  an  appeal  to  "men  of  good  will."  Behind  the 
document  stands  the  usual  Communist  fog  of  misrepresentation,  deceit,  and 

An  analysis  of  the  timing  and  wording  of  this  "Petition"  should  alone  establish 
its  origin  as  a  piece  of  Communist  propaganda. 

The  date  of  the  Petition  should  be  especially  noted.  It  was  drafted  simul- 
taneously with  the  plot  against  South  Korea,  and  it  was  timed  to  tie  the  hands 
of  the  United  States  and  other  peace-loving  nations  with  propaganda  ropes  before 
the  vicious  assault  was  made  without  warning  on  the  Republic  of  South  Korea. 

The  content  of  the  document  itself  deals  with  atomic  energy  as  a  weapon  of 
war.  It  presumably  calls  for  the  outlawing  of  atomic  war.  Coupled  with  this 
demand  is  a  wholly  misleading  and  lying  appeal  for  international  control  of  atomic 
energy.  Every  American  knows  that  our  government  and  every  other  govern- 
ment, with  the  exception  of  the  Soviet  Union  and  her  satellites  supports  the 
United  Nations'  formula  for  such  control.  The  UN  formula  has  been  stymied  by 
the  veto  of  the  U.  S.  S.  R.  because  it  would  require  that  government  to  open  its 
atomic  energy  operation  to  international  inspection. 

This  alleged  peace  petition  says  nothing  about  general  disarmament  because 
that,  of  course,  would  involve  the  tremendous  Red  Armies  that  are  being  kept 
under  arms,  and  it  would  also  involve  the  disarmament  by  the  Soviet  Union  of 
its  North  Korean  satellite. 

This  Executive  Board  denounces  the  Stockholm  Peace  Petition  and  its  com- 
munist-directed variations  as  a  vicious  fraud  intended  to  mislead  the  American 
people  and  particularly  union  members. 

At  the  same  time  we  point  out  that  peace  can  be  attained  only  through  the 
prevalence  of  justice  and  decent  treatment  of  all  peoples.  We  again  call  our 
CIO  programs  to  the  attention  of  Congress,  to  other  political  leaders,  and  to  the 
'leaders  of  American  industry. 


We  believe  that  peace  resides  in  the  political  and  economic  security  of  the 
individual.  We  reiterate  our  firm  conviction  that  workers  assured  of  a  good 
livelihood  through  full  employment,  through  protection  against  ill  health  and" 
penury  in  old  age,  along  with  freedom  from  exploitation  and  extortion,  will  not 
succumb  to  the  vicious  slave  doctrines  of  Communism  or  any  other  kind  of  aggres- 
sive totalitarianism. 



"Do  you  know  that  the  men  who  inspired  this  hypocritical  peace  appeal — the 
leaders  of  the  Cominform  who  take  their  orders  from  the  Kremlin — are  the  same 
men  who  are  actively  supporting  the  invasion  of  Korea?" 

That  is  one  of  the  questions  addressed  by  President  Paul  Finet  and  Secretary 
J.  H.  Oldenbroek  of  the  International  Confederation  of  Free  Trade  Unions  in 
an  open  letter  to  those  who  have  signed  the  Stockholm  "peace"  petition.  Other 
questions  asked  in  the  letter  are: 

"Do  you  agree  that  the  democratic  way  of  life  is  worth  saving  and  that  it  can 
only  be  saved,  and  at  the  same  time  war  averted,  if  the  democracies  are  strong 
enough  to  defend  themselves,  and  to  back  up  the  decisions  of  the  United  Nations, 
which  exists  to  prevent  aggression  and  to  ensure  collective  security? 

"Do  you  not  also  agree  that  the  risk  of  further  aggression  will  be  greatly  reduced 
if  it  is  made  clear  to  the  would-be  aggressors  that  they  will  find  no  allies  or  dupes 
within  the  democratic  countries;  and  that  the  refusal  of  any  support  to  Com- 
munist fifth-column  agents — under  whatever  'peaceful'  guise  they  may  be  mas- 
querading— is  a  vital  condition  for  the  maintenance  of  peace? 

"Is  it  not  evident  that  peace  will  only  be  finally  secured  when  democracy  is 
introduced  or  restored  to  the  peoples  who  are  now  condemned  to  silence  in  the 
slave  regimes  behind  the  iron  curtain,  and  when  the  ordinary  peace-loving  Russian, 
Pole,  and  Czech  regains  control  over  his  government? 

"We  cannot — ^if  we  wanted — compel  you  to  answer  'Yes'  under  threat  of 
deportation  and  forced  labor.     We  can  only  appeal  to  your  reason  and  good  will. 

"But  on  the  answers  you — friends  of  peace  and  freedom  everywhere — find 
to  these  questions,  and  on  your  firmness  in  resisting  Communist  aggression,  will 
depend  the  happiness  of  vou  and  your  children  for  generations  to  come"  (CIO 
News.  September  25,  1950,  p.  8). 

Protestant,  Catholic,  and  Jewish  Groups 

From:  P'ederal  Council  of  the  Churches  of  Christ  in  America,  297  Fourth 

Avenue,  New  York  10,  N.  Y. 
National  Catholic  Welfare  Conference,  1312  Massachusetts  Avenue 

NW.,  Washingt,on,  D.  C. 
Synaoocue  Council  of  America,  110  West42d  Street,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

(For  release  in  a.  m.'s  Thursday,  August  3,  1950) 

We  are  heartily  in  sympathy  with  every  genuine  proposal  in  the  pursuit  of 
international  peace.  We  warn  the  people  of  America,  however,  to  be  on  guard 
lest  they  be  misled  by  the  so-called  "Stockholm  Appeal"  now  being  circulated  by 
Communist  and  pro-Communist  groups.  This  spurious  peace  petition,  which 
has  already  deceived  many  weU-meaning  people  here  and  abroad,  is  a  camouflage 
designed  to  confuse  the  free  societies  and  to  conceal  the  aggressive  policies  re- 
vealed in  the  invasion  of  Korea.  It  is  these  aggressive  policies  and  actual  aggres- 
sion which  constitute  the  greatest  menace  to  world  peace. 

Genuine  peace  requires  practical  recognition  of  the  fact  that  not  only  individu- 
als but  nations,  states  and  international  society,  are  subject  to  the  sovereignty  of 
God  and  to  the  moral  law  which  comes  from  God.  Genuine  peace  requires  of 
every  people : 

(1)  Renunciation  of  the  use  of  war  or  threats  of  force  as  an  instrument  of 
national  policy. 

(2)  Loyal  adherence  to  the  solemn  obhgations  of  the  United  Nations  charter 
for  the  maintenance  of  international  peace  and  security  and  the  peaceful  settle- 
ment of  disputes. 

(3)  Respect  for  and  observance  of  human  rights  and  fundamental  freedoms  for- 

(4)  Participation  in  positive  programs  of  the  United  Nations  for  the  common 
welfare  and  better  standards  of  life. 


(5)  Acceptance  of  international  agreements  for  the  effective  reduction  and 
regulation  of  armaments,  including  atomic  weapons,  by  all  nations,  through  a 
trustworthy  system  of  international  inspection  and  control. 

We  urge  men  of  good  will  to  support  these  objectives  of  a  genuine  program  for 

Rabbi  Bernard  J.  Bamberger,  New  York,  President,  Synagogue  Coun- 
cil of  America;  Rev.  Dr.  Samuel  McCrea  Cavert,  New  York, 
General  Secretary,  Federal  Council  of  Churches;  Rt.  Rev.  Msgr. 
Frederick  G.  Hochwalt,  Washington,  Director,  Department  of 
Education,  National  Catholic  Welfare  Conference;  Rabbi  Morris 
Kertzer,  New  York,  Chairman,  Social  Action  Committee,  Syn- 
agogue Council  of  America;  Rev.  Raymond  A.  McGowan,  Wash- 
ington, Director,  Social  Action  Department,  National  Catholic 
Welfare  Conference;  Bishop  John  S.  Stamm,  Harrisburg,  Pa., 
Bishop  of  the  Evangelical  United  Brethren  Church,  President, 
Federal  Council  of  Churches. 
August  2,  1950. 


July  24,   1950. 
WASHINGTON,  July  24   (NC)— The  Stockholm  "Peace  Appeal"  is  a  well- 
organized  Communist  propaganda  ruse  to  exploit  the  universal  desire  for  peace, 
the  World  Order  Committee  of  the  CathoUc  Association  for  International  Peace 
has  declared  in  a  statement  issued  today. 

Among  members  of  the  committee  issuing  the  statement  are:  Archbishop 
Robert  E.  Lucey  of  San  Antonio;  Bishop  John  J.  Wright  of  Worcester,  Mass.; 
the  Rev.  Benjamin  L.  Masse,  S.  J.,  associate  editor  of  the  weekly  review,  Amer- 
ica; Mary  J.  Workman  of  Los  Angeles,  and  Anna  Dill  Gamble  of  York,  Pa. 

The  statement  was  also  approved  by  members  of  the  CAIP  executive  commit- 
tee, including:  Judge  Charles  Fahy  of  the  United  States  Circuit  Court  of  Appeals 
for  the  District  of  Columbia,  who  is  a  former  member  of  the  United  States  dele- 
gation to  the  United  Nations;  Brendan  F.  Brown,  dean  of  the  law  school  of  the 
Catholic  University  of  America,  and  Prof.  Paul  S.  Lietz  of  Loyola  University  at 

The  Communist  Party  in  the  United  States  announced  that  the  campaign  for 
signatures  to  the  appeal  in  this  country  is  one  of  its  major  current  activities,  the 
statement  of  the  committee  said.     It  added: 

"It  is  a  propaganda  ruse  because  it  is  not  a  sincere  effort  on  the  part  of  the 
Communists  to  attain  peace.  The  United  Nations  has  before  it  a  good  proposal 
for  the  international  control  of  atomic  energy  which  the  United  States  and  a  ma- 
jority of  other  nations  are  willing  to  accept.  The  U.  S.  S.  R.  has  not  only  refused 
to  accept  it,  but  has  also  failed  to  propose  an  alternative  which  would  be  anywhere 
near  effective  or  which  could  by  any  stretch  of  the  imagination  be  termed  'strict 
international  control'  (as  called  for  in  the  Stockholm  Appeal). 

"The  natural  desire  of  the  peoples  throughout  the  world  for  peace  has  been 
intensified  by  the  fear  of  an  atomic  war.  However,  it  does  not  necessarily  follow 
that  security  against  an  atomic  war  will  mean  that  the  world  will  have  the  peace 
it  wants  and  must  have.  There  must  be  security  against  all  war — war  with  con- 
ventional armaments  as  well  as  atomic  war — there  must  be  security  against  op- 
pression and  against  the  degradation  of  the  human  person. 

"The  establishment  and  maintenance  of  peace  requires  more  than  the  absence 
of  war — it  requires  constant  adherence  to  and  application  of  positive  measures, 
based  on  the  principles  of  justice  and  charity  and  on  the  true  recognition  of  the 
inherent  dignity  of  the  human  person." 


As  previously  noted,  Communists  sought  to  enlist  non-Communists 
and  even  anti-Communists  into  aiding  the  phon}^  "peace"  campaign 
within  the  United  States.  Since  Communist-front  organizations  have 
been  successfully  employed  to  dupe  such  persons  into  other  Commu- 
nist projects,  it  is  not  surprising  to  find  that  fronts  were  again  employed 
to  further  the  current  "peace"  movement. 

The  front,  it  might  be  recalled,  is  an  organization  which  has  been 
created  or  captured  by  Communists  to  do  the  party's  work  in  special 
fields.  By  hiding  the  fact  that  they  control  these  organizations,  the 
Communists  are  able  to  spread  their  vicious  influence  among  people 
who  would  never  cooperate  with  Communists. 

In  the  earlier  stages  of  the  present  "peace"  campaign,  the  Com- 
munists in  the  United  States  utilized  an  existing  front  organization 
which  had  been  formed  to  spread  the  party  line  among  scientific  and 
cultural  groups  in  this  country.  This  organization  w^as  the  National 
Council  of  the  Arts,  Sciences,  and  Professions,  previously  described 
in  this  report  as  a  sponsor  of  a  peace  conference  in  New  York  City  in 
March  1949. 

To  push  their  "peace"  campaign,  the  Communists  also  marshaled 
the  forces  of  many  other  fronts  already  in  existence  here.  At  the 
same  time,  the  Communists  created  new  "peace"  fronts  designed  to 
ensnare  support  from  leaders  in  such  fields  as  civic  affairs,  religion, 
and  labor. 

American  Peace  Crusade 

With  the  dissolution  of  the  Peace  Information  Center,  the  Com- 
munists established  a  new  instrument  for  their  "peace"  offensive  in 
the  United  States.  This  is  known  as  the  American  Peace  Crusade, 
admittedly  organized  in  January  1951,  and  installed  in  national  head- 
quarters at  1186  Broadway,  New  York  1,  N.  Y. 

W.  E.  B.  DuBois,  who  had  served  as  chairman  of  the  Peace  Infor- 
mation Center,  was  among  the  initial  sponsors  of  the  American  Peace 
Crusade,  according  to  the  Daily  Worker  of  February  1,  1951,  page  2. 
The  formation  of  the  new  front  organization  was  announced  for  the 
first  time  in  this  same  issue  of  the  Daily  Worker,  with  the  usual  bold 
headlines  reserved  for  projects  inJine  with  the  Communist  objectives. 

Other  initial  sponsors  of  the  American  Peace  Crusade  included  the 
following  known  Communists:  Paul  Robeson,  Ben  Gold,  Howard 
Fast,  Alex  Sirota,  Albert  Kahn,  Maurice  Travis,  Harry  Bridges, 
Ernest  DeMaio,  and  Herbert  Numerous  other  indi- 
viduals who  were  found  supporting  such  Communist  "peace"  activi- 
ties as  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  for  World  Peace  in 
March  1949  are  also  associated  with  the  current  American  Peace 
Crusade.  Letterheads  and  leaflets  of  the  American  Peace  Crusade, 
as  well  as  Daily  Worker  and  Daily  People's  World  articles,  listing 
sponsors  of  the  organization,  are  attached  to  this  report  as  appendix 
No.  X. 



Abbott  Simon,  the  executive  secretary  of  the  now  defunct  Peace- 
Information  Center,  also  plays  a  leading  role  in  the  new  organiza- 
tion.    He  has  handled  publicity  for  the  American  Peace  Crusade, 
and  has  served  as  a  fund  raiser — a  function  which  will  be  described 
in  more  detail  later  in  this  report. 

Two  projects  adopted  almost  immediately  by  the  new  front  organi- 
zation were  a  "Peace  Pilgrimage"  to  Washington,  D.  C,  and  a  Nation- 
wide "Peace  Poll."  Both  boldly  called  for  American  smrender  to 
Communist  aggression,  and  for  betrayal  of  American  boys  fighting  in 
Korea.  As  announced  in  the  Daily  Worker  of  February  1, 1951,  the 
"Peace  Pilgrimage"  was  scheduled  to  descend  upon  Washington  in 
March  to  demand  from  Congress  and  the  executive  agencies  of  the 
Government  that  the  Americans  "abandon  the  futile  conflict  in  Korea"' 
and  recognize  the  "right"  of  the  Chinese  Communists  to  sit  in  the 
United  Nations.  The  "peace"  ballot,  which  the  organization  an- 
nounced it  was  circulating  on  a  national  scale,  asked  the  single, 
insidious  question:  "Are  you  for  bringing  our  troops  back  from  Korea 
and  for  making  peace  with  China  now?" 

The  Daily  Worker  and  the  Daily  People's  World  gave  generous 
publicity  to  the  American  Peace  Crusade  throughout  the  month  of 
February.  The  Communist  newspaper  claimed  "snowballing"  sup- 
port for  the  front  organization's  program.  The  Daily  Worker  of 
February  22,  1951,  page  2,  listed  the  following  local  "peace"  front 
organizations  in  the  San  Francisco  area  as  participating  in  the  cam- 
paign of  the  APC:  the  Northern  California  Committee  for  Peaceful 
Alternatives;  the  Palo  Alto  Peace  Club;  and  the  San  Francisco  Labor 
Conference  for  Peace.  On  February  25,  1951,  page  2,  the  Daily 
Worker  announced  support  for  the  American  Peace  Crusade  from 
such  local  Communist  fronts  as  the  East  Bay  Peace  Committee  of 
Oakland,  Calif.,  and  the  World  Peace  Circle  of  Holljrwood,  Calif. 

Another  specialized  "peace"  front  of  the  Communist  Party — the 
American  Veterans  for  Peace — eventually  sent  100  delegates  to  the 
"Peace"  Pilgrims ;2,e  sponsored  by  the  American  Peace  Crusade, 
according  to  the  Daily  Worker  of  March  16,  1951,  page  9,  and  the 
Daily  People's  Worid,  March  16,  1951,  pages  1  and  8. 

The  so-called  "Pilgrimage"  to  Washington,  D.  C,  was  originally 
scheduled  to  be  held  on  March  1,  1951,  but  was  actually  staged  on 
March  15,  1951.  The  Daily  Worker  on  March  15,  1951,  page  3, 
announced  that  more  than  2,000  persons  from  every  section  of  the 
country  from  Maine  to  California  would  converge  that  day  on  the 
Nation's  Capital.  In  line  with  standard  Communist  practice,  the 
Communist  fellow  travelers  and  dupes  who  made  up  the  delegations 
were  represented  by  the  Daily  Worker  as  "representatives  from  union, 
farm,  veterans',  peace,  women's,  professional,  and  other  groups." 

Upon  theu'  arrival  in  Washington,  these  "peace"  delegates  pro- 
ceeded according  to  a  schedule  which  began  with  lobbying  visits  to 
Congressmen  and  Senators  in  the  morning.  Delegations  were  also 
sent  to  various  executive  departments  of  the  United  States  Govern- 
ment, including  the  Justice  Department,  where  a  group  protested  the 
prosecution  of  Dr.  W.  E.  B.  DuBois  for  failure  to  register  as  a  foreign 
agent  as  head  of  the  Peace  Information  Center. 

A  plenary  session  in  the  afternoon  at  Turner's  Arena,  1341  W  Street 
NW.,  Washington,  D.  C,  according  to  the  official  program  of  the 
"Pilgrimage,"  was  addressed  by  Dr.  Philip  Morrison,  whose  record  is. 


included  in  a  subsequent  section  of  this  report,  and  Dr.  Clementina 
J.  Paolone,  chairman  of  the  Communist  front,  the  American  Women 
for  Peace.  State  and  city  delegation  nieetings,  as  well  as  special 
caucuses,  followed  the  plenary  session  in  Turner's  Arena  on  the 
afternoon  of  March  15. 

The  "peace"  pilgrimage  concluded  with  a  public  rally  attended  by 
some  1,500  persons  at  Turner's  Arena  on  the  evening  of  March  15. 
A  militant  call  to  treason  was  clearly  sounded  at  this  rally,  which  was 
addi-essed  by  such  individuals  as:  Paul  Robeson,  Mrs.  Therese  Robin- 
son, Dr.  Clementina  J.  Paolone,  Prof.  Robert  Morss  Lovett,  and 
Douglas  Glasgow,  full-time  director  of  the  Youth  Sponsoring  Com- 
mittee of  the  American  Peace  Crusade.  Master  of  ceremonies  at  the 
rally  was  Dr.  Philip  Morrison.  The  fund-raising  speech,  typical  of 
all  Communist-front  gatherings,  was  presented  on  this  occasion  by 
Abbott  Simon,  former  executive  secretary  of  the  Peace  Information 

Mrs.  Therese  Robinson  was  loudly  applauded  for  a  speech  which 
dealt  with  her  trip  to  the  Second  World  Peace  Congress,  held  in 
Warsaw,  Poland,  in  November  1950,  and  also  with  a  subsequent 
trip  to  the  Soviet  Union,  for  which  she  had  nothing  but  praise.  Paul 
Robeson,  who  was  greeted  by  the  audience  with  a  chant  which  began 
"Robeson  is  our  leader,"  also  delivered  a  Communist  Party  line  speech 
in  which  he  haded  the  "magnificent"  example  of  the  Chinese  Com- 
munists and  the  "first  peoples'  government — the  land  of  the  Soviets." 
Mr.  Robeson  told  a  cheering  audience  that  they  were  not  assembled  to 
"ask"  for  peace  but  to  "impose"  peace  if  necessary.  Prolonged  ap- 
plause greeted  Douglas  Glasgow  when  he  denounced  the  United  States 
for  "war  mongering"  and  for  committing  "atrocities"  against  the 
Korean  "people."  "We  youth  of  America,"  he  declared,  "shall  not 
become  the  gun  fodder  *  *  *  Qf  the  Achesons  and  the  Dulles  and 
the  Hersheys." 

Some  100  "trade  union"  members  who  were  delegates  to  the  Amer- 
ican Peace  Crusade  Pilgrimage  in  Washington  held  a  session  on  March 
16,  according  to  the  Daily  Worker  of  March  19,  1951,  page  4.  They 
met  under  the  chairmanship  of  Marcel  Scherer,  New  York  coordinator 
of  the  National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace. 

The  "sponsors"  of  the  "Peace  Pilgrimage"  announced  during  the 
coui'se  of  their  sessions  in  Washington,  D.  C,  that  the  American 
Peace  Crusade's  next  venture  would  be  a  "Nation-wide  congress"  to 
be  held  in  Chicago,  111.,  on  June  1  and  2,  1951,  according  to  the  Daily 
Worker  of  March  16,  1951,  page  1. 

In  addition  to  the  demands  for  a  withdrawal  of  American  forces 
from  Korea  and  the  recognition  of  Communist  China,  the  pilgrimage 
had  lobbied  against  the  extension  of  the  draft,  universal  military  train- 
ing, the  sending  of  American  troops  to  Europe,  and  rearmament  of 

The  parallel  between  this  present  crusade  and  the  American  Peace 
Crusade  of  1940,  which  was  a  section  of  the  American  Peace  Mobiliza- 
tion and  which  was  opposed  to  American  military  defense  efforts  dur- 
ing the  Stalin-Hitler  Pact,  is  unmistakable.  Oddly  enough,  a  number 
of  signers  of  the  call  for  the  American  Peace  Crusade  "Pilgrimage"  of 
1951  were  likewise  supporters  of  the  American  Peace  Mobilization, 
namely  Paul  Robeson,  Abraham  Cronbach,  Abram  Flaxer,  Rockwell 
Kent,  Ernest  De  Maio,  Ben  Gold,  and  the  Reverend  Walter  A. 



An  example  of  the  deceit  of  the  Communist  Party  as  to  the  true 
character  of  organizations  it  has  created  is  iUustrated  by  the  Maryland 
Committee  for  Peace/  Within  a  month  after  the  Maryland  Com- 
mittee for  Peace  was  formed,  over  34  persons  it  had  duped  into  being 
sponsors  resigned. 

One  of  the  sponsors,  Victor  Lowe,  an  associate  professor  of  philoso- 
phy at  Johns  Hopkms  University,  resigned  in  protest  after  an  adver- 
tisement circulated  by  the  Maryland  Committee  for  Peace  called  for 
the  outlawmg  of  the  atomic  bomb.  In  his  resignation,  Mr.  Lowe 
stated:  "The  idea  of  outlaw  without  effective  enforcement  agencies 
would  amount  at  best  to  another  Kellogg  Pact,  and,  at  worst,  would 
help  Russia  but  not  the  United  States  or  the  cause  of  peace." 

That  the  Maryland  Committee  for  Peace  has  listed  as  sponsors 
individuals  without  authorization  is  evidenced  by  the  case  of  Ion 
Carstoiu.  Mr.  Carstoiu,  a  mathematics  teacher  at  Johns  Hopkins 
University,  has  stated:  "They  have  been  using  my  name  without  my 
authorization."  A  Rumanian,  Mr.  Carstoiu  continued:  "The  reason 
I'm  out  of  Rumania  is  that  I'm  against  the  Communists." 

The  committee  assumes  that  there  are  many  other  individuals  whose 
names  have  been  used  by  "peace"  front  organizations  who  fall  into 
the  categories  of  Mr.  Lowe  and  Mr.  Carstoiu.  The  committee  re- 
quests that  all  mdividuals  who  have  been  listed  as  sponsors  of  Com- 
munist "peace"  fronts  without  theii-  consent,  or  who  have  withdrawn 
from  sponsorship  in  protest  against  the  purpose  of  these  organizations, 
notify  the  committee  in  order  that  the  committee's  records  may  be 
changed  accordingly. 

Persons  who  have  resigned  from  the  Maryland  Committee  for  P^ace 
include : 

Prof.  Don  Cameron  Allen  Sibyl  Mandell 

Dr.  Edgar  F.  Berman  Rev.  Ivan  Nangle 

Rev.  H.  Fairfield  Butt  III  J.  Harold  Passmore 

Rev.  Albert  E.  Day  Rev.  Joseph  N.  Pedrick 

Rev.  W.  F.  Foster'  Rabbi  Manuel  M.  Poliakoff 

Rabbi  Louis  Friedlander  Rev.  Joscob  F.  Replogle 

Rev.  Frederick  W.  Heifer  Rabbi  Abraham  Shusterman 

Rev.  Paul  W.  Kinsel  Aaron  Sopher 

Rev.  Norris  A.  Lineweaver  Rabbi  Israel  Tabak 

Marylanders  who  have  withdrawn  from  the  national  organiza- 
tion are: 

Rev.  Joseph  N.  Pedrick  Prof.  J.  A.  Oliver 

Dr.  Miles  W.  Connor 

Another  new  front  created  by  the  Communists  was  known  as  the 
Committee  for  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact. 

Committee  for  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact 

The  aggressive  and  hostile  policies  of  the  Soviet  Union  since  the 
end  of  World  War  II  resulted  in  the  signing  of  a  defense  treaty  by 
12  democratic  western  nations,  including  the  United  States.  Known 
as  the  North  Atlantic  defense  pact,  this  agreement  was  designed  to 
provide  the  basis  for  effective  collective  action  to  restore  and  maintain 

•  See  appendix  XI  to  this  report  for  a  list  of  sponsors  to  a  Maryland  Committee  for  Peace. 


the  security  of  the  North  Atlantic  area  if  an  armed  attack  should 
occur.     The  pact  was  signed  on  April  14,  1949. 

The  pact  naturally  met  with  bitter  opposition  from  the  Soviet 
Union.  It  became  a  special  target  in  the  huge,  Moscow-directed 
movement  which  paraded  under  the  name  of  "peace"  but  which  was 
actually  intended  to  weaken  the  defenses  of  the  non-Communist  world. 

Communists  in  the  United  States  did  their  part  in  the  Moscow 
campaign  by  instigating  a  Conference  for  Peaceful  Alternatives  to 
the  Atlantic  Pact,  allegedly  held  in  July  1949  in  Washington,  D.  C. 
This  resulted  in  the  formation  of  a  front  organization  known  as  the 
Committee  for  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact. 

The  proposal  for  a  conference  against  the  Atlantic  Pact  seems  to 
have  first  blossomed  forth  publicly  in  the  Daily  Worker  of  May  11, 
1949.  It  was  ostensibly  formulated  by  a  committee  of  five  individuals: 
Albert  Einstein  of  Princeton;  Thomas  Mann  of  California;  Emily 
Green  Balch  of  Wellesley,  Mass.;  Bishop  W.  J.  Walls  of  Chicago;  and 
Reverend  Edwin  Dahlberg  of  Syracuse,  New  York.  That  these 
individuals  actually  traveled  from  the  four  corners  of  the  continent 
to  confer  on  this  plan  is  doubtful. 

Preparatory  to  the  formal  establislmient  of  this  "peace"  front, 
various  preliminary  conferences  were  called  and  statements  issued 
which  were  featured  and  supported  by  the  Daily  Worker. 

According  to  its  issue  of  June  28,  1949,  55  Negro  religious  leaders 
called  upon  President  Truman  "to  reject  the  military  concept  con- 
tained in  the  North  Atlantic  pact,"  in  a  statement  issued  through  the 
Fraternal  Council  of  Churches  in  America,  claiming  to  represent 
7,000,000  Negro  church  members  of  11  denominations.  William  H. 
Jernagin,  in  charge  of  its  Washington  Bureau,  is  a  perennial  supporter 
of  Communist  "peace"  fronts  as  well  as  their  other  front  organizations. 
Thus,  he  has  supported  the  American  League  for  Peace  and  Democracy, 
the  Win-the-Peace  Conference,  and  the  World  Peace  Appeal.  He  has 
also  supported  such  Communist  fronts  as  the  Council  on  African 
Affairs,  the  Washington  Committee  for  Democratic  Action,  the 
National  Council  of  American  Soviet  Friendship,  the  Southern 
Conference  for  Human  Welfare,  the  Civil  Rights  Congress,  the 
United  Negro  and  Allied  Veterans,  the  National  Federation  for 
Constitutional  Liberties,  the  National  Negro  Congress,  and  the 
Washington  Citizens  Committee  To  Free  Earl  Browder. 

On  July  12,  1949,  this  Communist  organ  carried  an  announcement 
of  an  "open  letter  to  President  Truman  and  Members  of  the  Senate," 
condemning  the  North  Atlantic  pact  and  allegedly  signed  by  "75 
theological  students,  young  ministers,  and  other  religious  youth 
leaders."  Young  ministers  joining  in  the  call  were  Rev.  Ralph  Hall 
Collis,  Rev.  Massie  Kennard,  Metropolitan  Community  Church; 
Rev.  Robert  T.  Prater,  Manhattan,  III;  Rev.  Wilfred  G.  Scioyies, 
Marlboro  Presbyterian  Church;  and  Rev.  Lluellen  Clinkscales,  Jr., 
Beth  Eden  Baptist  Church. 

Others  included  Ervin  F.  Block,  secretary-treasurer  of  Christian 
Rural  Fellowship;  Don  Heap,  delegate  to  the  1947  Oslo  World  Con- 
ference of  Christian  Youth;  Wahace  B.  Poteat,  president,  Baptist 
Divinity  House;  Herbert  Vetter,  president,  Meadville  Students 
Association;  Austin  B.  Creil,  president,  B  .ptist  Club,  Northwestern 
University;  Elizabeth  Fulton,  president,  YWCA,  Northwestern 
University;  and  Esko  Loewen,  editor,  Mennonite  Youth. 


A  Conference  on  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact  was 
called  thereafter  in  early  July  1949  in  Washington,  D.  C,  according 
to  the  Daily  Worker.  The  names  of  civic,  church,  labor,  and  com- 
munity organizations  were  associated  with  the  conference  as  if  they 
were  officially  represented,  although  the  initiating  letter  referred  to 
the  conference  as  a  "nondelegated  meeting." 

Subsequent  to  this  conference,  the  new  front  movement  conducted 
its  activities  for  a  time  under  the  title  "Continuations  Committee  of 
the  Conference  for  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact."  Its 
-executive  secretary  was  listed  as  Miss  Jule  T.  Bouchard,  of  New 
York  City.  Soon,  however,  the  group  formally  designated  itself  as 
the  Committee  for  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact,  and 
under  these  auspices  a  barrage  of  mass  meetings  and  "open  letters" 
was  loosened  upon  the  American  public. 

A  letterhead  of  the  front  organization  dated  September  16,  1950, 
lists  headquarters  at  30  North  Dearborn  Street,  Chicago  2,  111.,  and 
names  the  following  officers: 

Honorary  chairmen:  Thomas  Mann  and  Bishop  W.  J.  Walls 

Cochairmen:  Rabbi  Abraham  Cronbach,  Prof.  Kermit  Eby,  Dr.  W.  H.  Jernagin, 

and  Dean  John  B.  Thompson 
Chairman  of  the  board:  Prof.  Robert  J.  Havighurst 
Vice  chairmen:  Dr.   Charlotte    Hawkins    Brown,  Dr.   Mark    A.    Dawber,     Mrs, 

Welthy  H.  Fisher,  Dr.  D.  V.  Jemison,  Dr.  Halford  Luccock,  Dr.  Albert  Palmer, 

Prof.  Linus  Pauling,  and  Rev.  Franklin  I.  Sheeder 


Rev.  J.  Burt  Bouwman  Mr.  Hugo  Leaming 

Rabbi  Stanley  Brav  Rev.  Donald  Mathews 

Rabbi  Jonah  E.  Caplan  Dr.  George  Mecklenberg 

Rev.  M.  E.  Dorr  Miss  Renee  Shapiro 

Prof.  Harl  Douglas  Rev.  Robert  Stone 

Hon.  Clifford  Durr  Mrs.  M.  E.  Tilly 

Rabbi  Alvin  Fine  Dr.  Willard  Uphaus 

Rabbi  Oscar  Fleishaker  Rev.  Edgar  M.  Wahlberg 

Dr.  George  Fowler  Dr.  Lorell  Weiss 

Rev.  Edgar  Jackson  Rev.  Wayne  White 

Rev.  Massie  Kennard  Mr.  Aubrey  Williams 

The  Daily  Worker  of  July  15,  1949,  carried  an  announcement  by 
Rev.  John  B.  Thompson,  dean  of  the  Rockefeller  Chapel  of  the 
University  of  Chicago,  that  a  Chicago  Committee  for  Peaceful 
Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact  had  been  organized  with  Dr. 
Thompson  as  its  provisional  chairman.  Dr.  Thompson  has  had 
much  experience  in  organizing  Communist  "peace"  fronts. 

During  the  period  of  the  Stalin-Hitler  pact,  the  Communists 
initiated  first  the  Committee  to  Defend  America  by  Keeping  Out  of 
War  with  John  B.  Thompson  as  temporary  chairman,  the  Emergency 
Peace  Mobilization  of  which  he  was  chairman,  and  finally  the  Ameri- 
can Peace  Mobilization  of  which  he  was  also  chairman.  In  addition. 
Dr.  Thompson  has  been  a  supporter  of  Communist  fronts  operating 
in  other  fields:  The  American  Committee  for  Protection  of  Foreign 
Born,  the  People's  Institute  of  Applied  Religion,  the  Southern  Con- 
ference for  Human  Welfare,  the  New  Theatre  League,  and  the 
magazine  Soviet  Russia  Today. 

The  following  executive  committee  of  the  Chicago  Committee  for 
Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact  was  announced  (we  have 
added  the  number  of  fronts  with  which  each  person  was  previously 
connected):  Prof.  Robert  J.  Havighurst,  of  the  University  of  Chicago 



(3);  Truman  Kirkpatrick,  of  the  Friends  Service  Committee  and 
Bishop  W.  J.  Walls  (7) ;  Russell  Ballard,  director  of  Hull  House  (2) ; 
Earl  Bronson,  of  Evanston;  Prof.  Curtis  D.  MacDougall,  of  North- 
western University  (8);  Rabbi  Samuel  Teitelbaum,  of  the  Hillel 
Foundation  of  Evanston;  Dr.  Maud  Slye,  of  the  University  of  Chi- 
cago (7);  Rev.  Wilfred  Wakefield,  First  Congi-egation  Church,  Brook- 
field  (2) ;  Dr.  R.  Citron  and  Albert  G.  Watson,  of  the  Fellowship  of 

On  August  21,  1949,  the  Continuations  Committee  of  the  Confer- 
ence on  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact  issued  an  open 
letter  calling  for  "the  defeat  of  President  Truman's  arms  program." 
It  was  sent  to  every  member  of  the  United  States  Senate.  Some 
850  persons  were  listed  as  signers  of  the  open  letter,  572  of  them 
allegedly  "religious"  leaders. 

Under  the  sponsorship  of  the  Committee  for  Peaceful  Alternatives 
to  the  Atlantic  Pact,  a  public  statement  to  President  Truman  was 
released  on  December  14,  1949.  It  repeated  the  fraudulent  "peace" 
propaganda  being  issued  from  Moscow.  The  committee  claimed 
that  nearly  1,000  persons  signed  this  statement  and  described  the 
signers  as  "clergymen,  educators,  v\Titers,  civic  and  labor  leaders." 
At  least  60  of  these  were  known  members  of  the  pro-Communist 
Methodist  Federation  for  Social  Action. 

The  signers  of  one  or  both  of  the  afore-mentioned  statements  also 
included  the  following  individuals  who  have  been  affiliated  with  such  a 
significant  number  of  Communist  fronts  that  they  may  be  said  to 
constitute  a  body  of  reliable  and  consistent  supporters  of  Communist 

Lee  H.  Ball 
Edward  K.  Barsky 
Elmer  A.  Benson 
John  T.  Bernard 
Lyman  R.  Bradley 
Hugh  Bryson 
Anton  J.  Carlson 
Charles  Collins 
John  W.  Darr 
Jerome  Davis 
Hugh  DeLacy 
Martha  Dodd 
James  A.  Dombrowski 
Dorothy  W.  Douglas 
Muriel  Draper 
W.  E.  B.  DuBois 
Bertram  Edises 
Thomas  I.  Emerson 
Philip  Evergood 
Clark  Foreman 

Stephen  H.  Fritchman 
Elinor  Gimbel 
Josiah  W.  Gitt 
B.  Z.  Goldberg 
Harry  Gottlieb 
Nora  K.  Harris 
Leo  Huberman 
Langston  Hughes 
W.  A.  Hunton 
Oakley  C.  Johnson 
Millard  Lampell 
Kenneth  Leslie 
Rockwell  Kent 
Thomas  Mann 
CHfford  T.  McAvoy 
Bernard  V.  McGroarty 
Jack  R.  McMichael 
William  Howard  Melish 
Clyde  R.  Miller 
Richard  Mofford 

Philip  D.  Morrison 
Linus  Pauling 
Martin  Popper 
Holland  Roberts 

0.  John  Rogge 
Rose  Russell 
Margaret  Schlauch 
Frederich  L.  Schuman 

1.  F.  Stone 
Fred  W.  Stover 
Leon  Straus 

Mary  Church  Terrell 
John  B.  Thompson 
Jeannett  S.  Turner 
Sam  Wanamaker 
Harry  F.  Ward 
Colston  E.  Warns 
Gene  Weltfish 

The  lists  of  signers  further  include  the  follomng  who  are  publicly 
known  as  members  of  the  Communist  Party;  who  are  described  as 
members  in  sworn  testimony  by  competent  witnesses;  or  who  are  on 
record  as  having  refused  to  affirm  or  deny  Communist  Party  mem- 
bership (all  of  these  persons  except  Louise  Berman  and  Howard  Fast 
were  signers  of  both  the  open  letter  of  August  21,  1949,  and  the 
statement  on  December  14,  1949): 

Ben  Gold,  president  of  the  International  Fur  and  Leather  Workers  Union,  who 
allegedly  resigned  from  the  Communist  Party  to  comply  with  the  Taft-Hartley 
Act.    This  union  was  expelled  from  the  CIO  because  of  its  Communist  character. 

76512—51 5 


Max  Perlow,  secretary-treasurer  of  the  United  Furniture  Workers  of  America, 
who  also  allegedly  resigned  from  the  Communist  Party  to  comply  with  the 
Taft-Hartley  Act. 

Eliot  White,  an  Episcopalian  clergyman. 

Abram  Flaxer,  president  of  the  United  Public  Workers  of  America.  This  union 
was  expelled  from  the  CIO  because  of  its  Communist  character. 

Elizabeth  Sasuly,  legislative  representative  of  the  Food,  Tobacco,  Agricultural 
and  Allied  Workers,  which  was  expelled  from  the  CIO  because  of  its  Com- 
munist character. 

Arthur  Osman,  president,  Independent  Wholesale  and  Warehouse  Workers  of 
America,  Local  65. 

Albert  Maltz,  convicted  for  contempt  of  Congress. 

Dalton  Trumbo,  convicted  for  contempt  of  Congress. 

Howard  Fast,  convicted  for  contempt  of  Congress. 

Donald  Henderson,  president  of  the  Food,  Tobacco,  Agricultural  and  Allied 
Workers  of  America,  which  was  expelled  from  the  CIO  because  of  its  Communist 

Abraham  Lederman,  president.  Teachers  Union,  Local  555  of  the  United  Public 
Workers  of  America,  suspended  by  the  New  York  City  Board  of  Education. 

Ralph  H.  Gundlach,  dismissed  from  the  University  of  Washington. 

Agnes  Smedley  (deceased). 

Dirk  J.  Struik. 

Elizabeth  Moos. 

Albert  E.  Kahn. 

Louise  R.  Berman. 

The  signers  include  the  following  supporters  of  the  American  Peace 
Mobilization  which  picketed  the  White  House  in  the  days  of  the 
Stalin-Hitler  Pact: 

Louise  Bransten  (now  Berman)  Rev.  Armand  Guerrero 

William  Harrison  Ehzabeth  Moos 

Leon  Strauss  Eliot  White 

Abraham  Cronbach  John  DeBoer 

Abram  Flaxer  Langston  Hughes 

Jack  R.  Mc Michael  Hugh  DeLacy 
Philip  Evergood 

Again  in  February  1950,  the  aforementioned  committee  decided  to 
exert  pressure  upon  the  American  Government  through  an  open  letter 
to  President  Truman.  This  was  signed  by  "100  notables"  urging 
direct  American-Soviet  talks  to  avert  "atomic  catastrophe."  This 
same  line  was  also  being  urged  in  the  Daily  Worker. 

On  August  17,  1949,  the  Daily  Worker  disclosed  that  an  "emer- 
gency people's  hearing"  would  be  held  at  the  Hotel  Willard  in  Wash- 
ington, D.  C,  on  August  24  under  the  auspices  of  the  Continuations 
Committee  of  the  Conference  for  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic 
Pact.  Among  the  initiators  listed  were  Bishop  William  J.  Walls  of 
the  African  Methodist  Episcopal  Zion  Church  and  the  Rev.  John  B. 
Thompson.  The  meeting,  the  Daily  Worker  assured  its  readers, 
would  demand  the  defeat  of  President  Truman's  "arms  program." 

Featured  speaker  at  the  "emergency"  hearing  on  August  24  was 
James  Waterman  Wise,  who  has  been  connected  with  at  least  17 
other  Communist  fronts.  The  gathering  also  provided  an  excuse  for 
a  delegation  to  call  upon  U.  S.  Senators  to  pressure  them  against  the 
military  appropriations  bill.  Included  in  the  delegation  were  Joseph 
Karsner;  A^Iiss  Jule  Bourchard,  secretary  of  the  Continuations  Com- 
mittee; and  Rev.  Jack  Telford  of  Milwaukee. 


Encouraged  by  its  success  in  drawing  dupes  into  its  campaign,  the 
Committee  for  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact  launched  a 


more  ambitious  project  under  the  high-sounding  title  of  the  Mid- 
Century  Conference  for  Peace. ^  This  was  held  at  the  St.  James 
Methodist  Church  in  Chicago  on  May  29  and  30.  1950. 

The  avowed  purpose  was  to  pressure  "the  President  and  the 
Congress  of  the  United  States  to  undertake  negotiations  with  the 
government  of  the  Soviet  Union"  and  demand  that  the  "United 
States  delegation  to  the  United  Nations"  present  "positive  proposals 
for  peace."  In  plain  terms,  the  conference  was  aimed  at  assembling 
as  many  gullible  persons  as  possible  under  Communist  direction  and 
turning  them  into  a  vast  sounding  board  for  Communist  propaganda. 

The  Daily  Worker  claimed  that  anywhere  from  650  to  750  dele- 
gates attended  the  Mid-Century  Conference  for  Peace.  They  were 
represented  as  being  "leaders"  in  the  fields  of  religion,  labor,  youth, 
education,  business,  and  women's  and  fraternal  groups.  Youth  was 
listed  as  comprising  one-third  of  the  entire  delegation. 

In  an  article  which  appeared  in  the  New  Leader  of  July  22,  1950, 
A.  J.  Muste,  secretary  of  the  Fellowship  of  Reconciliation,  a  pacifist 
group,  pointed  out  in  reference  to  the  Mid-Century  Conference  for 
Peace  that — 

none  of  the  recognized  pacifist  organizations  participated  in  or  endorsed  the 
conference.  This  applies  to  the  Fellowship  of  Reconciliation,  the  War  Resisters 
League,  the  American  Friends  Service  Committee,  the  Brethren  Service  Com- 
mittee, the  Mennonite  Central  Committee,  and  all  of  the  nine  or  more  denomina- 
tional pacifist  fellowships  including  the  Jewish  Pacifist  Fellowship. 

The  sponsors  of  the  Mid-Century  Conference  included  a  number  of 
the  usual  supporters  of  Communist  fronts  such  as  Jerome  Davis, 
Corliss  Lamont,  and  Carey  Mc Williams,  with  from  41  to  50  Com- 
munist-front affiliations;  Cliftord  Odets,  with  at  least  34;  Kntley 
Mather,  Elmer  Benson,  Guy  Emery  Shipler,  and  Colston  E.  Warne, 
with  21  to  30;  Dorothy  Brewster,  Anton  J.  Carlson,  W.  E.  B.  DuBois, 
Stephen  H.  Fritchman,  Leo  Krzycki,  Harlow  Shapley,  Oswald 
Veblen,  I.  F.  Stone,  and  E.  Franldin  Frazier,  with  from  11  to  20. 
Sponsors  also  included  Louis  Goldblatt,  Donald  Henderson,  and 
Claude  Williams,  whose  Communist  Party  memberships  are  a  matter 
of  public  record,  and  James  Durkin,  recently  expelled  from  the  CIO 
because  of  his  Communist  activity.  All  sessions  were  attentively 
covered  by  Joseph  Starobin,  head  of  the  "peace  committee"  of  the 
Communist  Party  and  foreign  news  editor  of  the  Daily  Worker. 

The  Rev.  John  B.  Thompson,  whose  record  has  been  previously 
cited  in  this  report,  was  the  key  figure  at  the  Mid-Century  Confer- 
ence. In  its  "keynote  session"  he  outlined  the  "History  of  the 
Conference."  At  the  next  session  he  acted  as  chairman.  He  was 
also  a  member  of  the  program  committee  of  the  conference. 

Unfortunately  for  the  Communists,  the  conference  did  not  work 
out  quite  as  smoothly  as  planned.  The  controlling  hand  of  the  Com- 
munists over  the  meeting  had  been  exposed  even  before  the  session 
began  and  proved  to  be  a  source  of  considerable  embarrassment  to 
the  Communists  before  the  conference  was  over. 

The  first  bombshell  exploded  on  the  Communists  when  the  Rev. 
Donald  Harrington  of  New  York  withdrew  as  a  conference  sponsor 
a  few  days  before  it  opened  and  made  the  following  public  statement: 

The  stark  fact  is  that  the  American  Communist  movement  not  only  is  willing 
to  resort  to  any  method  or  subterfuge  to  accomplish  its  purposes,  but  also  it  takes 

'  Sec  appendix  XII  to  this  report  for  the  official  "Cair*  to  the  Mid-Century  Conference  for  Peace. 


orders  directly  from  Moscow  and  functions  as  an  American  arm  of  the  Soviet 
Foreign  Office. 

At  this  moment,  though  the  international  Communist  movement  is  waging 
war,  both  cold  and  hot,  and  engaged  in  violence  in  many  parts  of  the  world,  the 
American  Communists  have  launched  an  exceedingly  widespread  and  well- 
financed  campaign  for  "peace." 

The  Communist  Party  line  seems  for  a  brief  period  to  be  running  parallel  with 
the  point  of  view  of  pacifists  and  liberals.  Communists,  operating  through  a 
wide  variety  of  "front"  organizations,  are  seeking  support  of  liberal  and  peace 
leaders  and  seeking  to  give  them  their  support. 

They  are  not  really  interested  in  peace,  but  in  appeasement.  Their  support 
will  be  turned  to  sabotage  the  moment  it  serves  Soviet  policy  for  this  to  occur. 
(New  York  Times,  May  22,  1950,  p.  19). 

To  meet  this  criticism,  a  press  conference  headed  by  the  Rev. 
John  B.  Thompson  was  hurriedly  called  in  Chicago  on  May  29, 
which  rejected  the  charge  of  "left  infiltration,"  but  insisted  that  the 
conference  "would  not  bar  anyone  on  the  basis  of  political  opinions." 
This  left  the  field  clear  for  the  activities  of  the  Communist  group 
within  the  conference. 

Dr.  Thompson,  in  seeking  to  pour  oil  on  the  troubled  waters, 
insisted  that  the  conference  was  not  political.  He  urged  that  there 
be  no  division  with  or  discrimination  against  the  Communists. 

When  the  conference  got  under  way,  however,  there  were  still 
evidences  of  rebellion  against  the  strict  party  line  among  the  delegates. 
As  Starobin  put  it  in  the  Worker  of  June  4,  1950,  "There  was  plenty 
of  the  common,  garden  variety  of  anti-Soviet  slander." 

The  Communists  were  still  willing  to  swallow  all  this  in  order  to 
accomplish  their  chief  objectives.  To  avoid  an  open  break,  it  was 
decided  that  four  work  seminars  would  not  bring  in  any  definite 
resolutions  but  rather  a  "consensus  of  opinion"  by  the  moderators. 

Among  the  things  that  irked  the  Communists  was  a  statement 
by  Malcolm  P.  Sharp  of  the  University  of  Chicago.  In  the  past  he 
has  cooperated  with  such  Communist  fronts  as  the  International 
Juridical  Association,  the  American  League  Against  War  and  Fascism, 
the  National  Federation  for  Constitutional  Liberties,  the  Civil  Rights 
Congress  in  its  defense  of  the  Communist  Party,  the  National  Lawyers 
Guild,  Consumers  Union,  Midwest  Committee  for  the  Protection  of 
Foreign  Born,  Communist  Club  of  the  University  of  Chicago,  Mem- 
orial Day  Youth  Peace  Parade,  Lawyers  Committee  on  American 
Relations  With  Spain,  and  has  signed  a  number  of  statements  against 
punitive  measures  directed  at  the  Communist  Party.  However, 
now  he  had  the  temerity  to  trod  o1^  the  beaten  Red  path  to  the  extent 
that  he  put  the  blame  for  the  cold  war  on  both  the  U.  S.  S.  R.  and  the 
United  States. 

To  avoid  any  outright  criticism  of  the  Soviet  Union  by  name, 
which  would  not  be  well  received  in  Moscow,  the  original  draft  of 
the  conference  appeal  had  declared: 

We  at  the  Mid-Century  have  differing  views  on  how  the  cold  war  came  about. 
We  have  differing  judgments  on  many  of  the  policies  of  our  own  Government, 
and  other  governments. 

To  the  embarrassment  of  the  Communists,  the  conferees  got  out  of 
hand  at  this  point  and  insisted  upon  the  adoption  of  what  Starobin 
characterized  as  a  "completely  contradictory"  addition.     It  read: 

While  we,  the  American  people,  have  special  responsibility  to  change  the 
policies  of  the  American  government  which  are  continuing  the  cold  war,  we 
assert  that  the  Russian  people  have  the  same  responsibility  with  respect  to  their 
own  government. 


Mr.  Starobin  rushed  to  explain  to  his  Soviet  superiors  through  the 
columns  of  the  Worker:  "This  came  at  a  moment  when  the  Confer- 
ence was  passing  through  its  major  crisis,"  when  indeed  issues  were 
raised  "which  could  have  split  the  gathering  wide  open." 

Satisfied  that  the  net  result  of  the  conference  would  be  to  exert 
pressure  upon  the  American  Government  and  public,  the  Communists 
swallowed  this  bitter  pill  and  avoided  a  split  among  the  delegates. 
As  a  matter  of  record,  Bernard  Minter  of  the  United  Furniture 
Workers,  who  had  on  a  number  of  occasions  defended  Communists 
under  indictment,  rose  to  present  the  Communist  dissent.  He 
declared  that  Soviet  policies  have  not  made  the  cold  war. 

Despite  this  conflict,  the  harvest  of  anti-U.  S.  sentiment  at  the 
conference  was  sufficient  to  satisfy  Communist  purposes.  Willard 
Uphaus,  executive  director  of  the  conference,  charged  during  the 
proceedings  that  the  United  States  had  encircled  Russia  with  bases 
from  which  bombers  could  destroy  her.  He  added,  "We  have  used 
our  armed  might  and  money  to  uphold  Fascist  regimes,  mainly  out 
of  fear  and  hate  of  the  Soviet." 

Philip  Morrison,  Cornell  physicist,  who  has  been  active  in  defense 
of  indicted  Communist  leaders  and  in  defaming  the  FBI,  blasted  the 
Baruch  plan  for  A-bomb  control.  According  to  Starobin,  Alorrison 
"received  an  ovation  for  this  searching  criticism  of  the  State  Depart- 
ment's refusal  to  take  up  the  challenge  of  the  Soviet  Union's  atomic 
proposals,"  which,  by  the  way,  had  received  the  approval  of  only  the 
Soviet  delegates  and  those  of  its  satellites  before  the  United  Nations. 

The  Communists  also  succeeded  in  promoting  Communist  Party 
propaganda  far  removed  from  the  announced  "peace"  program  of  the 
conference.  Thus,  the  Civil  Rights  Panel  of  the  conference  discussed 
the  right  to  teach  Marxism,  the  case  of  Communist  Harry  Bridges, 
and  the  trial  of  the  11  Communist  leaders  (which  was  compared  by 
Clifford  Durr,  attorney  m  a  number  of  Commmiist  cases,  to  the 
crucifixion  of  Christ).  It  was  declared  m  the  panel  that  "the  attack 
on  the  Communists  is  an  attack  on  the  civil  liberties  of  all." 

The  importance  attached  to  the  Mid-Century  Conference  by  the 
Soviet  Government  is  attested  by  the  presence  of  representatives  of 
Tass  and  Pravda,  official  Russian  news  agencies,  and  Radio  Moscow. 
On  June  3,  1950,  the  Moscow  Soviet  Home  Service  broadcast  its 
reaction  to  the  proceedings  as  follows: 

At  the  discussion  which  was  held  at  the  sessions  of  the  four  committees  of  the 
conference  the  representatives  of  various  sections  of  the  population  trenchantly 
criticized  the  foreign  policy  of  the  ruling  circles  of  the  U.  S.  aimed  at  the  con- 
tinuation of  the  armaments  race  and  at  the  preparation  for  a  war.  Delegates 
from  various  states  *  *  *  spoke  of  the  failure  of  the  Marshall  plan  *  *  * 
Despite  the  attempts  of  several  persons  to  smooth  the  discussion  over  in  the 
committees  *  *  *  ^he  recommendations  adopted  by  these  committees  are 
in  their  essence  a  condemnation  of  that  aggressive  total  diplomacy  announced  by 
Acheson  *  *  *  Numerous  delegates  protested  in  their  speeches  against  the 
police  terrorism  from  which  the  Communist  Party  of  the  U.  S.  suffers. 

A  Communist  Party  directive,  Plan  of  Work  of  National  Com- 
mittee, Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.,  July  15  to  Labor  Day,  1950, 
reproduced  in  appendix  VIII,  demanded  that  full  support  be  given  to 
activities  projected  at  the  Mid-Century  Conference  of  Peace  in 


J.  Edgar  Hoover  has  expressed  "real  apprehension"  over  the  fact 
that  "Communists  are  able  to  secure  ministers  of  the  gospel  to  promote 


their  evil  work  and  espouse  a  cause  that  is  alien  to  the  religion  of 
Christ  and  Judaism." 

The  Committee  on  Un-American  Activities  has  observed  with 
dismay  the  inordinately  large  proportion  of  clerics  among  the  persons 
who  are  aiding  and  supporting  the  cm-rent  Communist  "peace" 
campaign  in  this  country. 

Unquestionably,  many  of  those  who  participated  were  not  aware 
that  they  were  thereby  allying  themselves  with  the  Communists. 
Regardless  of  the  innocence  of  their  motives,  however,  the  committee 
believes  that  these  persons  are  rendering  a  serious  disservice  to  their 
country  and  in  this  connection  should  be  acquainted  with  the  following 

For  years  the  Communist  Party  has  made  a  deliberate  effort  to 
draw  clergymen  into  its  "peace"  fronts,  and  achieved  unusual  success. 
In  the  early  thirties  the  party  established  the  American  League 
Against  War  and  Fascism,  with  Earl  Browder,  Communist  Party 
secretary,  as  one  of  its  vice  presidents.  In  a  moment  of  frankness, 
Browder  admitted  that  "a  large  majority  of  the  people  in  the  American 
League  are  religious  people"  and  that  "a  growing  number  of  religious 
organizations  have  affiliated."  The  American  League  for  Peace  and 
Democracy,  its  successor  organization,  boasted  at  least  52  clergymen 
supporters,  while  the  American  Peace  Mobilization,  which  picketed 
the  White  House  during  the  Stalin-Hitler  pact,  had  56  clergymen 
associated  with  it.  In  1946  the  Communist  "peace"  front  was  the 
Win-the-Peace  Committee,  which  attracted  12  religious  sponsors  out 
of  60. 

According  to  an  official  folder  listing  some  of  the  signers  of  the 
current  World  Peace  Appeal,  265  American  clergymen  or  professional 
church  workers  were  included  in  a  total  of  600  names. 

The  World  Peace  Congress'  magazine,  In  Defense  of  Peace,  for 
January  1950,  announced  that  a  petition  of  the  Committee  for  Peaceful 
Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact  had  been  signed  by  1,148  churchmen 
in  the  United  States,  including  seven  Protestant  bishops,  and  sent  to 
the  United  Nations. 

This  success  of  the  Communists  in  enlisting  members  of  the  clergy 
for  their  so-called  "peace  movement"  is  amazing  in  view  of  the  frank 
contempt  of  Communists  for  religion  as  expressed  by  their  foremost 
high  priest,  Lenin:  "Any  religious  idea,  any  idea  of  a  'good  God' 
*  *  *  is  an  abominably  nasty  thing."  It  is  all  the  more  amazing 
in  view  of  the  subornation  or  suppression  of  the  church  in  every  coun- 
try under  Communist  control. 

The  Communist  Party,  in  seeking  clerical  support,  cleverly  exploits 
the  intense  yearning  for  peace  among  members  of  the  clergy. 

This  double-dealing  strategy  was  mapped  for  the  Communists  long 
ago  by  Lenin.  Lenin  referred  to  persons  such  as  the  clergy  as  "bour- 
geois humbugs,"  who  mislead  the  people  "with  fine  words  like  justice, 
peace,  national  liberation,  settling  international  conflicts  by  arbitra- 
tion, brotherhood  of  peoples,  Uberty,  reforms,  democracy,  universal 
suffrage,  etc."  Nevertheless,  he  declared,  "they  will  sign  whatever 
you  wish,"  and  he  told  his  fellow  party  members  "to  take  advantage 
of  this  sentiment."  Declaring  that  "pacifism  and  the  abstract  preach- 
ment of  peace"  are  merely  means  employed  "to  fool  the  working  class," 
he  insisted  that  the  final  solution  of  the  world's  problems  lies  in  "civil 
war"  and  the  "defeat  of  one's  own  [non-Communistl  government." 


This  is  the  basic  strategy  of  all  Communists  today  in  their  "peace" 

In  this  connection,  it  is  noteworthy  that  the  May  1950  issue  of  the 
World  Peace  Congress  organ,  In  Defense  of  Peace,  devoted  an  entire 
section  to  "Religion  Against  the  Bomb."  This  section  made  sugges- 
tions for  putting  pressure  on  the  "priesthood  and  ministry,  whose 
help  in  the  gathering  of  signatures  must  be  asked  for  by  the  local 
Committees  of  Defenders  of  Peace." 

Why  are  the  Communists  so  anxious  to  get  church  leaders  into  their 
subversive  schemes?  Because  Communists  have  learned  that  religious 
endorsements  of  their  projects  act  as  a  magnet  on  hosts  of  other  persons 
who  would  otherwise  hesitate  to  lend  their  support.  It  is  no  coin- 
cidence, therefore,  that,  whenever  Communists  obtain  dupes  from  the 
religious  field,  such  support  is  immediately  publicized  by  the  Com- 
munists with  the  loudest  fanfare. 

This  is  graphically  illustrated  by  the  experience  of  the  Rev.  Dr.  A.  J. 
Wilson,  editor-in-chief  of  the  United  Church  Observer  in  Toronto, 
Canada.  According  to  its  August  15,  1950  issue,  he  had  signed  the 
*'peace"  petition  in  good  faith.  Thereafter,  he  wrote,  "My  picture 
was  published  under  a  six-column  banner  heading  in  the  Toronto 
Communist  paper,  the  Canadian  Tribune.  This  demonstrated  a  close 
tie-up  between  the  sponsors  of  the  petition  and  the  Communists." 

He  added  that  he  was  publishing  the  exchange  of  correspondence 
"to  warn  ministers  and  members  of  the  church  what  they  may  expect 
if  their  passion  for  peace  should  lead  them,  as  it  led  us,  to  sign  the 
peace  petition,  which  is  widely  circulated  and  has  come  to  be  known 
as  the  'Stockholm  Appeal.'  " 

The  following  headlines  from  the  Daily  Worker,  official  organ  of  the 
Communist  Party,  are  a  few  glaring  examples  of  how  the  Communists 
are  capitalizing  on  "religion"  for  their  "peace"  campaign: 

"Church  Parley  Balks  at  Atlantic  Pact,"  March  11,  1949,  page  2,  and  March 
14,  1949,  page  7. 

"55  Negro  Churchmen  Urge  Rejection  of  Atlantic  Pact,"  June  28,  1949,  page  2. 

"Clergymen  Call  Parley  on  Arms  Bill,"  August  17,  1949,  page  5. 

"Springfield  Clergy  Back  'Peace  Sunday',  "  April  6,  1950,  page  2. 

"Four  Religious  Leaders  Will  Lobby  for  Ban  on  H-Bomb,"  April  17,  1950,  page  3. 

"Czech  Churches  Appeal  to  World  Christians— 140,000  CathoUcs  Join  in  Plea 
for  Support  of  Stockholm  A-Bomb  Ban,"  July  23,  1950,  page  8. 

"Northwest  Church  Meet  Asks  Bomb  Ban,"  July  11,  1950,  page  4, 

"In  Tacoma  recently  the  seventy-seventh  annual  convention  of  the  Methodist 
Church  unanimously  called  for  outlawing  the  A-bomb,"  July  11,  1950,  page  4. 

"New  England  Methodists  Denounce  H-Bomb,"  June  12,  1950,  page  3. 

"Church  Synod  Urges  Talks  with  USSR— Northern  EvangeUcal  and  Reformed 
Leaders  Assail  H-Bomb,"  June  8,  1950,  page  3. 

"N.  Y.  Methodist  Parley  Asks  A-Ban,"  May  22,  1950,  page  4. 

"Peace  Bid  Urged  by  1,000  at  W.  Va.  Methodist  Meet,"  June  14,  1950,  page  3. 

"Truman's  War  Speech  and  Quakers'  Peace  Plea,"  by  Rob  F.  Hall,  December 
28,  1949,  page  7. 

"Quakers  Ask  U.  S.  'Go  Beyond  Baruch  Plan'  to  Achieve  Peace,"  by  Rob  F. 
Hall,  February  21,  1950,  page  3. 

"Quaker  Group  Urges  End  to  Arms  Race,"  June  2,  1950,  page  3. 

"Quakers  Warn  of  Hysteria  on  Korea,"  July  5,  1950,  page  4. 

"17  Church  Groups  Ask  A-Bomb  Ban,"  May  15,  1950,  page  3. 

On  May  24,  1950,  page  1,  the  Daily  Worker  announced  that — • 

The  president  of  the  General  Alliance  of  Unitarian  and  other  Liberal  Christian 
Church  Women  denounced  witch  hunting  in  our  country  and  the  hydrogen  bomb 
as  "completely  diabolical"  threats  to  the  security  of  the  United  States  and  the 
entire  world.     May  24,  1950,  page  1. 


The  Communists'  "peace"  campaign  in  the  United  States  also 
made  special  efforts  to  drum  up  support  in  the  vital  field  of  American 
labor.  In  this  phase  of  the  campaign,  Communist-controlled' unions 
and  Communist  labor  figures  played  an  important  role.  With  their 
aid,  a  new,  Nation-wide  "peace"  front  was  organized — the  National 
Labor  Conference  for  Peace. 

Several  Communist  propaganda  moves  which  occurred  in  different 
parts  of  the  country  but  were  timed  on  the  same  day — April  13,  1949 — 
served  to  pave  the  way  for  the  formation  of  this  new  front.  These 
were  heralded  in  blazing  headlines  in  the  Communist  Daily  Worker 
the  following  day.  One  of  these  preliminary  moves  was  the  announce- 
ment by  one  Bernard  V.  McGroarty  of  Cleveland  that  he  had  sent 
letters  to  trade-union  leaders  thi'oughout  the  country  urging  a  fight 
against  the  North  Atlantic  defense  pact.  McGroarty  also  announced 
that  he  and  15  other  mid  western  trade-unionists  had  sent  a  letter  to 
President  Truman  opposing  the  pact  on  April  12. 

This  action  was  interpreted  by  the  Daily  Worker  as  being  a  "grass- 
roots" labor  campaign  against  the  Atlantic  pact.  It  referred  to  the 
16  signers  of  the  letter  to  the  President  as  "prominent"  union  leaders. 

Actually  the  signers  were  obscure  officials  of  a  few  scattered  local 
unions  in  Ohio;  there  was  not  one  official  of  any  international  union. 

Mr.  McGroarty,  who  was  listed  as  a  member  of  the  Stereotypers 
Union  of  Cleveland,  is  on  record  as  having  defended  numerous  Com- 
munist leaders  who  have  run  afoul  of  the  law.  When  he  died  in 
May  1950,  McGroarty  was  mourned  by  the  topmost  Communist 
leaders.  He  never  proclaimed  himself  publicly  as  a  member  of  the 
Communist  Party,  but  he  endorsed  its  official  publication,  the  Daily 
Worker,  and  was  the  object  of  lavish  praise  by  that  publication  on  a 
number  of  occasions. 

The  15  other  unionists  who  signed  the  letter  were: 

George  Kavanas,  president,  UMW  Local  51,  Wheeling,  W.  Va, 

Nick  Gordon,  president,  UMW  Local  6233,  Benwood,  W.  Va. 

Harold  Woods,  president,  UMW  Local  4472,  Yorkville,  Ohio. 

Frank  Sicha,  president,  UMW  Local  284,  Martins  Ferry,  Ohio. 

Clyde  Hinckley,  financial  secretary,  UAW-AFL  Local  797,  Cleveland,  Ohio. 

Joseph  D.  Ross,  secretary,  AFL  Blacksmiths  Local  641,  Cleveland,  Ohio. 

Sam  Bossin,  president,  AFL  Painters  Local  867,  Cleveland,  Ohio. 

H.    C.    Glover,   vice  president.   Brotherhood  of  Railway   Clerks,   Lodge   2100, 

Cleveland,  Ohio. 
Oscar  Dennis,  president,  CIO  Mine- Mill  Local  735. 
Joseph  A.  Chick,  president,  Mine- Mill  Local  715,  Cleveland,  Ohio. 
Joseph  Sheetz,  president,  UE-CIO  Local  758,  Mansfield,  Ohio. 
Charles  Marcum,  president,  UE-CIO  Local  732,  Sycamore,  Ohio. 
Ignatius  Monachino,  president,  UE-CIO  Local  735,  Cleveland,  Ohio. 
Charles  Beckman,  president,  UAW-CIO  Local  45  (Fisher  Body),  Cleveland,  Ohio. 

The  other  propaganda  move,  wliich  received  widespread  pubficity 
in  the  Daily  Worker,  was  the  insertion  of  a  paid  advertisement  in 
The  New  York  Times  of  April  13,  1949,  under  the  heading  "Labor 


Wants  Peace  Talks,  Not  a  Pact  for  War."  ^  The  advertisement 
carried  typical  Communist  propaganda  against  the  Atlantic  pact  and 
named  as  its  endorsers  267  alleged  "New  York  labor  leaders." 

These  included  the  following  whose  Communist  Party  affiliation  has 
been  made  a  matter  of  public  record:  Ben  Gold,  president,  Interna- 
tional Fur  and  Leather  Workers  Union;  Max  Perlow,  international 
secretary-treasurer,  International  Furniture  Workers  Union;  Arthur 
Osman,  president,  Independent  Wholesale  and  Warehouse  Local  65; 
and  John  Steuben,  secretary-treasurer,  AFL  Hotel  Front  Service 
Local  144.  Endorser  William  Michelson,  president.  Independent  De- 
partment Store  Union,  Local  2,  has  refused  to  affirm  or  deny  Com- 
munist Party  membership  under  oath.  Isidore  Rosenberg,  manager, 
CIO  Shoe  Council,  had  endorsed  the  Communist  Party  program  on 
November  6,  1933.  Frank  Dutto,  president,  AFL  Bakers  Local  1; 
Ben  Gold;  and  Joseph  P.  Selly,  president,  American  Communications 
Workers,  had  been  the  subject  of  punitive  procedure  by  State  or 
national  labor  bodies  because  of  their  Communist  records. 

The  Daily  Worker  frankly  admitted  that  the  foregoing  efforts  were 
preliminaries  to  the  National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace,  the  gather- 
ing that  was  to  formally  initiate  the  front  organization  of  the  same 

Various  issues  of  the  Daily  Worker  described  how  authority  to  call 
a  National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace  was  "given"  by  Bernard 
McGroarty  to  a  "visiting  delegation  of  Illinois  trade-unionists,"  at 
a  luncheon  meeting  in  Cleveland,  in  June  1949. 

An  arrangements  committee  for  the  conference  was  subsequently 
formed  with  the  following  officers:  Bernard  McGroarty,  honorary 
chairman;  Samuel  Curry,  chairman;  Thomas  Slater,  a  carpenter  and 
an  active  defender  of  Communist  leaders  on  trial,  vice  chairman; 
Sven  Anderson,  vice  president  of  Local  453,  United,  Auto  Workers, 
as  secretary;  and  James  Wishart,  of  the  Progressive  Citizens  of 
America  as  well  as  educational  director  of  the  Communist-controlled 
Fur  Workers  District  Council,  as  executive  secretary. 

Headquarters  were  established  at  suite  905,  179  West  Washington 
Street,  Chicago,  111. 

In  its  progress  reports,  the  Daily  Worker  stated  that  "organizing 
committees"  for  the  conference  were  functioning  in  more  than  "36 
key  industrial  areas." 

In  July  the  arrangements  committee  announced  that  the  National 
Labor  Conference  for  Peace  would  be  held  in  Chicago  on  October  1 
and  2,  1949.^  At  the  same  time,  the  committee  boasted  that  it  had 
initiated  a  letter  of  protest  against  the  Atlantic  pact  which  would 
be  sent  to  every  member  of  the  United  States  Senate.  The  committee 
claimed  that  it  had  obtained  signatures  to  the  letter  by  1,500  local 
union  officers. 

Sam  Curry,  as  chairman  of  the  conference  arrangements  committee, 
issued  a  press  release  on  August  9,  1949,  "on  behalf  of  thousands  of 
local  union  leaders"  urging  defeat  of  the  military  assistance  program. 
Curry  is  the  president  of  Local  347  of  the  United  Packinghouse 
Workers  in  Chicago. 

Also,  prior  to  the  National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace,  the  arrange- 
ments committee  selected  John  T.  Bernard  as  its  delegate  to  the 

•  See  appendix  XIII  to  this  report  for  the  full  contents  of  this  advertisement. 
'  See  appendix  XIV  to  this  report  for  the  official  conference  "Call." 


American  Continental  Congress  for  Peace,  held  in  Mexico  City 
September  5  to  10,  1949.  Air.  Bernard's  voluminous  record  of  Com- 
munist-front affiliations  is  contained  in  a  report  of  the  Special  Com- 
mittee on  Un-American  Activities  dated  March  29,  1944.  Testifying 
before  the  Washington  State  Joint  Legislative  Fact-Finding  Com- 
mittee on  Un-American  Activities  on  January  27,  1948,  Louis  F. 
Budenz,  former  managing  editor  of  the  Daily  Worker,  revealed  that 
an  assignment  of  John  T.  Bernard  to  work  in  the  International 
Workers  Order  had  been  discussed  at  Communist  Party  headquarters 
in  Budenz'  presence.  Bernard  has  contributed  frequently  to  the 
Communist  press  and  has  defended  individual  Communists  on  a 
number  of  occasions. 

On  September  6,  1949,  the  forthcoming  conference  received  the 
endorsement  of  George  Morris,  also  known  as  Morris  Yusem,  promi- 
nent Communist  labor  columnist.  The  west  coast  Communist  organ, 
the  Daily  People's  World,  carried  an  enthusiastic  editorial  of  support 
of  the  conference.  The  article  demonstrated  that  the  conference 
had  the  official  stamp  of  approval  of  the  Communist  Party. 

The  World  Federation  of  Trade  Unions,  which  has  been  repudiated 
because  of  its  Communist  character  by  both  the  American  Federation 
of  Labor  and  the  Congress  of  Industrial  Organizations,  has  been  a 
bulwark  of  the  Communists'  worldwide  "peace"  campaign  from  its 
inception.  The  arrangements  committee  of  the  National  Labor 
Conference  for  Peace  revealed  its  close  kinship  with  this  federation 
by  inviting  delegates  to  the  conference  from  international  bodies 
affiliated  with  the  World  Federation  of  Trade  Unions.  John  T. 
Bernard  personally  invited  Vincent  Lombard©  Toledano,  head  of  the 
Latin-American  Federation  of  Labor,  Toledano  was  prevented  from 
attending,  however,  when  he  was  denied  a  visa  by  the  State  Depart- 
ment because  of  his  pro-Communist  record.  Also  invited  were  repre- 
sentatives of  World  Federation  of  Trade  Unions  affiliates  in  France, 
Puerto  Rico,  Italy,  Poland,  and  Cuba.  Michael  Quatrepointe,  who 
planned  to  attend  in  behalf  of  the  Communist-controlled  General 
Confederation  of  Labor  of  France,  was  also  denied  a  visa. 

Featured  speakers  when  the  conference  finally  got  under  way  on 
October  1  and  2  included  Henry  A.  Wallace  and  Paul  Robeson.  An 
added  attraction  was  Merton  Scott,  national  secretary  of  the  peace 
board  of  the  Five  Years  Meeting  of  Friends,  a  Quaker  organization. 
Other  speakers  included  Fred  Stover,  president  of  the  Iowa  Farmers 
Union,  who  was  also  originally  scheduled  to  speak  for  the  Mid- 
Century  Conference  for  Peace  and  who  was  withdrawn  as  too  con- 
troversial; Ewart  Guinier,  international  secretary-treasurer  of  the 
United  Public  Workers,  which  has  been  expelled  from  the  CIO,  and 
Vito  Marcantonio. 

An  alleged  1,245  delegates  attended  the  National  Labor  Conference 
for  Peace.  They  adopted  resolutions  urging  immediate  U.  S.- 
U.  S.  S.  R.  conferences,  the  outlawing  of  atomic  bombs,  the  destruction 
of  existing  stockpiles,  trade  with  Communist-dominated  areas,  and 
the  like. 

In  a  keynote  letter  to  the  conference,  Bernard  McGroarty,  who  was 
unable  to  attend  because  of  illness,  called  for  the  defeat  of  the  "war- 
mongers" and  declared  that  "This  National  Labor  Conference  for 
Peace  can  be  the  firm  fist  that  will  hurry  that  defeat."     This  was,  of 


course,  merely  a  paraphrase  of  the  Communist  slogan  "Defeat  your 
own  government." 

Another  featured  speaker  was  Tom  Fitzpatrick,  of  the  United 
Electrical,  Radio  and  Machine  Workers  of  Pittsburgh,  who  has  been 
identified  as  a  Communist  before  the  Committee  on  Un-American 
Activities  and  who  has  refused  under  oath  to  affirm  or  deny  his  party 
membership.  Another  speaker  was  Halois  Moorehead,  business 
agent  of  the  AFL  Building  Service  Employees  in  New  York,  who 
signed  a  nominating  petition  for  Benjamin  J.  Davis,  Communist 
candidate  for  councilman  in  that  city.  In  her  speech  at  the  confer- 
ence, Miss  Moorehead  defended  the  right  of  the  Communist  Party 
to  exist  as  a  legal  political  party  and  denounced  the  court  proceedings 
against  11  Communist  leaders  as  a  "heresy  trial  at  Foley  Square." 

The  National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace  claimed  it  spoke  in 
behalf  of  all  labor.  The  effrontery  of  this  is  demonstrated  by  com- 
paring the  position  of  this  organization  and  that  of  loyal  organized 
labor.  In  October  1949  the  executive  council  of  the  American 
Federation  of  Labor  declared  its  firm  support  of  the  North  Atlantic 
defense  pact  and  pointed  out  that  it  was  "essential"  in  view  of  the 
"proximity  to  the  Communist  Empu'e  and  Communist  concentration 
on  production  for  war  [whichl  brings  aU  Europe  under  the  shadow  of 
a  great  fear."  The  CIO  on  March  20,  1949,  announced  that  "The 
European  recovery  program  has  had  the  CIO's  unwavermg  support 
from  its  inception," 

It  was  decided  at  the  Chicago  conference  to  hold  a  future  meeting 
in  Washington,  D.  C,  from  which  "a  million  signatures  against  the 
cold  war"  were  to  be  presented  to  President  Truman  and  Members  of 
Congi-ess.  Bernard  V.  McGroarty  was  elected  honorary  chau-man  of 
the  conference. 

The  conference  received  cordial  gi-eetings  from  the  following 
Communist-led  labor  organizations:  Soviet  Trade  Union  Council, 
World  Federation  of  Trade  Unions,  All-Chuia  Federation  of  Labor, 
Polish  Central  Trade  Union  Council,  Latin-American  Federation  of 
Labor,  Philippme  Congress  of  Labor  Organizations.  An  editorial  in 
the  Worker  for  October  9,  1949,  called  the  conference  "a  magnificent 

Carl  Ross,  district  secretary  of  the  Communist  Party  of  Minnesota, 
and  Joseph  Brandt,  labor  secretary  of  the  Communist  Party  of  Ohio, 
summed  up  the  achievements  of  the  conference  in  an  article  in  the 
Daily  Worker  of  October  7,  1949.  They  pointed  out  that  "26  States 
and  most  major  industrial  centers  were  represented,"  the  largest 
delegation  outside  of  Chicago  being  from  Detroit,  with  a  large  west 
coast  delegation  from  the  maritime  industry.  The  intent  of  the 
conference  to  obstruct  our  national  defense  progi-am  was  implied  by 
the  authors  when  they  hailed  the  "new  opportunities  for  massing  the 
strength  of  labor  against  the  fomenters  of  the  cold  war  and  the 
preparations  for  World  War  III." 

On  a  number  of  occasions  the  "peace  movement"  in  the  United 
States  had  been  criticized  by  Communist  spokesmen  abroad  for 
failure  to  pay  sufficient  attention  to  the  enlistment  of  labor  forces. 
In  answer  to  this  criticism,  the  afore-mentioned  Ross  and  Brandt 
pointed  out  that  the  conference  "began  to  fill  in  a  missing  link  in  the 
chain  of  a  world  peace  front"  and  "began  to  answer  the  question 


foremost  among  trade-unionists  the  world  over  of  whether  American 
workers  would  raise  their  voices  for  peace." 

In  a  policy-making  directive  in  the  Daily  Worker  of  March  23,  1950, 
John  Williamson,  national  labor  secretary  of  the  Communist  Party, 
specified  that  Communists  should  "help  build  the  Labor  Peace 
Conference."  He  declared  that  "this  is  not  a  Communist  organiza- 
tion," yet  nevertheless  authoritatively  outlined  the  tasks  of  the 
organization.  He  pointedly  remarked  that  a  "slow-down  spirit  has 
been  rising  in  the  shops  and  factories  and  offices"  since  President 
Truman  gave  the  order  for  the  production  of  the  hydrogen  bomb. 

Another  directive,  Plan  of  Work  of  National  Committee,  Commu- 
nist Party,  U.  S.  A.,  July  15  to  Labor  Day,  1950,  which  is  reproduced 
in  appendix  VIII,  sets  forth,  among  other  things,  the  tasks  of  Com- 
munists in  connection  with  the  Labor  Conference  for  Peace. 

It  called  for  the  organization  of  a  "well-functioning"  Labor  Confer- 
ence for  Peace  in  at  least  30  cities  throughout  the  country,  with  peace 
committees  in  shops  and  local  unions  in  those  cities. 

The  proceedings  of  the  National  Labor  Conference  were  held  under 
the  supervision  of  an  emmissary  from  the  Soviet  Union,  A.  Lavrenyov, 
who  ostensibly  attended  as  a  correspondent  of  New  Times,  published 
in  Moscow.  He  wrote  a  full  description  of  the  conference  in  New 
Times  for  November  16,  1949,  commenting  that  "The  preparatory 
work  was  very  well  organized."  Pie  said  that  statements  of  delegates 
from  Pittsburgh,  Chicago,  the  Great  Lakes,  California,  the  Atlantic 
and  Pacific  coasts  "spoke  against  Washington's  aggressive  policy." 
Delegate  Work,  of  the  Detroit  Ford  plant,  for  example,  pledged  that 
the  workers  of  America  will  refuse  to  turn  out  war  weapons,  he 
reported.  Christine  Walker,  according  to  Lavrenyov,  said  at  the 
conference  that  "The  young  people  of  America  will  never  go  to  war 
against  the  Soviet  Union."  Since  it  is  standard  Communist  policy 
to  penetrate  the  "vital  parts"  of  America's  defense  apparatus,  he 
voiced  his  gratification  that  a  national  committee  which  was  elected 
by  the  conference  included  representatives  of  workers  in  the  steel, 
copper-smelting,  automobile,  electrical,  food,  and  other  industries. 

Subsequent  to  the  National  Labor  Conference  in  Chicago,  subsidiary 
bodies  of  a  similar  nature  were  established  in  various  industrial  centers 
throughout  the  country  through  the  tour  of  Frieda  Schwenkmeyer,  its 
administrative  secretary.  She  was  formerly  active  in  the  American 
League  for  Peace  and  Democracy,  an  earlier  Communist  peace  front. 
Her  itinerary,  which  was  described  in  the  Daily  Worker  of  June  30, 
1950,  will  give  some  idea  of  the  extent  of  her  operations:  Jul}^  5  tlii^ough 
9,  Los  Angeles;  July  11-14,  San  Francisco;  July  17,  Tacoma,  Wash.; 
July  18,  Seattle;  July  21,  Salt  Lake  City;  July  22,  Denver;  July  24, 
Omaha;  August  8,  vSouth  Bend,  Ind.;  August  3,  Fort  Wayne,  Ind.; 
August  4,  Detroit;  August  5-11,  Ohio;  August  21-22,  Milwaulvce  and 
Madison;  August  23-26,  Minnesota.  In  each  case,  the  basis  was  laid 
for  a  local  branch  of  the  National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace. 

Thereafter,  the  locals,'  together  with  the  national  office  of  the 
National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace,  waged  an  incessant  propaganda 
campaign  in  behalf  of  the  Soviet  Union.  Their  media  was  the  mass 
meeting,  leaflet,  and  open  letter.  With  the  inauguration  of  the 
Stockholm  Peace  Petition  in  March  1950,  the  National  Labor  Confer- 
ence began  feverishly  to  collect  signatures  to  this  fraudulent  document. 

>  See  appendix  XV  for  description  of  activities  of  Ohio  Labor  Conference  for  Peace. 


On  June  14,  1950,  30  delegates  of  the  conference  presented  to  the 
United  Nations  a  scroll  carrying  150,000  signatures  to  the  peace 

On  May  2,  1950,  the  Daily  Worker  announced  that  a  New  York 
chapter  of  the  National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace  had  been  formed, 
with  temporary  headquarters  at  80  East  Eleventh  Street,  a  building 
devoted  to  numerous  Communist  enterprises.  The  New  York 
organization  appointed  Marcel  Scherer  as  full-time  coordinator.  The 
record  of  this  man  shows  that  he  is  well  suited  for  this  role. 


Mr.  Scherer  is  a  Moscow-trained,  technically  skilled  operative  of  the 
Communist  Party.  When  asked  by  the  Committee  on  Un-American 
Activities  on  June  21,  1950,  whether  he  had  received  training  in  the 
Lenin  Institute  in  Moscow,  he  declined  to  answer  on  grounds  of  self- 
incrimination  although  previous  testimony  by  former  students  of  this 
institute  and  former  Communists  had  established  this  fact.  On 
November  30,  1939,  William  Odell  Nowell,  a  former  Lenin  School 
student,  testified  as  follows  before  the  Special  Committee  on  Un- 
American  Activities  on  the  character  of  training  at  the  school: 

Mr.  Nowell.  We  were  given  regular  military  training  *  *  *^  W^e  j^ad 
target  practice,  the  science  of  civil  warfare,  revolutionary  uprising  *  *  *  the 
conspiratory  type  of  warfare — how  to  develop  a  general  strike  out  of  a  local 
strike;  how  to  develop  a  general  strike  into  a  city  uprising,  a  city  uprising  into  a 
national  uprising     *     *     *_ 

Mr.  Starnes.  Were  you  taught  to  concentrate  particularly  on  utilities  and 
munitions  plants,  or  anything  to  that  effect? 

Mr.  Nowell.  The  food  supply,  the  warehouses,  the  utilities,  that  is,  water 
and  lights,  gas,  and  all  those  things;  the  communications,  that  is,  the  railways 
entering  the  city,  the  streetcar  service,  telephone  service,  and  telegraph     *     *     *, 

Mr.   Starnes.  Were   you   given   any  instructions  in   sabotage? 

Mr.  Nowell.  Sabotage;  how  to  wreck  trains,  at  this  point  closing  down 
factories,  facilitating  discontent  to  raise  the  mob  spirit  *  *  *  and  various 
acts  of  sabotage.  *  *  *  Also  the  general  method  of  derailing  a  train  and 
destroying  its  cargo     ♦     *     *. 

We  were  given  instruction  in  code,  how  to  decipher  codes,  and  shown  the  possi- 
bilities of  working  out  our  own  code. 

Although  a  candidate  for  New  York  City  alderman  on  the  Commu- 
nist Party  ticket  in  1931  and  identified  as  a  charter  member  of  the  party 
by  former  fellow  members  in  sworn  testimony,  Mr.  Scherer  has  refused 
to  affirm  or  deny  his  party  membership  on  grounds  of  self- 

Marcel  Scherer  was  one  of  the  founders,  an  international  vice 
president,  and  national  organization  director  of  the  Federation  of 
Architects,  Chemists,  and  Technicians,  which  had  established  units 
in  the  numerous  important  navy  yards  and  such  strategic  plants  as 
Westinghouse  Electric,  General  Electric,  Radio  Corp.  of  America, 
Sperry  Gyroscope,  Douglas  Aircraft,  Vultee  Aircraft,  Glenn  L. 
Martin  Aircraft,  New  York  Shipbuilding  Corp.,  Betid ehem  Steel, 
Brill  Car  Co.,  Baldwin  Locomotive  Works,  American  Bridge  Co., 
Jones  &  Laughlin,  and  the  Universal  Oil  Products  Co.  This  union 
was  identified  as  one  in  which  Communist  leadership  was  "strongly 
entrenched"  in  a  report  by  the  Special  Committee  on  Un-American 
Activities  on  March  29,  1944.  On  September  30,  1939,  Joseph. 
Zack  (Kornfeder),  former  trade-union  director  of  the  Communist 
Party,  had  testified  that  this  organization  was  controlled  by  the  party. 


Subsequently,  from  1944  to  1947,  Scherer  was  business  manager  of 
Local  1227  of  the  United  Electrical,  Radio,  and  Machine  Workers, 
international  representative  and  later  educational  director  of  District 
4  of  the  UE.  The  UE  has  since  been  expelled  from  the  CIO  because 
of  its  Communist  character. 

Mr.  Scherer  admitted  under  oath  that  the  FAECT  under  his 
direction  had  been  active  in  organizing  a  local  at  the  radiation  labora- 
tory of  the  University  of  California  in  1942  or  1943,  which  was 
engaged  in  work  on  the  atomic  bomb.  His  local  was  also  active  in 
organizing  the  Shell  Development  Co.,  Shell  Oil  Co.,  and  the  Shell 
Chemical  Co.,  all  engaged  in  important  war  work  at  the  time. 

In  sworn  testimony  by  Paul  Crouch,  former  Communist  Party 
organizer  in  California,  Scherer  was  identified  as  the  national  head  of 
the  party's  work  among  chemists,  scientists,  and  technicians. 

"peace"  riot 

That  there  is  nothing  peaceful  about  the  Communist  "peace  move- 
ment" was  demonstrated  on  August  2,  1950,  when  2,000  demonstrators 
staged  a  full-fledged  riot  in  Union  Square  in  New  York  City  under  the 
auspices  of  the  New  York  Labor  Conference  for  Peace.  The  riot 
stemmed  from  defiance  of  a  police  ban  against  a  meeting  of  the  labor 
conference.  The  demonstrators  used  their  fists  and  feet,  climbed 
electric-light  poles,  and  created  sufficient  disorder  to  necessitate  the 
calling  out  of  a  thousand  policemen  who  made  14  arrests.  The  riot 
was  applauded  by  the  Moscow  radio  on  August  2,  1950,  and  by  the 
New  York  State  Communist  Party,  which  paid  tribute  to  the  "courage 
of  the  thousands  of  demonstrators,  and  their  ability  to  carry  forward 
their  action  in  the  face  of  police  provocation  and  attacks."  Un- 
questionably this  W£is  merely  a  rehearsal  for  similar  riotous  manifesta- 
tions. The  Communist  statement  pointed  out  that  this  demonstration 
was  directed  toward  "compelling  the  seating  of  the  representatives" 
of  the  Chinese  Communist  Government  in  the  UN  and  to  "compel  a 
speedy  adoption"  of  the  Soviet  proposals  for  settling  the  Korean  War. 


The  Communist  "peace"  offensive  employed  special  organizations 
to  attract  women  to  its  subversive  cause.  In  the  United  States,  this 
effort  was  channeled  through  the  Congress  of  American  Women  and 
local  women's  committees  for  peace  in  various  cities. 

The  Congress  of  American  Women  is  a  Communist-front  organiza- 
tion created  in  1946  as  a  branch  of  the  Women's  International  Demo- 
cratic Federation,  an  international  Communist  front  for  women.  The 
active  collaboration  of  both  organizations  with  the  World  Peace 
Congress  already  has  been  made  the  subject  of  an  extensive  report  by 
the  Committee  on  Un-American  Activities  dated  October  23,  1949. 

Women  in  the  United  States  who  have  played  a  prominent  part  in 
the  Communist  "peace"  offensive  include  Freda  Kirchwey  and  Ella 
Winter,  who  attended  the  Wroclaw  conference,  first  in  the  long  series 
of  so-called  world  "peace"  congresses.  American  women  who  spon- 
sored but  did  not  attend  this  congress  included:  Catherine  Corwin, 
Leta  Cromwell,  Florence  Davidson,  Virginia  Durr,  Edita  Morris,  and 
Mrs.  Jack  Paradise. 

Eighty-four  American  women  sponsored  the  Scientific  and  Cultural 
Conference  for  World  Peace,  held  in  New  York  March  25-27,  1949. 
(See  appendix  II.) 

Sponsors  of  the  Paris  World  Peace  Congress  of  April  1949  included 
the  following:  Charlotte  Hawkins  Brown,  Muriel  Draper,  Shirley 
Graham,  Ada  B.  Jackson,  Maud  Russell,  Rose  Russell,  Maud  Slye, 
Mary  Van  Kleeck,  Gene  Weltfish,  Ella  Winter,  Elinor  Gimbel,  and 
Nym  Wales.  Most  of  these  sponsors  were  also  associated  with  the 
Congress  of  American  Women  and/or  its  parent  body,  the  Women's 
International  Democratic  Federation. 

Alineola  Ingersoll  was  an  official  delegate  from  the  Congress  of 
American  Women  to  the  Paris  "peace"  congress;  Ella  Winter,  active 
in  the  WIDE,  was  listed  among  the  officers  of  the  Paris  congress;  and 
Gene  Weltfish,  first  president  of  the  Congress  of  American  Women, 
was  elected  a  member  of  the  permanent  committee  of  the  World 
Peace  Congress. 

The  Women's  International  Democratic  Federation  had  joined  in 
issuing  the  call  for  the  World  Peace  Congress,  held  in  Paris  in  April 
1949.  The  manifesto  of  the  WorM  Peace  Congress  played  adroitly 
upon  women's  hatred  of  war-  in  order  to  serve  the  interests  of  Soviet 
designs  for  aggression: 

The  women,  the  mothers  who  bring  hope  to  the  world,  should  know  that  we 
consider  it  our  sacred  duty  to  defend  the  lives  of  their  children  and  the  security 
of  their  homes. 

The  Women's  Federation  had  already  adopted  its  own  "peace" 
manifesto  at  its  second  congress  in  Budapest  in  December  1948. 
The  organization  frankly  stated  at  the  time  that  it  intended  to  follow 
the  lead  of  the  Soviet  Union,  "the  only  country  truly  working  for 
peace"  against  the  "vile  actions"  of  the  "imperialist  warmongers." 



The  manifesto  identified  the  "warmongers"  as  the  United  States  and 
Great  Britain. 

The  WIDF  "peace"  manifesto  gave  the  following  instructions: 


It  is  our  task  to  prevent  our  husbands,  sons,  and  brothers  from  being  dragged 
into  a  new  war  where  they  will  become  cannon  fodder  in  the  interest  of  adventurers 
and  the  owners  of  the  atomic  bomb. 

Overlooking  the  Soviet  Union's  interference  in  the  affairs  of  its 
satellites,  particularly  in  Korea  and  China,  this  "peace"  manifesto 
exhorted  "Women  of  the  United  States,  Great  Britain,  France, 

You  must  remember  that  a  country  which  oppresses  another  cannot  live  in 
freedom.  Urge  your  governments  to  withdraw  their  troops  from  Greece,  China, 
Viet-Nam,  Indonesia,  Malaya,  Burma,  and  South  Korea,  and  halt  all  forms  of 
interference  in  the  domestic  affairs  of  other  nations. 

The  "peace"  manifesto  called  on  the  women  of  the  Soviet  Union  to 
lead  the  women  of  the  world: 

Women  of  the  Soviet  Union! 

Reinforce  the  strength  of  your  motherland,  stronghold  of  peace,  remembering 
that  the  stronger  your  country  grows,  the  more  firm  is  the  unity  for  peace. 

The  "peace"  manifesto  also  laid  down  a  plan  of  action  for  organizing 
mass  pressure  on  the  democracies: 

Women  throughout  the  world! 
Let  all  of  us  stand  together  to  save  the  peace! 

Organize  mass  rallies,  demonstrations,  petitions,  exposing  the  criminal  plans 
of  the  aggressors  and  proclaiming  loudly  our  demand  for  peace. 

What  results  can  stem  from  an  appeal  such  as  this  was  clearly- 
demonstrated  in  Brazil  in  August  of  1949.  According  to  a  radio 
broadcast  from  Latin  America  on  August  18,  1949,  the  police  of  Rio 
de  Janeiro  discovered  a  Communist  plot  calling — 

for  women  and  children  to  be  strategically  planted  outside  and  around  the  so-called 
congresses  of  the  Partisans  of  Peace,  thus  making  it  more  difficult  for  the  police 
to  break  up  the  meetings,  while  at  the  same  time  peace  and  order  would  be 

This  plan  came  to  light  when  Rio  de  Janeiro  police  broke  up  a 
meeting  of  a  Communist  session  known  as  the  absolute  tribunal, 
where  they  seized  a  manifesto  giving  instructions  for  steps  to  be  taken 
at  the  outbreak  of  a  revolutionary  movement.  This  manifesto 
included  a — 

scheme  to  establish  feminine  brigades,  to  be  composed  of  well-trained  women. 
The  task  assigned  to  these  women  would  be  to  spearhead  the  assault. 

Claudia  Jones,  a  leading  woman  Communist  in  the  United  States 
and  member  of  the  Congress  of  American  Women,  boosted  the 
Women's  International  Democratic  Federation  in  the  Worker  of 
March  12,  1950.  Women's  aid  in  Communist-inspired  efforts  to 
sabotage  arms  shipments  and  otherwise  promulgate  the  "peace" 
campaign  was  praised  by  her  as  being  in  line  with  WIDF  directives: 

Part  of  the  mounting  campaign  of  French  trade-unionists  against  their  Govern- 
ment's part  in  the  cold  war  *  *  *  French  women  simultaneously  stretched 
out  on  the  tracks  to  prevent  the  train  [carrying  military  tanks]  from  moving. 
In  this  action  French  women  emulated  African  women  who  recently  barricaded 
with  their  bodies  imperialist  attempts  to  take  away  their  men  who  fight  for  better 


In  Eastern  Germany  over  5,000,000  women  signed  petitions  to  outlaw  the  A- 
bomb  and  for  world  disarmament.  In  Italy  over  2,000,000  women  led  by  the 
Union  of  Italian  Women  and  its  dynamic  leader,  Maria  Maddelena  Rossi  [who 
has  been  a  Communist  Party  deputy  in  the  Italian  Legislature]  led  similar 
struggles     *     *     *   _ 

In  Britain,  25  women,  some  pushing  carriages,  holding  their  children  by  the 
hand,  marched  in  London's  suburbs  on  International  Women's  Day  *  *  * 
[they]  carried  banners  with  the  words  "Ban  Bombs."  "Deliver  Us  From  Evil" 
(page  1,  mag.). 

On  April  14,  1950,  the  Moscow  radio,  in  its  Soviet  Home  Service 
broadcast,  announced: 

The  International  Democratic  Women's  Federation  on  behalf  of  60,000,000 
women  workers  in  various  countries  has  proclaimed  that  it  supports  the  appeal 
of  the  Peace  Partisan  Permanent^Comraittee  *  *  *_  Womenare  now  collect- 
ing signatures  for  this  appeal. 

!-•  The  Daily  Worker  announced  on  July  7,  1950,  in  a  special  bulletin 
from  Paris,  that  the  Women's  International  Democratic  Federation 
had  formally  protested  by  cable  to  Secretary  General  Trygve  Lie 
of  the  United  Nations  against  the  Security  Council's  decision  uphold- 
ing the  United  States'  military  interventions  "against  Korea." 
This  is  a  typical  Communist  distortion  of  the  fact  that  the  United 
States  went  to  the  assistance  of  free  South  Korea  after  it  had  been 
invaded  by  aggressors  from  Communist  North  Korea.  The  federa- 
tion sent  a  similar  cable  of  protest  to  President  Truman. 

The  Congress  of  American  Women  held  a  convention  in  New 
York,  May  6  to  8,  1949,  w^hich  was  utilized  as  a  convenient  platform 
from  which  to  espouse  the  "peace"  offensive.  This  meeting  was 
hailed  by  the  Cominform,  formerly  known  as  the  Communist  Inter- 
national, in  its  official  publication,  For  a  Lasting  Peace,  for  a  People's 
Democracy,  as  follows: 

Consolidating  Forces  op  Democracy  Against  Imperialism 

The  national  convention  of  the  American  Women's  Congress  held  in  New  York 
at  the  beginning  of  the  month  adopted  the  congress  rules  and  a  program  in  defense 
of  peace  and  democratic  rights  embodying  the  main  aims  of  the  World  Federation 
of  Democratic  Women  to  which  the  congress  is  affiliated. 

The  convention  pointed  out  that  in  view  of  the  war  danger  fomented  by  the 
American  monopolists,  American  women  bore  a  special  responsibility.  It  stressed 
the  need  to  mobilize  the  broadest  sections  of  women  to  fight  for  peace.  The  con- 
vention demanded  that  the  atom  bomb  should  be  outlawed  *  *  *  and  that 
the  Atlantic  pact  be  annulled. * 

Elizabeth  Moos,  an  active  member  of  the  Communist  Party,  and 
now  executive  director  of  its  Peace  Information  Center,  previously 
described  in  this  report,  and  Mmeola  Ingersoll,  the  CAW  representa- 
tive to  the  World  Peace  Congress  in  Paris,  reported  to  the  convention 
on  the  Paris  peace  conference.  Miss  Ingersoll  told  the  CAW  dele- 
gates that  "72  nations,  representing  600,000,000  people,  are  for  peace. 
And  the  threat  of  war  comes  from  our  Nation — America." 

The  CAW  convention  "recognized"  that  "the  source  of  war" 
stemmed  "from  the  present  foreign  policy  of  the  administration," 
and  was  "reflected  in  such  designs  for  destruction  as  the  Atlantic  war 

The  convention  "boldly  challenged"  the  "barrage  of  war  propa- 
ganda" they  said  was  directed  by  the  United  States  against  the 
Soviet  Union,  and  passed  a  resolution  demanding  that  the  Atlantic 

>  For  a  Lasting  Peace,  for  a  People's  Democracy,  May  15, 1949,  p.  1. 
76512—51 6 


pact  be  rejected.  Flouting  the  authority  of  the  American  Government, 
and  going  over  its  head,  the  CAW  prepared  a  "petition  for  peace  and 
international  unity"  for  presentation  to  the  United  Nations,  as  the 
organization's  first  public  act  under  its  new  set-up. 

The  Communists  attempted  to  convert  women  in  the  United  States 
to  their  "peace"  program  not  only  through  previously  established  front 
organizations  for  women  but  also  through  new  committees  formed  for 
that  specific  purpose. 

One  of  the  earliest  of  these  groups  to  be  established  was  the  Minute 
Women  for  Peace,  which  was  discussed  and  praised  in  the  Worker  in 
March  1950,  by  Claudia  Jones.  This  Communist  leader  described  how 
the  Minute  Women  for  Peace  had  launched  a  "peace  ballot" 
distributed  in  and  around  Greater  Boston.  According  to  Claudia 
Jones — 

ballots  are  addressed  to  the  UN  and  urge:  "Save  the  Peace,  Outlaw  the  A-Bomb." 
The  slogans  "Halt  Production  of  the  H-Bomb,"  and  "Negotiate  with  the  Soviet 
Union  to  Outlaw  Atomic  Weapons"  are  the  key  slogans  of  women  in  the  U.  S.  A. 
who  observe  International  Women's  Day  (March  8)  in  united  front  meetings  in 
50  cities  *  *  *_  Since  then,  these  Minute  Women  for  Peace  have  created  a 
permanent  organization.  They  plan  a  peace  rally  this  month  and  will  visit  UN 
to  add  their  protests  against  the  war  threat  of  American  imperialism  to  the 
multitudinous  voices  of  anti-Fascist  women  around  the  world,  united  in  the 
Women's  International  Democratic  Federation  *  *  *  (Worker,  March  12, 
1950,  p.  1,  mag.). 

On  April  21,  1950,  the  Daily  Worker  reported  that  a  Minute 
Women  for  Peace  delegation  on  the  previous  day  had  presented  7,000 
"peace  ballots,"  together  with  a  statement  urging  outlawing  of  atom 
bombs,  to  J.  B.  Orrick,  who  represented  UN  Secretary  General 
Trygve  Lie. 

"An  all-day  women's  peace  conference"  in  Boston  on  June  25,  1950, 
was  sponsored  by  the  Minute  Women  for  Peace.  The  conference 
unanimously  went  on  record  in  support  of  the  Stockholm  World  Peace 
Appeal.  A  telegram  of  greetings  from  the  Women's  International 
Democratic  Federation  was  read.  "Your  fight  for  peace,"  the  tele- 
gram said,  "is  linked  with  81,000,000  women  united  in  a  world-wide 
fight  to  ban  atomic  war."  The  conference  also  adopted  recommenda- 
tions to  collect  20,000  "peace"  petitions  and  decided  to  send  a  delegate 
to  the  Second  World  Peace  Congress  to  be  held  in  the  fall  of  1950. 

An  article  from  the  Springfield  (Massachusetts)  Daily  News  in 
August  1950  showed  the  close  link  between  the  Communist  Party 
and  the  Minute  Women  for  Peace: 

Red  Leader  Is  Very  Happy  About  the  Minute  Women:  Says  They're  on 
Our  Side — Sidney  Lipshires,  Area  Communist  Secretary,  Pleased  at 
Support  Here  for   Stockholm   Peace    Petition,    Generally   Viewed   as 

Kremlin  Smoke  Screen 

Sidney  Lipshires,  secretary  of  the  Communist  Party  of  Western  Massachusetts, 
allowed  today  that  the  party  has  an  excellent  ally  in  the  Springfield-Chicopee 
Minute  Women  for  Peace — an  organization  which  came  out  strongly  last  night 
for  the  Communist-inspired  Stockholm  peace  pledge. 

Later  the  Springfield  Daily  News  reported: 

*  *  *  the  Springfield-Chicopee  Minute  Women  for  Peace  are  going  to  lose 
their  president,  Mrs.  Clyde  Dorr,     *     *     *     j^^  ^g^g  learned  today. 

Mrs.  Dorr,  who  was  not  available,  will  resign  as  soon  as  possiljle,  her  husband 
said  this  morning. 

"She  is  fed  up  with  the  entire  thing,"  he  said. 


On  April  23,  1950,  the  Worker  ran  a  feature  story  on  the  Committee 
of  Philadelphia  Women  for  Peace,  another  in  the  chain  of  Commmiist- 
inspired  women's  "peace"  groups.  The  article  quoted  a  communica- 
tion from  the  Philadelphia  Committee,  to  the  Chilean  Communist 
poet,  Pablo  Neruda,  who  has  been  exiled  from  Chile  as  a  result  of  his 
Communist  activities.  The  committee  claimed  its  communication 
was  ^vritten  at  "noon,  April  12,  1950  *  *  *  the  day  and  the 
hour  that  President  Truman,  architect  of  'peace  through  war,'  is 
welcoming  the  President  of  your  country,  Gonzalez  Videla,  at  the 
airport  at  Washington  for  a  3-week  visit."  The  communication  called 
the  President  of  the  United  States  and  the  President  of  Chile  "two 

The  Committee  of  Philadelphia  Women  for  Peace  was  organized 
in  February  1950,  to  circulate  a  so-called  "Ballot  for  Peace,"  which 
demanded  that  the  H-bomb  be  outlawed  and  was  addressed  to  Presi- 
dent Truman.  Among  those  present  at  a  "peace  rally"  of  the  Com- 
mittee of  Philadelphia  Women  for  Peace  marking  International 
Women's  Day  were  Ada  Jackson  and  Thelma  Dale,  who  have  been 
vice  presidents  of  the  Congress  of  American  Women  and  delegates  to 
congresses  of  the  Women's  International  Democratic  Federation. 
Thelma  Dale  has  been  a  member  of  the  New  York  State  Committee 
of  the  Communist  Party. 

In  conjunction  with  a  local  Labor  Peace  Committee,  the  Committee 
of  Philadelphia  Women  for  Peace  sponsored  a  rally  on  April  24,  1950. 
This  rally  endorsed  plans  to  picket  the  Federal  Building  in  Philadel- 
phia to  "protest  U.  S.  war  policies."  A  "demand  to  halt  the  ship- 
ment of  arms  and  munitions  to  European  countries"  was  another 
major  issue  in  this  demonstration.  The  rally  heard  Eslanda  Goode 
Robeson,  wife  of  Paul  Robeson,  report  on  the  "peace  activities"  of 
women  in  Europe,  China,  and  Africa: 

Women  abroad,  she  reported,  have  organized  daily  picket  lines  around  war 
ministry  buildings,  and  have  joined  with  labor  organizations  in  picketing  ships 
unloading  arms  sent  from  the  United  States  (Daily  Worker,  April  25,  1950,  p.  3). 

On  August  8,  1950,  1,000  women  arrived  in  Washington,  D.  C.  as 
a  "peace  delegation"  to  demand  that  President  Truman  "agree  to 
mediation  of  the  Korean  conflict  and  halt  the  danger  of  a  new  world 
war."  These  women  were  organized  by  a  group  known  as  the  "Ameri- 
can Women  for  Peace,"  and  supported  by  such  groups  as  the  Women's 
Division  of  the  American  Slav  Congress,  and  the  Progressive  Party, 
both  Communist-controlled,  and  the  Minute  Women  for  Peace. 
This  delegation  also  demanded  that  "neither  the  atom  nor  the  hj'-dro- 
gen  bomb  ever  be  used  by  the  U.  S.  Government."  The  women  milled 
around  the  White  House  and  the  halls  of  Congress  all  day,  although 
most  of  the  Congressmen  refused  to  see  them.  The  delegation 
received  continous  publicity  in  the  Daily  Worker,  climaxed  by  a 
tremendous  headline  and  the  lead  story  in  the  issue  of  August  9,  1950. 

The  American  Women  for  Peace  acted  as  an  advance  wave  to  estab- 
lish a  beachhead  for  other  left-wing  organizations  scheduled  to  descend 
on  Washington  in  observance  of  a  Communist-declared  "Peace 

In  support  of  their  demonstration,  the  American  Women  for  Peace 
mimeographed  and  disseminated  a  letter,  dated  August  4,  1950,  and 
signed  by  Therese  Lee  Robinson,  who  was  also  a  leader  and  one  of  the 
principal  speakers  at  the  American  Peace  Crusade  rally  at  Turner's 


Arena,  March  15,  1951,  in  Washington,  D.  C,  which  was  described 
on  pages  51-53  of  this  report.  One  of  the  women  was  Mrs.  Gertrude 
M.  Evans,  executive  secretary  of  the  Progressive  Party  of  the  District 
of  Columbia;  former  manager  of  the  Washington  Book  Shop,  official 
outlet  for  Communist  literature ;  and  supporter  of  the  Stockholm  Peace 


The  Communists  have  made  strenuous  effort  to  win  students  and 
youth  to  their  spurious  peace  movement.  They  have  channeled  their 
efforts  through  two  long-established  Soviet-controlled  international 
organizations,  the  World  Federation  of  Democratic  Youth  (formed  in 
1945)  and  the  International  Union  of  Students  (formed  in  1946). 
Both  of  these  organizations  speak  identical  lines  of  propaganda  and 
stand  together  on  all  phases  of  Soviet  foreign  policy.  Both  have  their 
affiliated  organizations  in  the  United  States,  which  consequently  have 
also  been  turned  into  instruments  in  the  "peace"  campaign. 

The  World  Federation  of  Democratic  Youth,  which  has  head- 
quarters at  Paris,  cooperated  with  other  Communist-controlled  organi- 
zations, such  as  the  Women's  International  Democratic  Federation 
and  the  World  Federations  of  Trade  Unions,  in  promoting  the  World 
Peace  Congress. 

The  officials  of  the  World  Federation  of  Democratic  Youth,  GuyMe 
Boysson,  president,  Herbert  Williams,  secretary,  and  Frances  Damon 
(an  American),  treasurer,  claim  their  organization  speaks  for  60,000,000 
youths  in  74  different  countries.  Like  most  Communist  claims,  thisis 

During  recent  years  the  World  Federation  of  Democratic  Youth  has 
convened  several  international  conferences  for  students  and  young 
people.  In  1948,  it  held  a  South-East  Asia  Conference  in  Calcutta, 
and  a  La  tin- American  Conference  in  Mexico  City.  In  all  of  these 
meetings  "peace"  was  the  major  theme,  but  always  with  the  Commu- 
nist interpretation;  the  Soviet  Union  was  hailed  as  the  champion  of 
peace,  while  the  United  States  was  denounced  as  the  imperialist 

In  the  United  States,  the  American  Youth  for  a  Free  World,  the 
affiliate  of  the  World  Federation  of  Democratic  Youth,  obediently 
executes  the  orders  of  its  parent  organization.  Located  at  144 
Bleecker  Street,  New  York  City,  the  AYFW  has  been  the  Commu- 
nist clearinghouse  for  international  student  and  youth  information. 
In  1949  its  executive  secretary  was  Doris  Senk,  and  in  1950  it  was 
Dorothy  Gottlieb.  Under  the  latter's  signature,  letters  have  been 
sent  to  members  requesting  them  to  be  sponsors  for  the  "peace"  move- 
ment in  the  United  States.  In  a  circular  letter  dated  May  1,  1950,  the 
following  appeal  was  made:  "Will  you  help  launch  this  campaign  in 
the  United  States — add  your  signature  to  the  World  Peace  Appeal  as 
an  initiating  member?" 

American  Youth  for  a  Free  World  cooperated  with  the  World 
Federation  of  Democratic  Youth  to  promote  the  World  Youth  Festival 
which  was  held  during  August  14-28,  1949,  in  Budapest.  The  Com- 
munist press  claimed  that  10,000  persons  from  80  different  countries 
attended  this  mammoth  demonstration,  whose  theme  was  "peace."  An 
American  delegation  of  175  students,  under  the  leadership  of  Sheppard 



Thierman,  executive  officer  of  the  Association  of  Internes  and  Medical 
Students,  attended  the  festival  in  Budapest.  When  Thierman  was 
dismissed  by  Kings  County  Hospital  in  New  York  City  on  loyalty 
charges,  the  Daily  Worker  rushed  to  defend  him  in  a  feature  article. 

While  traveling  through  France  on  the  way  to  Budapest,  some 
members  of  the  American  delegation  joined  in  a  Communist  parade 
to  celebrate  Bastille  Day.  They  marched  under  the  banner,  written 
in  English  and  French:  "Progressive  American  students  fight  for 
peace.     They  will  be  with  the  youth  of  the  world  at  Budapest." 

Of  the  10,000  young  people  attending  the  Budapest  festival,  3,500 
were  students.  The  festival  sugar-coated  its  propaganda  by  means  of 
motion  pictures,  parades,  singing,  speeches,  sports,  visits  to  univer- 
sities, and  sightseeing  tours.  In  their  marching  and  singing,  the 
young  people  were  usually  led  by  the  Soviet  delegation  displaying  a 
huge  photograph  of  Joseph  Stalin.  Representatives  of  the  Chinese 
Communist  armies  won  prominent  places  and  high  honors  in  all  the 

In  closing  ceremonies,  delegates  were  subjected  to  tense  emotional 
pressures,  comparable  to  the  great  mass  demonstration  staged  for  the 
Nazi  youth  by  Hitler.  Under  these  circumstances  the  young  people 
present  were  requested  to  take  a  pledge: 

*  *  *  We,  who  have  heard  the  call  of  the  World  Congress  of  the  Defenders 
of  Peace,  *  *  *  pledge  to  continue  until  final  victory  this  sacred  fight  for 
peace  and  happiness. 

Subsequent  to  the  World  Youth  Festival,  the  Moscow  radio 
announced  on  September  1,  1949,  that  the  "democratic  youth  of  the 
world"  had  arrayed  itself  against  "warmongers  and  imperialists." 
To  exploit  the  occasion  fully,  the  Communist  propagandists  made  a 
film  of  the  festival  and  released  it  in  several  countries.  On  July  9, 
1950,  it  had  its  premiere  in  New  York  at  the  Stanley  Theater,  which 
makes  a  specialty  of  Soviet  films. 

Immediately  after  the  conclusion  of  the  Budapest  festival,  the  Com- 
munist leaders  planned  another  world  youth  demonstration.  The 
Council  of  the  International  Union  of  Students  met  in  Sofia,  Bulgaria, 
during  September  1949  and  decided  to  stage  a  Second  World  Student 
Congress  in  Prague  during  1950;  the  First  World  Student  Congress 
was  the  1946  gathering  at  which  the  lUS  was  formally  created.,  This 
Second  World  Student  Congress  met  August  14-28,  1950,  in  Prague, 

The  International  Union  of  Students  claims  a  mem.bership  of  3,900,- 
000  students  in  60  dift'erent  countries.  In  the  United  States,  two 
Comm.unist-dominated  organizations  which  work  in  support  of  the 
lUS  are  the  Committee  for  International  Student  Cooperation  and 
the  Association  of  Internes  and  Medical  Students. 

The  Committee  for  International  Student  Cooperation,  which 
claims  to  have  been  organized  in  1948,  has  an  office  at  144  Bleecker 
Street,  New  York  City — the  same  address  as  the  headquarters  for 
American  Youth  for  a  Free  World.  Executive  secretary  of  the 
CISC  is  listed  as  Hortense  Sie. 

While  the  Committee  for  International  Student  Cooperation  does 
not  claim  actual  affiliation  with  the  International  Union  of  Students, 
nevertheless  the  closeness  of  the  two  organizations  is  demonstrated  by 
the  fact  that  the  lUS  sent  the  CISC  instructions  to  organize  a  United 
States  youth  delegation  to  the  Second  World  Student  Congress  in 
Prague.     The  CISC  promptly  followed  through  with  a  party-line 


propaganda  campaign  designed  to  induce  support  for,  and  delegates 
to,  the  congress. 

Other  organizations  and  individuals  supporting  this  Committee  for 
International  Student  Cooperation  inclucle: 

Student  Council,  NYU  School  of  Education. 

National  Student  Association,  NYU  School  of  Education. 

Toby  Bick,  president,  Psychological  Club,  Brooklyn  College. 

Analole  Beck,  president,  Math  Club,  Brooklyn  College. 

Stan  Aronowich,  Philosophical  Club,  Brooklyn  College. 

Joan  Studer,  cochairman,  Conference  on  Democracy  in  Education,  Queens  College. 

Herb  Gussack,  associate  editor.  Crown,  Queens  College 

Phil  SchefHer,  president.  Student  Council,  City  College  of  N.  Y. 

Beverly  Eubin,  vice  president,  Student  Council,  City  College  of  N.  Y. 

Norman  INIorris,  editor,  senior  Yearbook,  NYU. 

The  National  Student  Association,  the  principal  student  organi- 
zation in  the  United  States,  has  refused  full  cooperation  with  the 
Communists  in  the  Second  World  Student  Congress.  Because  of  this 
action,  the  Committee  for  International  Student  Cooperation  accused 
the  National  Student  Association  of  identifying  itself  with  ''the  cold- 
war  policies  of  the  U.  S.  State  Department." 

Literature  sent  out  by  the  Committee  for  International  Student 
Cooperation,  in  promoting  the  Prague  Youth  Congress,  gave  full 
support  to  the  Soviet  peace  movement  and  denounced  the  United 
States  as  an  "imperialist  aggressor." 


The  Association  of  Internes  and  Medical  Students,  which  was 
organized  in  1941  and  has  claimed  a  ro.embership  of  more  than  2,000 
youths,  was  formally  affiliated  with  the  International  Union  of 
Students  from  1946  until  1949.  In  fact,  a  delegation  from  the  AIMS 
helped  found  the  lUS  at  an  initiating  congress  in  Prague  in  1946. 

The  AIMS  has  long  been  a  faithful  follower  of  the  Communist 
Party  line,  and  its  alleged  disaffiliation  with  the  lUS  in  December 
1949  was  undoubtedly  a  ruse  to  answer  criticism  for  "left  wing" 
policies  which  had  been  voiced  within  the  American  Medical  Asso- 
ciation. Despite  its  "disaffiliation"  with  the  lUS,  the  AIAIS  an- 
nounced at  its  December  1949  national  convention  that  it  would  send 
delegates  to  the  lUS  Second  World  Student  Congress  in  Prague  in 
August  1950.  One  of  these  delegates  was  Chester  Davis,  whose 
speech  at  the  convention  is  described  subsequently  in  this  report. 

As  a  build-up  for  its  Prague  Congress,  the  lUS  on  December  31, 
1949,  sent  a  delegation  of  students  to  Moscow  where  it  remained  for 
20  days.  The  delegation,  which  included  Halstead  Holman  of  the 
United  States,  then  sent  a  message  by  means  of  the  lUS  organ,  World 
Student  News,  with  the  headline:  "Let  Us  Speak  the  Truth  about  the 
Soviet  Union."  The  truth,  according  to  this  student  delegation,  was 
that  the  Soviet  Union  is  the  "principal  fighter  for  peace,  democracy, 
independence,  and  equality  among  the  nations  of  the  world." 


On  August  14,  1950,  1,000  students  from  78  countries  assembled  at 
Prague  for  the  Second  World  Student  Congress,  according  to  the 
Communist  press.     While  the  congress  of  students  was  in  session,  the 


presidium  of  the  World  Peace  Congress  was  also  meeting  in  Prague. 
The  students  attended  a  huge  peace  rally,  which  was  addressed  by 
such  Communist  leaders  of  the  World  Peace  Congress  as  Professor 
Joloit-Curie  of  France  and  Ilya  Ehrenburg  of  the  U.  S.  S.  K.  The 
latter  told  the  students  that  the  United  States  was  not  dropping  the 
atomic  bomb  in  Korea  for  fear  of  the  peace  movement. 

A  speech  by  the  lUS  general  secretary,  instructed  the  Youth  Con- 
gress that  "the  chief  task  of  all  progressive  students  is  to  collect  new 
tens  of  millions  of  signatures  to  the  appeal  for  banning  the  atomic 
weapon."     This  is  a  reference  to  the  Stockholm  Peace  Pledge. 

The  climax  of  the  Prague  Student  Congress  came  when  15  delegates 
from  North  Korea  took  the  spotlight.  Speaking  for  them,  Lieuten- 
ant Colonel  Kan  Buk  told  the  Congress  that  North  Korea  had  been 
attacked  by  the  United  States  and  South  Korea.  He  asked  the  Con- 
gress of  students  to  condemn  the  "war  criminals"  and  to  demand  them 
to  withdraw  from  Korea.  When  he  finished  speaking,  the  entire 
assembly,  led  by  the  American  delegation,  ''swarmed  around  the 
speaker,  presented  him  with  their  student  badges,  and  loaded  him 
with  flowers." 

Chester  Davis,  spokesman  for  the  American  Committee  for  Inter- 
national Student  Cooperation,  agreeing  with  the  North  Korean 
Army  officer,  denounced  "American  intervention  in  Korea"  and 
demanded  "the  withdrawal  of  American  troops."  Frances  Damon,  a 
United  States  delegate  representing  the  World  Federation  of  Dem- 
ocratic Youth,  brazenly  asserted  that  all  American  students  opposed 
the  United  States  "war  of  aggression"  in  Korea. 

This  shameful  act,  perpetrated  at  the  very  moment  when  young 
Americans  were  sacrificing  their  lives,  demonstrates  the  effort  now 
being  made  by  the  World  Peace  Congress  to  undermine  and  destroy 
the  loyalty  of  American  youth. 

The  Moscow  radio,  however,  interpreted  the  Second  World  Student 
Congress  as  follows:  "Millions  of  youth  are  willing  to  fight,  shoulder 
to  shoulder  with  the  entire  younger  generation,  for  peace  against  the 
United  States  and  British  warmongers." 


Another  spearhead  of  the  "peace"  campaign  among  American 
youth  is  the  Communist-controlled  Labor  Youth  League. 

This  organization,  according  to  the  Daily  Worker,  was  established 
in  Chicago,  May  28-29,  1949,  by  150  delegates.  It  had  Leon  Wofsy, 
a  Communist,  as  its  national  chairman  and  Mel  Williamson  as  admin- 
istrative secretary.  Under  their  guidance  the  Labor  Youth  League 
claimed  to  have  organized  200  charter  clubs  among  "working  class" 
youth  and  on  university  campuses.  "The  building  of  the  Labor 
Youth  League,",  said  Wofsy  at  its  national  convention,  "is  an  answer  to 
the  call  of  military  brass  for  young  killers  to  slaughter  colored  Asians." 

The  National  Organizing  Committee  of  the  Labor  Youth  League, 
composed  of  60  delegates  representing  many  States,  met  in  Detroit 
on  April  25,  1950,  to  plan  a  "peace"  campaign  and  to  seek  signers  for 
the  Stockholm  World  Peace  Appeal.  They  decided  to  support  the 
peace  efforts  of  the  National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace  and  to 
attend  the  Mid-Century  Conference  of  the  Committee  for  Peaceful 
Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact. 


During  May  and  June  1950  the  Labor  Youth  League  collected 
thousands  of  signatures  for  the  "peace"  petition.  In  New  York  it 
undertook  the  collection  of  5,000  names  on  June  3  in  honor  of  Eugene 
Dennis,  general  secretary  of  the  Communist  Party;  it  claimed  it 
actually  obtained  11, 000  names.  The  LYL  then  set  the  goal  of  20,000 
"peace"  signers  a  week  and  a  total  of  250,000  by  September  1. 

The  Challenge  began  publication  in  March  1950  under  the  sponsor- 
ship of  the  Labor  Youth  League.  It  was  endorsed  by  William  Z. 
Foster,  chairman  of  the  Communist  Party,  as  follows : 

The  first  American  youth  paper  in  almost  a  decade  that  advances  a  Marxist 
outlook  and  champions  the  principle  of  scientific  socialism,  bringing  clarity  and 
confidence  to  the  young  people  in  the  fight  for  peace  *  *  *  ^  ^[\\  \)q  an 
invaluable  instrument  for  rallying  young  Americans  against  the  Wall  Street 
brass  hats  who  *  *  *  q^^q  out  to  murder  millions  of  our  youth  *  *  *  jn 
a  hell-bomb  war. 

On  August  24,  1950  the  Attorney  General  of  the  United  States 
declared  the  Labor  Youth  League  to  be  a  subversive  organization,  and 
the  successor  to  the  American  Youth  for  Democracy  and  the  Young 
Communist  League. 


Leon  Wofsy  is  the  leading  commissar  of  all  Communist  activity 
among  youth  organizations  in  the  United  States.  His  two  authori- 
tative articles  on  the  subject  appear  in  Political  Affairs,  the  theoretical 
monthly  organ  of  the  Communist  Party,  dated  March  1949  and  May 
1950.  The  articles  are  based  upon  Wofsy's  reports  before  the  National 
Committee  of  the  Communist  Party,  U,  S.  A.,  on  January  24,  1949, 
and  March  23-25,  1950.  He  has  spoken  officially  and  publicly  for 
the  Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.,  on  a  number  of  other  occasions.  He 
was  a  delegate  to  the  New  York  State  convention  of  the  Communist 
Political  Association,  as  the  Communist  Party  was  then  called,  on 
August  10-12,  1945.  He  is  today  the  leading  member  of  the  U.  S. 
Youth  Sponsoring  Committee  for  the  World  Peace  Appeal,  which  is 
in  charge  of  circulating  the  Communist  "peace"  petition  among  young 
people  in  this  country. 

Leon  Wofsy  was  chairman  of  the  national  organizing  committee 
of  the  subversive  Labor  Youth  League  early  in  1949.  He  became  its 
chairman  in  December  1949. 

Prior  to  that  he  had  been  a  prominent  figure  in  the  American  Youth 
for  Democracy  which  the  LYL  replaced.  As  national  educational 
director  of  the  AYD  he  was  denied  a  visa  to  attend  the  International 
Working  Youth  for  Democracy  conference  held  in  Communist  Poland 
in  the  summer  of  1948.  At  the  second  national  convention  of  the 
American  Youth  for  Democracy,,  June  12-16,  1946,  Wofsy  was  the 
reporter  of  the  resolutions  committee.  In  1948  he  was  executive 
secretary  of  the  New  York  State  chapter  of  American  Youth  for 
Democracy.  In  the  fall  of  1948  he  was  the  signer  of  a  statement  to 
the  President  and  the  Attorney  General  demanding  the  dismissal  of 
an  indictment  against  12  Communist  leaders. 

Claiming  to  represent  200  Labor  Youth  League  clubs  in  18  States, 
Wofsy  told  a  March  1950  meeting  of  the  national  committee  of  the 
Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.  that  the  league  had  already  engaged  in  "a 
number  of  militant  and  demonstrative  activities  against  the  Truman 
H-bomb  decision  and  for  negotiations  with  the  U.  S.  S.  R.  *  *  * 
and  against  police  brutality." 


In  view  of  the  key  role  played  by  scientific  specialists,  especially 
atomic  scientists,  in  the  defense  program  of  democratic  nations  today, 
it  is  small  wonder  that  the  Communists  have  chosen  this  group  as  a 
major  target  of  the  subversive  "peace"  movement. 

Winston  Churchill  has  said  that  never  in  our  history  has  greater 
physical  power  for  good  or  evil  been  placed  in  the  hands  of  fewer 
individuals  than  in  the  case  of  our  atomic  scientists.  It  is  the  hope  of 
the  Communist  strategists  to  maneuver  these  and  other  scientists 
into  a  position  where  they  may  render  the  following  services:  (1)  To 
supply  secret  scientific  information  to  Soviet  intelligence  channels; 
(2)  to  sabotage  American  production  of  the  atomic  weapon;  (3)  to 
exert  any  influence  they  have  on  the  peoples  and  governments  of 
non-Communist  nations  in  a  direction  advantageous  to  the  Soviet 

That  Communists  have  been  successful  in  obtaining  scientists  to 
further  the  first  Communist  aim  is  demonstrated  by  the  cases  of 
Alan  Nunn  May  and  Klaus  Emil  Fuchs  in  England,  Raymond 
Boyer  in  Canada,  and  Harry  Gold  in  the  United  States;  in  all  cases 
the  leakage  of  important  atomic  information  to  Soviet  channels  was 

The  Committee  on  Un-American  Activities  in  the  course  of  its 
investigations  has  uncovered  other  successful  efforts  by  the  Com- 
munists to  recruit  American  scientists  into  the  party,  as  witness  the 
cases  of  Giovanni  Rossi  Lomanitz,  David  Bohm,  Ken  Max  Manfted, 
Irving  David  Fox,  Joseph  Weinberg,  Frank  F.  Oppenheimer,  Robert 
R.  Davis,  Clarence  Hiskey,  and  John  Hitchcock  Chapin. 

Certain  factors  operate  to  further  the  Communist  designs.  Some 
highly  specialized  scientists  are  completely  ignorant  of  the  realities 
of  political  affairs,  and  are  especially  devoid  of  information  on  the 
devious  ways  of  the  Communist  conspiracy.  The  Communists  are 
quick  to  play  upon  any  such  special  weakness. 

Communists  also  seek  to  capitalize  on  the  fact  that  many  scientists 
are  concerned  about  the  immense  destruction  possible  from  some  of  the 
forces  they  have  brought  to  life.  The  Communist  propaganda  machine 
makes  every  effort  to  undermine  and  destroy  existing  faith  in  demo- 
cratic society  and  those  government  heads  who  control  the  disposition 
of  these  powerful  forces  made  available  by  science.  Communists 
would  blind  scientists  to  the  fact  that  the  United  States  Government 
is  primarily  guided  by  humanitarian  motives  and  is  determined  to  use 
the  mighty  weapon  of  the  atom  bomb  only  in  an  extreme  emergency 
for  self  defense.  Communist  propaganda,  on  the  other  hand,  falsely 
depicts  the  Soviet  Union  as  a  workers'  and  peasants'  paradise  where 
Soviet  atomic  experiments  are  restricted  to  peaceful  purposes. 

A  scientist  is  accustomed  to  believe  that  there  are  no  international 
barriers  to  scientific  knowledge,  that  there  should  be  complete  freedom 
of  exchange,  and  that  scientific  considerations  should  be  paramount 



to  all  others.  Communists  make  skillful  use  of  this  to  encourage 
transmission  of  secret  data  to  the  Soviet  Union.  At  no  time  do  they 
remind  scientists  in  non-Communist  nations  that  the  Soviet  Union 
has  no  policy  of  scientific  reciprocity  and  that  any  Soviet  scientist 
suspected  of  contact  with  outside  scientists  or  governments  for  the 
purpose  of  divulging  information  would  be  immediately  imprisoned 
or  shot. 

The  aforementioned  Communist  aims  and  tactics  in  regard  to  scien- 
tists are  fimdamentals  of  the  current  Communist  "peace"  campaign. 

To  mislead  and  attract  scientists  into  the  "peace"  movement, 
Frederic  Joliot-Curie,  Communist  high  commissioner  of  Atomic 
Energy  in  France  until  dismissed  recently  by  the  French  Govern- 
ment, was  chosen  as  president  of  the  World  Peace  Congress  and  head 
of  its  permanent  committee.  John  Desmond  Bernal,  professor 
of  physics  at  Birkbeck  College,  London,  was  also  chosen  as  a  member 
of  the  committee.  Both  are  members  of  the  World  Federation  of 
Scientific  Workers,  another  international  Communist-front  organiza- 
tion ;  both  men  represented  the  latter  organization  at  sessions  of  the 
World  Peace  Congress.  Eugenie  Cotton,  another  member  of  the 
Peace  Congress  committee,  is  a  research  worker  in  the  National  Center 
of  Scientific  Research  in  France  and  former  head  of  the  Scientific 
School  at  Sevres. 

Joliot-Curie  is  the  foremost  exponent  of  civil  disobedience  among 
scientists.  He  has  traveled  widely  in  pursuance  of  this  mission. 
Speaking  at  a  "peace"  meeting  in  Bombay,  India,  he  stated  that  in 
capitalist  countries  "there  exists  an  increasing  number  of  scientists 
who  *  *  *  no  longer  agree  to  be  accomplices"  of  the  existing 
regime.  He  held  out  the  Soviet  Union,  its  European  satellite  nations, 
and  Communist  China  as  glorious  examples  of  "the  application  of 
scientific  methods"  to  the  "great  problems  of  our  present  existence." 
He  deplored  arms  expenditures  in  capitalist  countries,  but  failed  to 
mention  the  far  greater  proportion  of  such  expenses  in  Soviet  territory. 

His  stress  on  disobedience  to  non-Communist  governments  was  also 
unmistakable  at  the  previously  described  Stockholm  Peace  Conference. 
There  he  lauded  workers  and  dockers  who  had  refused  to  deliver  arms 
for  the  defense  of  their  country  and  declared  that  "All  the  defenders 
of  peace  salute  their  action  and  are  organizing  ways  of  evincing 
their  solidarity  both  morally  and  materially." 

Joliot-Curie  then  announced  with  satisfaction  that  "Groups  of 
scientific  workers,  nuclear  physicists  in  the  United  States,  in  France, 
in  Great  Britain,  and  in  other  countries  have  already  stated  that  they 
refuse  to  take  any  part  in  research  to  apply  atomic  energy  for  war 
purposes."  He  stated  that  "All  the  members,  whether  scientists  or 
workmen,  of  the  French  Commissariat  on  Atomic  Energy  have  sol- 
emnly declared  that  they  will  resign  should  they  be  asked  to  work  on 
an  atomic  weapon,"  and  he  pronounced  this  action  "fully  justified." 
This  statement  by  Joliot-Curie  was  broadcast  to  the  world  by  the 
Moscow  radio  on  March  24,  1950. 

Espionage  in  behalf  of  the  Soviet  military  machine  was  encouraged 
by  Joliot-Curie's  assurance  that  "the  knowledge,  the  research  and 
discoveries  of  a  great  number  of  scientists  shall  immediately  be  placed 
in  the  service  of  peace" — in  other  words,  in  the  service  of  the  Soviet 


The  World  Peace  Congress  has  eagerly  publicized  cases  where 
Joliot-Curie's  siren  call  to  treason  has  found  a  cordial  response.  In 
Defense  of  Peace  for  March  1950  reports  how  Dr.  George  Kaiser, 
young  Australian  research  scientist  dismissed  by  the  Commonwealth 
Scientific  and  Industrial  Research  organization,  defended  his  refusal 
to  engage  in  research  connected  with  the  defense  of  his  homeland  on 
the  ground  that  he  holds  "the  same  viewpoint  as  the  world-famous 
physicist,  Dr.  Joliot-Curie." 

As  a  delegate  to  the  All-Union  Conference  for  Partisans  of  Peace 
held  in  Moscow  from  August  25  to  29,  1949,  the  aforementioned  John 
Desmond  Bemal  stated  that  "in  the  capitalist  world,  scientific 
workers  have  become  aware  of  the  way  in  which  they  are  being  used 
to  intensify  the  horrors  of  war."  He  made  no  reference  to  use  of 
scientists  by  the  aggressive  Soviet  war  machine — a  factor  forcing 
non-Communist  nations  to  prepare  themselves  for  self-defense. 

Overlooking  marvels  of  scientific  achievement  which  have  created 
living  standards  never  equaled  by  Communist  countries,  Bernal 
referred  contemptuously  to  "the  general  decay  of  the  capitalist 
system,"  in  which  science  "can  never  be  employed  usefully."  He  said 
capitalism  "has  made  the  world  not  fit  to  live  in."  He  was  particular- 
ly virulent  in  his  attack  upon  the  United  States  and  he  railed  against 
"the  restriction  of  secrecy"  in  the  field  of  American  military  science. 

Professor  Bernal  was  lyrical  in  his  praise  of  the  Soviet  "paradise," 
of  the  "heroic  Red  Army,"  and  of  the  "gigantic  hopeful  constructions 
of  the  whole  of  the  Soviet  Union,"  where  science  is  no  longer  "the 
servant  of  the  capitalist."  This  vassal  of  the  Soviet  Union  then 
declared,  "I  am  so  proud  to  be  able  to  greet,  in  the  name  of  the 
scientific  workers  and  the  Partisans  of  Peace  in  the  world  *  *  * 
[the]  great  leader  and  protector  of  peace  and  science.  Comrade 

Professor  Bernal  was  dropped  from  the  council  of  the  British  Asso- 
ciation for  the  Advancement  of  Science  in  November  1949  because 
of  his  Moscow  speech. 

The  London  Observer  of  March  27,  1949,  has  referred  to  Professor 
Bernal  as  "a  Communist  Party  member."  In  1948  he  became  presi- 
dent of  the  British  Association  of  Scientific  Workers,  whose  opposite 
number  in  this  country  is  the  American  Association  of  Scientific 
Workers.  He  has  been  a  recognized  fixture  of  World  Peace  Congress 
sessions  having  attended  the  Wroclaw  conference  in  August  1948 
and  the  Paris  conference  in  April  1949.  In  March  1949  he  was 
refused  a  visa  by  the  U.  S.  State  Department  in  connection  with 
his  proposed  participation  in  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference 
for  World  Peace.  He  is  vice  chairman  of  the  World  Federation  of 
Scientific  Workers  and  a  close    associate   of   Frederic  Joliot-Curie. 

Madam  Eugenie  Cotton,  president  of  the  (Communist)  Women's 
International  Democratic  Federation,  vice  president  of  the  World 
Peace  Congress,  and  a  research  worker  in  the  National  Center  of 
Scientific  Research  of  France,  echoes  Joliot-Curie's  treasonous  appeals. 
She  has  condemned  as  "men  without  honor  or  conscience"  those 
American  scientists  who  work  on  the  hydrogen  bomb  in  an  effort  to 
deter  future  aggressors.  She  has  made  no  similar  comment  on 
Soviet  scientists  in  this  field.  She  has  defended  Communists  such 
as  Joliot-Curie  as  "the  true  lovers  of  peace." 


To  promote  disaffection  among  scientists  in  democratic  countries, 
the  governments  behind  the  iron  curtain  pressured  their  own  scientists 
to  write  letters  abroad.  The  Cominform  organ,  For  A  Lasting  Peace, 
For  A  People's  Democracy,  for  June  30,  1950,  announced  that  pro- 
fessors and  students  of  Prague  University  sent  a  letter  promoting 
the  Stockholm  Appeal  to  men  of  science  at  Cambridge,  Oxford, 
Melbourne,  Copenhagen,  Paris,  Strasbourg,  College  de  France,  Bom- 
bay, Rome,  Naples,  Vienna,  and  New  York.  The  Polish  Embassy 
bulletin,  Poland  Today,  for  July  1950,  described  a  similar  letter  from 
587  leading  Polish  scientists  directed  to  a  group  of  American  scientists. 
The  Moscow  New  Times  of  July  5,  1950,  declared  that  science  workers 
of  Communist  China  have  called  upon  "scientists  all  over  the  world 
to  unite  and  fight  the  warmongers." 

For  obvious  reasons  the  literature  of  the  World  Peace  Congress 
has  lavished  praise  on  American  scientists  critical  of  American  policy 
either  in  the  field  of  foreign  or  domestic  affairs,  or  atomic  science. 
The  March  1950  issue  of  In  Defense  of  Peace  extols  Albert  Einstein 
for  charging  the  United  States  with  "tremendous  financial  power  in 
the  hands  of  the  military,  the  militarization  of  youth  *  *  *  and 
intimidation  of  people  of  independent  thinking."  The  same  issue  of 
In  Defense  of  Peace  commends  Leo  Szilard  and  Kirtley  Mather  for 
demanding  the  outlawry  of  the  atomic  weapon  in  conformance  with 
terms  set  by  the  Soviet  Union. 

In  the  March  1950  issue  of  In  Defense  of  Peace  is  an  article  entitled 
"I  Worked  at  Oak  Ridge,"  written  by  an  anonymous  electrician, 
who  was  dismissed  from  this  American  atomic  plant.  He  referred 
to  the  factory  as  "one  huge  concentration  camp."  Describing  the 
loyalty  investigation  procedure,  he  added  that  "This  obsession  of 
FBI  has  thoroughly  disgusted  many  scientists  who  have  preferred 
to  drop  their  work  and  return  to  their  solitary  research."  The  article 
is  accompanied  by  a  photograph  of  the  "U  Works"  at  Oak  Ridge. 
The  same  magazine  gave  prominence  to  the  case  of  James  Otsuka, 
who  was  arrested  for  distributing  leaflets  against  the  atomic  bomb 
at  an  Oak  Ridge  factory  where  he  was  employed  in  producing  uranium 


A  leading  role  in  the  Communist  "peace"  movement  in  the  U.  S. 
is  played  by  Linus  Carl  Pauling,  head  of  the  division  of  chemistry 
and  engineering  of  the  University  of  California  and  former  president 
of  the  American  Chemical  Society.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Ex- 
plosives Division  of  the  National  Defense  Research  Commission 
from  1942  to  1945.  Despite  his  eminence  in  scientific  circles,  his 
associations  with  subversive  organizations  and  individuals  are 

Professor  Pauling  was  a  sponsor  of  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Con- 
ference for  World  Peace  held  at  the  Hotel  Waldorf-Astoria  on  March 
25-27,  1949,  arranged  by  the  National  Council  of  the  Arts,  Sciences, 
and  Professions.  He  traveled  to  the  American  Continental  Congress 
for  Peace  held  in  Mexico  City  on  September  5  to  10,  1949,  in  which  he 
participated  as  a  speaker  and  vice  president. 

He  was  a  sponsor  of  the  Conference  on  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the 
Atlantic  Pact  and  the  signer  of  the  following  public  statements  by  the 


conference:  On  August  21,  1949,  against  the  American  arms  program; 
on  December  14,  1949,  for  the  Soviet  proposal  on  atomic  weapons;  on 
July  28,  1950,  against  U.  S.  policy  in  Korea. 

Pauling  was  a  member  of  the  welcoming  committee  for  a  World 
Peace  Congress  delegation  scheduled  to  arrive  in  the  United  States 
in  March  1950.  Pauling  appeared  before  the  San  Francisco  Con- 
ference for  Peace,  the  local  affiliate  of  the  World  Peace  Congress. 

His  whole  record  given  below  indicates  that  Dr.  Linus  Carl  Pauling 
is  primarily  engrossed  in  placing  his  scientific  attainments  at  the 
service  of  a  host  of  organizations  which  have  in  common  their  com- 
plete subservience  to  the  Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.,  and  the  Soviet 
Union.  Professor  Pauling  has  not  deviated  a  hair's  breadth  from  this 
pattern  of  loyalty  to  the  Communist  cause  since  1946. 

According  to  the  Los  Angeles  Examiner  for  June  22,  1950,  Professor 
Pauling  personally  vouched  for  Dr.  Sidney  Weinbaum,  a  mathematical 
physicist  of  the  California  Institute  of  Technology,  and  expert  on  jet 
propulsion,  who  was  charged  with  perjury  and  fraud  on  grounds  that 
he  failed  to  disclose  his  Communist  Party  membership  under  the  alias 
of  Sydney  Empson.  But  Weinbaum  is  not  the  only  Communist  for 
whom  Professor  Pauling  has  vouched.  He  has  signed  a  number  of 
statements  in  behalf  of  the  11  Communist  leaders  convicted  for  teach- 
ing the  advocacy  of  overthrow  of  our  Government  by  force  and  vio- 
lence; such  statements  appeared  over  his  name  in  the  Daily  Worker, 
February  28,  1949,  October  30,  1949,  and  Daily  People's  World,  April 
18,  1950,  and  June  15,  1949.  He  appeared  as  a  speaker  in  behalf  of 
these  cases  according  to  the  Daily  People's  World  of  October  20,  1949. 
As  early  as  November  3,  1947,  he  was  a  speaker  before  the  Pasadena 
Conference  on  Human  Rights,  in  defense  of  the  Communist  Party. 
The  attorneys  in  the  case  of  the  11  Communist  leaders  used  such 
disruptive  tactics  that  they  received  citations  and  coijLvictions  for 
contempt  of  court.  Professor  Pauling  signed  statements  in  behalf  of 
these  attorneys;  the  statements  appeared  in  the  Daily  Worker, 
December  7,  1949,  and  February  1,  1950. 

The  Civil  Rights  Congress,  the  principal  organization  engaged  in 
the  defense  of  the  1 1  Communist  leaders,  has  been  cited  as  subversive 
by  the  Attorney  General.  Linus  Pauling  was  an  initiating  sponsor  of 
its  Bill  of  Rights  Conference  held  on  July  16,  17,  1949,  in  New  York 

The  Committee  on  Un-American  Activities  presented  evidence  of 
the  Communist  Party  membership  of  a  group  of  10  Hollywood  writers 
headed  by  John  Howard  Lawson  and  Dalton  Trumbo.  All  refused  to 
affirm  or  deny  such  membership,  and  were  convicted  of  contempt  of 
Congress.  Linus  Pauling  was  a  signer  of  a  brief  submitted  in  the 
October  1949  term  of  the  U.  S.  Supreme  Court  in  behalf  of  Lawson  and 
Trumbo.  He  also  supported  a  radio  program  in  behalf  of  the  Holly- 
wood "ten"  in  August,  1950.  According  to  the  Daily  Worker  of 
January  3,  1949,  he  also  signed  a  statement  in  their  behalf  issued  by 
the  Committee  of  One  Thousand. 

Hanns  Eisler,  brother  of  Gerhart  Eisler,  Comintern  agent,  has 
admitted  membership  in  the  Communist  Party  in  Germany.  He  also 
headed  the  International  Music  Bureau,  with  headquarters  in  Moscow. 
According  to  the  Daily  Worker  of  December  17,  1947,  Pauling  signed  a 
petition  to  Attorney  General  Clark  in  behalf  of  Hanns  Eisler,  protest- 


ing  his  deportation.  Hanns  Eisler  is  now  active  in  Communist 

The  American  Committee  for  Protection  of  Foreign  Born  is  another 
Communist  organization  engaged  specifically  in  the  defense  of  such 
alien  Communists  as  Gerhart  Eisler.  In  July  1950  Pauling  was  a 
sponsor  for  the  American  Committee  for  Protection  of  Foreign  Born. 

In  May  1946  Pauling  appeared  as  a  member  of  the  board  of  directors 
of  the  Independent  Citizens  Committee  of  the  Arts,  Sciences,  and 
Professions,  which  was  admittedly  built  by  the  Communist  Party  as 
"a  great  political  weapon."  In  the  same  year  he  was  vice  chairman 
of  the  Hollywood  Independent  Citizens'  Committee  of  the  Arts, 
Sciences,  and  Professions. 

The  Daily  People's  World  of  October  20,  1949,  announced  a  speech 
by  Professor  Pauling  on  U.  S.  atomic  policy  before  the  National 
Lawyers  Guild,  the  "legal  bulwark  of  the  Communist  Party." 

The  Committee  for  a  Democratic  Far  Eastern  Policy,  which  has 
been  cited  as  subversive  by  the  Attorney  General,  was  supported  by 
Dr.  Pauling,  according  to  the  Daily  People's  World  of  February  6, 
1950.  According  to  the  Daily  Worker  of  February  17,  1949,  Professor 
Pauling  signed  a  statement  issued  by  the  subversiv^e  National  Council 
of  American-Soviet  Friendship  in  an  attempt  to  pressure  the  President 
into  interviewing  Stalin. 


Another  important  pillar  of  the  Communists'  "peace"  campaign  is 
Philip  D.  Morrison,  physics  professor  at  Cornell  University  and  for- 
merly physics  instructor  at  the  San  Francisco  State  College  and  the 
University  of  Illinois. 

At  Chicago  his  work  consisted  of  theoretical,  experimental,  and 
design  work  in  connection  with  the  plutonium-producing  chain  reac- 
tors. In  October  1944  he  was  attached  to  Los  Alamos  where  he  was 
concerned  with  the  active  components  of  the  atomic  bomb.  He  went 
to  the  Mariana  Islands  to  aid  in  the  final  assembly  work  on  the  bomb, 
assisting  General  Farrell,  deputy  of  Gen.  Leslie  R.  Groves,  in  charge 
of  the  atomic  project. 

On  June  4,5,  and  6,  1948,  Philip  Morrison  was  an  active  participant 
in  a  Conference  for  Peace  held  in  Los  Angeles.  Dr.  Morrison  was  a 
speaker  and  member  of  the  program  committee  at  the  Scientific  and 
Cultural  Conference  for  World  Peace  held  on  Alarch  25-27,  1949,  at 
the  Hotel  Waldorf-Astoria  in  New  York  City,  under  the  auspices  of  the 
National  Council  of  the  Arts,  Sciences,  and  Professions.  He  was  a 
publicly  announced  sponsor  of  the  World  Peace  Congress  held  in  Paris 
on  April  20  to  24,  1949. 

Professor  Morrison  travels  up  and  down  the  country  on  his  Red 
mission.  According  to  the  Daily  Worker  of  February  28,  1949,  he 
appeared  before  the  Maryland  Committee  for  Peace  as  a  speaker.  He 
was  a  featured  speaker  at  the  Mid-Centurv  Conference  for  Peace  held 
in  Chicago,  May  29,  30,  1950.  The  Daily  Worker  of  June  16  and  20, 
1950,  proclaimed  that  Morrison  had  signed  the  World  Peace  Appeal. 
On  December  14,  1949,  he  had  signed  another  statement  for  The 
Committee  for  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact. 

In  the  issue  of  the  National  Guardian,  a  leftist  weekly  publication, 
dated  December  12,  1949,  there  is  a  review  by  Professor  Morrison  of  a 


pamphlet  entitled  "Atomic  Energy  and  Society."  The  author  of  the 
pamphlet  is  one  James  S.  Allen,  and  it  was  published  by  International 
Publishers  (1949),  official  publishing  house  of  the  Communist  Party, 
U.  S.  A. 

James  S.  Allen  is  the  pseudonym  for  Solomon  Auerbach,  a  Com- 
munist Party  literary  hack,  whose  greatest  academic  distinction  is  a 
bachelor  of  arts  degree  from  the  University  of  Pennsylvania.  He  has 
been  an  editor  of  the  Sunday  Worker,  a  contributor  to  such  Com- 
munist theoretical  organs  as  the  Communist  and  Political  Affairs,  and 
an  instructor  at  party  schools.  He  is  a  prolific  writer  of  Communist 
pamphlets,  and  his  works  have  been  widely  quoted  in  the  Moscow 
press.  Louis  F,  Budenz,  former  managing  editor  of  the  Daily  Worker, 
has  identified  James  S.  Allen  as  a  m.ember  of  the  inner  ring  of  the 
CPUSA,  in  close  contact  with  Soviet  agents  who  are  the  actual 
formulators  of  Communist  policy.  James  Allen's  pamphlet,  "Atomic 
Energy  and  Society,"  is  unquestionably  the  authoritative  Communist 
Party  line  on  atomic  energy. 

Professor  Morrison,  in  his  review,  awarded  high  praise  to  Allen's 
pamphlet.  He  suggested  that  it  "deserves  sober  reading."  For  some 
paradoxical  reason,  he  seems  to  believe  that  this  "writer  on  economics 
and  history  from  the  Marxist  standpoint"  is  equipped  to  pass  judgment 
on  atomic  matters  simply  by  virtue  of  his  application  of  Marxist 
"analytical  method."  Speaking  of  himself  as  a  member  of  the  "pro- 
gressive" movement,  Morrison  referred  to  Allen's  work  as  "a  tool  in 
the  shaping  of  such  a  movement."  It  might  be  noted  that  Com- 
munists commonly  refer  to  themselves  as  "progressive"  for  purposes 
of  deception. 

An  examination  of  the  views  of  Professor  Morrison  and  James  S; 
Allen  discloses  a  striking  similarity,  as  demonstrated  by  the  following 
comparative  study: 

Philip  Morrison  James  S.  Allen,  in  Atomic  Energy  and 



The     House     Committee     for     Un-  But    this    difficulty    is    compounded 

American  Activities  has  eaten  up  whole  many  times  over  by  the  stiff  military 

forests  of   Canadian  spruce  to  display  censorship,  which  imposes  a  mountain 

its    generally    ill-constructed    and    pal-  of    restrictions    upon    the    exchange    of 

pable  misstatements  about  atomic  es-  scientific     and    technical     information, 

pionage    (speech    before    the    National  Whatever  remains  of  freedom   of  dis- 

Council  of  American  Soviet  Friendship,  cussion  among  scientists,  and  between 

October  G,  1949).  them    and    the    public,    is    now   stifled 

He  (Dr.  Morrison)  called  attention  to  almost  entirely  by   "spy  scares,"  con- 

the  fact  that  the  militarists  used  it  to  gressional   inquisitions,    and    "loyalty" 

bolster  the  belief  that  security  for  the  oaths  (p.  7). 

country  can  lie  in  the  hands  of  the  best  (Editor's    Note. — Thus    far    there 

preservers   of   the  almost   "wholly   fie-  have     been     no     evidences     that     the 

titious  secrets."     *     *     *     Dr.   Morri-  U.   S.   S.   R.  intends  to  lift  its  veil  of 

son  was  deeply  concerned  that  scientific  secrecy  in  regard  to  atomic  energy  or 

workers  who  disagreed  with  FBI  were  any  other  phases  of  life  behind  the  iron 

barred  from  employment  in  the  growing  curtain.) 
areas  of  Government-supported  science 
(Daily    Worker,    November    18,    1947, 
pp.  8,  9). 



In    spite    of    secrecy,    the    President        *     *     *     ^^e  ground  covered  in  the 
learns    of    an    atomic    explosion    inside  United  States  has  been  mastered,  and 
of  the  U.  S.  S.  R.     *     *     *     We  knew  that  Soviet  science  has  proceeded  fur- 
from     the     beginning     that     a     nation  ther.    *     *     *     However,  it  is     *     *     * 
capable  of  waging  war  and  of  playing  the  ability  of  Soviet  society  to  attain 
the  major  role  in  the  winning  of  a  great  it  (more  production)  for  the  benefit  of 
victory  was  a  nation  which  could  solve  the  people  on  an  ever-ascending  scale 
this   problem   in   time.     *     *     *     Any  that     marks     the     essential     difference 
great  power,  and  the  Soviet   Union  is  between     Soviet     Union    and     capital- 
today  the  greatest  foreign  power,   can  ist    countries.      *     *     *     As    a    result, 
have   success.     *     *     *     gut   the  sue-  the  Soviet  Union  enjoys  much  greater 
cess    of   the    scientists,    engineers,    and  freedom  and  flexibility  in  the  exploita- 
working    people    of    the    Soviet    Union  tion  of  new  techniques  than  our  coun- 
in  completing  a  project  which  Americans  try  (pp.  74,  75,  77). 
once  completed  in  a  similar  time  has  in 
it   a  note  of  hope    (speech   before   the 
National    Council   of   American    Soviet 
Friendship,  October  6,  1949). 

USE    OF    ATOMIC    ENERGY    IN    U.    S. 

His  argument  is  straightfor-  At  the  present  moment  the  productive 
ward.  *  *  *  He  [Allen]  views  capacity  of  atomics  remains  potential, 
*  *  *  the  Atomic  Energy  Commis-  mainly  because  the  new  technique  is 
sion  *  *  *  as  merely  the  facade  of  devoted  to  military  purposes.  *  *  * 
state  ownership  behind  which  private  This  situation  also  leads  to  the  most 
monopoly  control  continues  *  *  *  reactionary  political  consequences, 
preventing  the  increase  of  productive  This  is  exemplified  by  the  total  mili- 
capacity  *  *  *  satisfied  with  the  tarization  of  atomics  in  the  service  of 
bombs  as  part  of  an  aggressive  foreign  an  aggressive  imperialist  policy 
policy  (National  Guardian,  December  *  *  *  (pp  g^  44) _ 
12,  1949,  p.  11). 

There  is  no  use  denying  that  some 
Americans  really  *  *  *  planned 
the  divine  event — an  attack  on  the 
U.  S.  S.  R.  with  this  new  magical  device 
(speech  on  October  6,  1949,  before 

Dr.  Morrison  is  a  ready  supporter  of  fantastic  stories  of  accomplish- 
ment in  the  Soviet  Union.  In  the  November  28,  1949,  issue  of  the 
National  Guardian,  Morrison  was  highly  enthusiastic  about  certain 
"mountain-razing"  experiments  with  atomic  bombs  which  Soviet 
scientists  allegedly  conducted  in  Siberia.  He  cited  these  tall  tales  as 
"a  demonstration  of  the  peaceable  use  of  high  explosive." 

An  individual  so  strategically  situated  in  the  scientific  world  was 
not  overlooked  by  Soviet  publicists,  who  singled  him  out  for  their 
kudos  in  the  Moscow  "Red  Fleet"  in  mid-February  1950,  and  on  the 
Moscow  Soviet  Home  Service  broadcast  of  July  8,  1950. 

Morrison's  name  is  repeatedly  included  among  the  sponsors  of  a 
number  of  Communist-front  organizations,  such  as  the  American 
Committee  for  Protection  of  Foreign  Born  and  the  Joint  Anti-Fascist 
Refugee  Committee. 

Professor  Morrison  has  for  some  time  been  an  open  and  active 
protagonist  of  the  11  Communist  leaders  convicted  for  teaching  the 
advocacy  of  the  overthrow  of  the  Government  of  the  United  States  by 
force  and  violence.  His  name  has  appeared  on  a  number  of  occasions 
in  the  Daily  Worker  as  a  signer  of  statements  in  behalf  of  these  men, 
notably  on  January  17,  February  28,  July  18,  and  October  28,  1949. 
On  May  5,  1950,  he  is  listed  as  signing  a  statement  in  behalf  of  Eugene 


Dennis,  former  general  secretary  of  the  Communist  Party,  and  one 
of  the  1 1  convicted  men.  In  other  words  he  has  pubhcly  alined  himself 
with  the  Communist  Party. 

The  Civil  Rights  Congress  has  been  the  chief  instrument  for  the 
legal  defense  of  the  convicted  Communist  leaders.  On  November  18, 
1947,  and  on  June  28,  1949,  Professor  Morrison  was  listed  in  the  Daily 
Worker  as  a  speaker  for  the  Civil  Rights  Congress.  On  June  6,  1949, 
he  was  listed  as  the  signer  of  a  Civil  Rights  Congress  statement  against 
jailing  the  Communist  leaders.  On  June  21,  1949,  he  was  publicized 
as  the  chairman  of  a  Civil  Rights  Congress  panel  in  behalf  of  the 
Communist  leaders. 

Morrison  supported  the  lawyers  for  the  convicted  Communists 
after  the  lawyers  were  convicted  of  contempt  of  court,  according  to 
the  Daily  Worker  of  February  1,  1950.  The  chief  anathema  of  the 
Communist  conspirators  is  the  FBI;  this  agenc}^  was  attacked  by 
Professor  Morrison  in  the  Daily  Worker  of  May  12,  1947.  Morrison 
sent  his  greeting  to  the  W^orlccr  in  connection  with  the  celebration  of 
May  Day,  1948,  an  international  Communist  holiday. 

He  sponsored  a  conference  of  the  subversive  National  Council  of 
the  Arts,  Sciences,  and  Professions  held  on  October  9-10,  1948,  and 
signed  its  statement  attacking  the  Committee  on  Un-American  Activ- 
ities in  December  of  the  same  year.  This  organization  actively 
opposed  the  dismissal  of  Communist  teachers,  and  Dr.  Morrison 
affixed  his  name  to  a  statement  to  that  effect  appearing  in  the  Nation, 
February  19,  1949.  The  Daily  Worker  lists  him  as  a  speaker  for  the 
National  Council  in  March  1950  in  Philadelphia,  and  again  in 
April  1950. 

The  examples  of  the  pro-Communist  sympathies  and  affiliations  of 
certain  scientists  cited  above  pose  a  grave  problem  for  the  security  of 
our  country.     It  requires  careful  study  and  action. 

The  considerations  of  national  security  demand  adequate  pre- 
cautionary measures  in  connection  with  all  scientific  personnel. 
Picture  if  you  can  such  a  person  as  Steve  Nelson,  who  has  only  educa- 
tional training  in  Marxism  and  Communist  tactics,  dictating  to  a 
group  of  academically  trained  and  brilliant  scientists.  This  was  the 
case  in  a  Communist  cell  operating  in  California,  which  had  as  its 
members  a  group  of  brilliant  young  physicists. 

Johannes  Steel 

Johannes  Steel,  radio  commentator  and  writer  in  the  United  States, 
is  another  leading  participant  in  the  subversive  "peace"  campaign. 
His  work  in  this  connection  has  received  wide  publicity  and  praise 
from  Communists  both  here  and  abroad. 

Steel,  however,  has  served  as  a  willing  tool  of  the  Communist  Party 
virtually  since  he  first  set  foot  in  the  United  States  some  15  years  ago, 
and  his  role  in  the  "peace"  movement  is  completely  in  keeping  with 
his  record. 

The  committee  includes  the  record  of  Mr.  Steel  herewith,  as  illus- 
trative of  the  SO' called  "prominent  Americans"  who  are  today  deliber- 
ately promoting  the  newest  Communist  cause  of  "peace." 

According  to  his  own  memoirs,  Steel  arrived  in  New  York  from 
Germany  in  January  1934,  so  poverty-stricken  that  he  did  not  have 
the  $250  required  by  law  to  enter  the  country.     He  admits  that  he 


lied  to  the  immigration  inspector  and  claimed  that  he  had  $500.  In 
spite  of  his  admission  that  "America  had  been  good  to  me,"  Steel 
became  one  of  the  most  arrogant  fulminators  against  the  country 
which  gave  him  refuge. 

In  1935  Steel's  name  first  publicly  appeared  in  connection  with  a 
Communist-front  organization.  This  was  3  years  before  he  received 
his  American  citizenship.  Since  1935  he  has  vigorously  and  contin- 
uously participated  in  front  organizations.  Documents  are  available 
which  demonstrate  his  support  of  the  following  organizations  which 
have  been  cited  by  official  government  agencies  as  Communist  or 
Communist  fronts:  International  Workers  Order;  American  League 
Against  War  and  Fascism;  ^imerican  League  for  Peace  and  Democracy; 
Soviet  Russia  Today;  National  Council  of  American-Soviet  Friend- 
ship; International  Labor  Defense;  Joint  Anti-Fascist  Refugee  Com- 
mittee ;  Win-the-Peace  Conference ;  Civil  Rights  Congress ;  Committee 
for  a  Democratic  Far  Eastern  Policy;  American  Council  for  a  Demo- 
cratic Greece;  May  Day  Parade;  American  Slav  Congress;  American 
Committee  for  Yugoslav  Relief;  and  the  Washington  Cooperative 
Book  vShop. 

With  the  advent  of  the  Communists'  current  "peace"  campaign, 
Steel  outdid  hunself  in  its  behalf. 

Steel  served  the  World  Peace  Congress  in  various  capacities.  He 
was  a  sponsor  of  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  for  World  Peace 
held  in  New  York  City  on  March  25  to  27,  1949.  He  was  a  member  of 
the  World  Peace  Congress  delegation  which  appeared  before  the 
French  Parliament  in  February  1950  and  before  the  Soviet  Parliament 
in  March  1950.  He  was  also  a  delegate  to  the  Stockholm  conference, 
described  in  a  previous  section  of  this  report. 

Even  more  important,  Steel  dedicated  his  radio  and  writing  talents 
to  the  Communists'  "peace"  movement. 

When  Steel  conducted  a  nightly  program  as  a  "news  commentator" 
over  New  York's  Station  WHN  in  1946,  his  listeners  were  given  the 
Communists'  propaganda  about  the  atom  bomb  and  an  alleged 
United  States  incitement  of  war  against  the  Soviet  Union. 

His  anti-United  States,  pro-Communist  bias  was  revealed  in  his 
broadcast  on  September  3,  1946,  when  he  commented  on  the  shooting 
down  of  American  planes  by  Communist  Yugoslavia.  In  the  teeth 
of  the  outrage  which  swept  the  Nation,  Steel  tossed  this  challenge: 

The  treatment  of  that  incident  on  the  pa'-t  of  the  American  press  is,  by  all  odds, 
one  of  the  most  shameful  chapters  in  the  history  of  American  journalism.  The 
manner  in  which  this  incident  was  used  to  incite  to  war  was  unprecedented. 
*  *  *  "Phe  incident  was  considered  by  the  European  press  as  a  natural 
result  of  American  policy  in  Europe. 

In  the  same  broadcast  he  said: 

Yes,  we  have  friends  in  Europe  today.  All  our  ex-enemies  are  our  friends. 
The  fascists  of  yesterday  are  our  drinking  companions  of  today. 

Early  in  1947  Steel  began  publication  of  a  monthly  newsletter  called 
"Report  on  World  Affairs,"  which  he  claimed  would  give  readers  the 
"true  meaning  of  everything  going  on  in  the  world."  Actually,  it 
dispensed  the  Communist  Party  line,  with  heavy  emphasis  on  the 
"peace"  propaganda. 

When  Moscow  instituted  the  Berlin  blockade,  Steel  issued  a 
"Report"  which  sneered  at  the  heroic  Berlin  airlift  as  "the  bungle  of 
Berlin"  and  as  an  "expensive  and  idiotic  airlift  farce."    In  this  same 


"Report,"  Steel  openly  commended  Italian  Communist  leader 
Palmiro  Togliatti's  avowal  of  loyalty  to^the  Soviet  Union: 

Togliatti  openly  declared  that  any  attempt  to  bring  Italy  into  a  U.  S.-fomented 
war  against  the  Soviet  Union  would  lead  to  civil  war  in  Italy.  Every  political 
observer  in  the  country  knows  this  to  be  true;  the  same  apphes  in  France. 

In  line  with  Communist  policies,  his  publication  castigated  the 
Atlantic  pact : 

Today,  the  governments  who  will  sign  the  Atlantic  pact,  who  will  form  the 
Council  of  Europe  and  the  so-called  Western  European  Federation,  are  phantom 
governments  and  completely  unrepresentative  *  *  *.  The  Atlantic  pact  *  *  * 
is  a  chimera.  Washington  is  making  pacts  with  governments,  simply  forgetting 
about  the  people  who  will  not  stand  for  these  governments  very  much  longer. 

Steel  was  quick  to  join  in  the  Communist  attack  on  Cardinal 
Mindszenty,  victim  of  a  Communist  purge  trial  in  Hungary,  declaring 
that — 

there  could  have  been  no  doubt  in  the  mind  of  anyone  not  subverted  by  the 
abracadabra  of  ecclesiastical  voodoo  that  the  trial  was  not  a  religious  one  but 
merely  a  routine  political  trial     *     *     *. 

By  way  of  contrast,  however,  he  rushed  to  the  defense  of  the  11 
Communist  leaders  convicted  of  advocating  the  overthrow  of  the 
United  States  Government  by  force  and  violence,  as  follows: 

The  trial  of  11  leaders  of  the  Communist  Party  of  the  United  States  *  *  * 
is  merely  part  of  the  cold  war  which  is  freezing  America  into  fascism.     *     *     * 

When  the  world-wide  Communist  movement  swung  into  its  cam- 
paign to  sabotage  the  Marshall  plan.  Steel  echoed  the  Communist  line 
in  his  own  "Report": 

The  secret  of  American  foreign  policy  in  Europe  is  as  startling  as  it  is  simple 
*  *  *.  We  are  financing  a  class  war  *  *  *_  That  is  the  sum  total  and 
content  of  American  Foreign  policy. 

The  Marshall  plan  is  not  designed  to  bring  about  European  recovery  *  *  * 
it  is  nothing  more  than  an  instrument  for  class  warfare     *     *     * 

On  January  28,  1950,  the  Soviet  Home  Service  broadcast  referred 
to  Steel  as  "a  progressive  journalist"  who  "defends  peace."  The 
broadcast  announced  that  "the  Foreign  Literature  Publishing  House 
in  Moscow  has  recently  printed  a  booklet  by  Johannes  Steel  called 
In  Defense  of  Peace."  The  booklet  was  described  by  Moscow  as 
"devoted  to  the  unmasking  of  the  aggressive  foreign  policy  of  the 
United  States"  where  "the  U.  S.  circles  are  openly  leading  a  policy 
of  preparing  a  new  war."  Steel's  booklet  referred  to  the  Communist 
regimes  of  Eastern  Europe  as  "popular  democracies"  which  are  "going 
through  a  process  of  great  social  and  moral  renaissance  while  the 
Western  European  countries  are  in  a  state  of  moral  and  social  decay." 
Despite  acts  of  Soviet  aggression,  Steel  unblushingly  declared  that  the 
"peace-loving  character  of  the  Soviet  foreign  policy"  was  manifested 
"from  the  moment  the  Soviet  state  was  founded." 

The  March  1950  issue  of  the  World  Peace  Congress  magazine,  In 
Defense  of  Peace,  featured  an  article  by  Steel  which  contains  a 
scathing  attack  upon  the  American  press,  radio,  and  news  reel;  the 
investigations  and  trials  of  Communist  leaders;  the  American  labor 
movement;  as  well  as  American  intellectuals: 

The  word  "peace"  is  subversive.  That  is  the  paramount  political  reality  in  the 
United  States  today  *  *  *  all  channels  of  communication  such  as  press, 
radio,  and  news  reels  are  in  the  service  of  the  warmongers  and  keep  up  an  unceasing 
24-hour  barrage  of  war  propaganda. 


*  *  *  Hysteria  *  *  *  continues  unabated  as  a  result  of  political  witch 
hunts,  spy  trials,  and  congressional  investigations,  all  aimed  at  the  limitation  of 
traditional  American  freedoms. 

Important  in  this  respect  is  the  fact  that  recent  Supreme  Court  decisions  have 
given  the  administration  new  legal  weapons  to  further  enlarge  the  power  of  the 
police  and  restrict  the  civil  rights  of  citizens     *     *     *, 

Labor  has  abdicated  its  leadership  in  the  struggle  for  peace.  *  *  *  The 
fine  militancy  shown,  for  instance,  in  the  recent  miners'  strike,  was  a  purely  trade- 
union  matter  without  any  political  implications     *     *     * 

Perhaps  the  saddest  aspect  of  the  contemporary  American  scene  is  the  wide- 
spread failure  of  the  intellectuals  to  fight  actively  in  the  movement  for 
peace  *  *  *.  Today,  when  we  need  them  most,  we  have  neither  an  Aragon 
nor  a  Neruda  (pp.  8-10). 

The  Paris  meeting  of  the  World  Congress  for  Peace  in  April  1949 
decided  to  institute  "International  Peace  Prizes,"  in  competition  with 
the  Nobel  Prize.  It  was  to  be  awarded  at  the  second  world  peace 
congress  in  1950.  In  Defense  of  Peace,  official  journal  of  the  "peace" 
offensive,  announced  in  its  March  1950  issue  that  Johannes  Steel  had 
offered  his  own  newsletter,  Report  on  World  Affairs,  for  a  prize. 

Steel  frequently  reveals  information  which  could  only  have  been 
obtained  from  Communist  inside  sources  both  here  and  abroad — 
channels  which  are  open  only  to  those  possessing  the  complete  confi- 
dence of  Moscow.  A  very  recent  example  is  to  be  found  in  Steel's 
efforts  to  help  the  Communists  fool  the  world  into  believing  that 
South  Korea  was  the  aggressor  in  the  present  war.  In  exclusive 
stories  prmted  in  the  Daily  Compass,  Steel  described  certain  docu- 
ments seized  by  the  North  Koreans  in  their  capture  of  Seoul,  the  South 
Korean  capital,  and  announced  that  Soviet  Deputy  Foreign  Minister 
Jacob  Malik  might  put  them  before  the  United  Nations  Security 

On  February  19,  1950,  during  the  Soviet  boycott  of  the  United 
Nations,  Steel  announced  a  column  in  the  Daily  Compass: 

When  the  Soviet  Union  returns  to  participation  in  the  various  UN  organiza- 
tions following  the  eliminations  of  the  Chinese  Nationalists  from  the  UN,  its  first 
major  act  will  be  to  propose  an  international  agreement  outlawing  the  building 
and  use  of  hydrogen  bombs. 

In  the  light  of  Steel's  utterances,  therefore,  it  is  completely  mider- 
standable  that  the  Communist  movement  has  been  unstinting  in  its 
praise  of  Steel.  Steel's  articles  and  speeches  have  been  reprinted  for 
years  by  the  Communist  Daily  Worker  and  the  Daily  People's  World 
in  the  United  States.  Steel  frequently  has  been  quoted  and  praised  in 
broadcasts  originating  in  and  directed  to  iron  curtain  countries.  The 
Moscow  radio  at  least  twice  has  expressed  praise  and  approval  of 
Steel  immediately  following  the  Korean  invasion.  For  a  Lasting 
Peace,  For  a  People's  Democracy,  official  organ  of  the  Cominform,  has 
also  furnished  its  stamp  of  approval.  Pravda,  the  Moscow  daily, 
called  Steel  a  "sincere  friend  of  the  Soviet  Union"  in  its  issue  of  May 
1,  1947. 

In  1946,  during  a  bye  election  in  New  York  City,  Steel  ran  on  the 
American  Labor  Party  ticket  in  the  Nineteenth  Congressional  f)istrict. 
The  Worker  of  January  30,  1946,  carried  an  editorial,  The  Johannes 
Steel  Campaign,  announcing  all-out  support  of  Steel,  who  "looms  as 
one  of  the  fightingest  Representatives  in  Congress."  Steel  not  only 
accepted  but  welcomed  this  active  Communist  support,  saying  he 
hated  "the  whole  caboodle  of  stumble-bum  politicians  in  Congress." 
The  Daily  Worker  of  February  18,  1946,  reported  that  three  Commu- 


nist  Party  clubs  had  issued  leaflets  supporting  Steel  and  had  given  as 
one  of  their  main  reasons  for  backing  him  his  opposition  to  investiga- 
tion of  communism  (called  "Red-baiting"  by  Communist  adherents). 
Further  evidcuce  of  Steel's  high  standing  in  Communist  circles  was 
brought  out  on  the  occasion  of  the  Foreign  Ministers'  conference  at 
Moscow  in  March  of  1947.  With  great  difficulty  the  State  Depart- 
ment had  induced  Russia  to  raise  the  quota  of  U.  S.  press  and  radio 
correspondents  at  the  conference  from  20  to  36.  Therefore,  36  corre- 
spondents were  accredited  by  the  United  States  Government  to  attend 
the  conference.  Steel  stood  fifty-second  on  the  list  of  applicants  and 
was  not  accredited.  Nevertheless,  Steel  obtained  a  Russian  visa  and 
was  admitted  to  the  conference.  The  U.  S.  S.  R.  had  bypassed  or 
ignored  the  State  Department  in  his  favor,  even  though  Steel  did  not 
represent  any  important  news  or  radio  service,  as  did  many  other 
applicants  who  had  to  be  refused  admission.  Steel  covered  the  con- 
ference in  behalf  of  his  own  private  monthly  newsletter,  the  Johannes 
Steel  Report  on  World  Affau-s,  distributed  by  subscription  only.  He 
subsequently  issued  a  "Report"  stating  that  the  United  States  was 
trying  its  utmost  to  "sink  the  conference."  He  had  the  following  to 
say  about  the  Soviet  Union's  position: 

♦  *  *  no  one  can  deny  that  there  is  not  a  single  nation  in  the  world  which 
is  more  diligent  in  its  search  for  peace,  or  more  determined  and  logical  in  the  fight 
against  fascism. 


The  Moscow  radio  is  an  important  medium  in  guiding  and  promot- 
ing the  Communist  "peace"  movement  in  the  United  States. 

It  broadcasts  organizational  directives  to  the  Communist  leaders 
and  promoters  of  the  "peace"  movement  in  this  country,  and  it  also 
disseminates  fraudulent  "peace"  propaganda  in  an  attempt  to 
create  confusion  and  discontent  among  the  American  people. 

During  the  early  years  of  Communist  activities  in  the  United 
States,  the  Daily  Worker  published  the  Comintern's  directives  on 
Communist  policies  and  methods  of  organization.  If  a  change  in 
the  party  line  occurred,  the  member  discovered  it  from  the  party 
paper.  In  recent  years,  however,  the  Moscow  radio  has  been  an  in- 
creasingly important  source  of  guidance.  Russian  broadcasts  have 
been  instructing  the  Communists  in  their  attitudes  on  public  ques- 
tions, especially  those  concerning  foreign  policy,  and  have  been 
directing  party  leaders  in  new  methods  of  organization  and  new 
techniques  in  agitation.  So  important  has  radio  become  as  a  means 
of  directing  party  activities  that  secret  Communist  operators  are  re- 
quired to  possess  sending  and  receiving  short-wave  sets  as  standard 

The  Russian  radio  is  sufficiently  powerful  for  this  purpose.  It  has 
5  to  12  transmitters,  with  power  ranging  from  25  to  100  kilowatt- 
hours,  broadcasting  to  the  United  States  for  4  hom-s  and  40  minutes 
every  day.  Reception  strength  varies  from  nil  to  excellent  and  has 
an  average  of  fair  to  good. 

Bob  Lauter,  in  a  regular  Daily  Worker  column  entitled,  "Around  the 
Dial,"  from  time  to  time  gives  information  about  the  Soviet  Union's 
short-wave  broadcasts.  On  April  21,  1950,  he  informed  his  readers 
what  frequencies  used  by  Moscow  could  be  heard  in  spite  of  inter- 
ference from  coded  signals.  The  column  supplied  the  following 

15.23  Mc— Very  poor  at  this  time. 

11.88  Mc. — The  best.     Very  good  at  all  times. 

11.78  Mc. — Very  poor. 

9.72  Mc— Poor  at  this  time. 

9.67  Mc. — Very  good.    At  times  it  is  interfered  with  by  coded  signals  and  other 

9.60  Mc— Cannot  be  heard  (?). 

7.29  Mc. — Very  good.     Clear  all  the  way. 
These  branches  to  the  U.  S.  A.  mav  be  heard  on  the  frequencies  indicated  at: 
6:15-7:30;  8:00-10:00;  and  at  10:00  (all  times  are  P.  M.) 

Besides  the  Daily  Worker,  other  Communist  publications  aid  the 
American  listener  in  locating  the  Russian  short-wave  programs. 
The  New  Times,  published  in  English  by  Trud,  a  Moscow  newspaper, 
on  May  17  and  again  on  June  21,  gave  the  following  schedule  of  the 
Moscow  radio  broadcasts  for  the  summer  of  1950: 



Moscow  radio  broadcasts — summer  schedule  1950 — -program  beamed  to  North  America 

Eastern  daylight  saving  time 





f  19.7 

/  19.7 
30. 96 

1  19.7 
19.  76 

[         30.96 


21.00-22.00     -..          


22.30-24.00        -              -  - 



The  broadcasts  include  news  bulletins,  reviews  of  the  Soviet  press,  talks  on 
Soviet  life,  commentaries  on  world  affairs,  literary  and  feature  programs,  mail-bag 
and  musical  programs. 

The  New  Times  of  August  30,  1950,  announced  the  following  programs: 

Moscow    radio    broadcasts 

-summer    schedule    lOSO—programs    beamed    to    North 

Eastern  standard  time 

Wave  length 






1          25. 08 








30.  96 

f          19.7 

\          19. 76 

f          19. 85 


\          25. 37 


I         30. 96 


18.20-19  30 

20.00-23.00               - 




Between  21.00  and  21.30  Radio  Moscow  closes  down  its  service  on  19.7  and  19.85 

Moscow  employs  several  techniques  to  reach  more  effectively  its 
American  audience.  It  broadcasts  open  letters  from  celebrated 
Russian  musicians,  authors,  and  scientists  to  famous  Americans  in 
comparable  fields,  calling  upon  them  to  support  the  "peace"  move- 
ment. One  program,  which  is  devoted  to  the  mail  bag,  answers 
letters  of  inquiry  from  Americans  located  in  many  different  communi- 
ties. These  broadcasts  give  the  impression  of  intimacy  between  the 
Soviet  radio  and  the  American  listening  audience.  Much  time  is 
devoted  to  commentaries  on  the  news.  Editorials  are  read  from  the 
Russian  paper,  Pravda,  and  from  such  American  papers  as  the  Daily 
Compass,  and  the  Daily  Worker.     The  commentaries  are  a  means  of 


issuing  dii-ectives  to  party  workers  and  also  of  disseminating  propa- 
ganda among  the  American  public. 

During  1950,  the  Moscow  radio  called  for  the  formation  of  a  national 
committee  to  coordinate  the  "peace"  activities  of  local  committees  in 
communities  m  the  United  States,  The  radio  further  suggested  the 
observation  of  a  special  week  to  be  known  as  the  Fight  for  Peace  and 
Democracy  Week.  A  month  prior  to  the  Mid-Century  Conference 
for  Peace,  held  in  Chicago  in  May  1950,  the  Moscow  radio  demanded 
the  collection  of  250,000  signatures  as  a  preparation  for  the  conference. 
On  August  1,  1950,  the  radio  warned  the  "peace"  campaigners  to 
give  more  attention  to  rural  workers  and  the  middle  class;  to  get  more 
support  from  cultural,  women's  and  youth  organizations;  and  to  hound 
civil  and  political  leaders  with  the  "peace"  program. 

The  Soviet  radio  has  appealed  to  American  college  students  to 
sign  the  Stockholm  Peace  Appeal,  and  has  urged  them  to  hold  rallies 
and  form  delegations  in  behalf  of  the  Communists'  "peace"  campaign. 

Soviet  broadcasters  have  attempted  to  dissuade  seamen  and  dockers 
throughout  the  world  from  handling  American  arms  and  other  military 
supphes.  On  January  19,  1950,  the  broadcasters  applauded  the  dock- 
ers of  Marseilles,  Toulon,  LaRochelle,  Rouen,  Dunkirk,  and  La  Havre 
for  refusing  to  handle  American  military  shipments.  On  the  same  day, 
the  Moscow  radio  broadcasted  an  open  appeal  to  the  longshoremen 
of  the  United  States  Atlantic  coast  from  the  National  Federation  of 
Dockers  and  Port  Workers  of  France,  urging  the  Americans  not  to 
load  war  material  intended  for  shipment  to  France  in  connection  with 
the  North  Atlantic  Defense  Pact.  This  agitation  among  the  seamen 
continued  during  March  and  April   1950. 

The  Moscow  radio  similarly  agitated  factory  workers,  exhorting 
them  in  the  name  of  "peace"  to  demand  a  change-over  from  the 
production  of  war  goods  to  the  production  of  civilian  goods.  The 
radio  gave  this  bold  command:  "Make  tractors  and  machine  tools — 
do  not  make  machines  of  death.  Do  not  succumb  to  the  temptation 
of  temporary  earnings^think  of  the  future."  No  such  proposal  would 
have  been  tolerated  for  an  instant  in  connection  with  the  feverish 
production  of  war  materials  in  the  Soviet  Union. 

Soviet  broadcasters  eventually  grew  even  bolder.  On  July  30, 
1950,  they  called  upon  listeners  to  "seize  the  arms  of  the  warmongers." 
This  is  nothing  less  than  an  incitement  to  civil  war.  And  on  August 
4,  1950,  a  Moscow  broadcast  to  the  United  States  called  for  aiding  the 
"peace"  movement  by  refusing  to  volunteer  for  military  service  and 
by  ignoring  draft  registrations.  On  August  28,  1950,  the  radio  pub- 
licized an  open  letter  to  American  soldiers  in  Korea,  in  which  Ameri- 
cans were  branded  "aggressors"  and  threatened  with  the  ever-lasting 
hatred  of  people  everywhere  in  the  world. 

The  scm-rilous  attacks  on  American  leaders  and  American  policy, 
which  have  characterized  the  whole  Communist  "peace"  campaign, 
are  repeated  again  and  again  in  Soviet  broadcasts  to  the  United  States, 
in,an  effort  to  create  confusion  and  discontent  among  American  lis- 
teners. Nor  does  the  Moscow  radio  hesitate  to  broadcast  propaganda 
aimed  at  inciting  racial  hostilities  in  this  country.  The  Moscow  radio 
reserves  its  praise  for  the  Communists,  fellow  travelers,  and  front 
organizations  which  serve  the  Soviet  cause.  On  July  18,  1950,  it 
radioed  congratulations  to  the  National  Council  of  the  Arts,  Sciences 


and  Professions  for  sending  a  peace  petition,  signed  by  5,000  persons, 
to  President  Truman.  It  has  also  awarded  special  praise  to  the  Na- 
tional Labor  Conference  for  Peace,  the  Peace  Information  Center,  and 
the  American  Slav   Congress. 

It  is  evident  from  its  broadcasts  that  Moscow  receives  detailed 
reports  of  "peace"  activities  in  the  United  States.  Reports  are  sent 
in  from  meetings  as  small  as  one  in  Smmyside,  N.  Y.  On  July  31, 
1950,  the  Moscow  radio  broadcasted  the  following  summary  of  the 
"peace"  movement  in  the  United  States: 

Reports  are  arriving  from  the  United  States  of  meetings  protesting  against 
the  aggressive  policj^  of  Washington  and  London  and  of  the  savage  persecution 
of  peace  partisans.  One  thousand  eight  hundred  people  toolc  part  in  a  meeting 
organized  by  the  Michigan  Progressive  Party,  which  supported  the  demand  to 
stop  the  intervention  in  Korea  and  to  ban  the  atomic  bomb.  Five  hundred 
people  took  part  in  a  similar  meeting  in  Boston.  Reports  are  arriving  from 
Philadelphia,  Connecticut,  Detroit,  and  other  places  around  the  successful  col- 
lection of  signatures  under  the  Stockholm  Peace  Appeal. 

In  this  brief  review  of  some  of  the  activities  of  the  Moscow  radio 
in  connection  with  the  current  "peace"  campaign,  we  have  merely 
scratched  the  surface  with  the  meager  facilities  at  our  command. 
A  more  far  reaching  survey  should  be  made  to  show  the  full  range 
of  Moscow  broadcasts  as  well  as  the  extent  of  their  reception  in  this 
country.  Although  Moscow  has  gone  to  considerable  expense  to 
block  foreign  broadcasts  by  the  installation  of  elaborate  jamming 
devices,  our  radio  frontier  is  wide  open.  Recalling  the  famous  Orson 
Welles  broadcast  of  October  1938,  which  was  scripted  by  Howard 
Koch,  a  card-carrying  member  of  the  Communist  Party,  and  which 
threw  the  Nation  into  a  panic,  it  may  well  be  that  some  systematic 
and  effective  precautionary  measures  are  urgently  essential. 




For  A  Lasting  Peace,  for  a  People's  Democracy 

(Bucharest,  Organ  of  the  Information  Bureau  of  the  Communist  and  Workers' 

September  1,  1948 

World  Congress  of  Culture  in  Defense  of  Peace 
September  15,  1948 

Congress  in  Wroclaw:  Battle  for  Peace  and  Culture — by  Emilio  Sereni 
October  15,  1948 

British  Peace  Campaign  Grows  Stronger 
December  15,  1948 

Committee  in  Defense  of  Peace  in  Britain 
January  15,  1949 

Working  People  of  France  Organizing  Councils  for  Defense  of  Peace  and  Freedom 
March  1,  1949 
Manifesto  of  the  International  Coordinating  Committee  of  Cultural  Workers  in 

Defense  of  Peace 
Congress  of  French  Intellectuals  for  Culture  and  Peace 

March  15,  1949 

World  Peace  Congress 

April  1,  1949 

National  Congress  in  Defense  of  Peace  in  Brazil 

U.  S.  A.  Cultural  and  Scientific  Congress  for  World  Peace 

A.  A.  Fadayev's  Speech  at  Closing  Meeting  of  the  U.  S.  Cultural  and  Scientific 

Congress  for  World  Peace 
Preparatory  Committee  for  World  Peace  Congress 
Rumanian  Scientific  Congress  in  Defense  of  Peace 

April  15,  1949 

Movement  of  People's  Masses  for  Lasting  Peace,  Against  Imperialist  Instigators 
of  New  War  is  Growing  and  Extending 

Pre-Congress  Chronicle 

What  the  Ordinary  People  Think  (France) 

Meetings  and  Demonstrations  (Poland) 

"Peace  Caravans" 

Safeguard  Peace 

British  Workers  Oppose  War  Against  the  Soviet  Union 

In  Defense  of  Freedom 

Expose  the  Warmongers  (Rumania) 

The  Will  of  the  People  of  Bulgaria 

Czech  Scientist's  Statement 

Italian  Women  Send  Letter  to  Truman 
The  Soviet  People  in  the  Struggle  for  Peace — by  A.  Surkov 

May  1,  1949 

Manifesto — World  Peace  Congress 
World  Peace  Congress 

French  Intellectuals  and  the  Cause  of  Peace — by  Aime  Cesaire;  Deputy,  French 
National  Assembly 


May  16,  1949 

Peace  Congress  in  Tokyo 

All-Canada  Peace  Congress 

June  1,  1949 

Fight  for  Peace — The  Cause  of  All  Peoples 
June  15,  1949 

Movement  of  the  Peoples  for  a  Lasting  Peace,  Against  the  Warmongers  is  Growing 
and  Strengthening 

World  Peace  Congress  Delegates  Report  Back 

Growing  Activity  of  French  People 

Peace  Movement  in  Rumania 

Preparations  for  Peace  Congress  in  Hungary 

Mass  Protests  in  U.  S.  Against  Atlantic  Pact 

Appeal  from  World  Federation  of  Democratic  Youth 

Italian  Working  People's  Petition 
In  Defense  of  Peace 

August  1,  1949 

Peace  Movement  in  France 

September  1 — Peace  Day  in  Germany 

August  15,  1949 

Havana  Peace  Congress 

September  1,  1949 

All-Union  Conference  of  Supporters  of  Peace  in  Moscow 

Peace  Congress  in  Mexico 

Peace  Committees  in  Scandinavia 

Munich  Will  Never  Be  Repeated!     (Czechoslovak  Peace  Committee) 

September  16,  1949 

Peace  Day  Preparations  in  France 

September  23,  1949 

Eve  of  Peace  Day 


Struggle  of  the   French   People    for    Peace — by    Raymond    Guvot,     Member, 
Political  Bureau,  Communist  Party  of  France 

September  30,  1949 

Defense  of  Peace — The  Concern  of  the  Peoples  of  the  World 
Soviet  Working  People  Prepare  for  Peace  Day 
For  World  Peace  Against  Warmongers! 
On  the  Eve  of  Peace  Day — October  2: 

Defend  the  Cause  of  Peace — by  Academician  Petru  Constantinescu-lasi 
Vice  Chairman  of  the  National  Assembly  (Rumania) 

National  Peace  Ballot  in  France 

Militant  Review  of   Democratic  Forces — by   Laszlo  Orben,    Member, 
Central  Committee,  Hungarian  Workers  Party 

German  People  Against  Warmongers 

Meeting  in  London 

Polish  People  Fight  for  Peace 

Call  of  Danish  Women  Communists 

Demonstrations  and  Meetings  in  Czechoslovakia 

National  Trade  Union  Peace  Conference  in  the  United  States 

Peace  Meetings  in  India 

October  7,  1949 

New  Powerful  Upsurge  of  World  Movement  for  Peace  Against  the  Warmongers 
October  21,  1949 

National  Congress  of  Belgian  Partisans  of  Peace 

Struggle  of  Italian  Women  for  Peace  and  Freedom — by  Maria  Maddalena  Rossi, 
Chairman,  Italian  Women's  League 

November  4,  1949 

Session  of  World  Peace  Permanent  Committee 


November  18,  1949 

Struggle  of  Latin-American  People  for  Peace 
November  29,  1949 

Defense  of  Peace  and  the  Struggle  Against  the  Warmongers — Resolution  of  the 
Information  Bureau  of  the  Communist  Parties 

December  2,  1949 

Defense  of  Peace  and  the  Struggle  Against  the  Warmongers — Report  by   M. 

Suslov  submitted  to  the  Meeting  of  the  Information  Bureau  of  the  Communist 

Parties  held  in  the  second  half  of  November  1949 
A  Powerful  Weapon  in  the  Struggle  for  Peace 
Peace  Forces  Rally  Against  War 
Call  to  Further  Struggle 

December  SO,  1949 

Call  of  the  World  Peace  Congress  Committee 
January  6,  1950 

Activities  of  the  Italian  People  in  Defense  of  Peace 

People  of  France  Are  Fighting  for  Peace — by  Etienne  Fajon,  Member,  Political 
Bureau,  Communist  Party  of  France 

January  IS,  1950 

Fight  for  Peace — The  Main  Task — by  I.  Chisinevschi,  Secretary,  Central  Com- 
mittee, Rumanian  Workers'  Party 

January  27,  1950 

Millions  Rising  in  Struggle  for  Peace 

Genoa  Dockers  Refuse  to  Unload  Munitions 

Peace  Demonstration  in  Syria 

Action  Committees  in  Algiers 

Petitions  in  Defense  of  Peace  in  Belgium 

February  3,  1950 

Peace  Movement  is  Growing  and  Gaining  Strength 

Peace  Meeting  in  New  York 

Netherlands  Workers  Protest  Against  U.  S.  Arms  Shipments 

In  the  Rumanian  Peoples  Republic 

People  of  Western  Germany — Against  War  Preparations 

Working  People  of  France  Fight  for  Peace 

Wide-Scale  Peace  Movement  in  Italy 

February  10,  1950 

Raise  Higher  the  Banner  of  the  Peoples  World-Wide  Struggle  for  Peace 
People  of  Italy  Continue  to  Struggle  for  Peace  and  Democratic  Rights 
Peace  Movement  Successes  in  Poland 
Ohio  Trade  Union  Peace  Conference 

Czechoslovak    People    Support    Demands    in    Defense    of    Peace — by    Anezkd 
Hodinova-Spurna,  Chairman,  Czechoslovak  Peace  Committee 

February  24,  1950 

Mighty  Peace  Movement  Growing  in  All  Lands 

Struggle  for  Peace  in  Italy 

Bulgarian     People     Actively    Upholding    the    Cause    of    Peace — bv     Zola 
Dragoicheva,  Chairman,  Bulgarian  National  Peace  Committee 

Peace  Councils  in  Austria 

British  Youth  Intensify  Fight  for  Peace 

March  S,  1950 

Peace  Delegation  Arrives  in  Italy 

March  10,  1950 

Camp  of  Peace  Supporters  is  Growing 

Delegation  of  Permanent  Committee  of  World  Peace  Congress  Arrives  in  the 

U.  S.  S.  R. 
People's  Masses  in  Poland  Against  Warmongers 

National  Assembly  of  Czechoslovakia  Discusses  Proposals  of  the  Permanent 
Peace  Committee 


March  17,  1950 

Peace  Messengers  Welcomed  in  the  U.  S.  S.  R. 

Peace  Movement  in  Rumania 

National  Congress  of  Fighters  for  Peace  and  Freedom  in  France 

March  24,  1950 

Session  of  Permanent  Committee  of  World  Peace  Congress 

The  Mighty  Peace  Front  Will  Foil  Criminal  Designs  of  the  Warmongers 

Congresses  in  Defense  of  Peace  (Albania  and  Israel) 

March  SI,  1950 

Working   People   in   CapitaHst   Countries   Are   Fighting   for   Peace,  Bread,  and 

Appeal  of  Permanent  Committee  of  World  Peace  Congress 
Toil  Criminal  Schemes  of  the  Warmongers  (on  Stockholm  Appeal)  (lists  activities 

in  Rumania,  Czechoslovakia,  Poland,  Japan) 
The  Struggle  for  Peace  Will  Unite  Millions  of  People  in  All  Countries — by  Jorge 

Amado,  Member  Permanent  Committee,  World  Peace  Congress 
On  the  Eve  of  the  All-Australian  Peace  Congress 
Irish  Workers  Demand  Peace  and  Independence 

April  7,  1950 

Frustrate  Criminal  Plans  of  the  Warmongers! 

Peoples  of  All  Countries  Support  Decisions  of  Permanent  Committee  of  World 
Peace  Congress 







April  14,  1950 

For  Hundreds  of  MiUions  of  Signatures  to  the  Appeal  for  the  Prohibition  of  the 

Atomic  Weapon 
Appeal  of  Permanent  Peace  Committee  of  the  Rumanian  People's  Republic 
Peoples  of  All  Countries  Support  the  Appeal  of  the  Permanent  Committee  of  the 
World  Peace  Congress 


Great  Britain 


France — Bar  the  War  to  War! 

Italy — MiUions  of  Signatures  in  Defense  of  Peace 





April  21,  1950 

Peoples  of  World  Support  Appeal  of  Permanent  Committee,  World  Peace  Congress 
Poland,  Czechoslovakia,  Germany,  Cuba,  France,  Bulgaria,  India 

Rumanian  Peasants  Struggle  for  Peace — by  Mihail  Sadoveanu,  Academician 
Member,  Permanent  Committee  of  World  Peace  Congress,  Chairman,  Perma- 
nent Peace  Committee  of  the  Rumanian  People's  RepubUc 

April  28,  1950 

MiUions  of  People  Signing  Appeal  of  the  Permanent  Committee  of  World  Peace 

Congress,  Bulgaria,  Brazil,  Rumania,  Italy,  Britain 
MiUtant  Tasks  of  the  Struggle  for  Peace 
For  Peace,  Freedom  and  Democracy!— by  Marcel  Cachin,  Member,  PoUtburo, 

French  Communist  Party 
The  Great  Aim  of  the  Peoples — -by  Frederic  Joliot-Curie,  Chairman,  Permanent 

Committee  of  the  World  Peace  Congress 
In  the  Chinese  People's  RepubUc 

Support  for  the  Appeal  of  the  Permanent  Committee  of  the  World  Peace 

Journal  of  Peace  Supporters 


Peace   Movement  in  Finland — by   Mayri  Ryoma — Member,  Politburo,  Central 

Committee,  Communist  Party  of  Finland 
International  Solidarity  of  Partisans  of  Peace  is  Invincible — by  Anna  Pauker, 

Secretary,  Central  Committee,  Rumanian  Workers'  Party 
To  Save  Peace  is  the  Duty  of  the  International  Proletariat — by  Giuseppe  di 

Vittorio,  Chairman,  World  Federation  of  Trade  Unions 
Peace  Movement  is  Growing  and  Gaining  Strength 

Working   People   of   Hungary    Signing    Appeal   for    Prohibition   of    Atomic 

Danish  Dockers  Protest  Against  Denmark  Being  Turned  into  a  U.  S.  Arsenal 









May  5,  1950 

Working  People  of  All  Lands  Celebrated  May  Day  Under  Slogan  of  Defense  of 
Peace  and  Prohibition  of  Atomic  Weapon 

May  12,  1950 

For  Hundreds  of  Millions  of  Signatures  to  the  Appeal  of  the  Permanent  Commit- 
tee of  World  Peace  Congress 
"Peace  Special"  in  Britain 

May  19,  1950 

For  Hundreds  of  Millions  of  Signatures  to  the  Appeal  for  Banning  the  Atomic 

Communique  of  the  Permanent  Committee  of  the  World  Peace  Congress 
Peace  Movement  Growing  in  Scale  in  All  countries  of  the  World 
Hungarian  People  on  Guard  for  Peace — by  Zoltan  Komocsin,  Head  of  Agitation 
Department,  Central  Committee,  Hungarian  Workers'  Party 

May  26,  1950 

Foil  Criminal  Plans  of  the  Warmongers 

Vigorous  Activity  of  the  Czechoslovak  People 

Appeal  of  the  World  Federation  of  Trade  Unions  to  the  Working  People  of 
the  World 

Plans  of  Reactionary  Clergy  Fail 

Peace  Meeting  in  Budapest 

Voice  of  the  Brazilian  People 

Noble  Initiative  of  Polish  Scientists  and  Students 

Repressions  Against  Partisans  of  Peace  in  Britain 

In  the  Bulgarian  People's  Republic 

When  the  Marshallised  Press  Breaks  Silence 

Thomas  Mann's  Statement 
Practical  Actions  of  Italian  Working  People  in  Defense  of  Peace 
French  Youth  in  the  Struggle  for  Peace — by  Victor  Michaut,  Member,  Political 
Bureau,  French  Communist  Party 

June  2,  1950 

Trade  Unions  in  the  Fight  for  Peace 

Prohibition  of  the  Atomic  Weapon — Demand  by  Outstanding  Figures  in  Italy 

Movement  in  Defense  of  Peace  in  Korea — by  Khan  Ser  Ya,  Chairman,  All-Korea 

National  Peace  Committee 
Collection  of  Signatures  in  France 
On  Guard  for  World  Peace — by  Kuo  Mo-jo,  Chairman,  China  Committee  of  the 

World  Congress  of  Partisans  of  Peace 
Open  Letter  from  Polish  Scientists  to  Scientists  in  U.  S. 




Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  for  World  Peace 
March  25,  26,  and  27,  1949,  New  York  City 

The  following  list  of  sponsors  of  the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  for 
World  Peace,  said  to  be  correct  as  of  yesterday,  was  given  out  by  the  National 
Council  of  the  Arts,  Sciences,  and  Professions,  sponsor  of  the  conference:  ^ 

Berenice  Abbott 

Rev.  Charles  B.  Ackley 

Louis  Adamic 

Dr.  Charles  Christopher 

Rev.  Stacy  Adams 

Dr.  Thomas  Addis 

Stella  Adler 

Cecelia  Ager 

Gregory  Ain 

Robert  E.  Alexander 

OUver  S.  Allen 

Prof.  Ethel  J.  Alpenfels 

Ralph  Alswang 

Kurt  Anderson 

George  Antheil 

Robenia  Anthony 

Herbert  Aptheker< 

Bruno  Aron 

James  Aronson 

Simon  Asen 

Edith  Atwater 

Prof.  Marston  Balch 

William  Bales 

W.  W.  Ballard 

Zlatko  Balokovic 

Josephine  C.  Barbour 

Rev.  Wade  Crawford  Bar- 

S.  L.  M.  Barlow 

Prof.  Cyrus  P.  Barnum,  Jr. 

Alice  Prentice  Barrows 

Dr.  Edward  K.  Barsky 

Prof.  Bernard  Baum 

Mordecai  Bauman 

Howard  Bay 

Prof.  Irwin  R.  Beller 

Thomas  Bell 

Elmer  Bendiner 

Aline  Bernstein 

Leonard  Bernstein^ 

Victor  Bernstein 

Walter  Bernstein 

Herbert  J.  Biberman 

Father  Shelton  Hale 

Dr.  Algernon  D.  Black 

Boris  Blai 

Betsy  Blair 

Henry  Blankfort 

Michael  Blankfort 

Marc  Blitzstein 

Dr.  Joshua  Bloch 

Kermit  Bloomgarden 

Dr.  E.  M.  Bluestone 

Prof.  Henry  Blumberg 

Hans  Blumenfeld 

Dr.  Ernst  P.  Boas 

Aaron  Bohrod 

B.  A.  Botkin 

Richard  O.  Boyer 

Kay  Boyle 

Joseph  Brainin 

-Prof.  Theodore  Brameld 

Millen  Brand 

Jocelyn  Brando 

Marlon  Brando  " 

Prof.  Dorothy  Brewster 

J.  Edward  Bromberg 

Lucy  Brown 

Rev.  Thoburn  T.  Brum- 

Lucile  Bruner 

Henrietta  Buckmaster 

Richard  Burgin 

Prof.  Edwin  Berry  Bur- 

Paul  Burlin 

Richard  G.  Burlingame 

David  Burliuk 

Prof.  E.  A.  Burtt 

Adolf  Busch 

Dr.  Allan  M.  Butler 

Witter  Bynner 

Angus  Cameron 

Antoinette  Cannon 

Dr.  George  D.  Cannon 

Rabbi  Jonah  E.  Caplan 

Rabbi  D.  A.  Jessurun 

Prof.  A.  J.  Carlson 

Prof.  Rudolf  Carnap 

Morris  Carnovsky 

Saul  Carson 

Alan  Carter 

Norman  Cazden 

Dr.   Robert  C.   Challman 

Rev.  Mark  A.  Chamber- 

Charles  Chaplin  -^ 

Allan  Chase 

Prof.  M.  N.  Chatterjee 

Serge  Chermayeff 

Edward  Chodorov 

Jerome  Chodorov 

Henry  S.  Churchill 

Rev.  Karl  M.  Chworow- 

Nicolai  Cikovsky 

Dr.  Rufus  E.  Clement 

W.  G.  Clugston 

Robert  M.  Coates 

Lee  J.  Cobb 

Dr.  Stanley  Cobb 

Rabbi  J.  X.  Cohen 
Lester  Cole 
Fannie  Cook 
Peter  Copeland 
Aaron  Copland 
Paul  Corey 
Norman  Corwin 
Prof.  Frederick  A.  Courts 
Thomas  Creighton 
Kyle  Crichton 
Prof.  Abraham  Cronbach 
Dr.  Ralph  Crowley 
Rev.  John  W.  Darr,  Jr. 
Howard  Da  Silva 
Jules  Dassin 
Dr.  Leo  M.  Davidoff 
Jo  Davidson 
Hallie  Flanagan  Davis 
Dr.  .Jerome  Davis 
Dr.  Percv  AL  Dawson 
Prof.  Jolin  J.  De  Boer 
Adolf  Dehn 
Roger  de  Koven 
Jacob  Deschin 
Stejihen  Deutch 
Albert  Deutsch 
Earl  B.  Dickerson 
Dr.  Albert  C.  Dieflfenbach 
Dr.  Hedlev  S.  Dimock 
Dr.   Marshall   E.   Dimock 
Edward  Dmytryk 
Martha  Dodd 
Anton  Dolin 

Prof.  Dorothy  W.  Douglas 
Prof.  Harl  R.  Douglass 
Olin  Downes 
Muriel  Draper 
Paul  Draper 
W.  E.  B.  DuBois  '- 
Jane  Dudley 
James  Dugan 
Barrows  Dunham 
Arnaud  D'Usseau 
Richard  Dyer-Bennett 
Prof.  Abraham  Edel 
Prof.  Stuart  Edie 
Prof.  Albert  Einstein   — 
Dr.  Robert  H.  EUis 
Dr.  Haven  Emerson 
Prof.  Thomas  I.  Emerson 
Guy  Endore 
Lehman  Engel 
Philip  Evergood 
Prof.    Henry   Pratt   Fair- 
Fyke  Farmer 
Howard  Fast 

New  York  Times,  March  24, 1949. 



Prof.  Robert  D.  Field 

Jose  Ferrer 

Lion  Feuchtwanger 

Sidney  Finkelstein 

Irving  H.  Flamm 

Rev.  Joseph  Fletcher 

Prof.    Frederick    Wilhelm 

Prof.  Joseph  K.  Folsom 

Clark  Foreman 

Lukas  Foss 

Sidney  Fox 

Elizabeth  Frazier 

Prof.  P>ank  S.  Freeman 

Joseph  Gaer 

Arthur  Gaeth 

Will  Geer 

Louis  Gelders 

Rev.    Dr.    Louis    C.    Ger- 

Leatrice  Joy  Gilbert 

Barbara  Giles 

Josiah  W.  Gitt 

Vincent  Glinsky 

Vladimir  Gloschmann 

Max  Goberman 

Rabbi    Herbert    S.    Gold- 

Henrietta  L.  Gordon 

Jav  Gorney 

Harry  Gottlieb 

Morton  Gould 

James  Gow 

Charles  Graham 

Shirley  Graham 

William  Cropper 

Chaim  Gross 

Paul  Grotz 

Sidonie  Gruenberg 

Ernest   A.    Grunsfeld,   Jr. 

Jack  Guilford 

Robert  Gwathmey 

Vta  Hagen 

Ernst  Halberstadt 

David  Hall 

Margaret  Halsev 

Prof.  Talbot  Hamlin 

Dashiell  Hammett 

E.  Y.  Harburg 

Minna  Harkavy 

Prof.  Georgia  Harkness 

Prof.  Frederick  P.  Harris 

Dr.  Roy  E.  Harris 

Shelbv  M.  Harrison 

Pearl  M.  Hart 

Frank  E.  Hartung 

Prof.  David  Hawkins 

Prof.  Marion  Hathway 

Rev.  Edler  G.  Hawkins 

Jane  L.  Havford 

Prof.       Michael      Heidel- 

Prof.  Karl  F.  Heiser 

Lillian  Hellman 
Edna  Wolff  Henner 

Hermann  Herrey 

Stefan  Heym 

Sammy  Hey  ward 

Nat  Hi  ken 

Dr.  Ernest  R.  Hilgard 

Rev.  Charles  A.  Hill 

Dr.  Cecil  E.  Hinshaw 

Carmelita  Hinton 

Joseph  Hirsch 

Ira  A.  Hirschmann 

Rose  Hobart 

Dr.  W.  Ernest  Hocking 

Rev.  Chester  E.  Hodgson 

Syd  Hoff 

Judy  Holliday 

Libby  Holman 

Carroll  Hollister 

Prof.  Eugene  C.  Holmes 

Prof.  Lee  Elbert  Holt 

Charles  P.  Howard 

John  N.  M.  Howells  -^ 

Leo  Huberman 

Rev.      Kenneth      de      P. 

Langston  Hughes 
Kim  Hunter 
Mary  Hunter 
Dr.  W.  A.  Hunton 
Arthur  Hurwich 
Leo  T.  Hurwitz 
Guy  Hutchins 
Alfonso  lannelli 
Charles  Irving 
Leon  E.  Janney 
Werner  Janssen 
Prof.  Otto  T.  Jelinek 
Dr.  Charles  S.  Johnson 
Crockett  Johnson     , 
Edna  Ruth  Johnson 
Reginald  D.  Johnson 
Dr.  David  D.  Jones 
Matthew  Josephson 
Robert  Josephy 
Robert  Joyce 
Dr.  Elvin  A.  Kabat 
Albert  E.  Kahn 
Prof.  George  Kalnitsky 
Carson  Kanin 
Paul  Katz 
Nora  Kaje 
Philip  O.  Keeney 
Arthur  Kennedy 
Stetson  Kennedy 
Robert  W.  Kenny 
Rockwell  Kent 
Prof.  T.  J.  Kent,  Jr. 
George  R.  Kernodle 
Hilde  Kiang 
Michael  Kidd 
Dr.  John  A.  Kingsbury 
Alexander  Kipnis 
Prof.  Philip  Klein 
George  Kleinsinger 
Howard  Koch 
Prof.  Isaac  M.  Kolthoff 
Pauline  Koner 
Alfred  Kreymborg 

Leon  Kroll 

Dr.  Joshua  Kunitz 

Fredell  Lack 

Harry  C.  Lamberton 

Corliss  Lamont 

Millard  Lampell 

John  Lardner 

Ring  Lardner,  Jr. 

Prof.  Oliver  Larkin 

Rev.  John  Howland 

Sidney  Latifman 

Arthur  Laurents 

Jacob  Lawrence 

John  Howard  Lawson 

Dr.  Warner  Lawson 

James  Lechay 

Ruth  Lechitner 

Emil  Lengyel 

Kenneth  Leslie 

Ray  Lev 

S.  Lev-Landau 

Beatrice  Levey 

Julian  Levi 

Jack  Levine 

Rabbi  Felix  A.  Levy 

Joseph  H.  Levy 

Prof.  Ronald  B.  Levy 

Brenda  Lewis 

Prof.    William   H.    Lichte 

Jose  Limon 

Dr.  Robert  M.  Lindner 

Rt.  Rev.  S.  Harrington 

Jacob  Little 

Alice  F.  Liveright 

Prof.  Bert  James  Loewen- 

Alan  Lomax 

Dr.  Herman  W.  Loiig 

Michael  Loring 

Joseph  Losey 

Rev.  Donald  G.  Lothrop 

Prof.  Oliver  S.  Loud 

Prof.  Robert  Morss  Lovett 

Katharine  Dupre  Lump- 

Harry  L.  Lurie 

Helen  M.  Lynd 

Prof.  Robert  S.  Lynd 

Annabelle  Lyon 

Louis  F.  McCabe 

Ehzabeth  McCausland 

Prof.  John  C.  McGalliard 

John  T.  McManus 

Rev.  Jack  R.  McMichael 

Prof.  Wayne  McMillan 

Carey  McWilliams'' 

Prof.  Curtis  D.  Mac- 

Dr.  Duncan  A.  Maclnnes 

Luther  K.  Macnair 

A.  B.  Magil 

Norman  Mailer 

Albert  Maltz 

Erika  Mann 




Ruth  Z.  S.  Mann 

Thomas  Mann 

Prof.  Grace  F.  Marcus 

Dr.  F.  L.  Marcuse 

Dr.  Judd  Marmor 

John  Martin 

Lawrence  Martin 

Sylvia  Martin 

Sophie  Maslow 

Prof.  F.  O.  Matthiessen  i 

Prof.  Wesley  H.  Maurer 

Albert  Mayer 

Dr.  Leo  Mayer 

Eve  Merriam 

Dr.  WiUis  B.  Merriam 

Prof.  Otto  Meyerhof 

Peter  Michael 

Arthur  Miller 

Dr.  Benjamin  F.  Miller 

Dr.  Clvde  R.  Miller 

Mitchell  Miller 

Lisette  Model 

Prof.  William  P.  Mon- 

Buckhn  Moon 

Sam  Moore 

Dr.  PhiUp  Morrison 

Jacob  Moscowitz 

Rev.  J.  Edward  Moselev 

Willard  Motley 

Rt.  Rev.  Arthur  W.  Moul- 

Mrs.  Stuart  Mudd 

Prof.  Kenneth  B.  Mur- 

Dr.  Gardner  Murphy 

Dr.  Henry  A.  Murray 

Dr.  Otto  Nathan 

Scott  Nearing 

Prof.  Edward  G.  Nelson 

Dr.  Peter  B.  Neubauer 

Prof.  Mabel  Newcomber 

Rabbi  Louis  L  Newman 

Edouard    Nies-Berger 

Michael  M.  Nisseison 

Eliot  Noyes 

Clifford  Odets 

Elizabeth  Olds 

Prof.  Frank  Oppenheimer 

Eugene  Ormandy 

John  O'Shaughnessy 

Ruth  Page 

Rev.  George  L.  Paine 

Aubrey  Pankey 

Prof.  Erwin  Panofsky 

Dr.  Edwards  A.  Park 

Father  Clarence  Parker 

Dorothy  Parker 

Dr.  Linus  Pauling 

L  Rice  Pereira 

Jennings  Perry 

Dr.  John  P.  Peters 

Oscar  Pettiford 

Helen  Phillips 

Prof.  Melber  Phillips 

Elias  Picheny 

Prof.  Seymour  M.  Pitcher 

Dr.  Isidore  Pomerance 

Abraham  L.  Pomerantz 

Arthur  Upham  Pope 

Martin  Popper 

Prof.   Walter  Rauten- 

Callman  Rawley 
Anton  Refregier 
Dr.  Ira  De  A.  Raid 
Ad  Reinhardt 
Regina  Resnik 
Bertha  C.  Reynolds 
Vernon  Rice 
Wallingford  Riegger 
Lvnn  Riggs 
Martin  Ritt 
Dr.  Dean  W.  Roberts 
Holland  Roberts 
Prof.  Walter  Orr  Roberts 
Paul  Robeson 
Dr.  E.  I.  Robinson 
O.  John  Rogge 
Harold  Rome 
Dr.  Theodor  Rosebury 
Jonas  Rosenfield,  Jr. 
Norman  Rosten 
Muriel  Rukeyser 
Rose  Russell 
Robert  St.  John 
Victor  Samrock 
Dr.  Pedro  Sanjuan 
Alexander  Saxton 
Dr.  Bela  Schick 
Prof.  Margaret  Schlauch 
Artur  Schnabel 
Dr.  Julius  Schreiber 
Budd  Schulberg 
Prof.   Frederick  L.   Schu- 

Dr.  Lawrence  W.  Schwartz 
Rev.  John  R.  Scotford 
Edwin  Seaver 
Dr.  Howard  Selsam 
Lisa  Sergio 
Ben  Shahn 
Dr.  Harlow  Shapley 
Wesley  Sharer 
Artie  Shaw 
Henry  Wood  Shelton 
Dr.  Guy  Emery  Shipler 
Herman  Shumlin 
Eva  Sikelianos 
Samuel  Sillen 
Prof.  Louis  L.  Silverman 
Edith  W.  Simester 
Lee  Simonson 
Mitchell  Siporin 
John  Sloan 
Nicholas  Slonimsky 
Dr.  Maud  Slye 
Agnes  Smedley  ' 

Leo  Smit 

Jessica  Smith 

Rev.  F.  Hastings  Smythe 

Rabbi  Elias  L.  Solomon 

Miriam  Solovieflf 

Gale  Sondergaard 

Rev.  Carl  D.  Soule  " 

Raphael  Soyer 

Kenneth  Spencer 

Rev.  Frederick  K.  Stamm 

Johannes  Steel 

Alfred  K.  Stern 

Prof.  Bernhard  J.  Stern 

Isaac  Stern 

Donald  Ogden  Stewart 

Marc  Stone 

Paul  Strand 

Prof.  Dirk  J.  Struik 

Prof.  Edward  A.  Such  man 

Howard  Edwin  Sweeting 

William  M.  Sweets 

Paul  M.  Sweezy 

Earl  Sydnor 

Prof.  Florence  Sytz 

Arthur  Szyk 

George  Tabora 

Helen  Tamiris 

Prof.  Leland  H.  Tavlnr 

Rev.  Dr.  Sidney  S.  Tede- 

Studs  Terkel 
Dr.  Milton  Terris 
Prof.  Randall  Thompson 
Rev.  T.  K.  Thompson 
Ernest  Thurn 
Prof.  Ralph  B.  Tower 
Prof.  Charlotte  Towle 
Dr.  Charles  Trinkaus 
Dalton  Trunibo 
Prof.  Ralph  H.  Turner 
Louis  Untermeyer 
Olive  Van  Horn 
Mary  Van  Kleeck 
Prof.     Thurman     William 

V^an  Metre 
Hilda  Vaughn 
Prof.  Oswald  Veblen 
Nym  Wales 
Henrv  A.  Wallace 
Bishop  W.  J.  Walls 
Dr.  J.  Ravmond  Walsh 
Prof.  Eda  Lou  Walton 
Sam  Wanamaker 
Prof.  Harry  F.  Ward 
Theodore  Ward 
Prof.  Colston  E.  Warne 
Dr.  Alfred  H.  Washburn 
Fredi  Washington 
Max  Weber 
Charles  Weidman 
Dan  Weiner 
Sid  Weiss 
Marv  Welch 
Prof".  Gene  Weltfish 

Deceased  since  this  meeting  took  place. 



Prof.  F.  W.  Went 
Edward  Weston 
Prof.     Frank     W. 

Dr.  Philip  R.  White 
Prof.  Paul  L.  Whitely 
Rev.  Owen  Whitfield 
Prof.  Norbert  Wiener 
Henry  Willcox 

Jay  Williams 
Mitchell  Wilson 
Wey-    Ella  Winter 

James  Waterman  Wise 
Prof.  H.  A.  Witkin 
James  H.  Wolfe 
Ira  Wolfe rt 
Martin  Wolfson 
Clement  Wood 

Maxine  Wood 

Prof.  Thomas  Woody 

Rev.  Evans  A.  Worthley 

Frank  Lloyd  Wright 

William  Wyler 

Dr.  Edward  L.  Young 

Dr.  Gregory  Zilboorg 

Ben  Zion 


A  tabulation  of  the  numerous  Communist-front  affiliations  of  the  sponsors  of 
the  Scientific  and  Cultural  Conference  for  World  Peace  shows  the  following 
interesting  figures: 

One,  Rockwell  Kent,  has  been  affiliated  with  at  least  eighty-five  Communist- 
front  organizations. 

Three,  Langston  Hughes^  Robert  Morss  Lovett,  and  Donald  Ogden  Stewart, 
have  been  affiliated  with  from  seventy-one  to  eighty  Communist-front  organi- 

Four,  Paul  Robeson,  Mary  Van  Kleeck,  James  Waterman  Wise,  and  Harry  F. 
Ward,  have  been  affiliated  with  from  fifty-one  to  sixty  Communist-front  organi- 

Eight  have  been  affiliated  with  from  forty-one  to  fifty  Communist-front  organi- 
zations.    These  include — 

Jerome  Davis 
William  Cropper 
Dashiell  Hammett 

Corliss  Lamont 
John  Ho\\  ard  Lawson 
Carey  McWilliams 

Walter  Rautenstrauch 
Margaret  Schlauch 

Ten    have    been   affiliated   with    from    thirty-one    to    forty    Communist-front 
organizations,  and  include — - 

Louis  Adamic 
Edwin  Berry  Burgum 
Muriel  Draper 
Henry  Pratt  Fairchild 

Twenty-seven  have  been  affiliated  with  from  twenty-one  to  thirty  Communist- 
front  organizations,  and  include — 

Lillian  Hellman 
Albert  Maltz 
Clifford  Odets 

Herman  Shumlin 
Bernard  J.  Stern 
Dalton  Trumbo 

Thomas  Addis 
Marc  Blitzstein 
Millen  Brand 
Aaron  Copland 
Kvle  Crichton 
Pearl  AL  Hart 
John  A.  Kingsbury 
Alfred  Kreymborg 
Joshua  Kunitz 

Kenneth  Leslie 
Robert  S.  Lynd 
Louis  F.  McCabe 
Jack  R.  Mc Michael 
Clyde  R.  Miller 
Dorothy  Parker 
Bertha  C.  Reynolds 
Frederick  L.  Shuman 
Edwin  Seaver 

Forty-nine  have  been  affiliated  with  from  eleven 
organizations,  and  include: 

Zlatko  Balokovic 

Guy  Emery  Shipler 
Raphael  Soyer 
Alfred  K.  Stern 
Paul  Strand 
Dirk  J.  Struik 
Eda  Lou  Walton 
Colston  E.  Warne 
Max  Weber 
Ella  Winter 

to  twenty  Communist-front 

S.  L.  U.  Barlow 
Edward  K.  Barsky 
Herbert  J.  Biberman 
Algernon  D.  Black 
Ernest  P.  Boas 
Dorothy  Brewster 
Henrietta  Buckmaster 
Morris  Carnovskv 
Adolf  Dehn 
Albert  Deutsch 
Earl  B.  Dickersou 
Martha  Dodd 
Dorothy  W.  Douglas 
W.  E.  B.  Du  Bois  ^ 
Albert  Einstein 
Guy  Endore 

>  Deceased. 

Philip  Evergood 
Lion  Feuchtwanger 
Dorothy  Canfield  Fisher 
Minna  Harkavy 
Marion  Hathway 
Leo  Huberman 
Leo  T.  Hurwitz 
Matthew  Josephson 
Robert  Josephy 
Robert  W.  Kenu}^ 
Oliver  Larkin 
John  Howland  Lathrop 
Emil  Leng3'el 
Donald  G.  Lothrop    ^ 
Harry  L.  Lurie 
Thomas  Mann 

F.  0.  Matthiessen  ' 
Wayne  Ale  Millen 
Gardner  Murphy 
Scott  Nearing 
John  P.  Peters 
Arthur  Upham  Pope 
Anton  Refregier 
Wallingford  Riegger 
Harold  Rome 
Muriel  Rukeyser 
Howard  Selsam 
Harlow  Shapley 
Johannes  Steel 
L  F.  Stone 
Oswald  Veblen 
J.  Raymond  Walsh 



Two  hundred  and  forty- 
front  organizations,  and 

Berenice  Abbott 
Charles  B.  Ackley 
Stella  Adler 
Gregory  Ain 
George  Anthiel 
Robeiiia  Anthony 
Herbert  Aptheker 
James  Aronson 
Edith  Atwater 
Alice  P.  Barrows 
Mordecai  Bauman 
Howard  Bay 
Thomas  Bell 
Aline  Bernstein 
Leonard  Bernstein 
Victor  Bernstein 
Walter  Bernstein 
Michael  Blankfort 
E.  M.  Bluestone 
Henry  Blumberg 
Aaron  Bohrod 
B.  A.  Botkin 
Richard  O.  Boyer 
Kay  Boyle 
Theodore  Brameld 
Marlon  Brando 
J.  Edward  Bromberg 
Thoburn  T.  Brumbaugh 
Paul  Burlin 
David  Burliuk 
E.  A.  Burtt 
Adolph  Busch 
Allan  M.  Butler 
Angus  Cameron 
Antoinette  Cannon 
George  D.  Cannon 
Jonah  E.  Caplan 
Anton  J.  Carlson 
Saul  Carson 
Norman  Cazden 
Robert  C.  Challman 
Allan  Chase 
Serge  Chermayeff 
Edward  Chodorov 
Jerome  Chodorov 
Henry  S.  Churchill 
Nicolai  Cikovsky 
Rufus  E.  Clement 
Robert  M.  Coates 
Lee  J.  Cobb 
J.  X.  Cohen 
Lester  Cole 
Fannie  Cook 
Norman  Corwin 
Thomas  Creighton 
John  W.  Darr,  Jr. 
Howard  Da  Silva 
Jules  Dassin 
Leo  M.  DavidoflF 
Jo  Davidson 
John  Herbert  Davis 
John  De  Boer 
Albert  C.  Dieflfenbach 
Hedley  S.  Dimock 

■five  have  been  affiliated  with  from  five  to  ten  Communist- 
include — 

Harl  R.  Douglass 
Olin  Downes 
Paul  Draper 
Jane  Dudley 
James  Dugan 
Barrows  Dunham 
Arnaud  D'Usseau 
Irwin  Edman 
Haven  Emerson 
Thomas  I.  Emerson 
Lehman  Engel 
Howard  Fast 
Jose  Ferrer 
Sidney  Finkelstein 
Irving  Flamm 
Joseph  Fletcher 
Clark  Foreman 
Elizabeth  Frazier 
Joseph  Gaer 
Arthur  Gaeth 
Will  Geer 
Barbara  Giles 
Josiah  W.  Gitt 
Vincent  Glinsky 
Max  Goberman 
Robert  Cordis 
Henrietta  L.  Gordon 
Jay  Gorney 
Harry  Gottlieb 
Morton  Gould 
James  Gow 
Charles  Graham 
Shirley  Graham 
Chaim  Gross 
Sidonie  Gruenberg 
Ernest  A.  Grunsfeld 
Jack  Guilford 
Robert  Gwathmey 
Uta  Hagen 
Margaret  Halsey 
Talbot  Hamlin 
E.  Y.  Harburg 
Georgia  Harkness 
Michael  Heidelberger 
Stefan  Heym 
Charles  A.  Hill 
Joseph  Hirsch 
Ira  A,  Hirschmann 
Chester  E.  Hodgson 
Syd  Hoff 
Judy  Holhday 
Carroll  Hollister 
Libby  Holman 
Eugene  C.  Holmes 
Lee  Elbert  Holt 
Charles  P.  Howard 
Kenneth  De  P.  Hughes 
W.  Alpheus  Hunton 
Crockett  Johnson 
David  Jones 
Robert  Joyce 
Albert  E.  Kahn 
Garson  Kanin 
Hayward  Keniston 

Stetson  Kennedy 
Alexander  Kipnis 
Philip  Klein 
George  Kleinsinger 
Howard  Koch 
Isaac  M.  Kolthoff 
Pauline  Koner 
Leon  KroU 
Harry  C.  Lamberton 
Millard  Lampell 
Ring  Lardner,  Jr. 
Sidney  Laufman 
Jacob  Lawrence 
Ray  Lev 
Julian  Levi 
Joseph  H.  Levy 
Alice  Liveright 
Alan  Lomax 
Joseph  Losey 
Oliver  S.  Loud 
Helen  M.  Lynd 
Curtis  D.  MacDougal 
A.  B.  Magil 
Norman  Mailer 
Erika  Mann 
Grace  F.  Marcus 
F.  L.  Marcuse 
John  Martin 
Sophie  Maslow 
Elizabeth  McCauslaud 
John  T.  McManus 
Eve  Merriam 
Arthur  Miller 
Benjamin  F.  Miller 
Bucklin  Moon 
Sam  Moore 
Philip  Morrison 
Willard  Motley 
Arthur  W.  Moulton 
Michael  M.  Nisselson 
Elizabeth  Olds 
John  O'Shaughnessy 
George  L.  Paine 
Aubrey  Pankey 
Clarence  Parker 
Linus  Pauling 
I.  Rice  Pereira 
Jennings  Perry 
Helen  U.  Phillips 
Melber  Phillips 
Isidore  Pomerance 
Abraham  Pomerantz 
Callman  Rawley 
Ira  De  A.  Reid 
Ad  Reinhardt 
Holland  Roberts 
O.  John  Rogge 
Theodor  Roseburyl 
Jonas  Rosenfield,  Jr. 
Norman  Rosten 
Rose  Russell 
Alexander  Saxton 
Bela  Schick 
Artur  Schnabel 



William  M.  Sweets 
Paul  M.  Sweezy 
Earl  Sydnor 
Arthur  Szyk 
Helen  Tamiris 
T.  O.  Thackery 
Randall  Thompson 
Ernest  Thurn 
Charles  Trinkhaus 
Ralph  H.  Turner 
Louis  Untermeyer 
Ohve  Van  Horn 
Henry  A.  Wallace 
Sam  Wanamaker 
Theodore  Ward 
Fredi  Washington 
Charles  Weidman 
Sid  Weiss 

Budd  Schulberg 
Ben  Shahn 
Wesley  Sharer 
Artie  Shaw 
Henry  Wood  Shelton 
Eva  Sikelianos 
Samuel  Sillen 
Lee  Simonson 
Mitchell  Siporin 
John  Sloan 
Nicholas  Slonimsky 
Maud  Slye 
Agnes  Smedley ' 
Leo  Smith 
Jessica  Smith 
F.  Hastings  Smythe 
Gale  Sondergaard 
Kenneth  Spencer 

At  least  49  have  given  their  open  support  to  Communist  candidates  in  election 

Olin  Downes 
Muriel  Draper 
Arnaud  D'tJsseau 
Guy  Endore 
Philip  Evergood 
Howard  Fast 
Jose  Ferrer 
Will  Geer 
James  Gow 
Shirley  Graham 
William  Gropper 
Minna  Harkavy 
Syd  Hoff 
Leo  Huberman 
Langston  Hughes 
Crockett  Johnson 
Matthew  Josephson 

The  sponsors  include  at  least  131  individuals  who  have  publicly  defended  or 
supported  the  Communist  Party,  United  States  of  America.  A  minimum  of  225 
of  these  sponsors  have  at  one  time  or  another  defended  or  supported  individual 
Communists.  In  connection  with  organizations,  statements,  or  activities  in 
support  of  the  Soviet  Union,  we  find  not  less  than  193  names  of  these  as  the 
following  tabulation  will  show.  Furthermore,  fully  137  of  these  persons  have  in 
one  way  or  another  supported  Communist  publications. 

The  following  were  listed  as  panel  moderators  or  chairmen: 

Dr.    Allan    M.    Butler,    Harvard    Uni-    Clifford  Durr 

Herbert  Aptheker 
Howard  Bay 
Leonard  Bernstein 
Marc  Blitzstein 
Richard  O.  Boyer 
J.  Edward  Bromberg 
Millen  Brand 
Henrietta  Buckmaster 
Edward  Chodorov 
Jerome  Chodorov 
Robert  M.  Coates 
Lester  Cole 
Aaron  Copland 
Kyle  Crichton 
Howard  Da  Silva 
Adolf  Dehn 
Anton  Dolin 

Gene  Weltfish 
F.  W.  Went 
Frank  W.  Weymouth 
Philip  R.  White 
Henry  Willcox 
Jay  Williams 
James  H.  Wolfe 
Ira  Wolfert 
Martin  Wolfson 
Maxine  Wood 
Thomas  Woody 
Evans  A.  Worthley 
Frank  Lloyd  Wright 
William  Wyler 
Edward  L.  Young 
Gregory  Zilboorg 
Ben  Zion 

Rockwell  Kent 
Alfred  Kreymborg 
John  Howard  Lawson 
Ray  Lev 
Paul  Robeson 
Edwin  Seaver 
Howard  Selsam 
Kenneth  Spencer 
William  M.  Sweets 
Helen  Tamiris 
Dalton  Trumbo 
Mary  Van  Kleeck 
Fredi  Washington 
Max  Weber 
Ella  Winter 

Serge  Chermayeff 
Herbert    J.     Davis 

Marshall     E.     Dimock 

Olin  Downes,  New  York  Times 

W.  E.  B.  DuBois 
Rev.  J.  Howland  Lathrop 
president,     Smith    Prof.    Philip    Morrison,    Cornell    Uni- 
Northwestern    Harlow  Shapley,  Harvard 
Louis  Untermeyer 
Dr.  Edward  Young 

The  following  were  listed  as  panel  speakers: 

Victor  Bernstein 

Rev.  Shelton  Hale  Bishop 

Richard  O.  Boyer 

Dorothy  Brewster,  Columbia  Univer- 

Allan  M.  Butler,    Harvard 

Aaron  Copland 

Prof.  Herbert  John  Davis,  president, 
Smith  College 


J.    De  Boer,  University  of 
Dimock,     Northwestern 

Prof.   John 

Marshall     E, 

Olin  Downes,  New  York  Times 
W.  E.  B.  DuBois 
Clifford  Durr 
Phillip  Evergood 
Howard  Fast 



Henry  Pratt  Fairchild,  New  York 

Arthur  Gaeth,  radio  commentator 

Dr.  John  Gillen,  University  of  North 

Morton  Gould 

Shirley  Graham 

W.  A.  Higinbotham,  Brookhaven  Na- 
tional Laboratory 

Hayward  Keniston,  Michigan  Univer- 

Rev.  John  Howard  Lathrop 

John  Howard  Lawson,  screen  writer 

Jacob  Lawrence 

Ray  Lev 

Rt.  Rev.  S.  Harrington  Littell,  retired 
bishop  of  Honolulu 

Bert  James  Loewenberg,  Sarah  Law- 
rence College 

David  M.  Lubbock 

Charles  A.  Madison 

Norman  Mailer 

Grace  E.  Marcus 

F.  O.  Matthiessen,  Harvard 

Albert  Mayer 

Dr.  Donovan  J.  McCune,  Columbia 

Prof.  Philip  Morrison 

Rt.  Rev.  Arthur  W.  Moulton,  retired 
bishop  of  Utah 

Rabbi  Louis  Newman 

Clifford  Odets 

Anton  Refregier, 

Prof.     Ira     De     A.     Reid,     Haverford 

Walter  Orr  Roberts,  Harvard 

0.  John  Rogge 

Theodore  Roseburg,  Columbia  Uni- 

Rose  Russell,  United  Public  Workers 
of  America 

Dr.  Julius  Schreiber 

Prof.  Frederick  L.  Schuman,  Williams 

Prof.  Harlow  Shapley,  Harvard 

Guy  Emery  Shipler 

Henry  T.  Shotwell,  American  Institute 
of  Architects 

Agnes  Smedley 

1.  F.  Stone 
Paul  Sweezy 
Helen  Tamiris 

T.  O.  Thackrey,  New  York  Post 

Allan  A.  Twichell 

Louis  Untermeyer 

Henry  A.  W^allace 

Sam  Wanamaker 

Theodore  W^ard 

Prof.     Colston     W.     Warne,     Amherst 

Prof.  Gene  W^eltfish,  Columbia  Univer-^ 

Henrv  Willcox 
Ira  AVolfert 
Dr.  Edward  Young 


(Part  1) 

Americans  Sponsoring  the  World  Peace  Congress  Held  in  Paris,  April  1949* 

(The  following  individuals  appear  in  one  or  more  of  the  following  publications: 
World  Congress  for  Peace,  Paris,  April  20-23,  1949,  American  Sponsoring  Com- 
mittee, World  Congress  for  Peace,  room  1111,  119  West  Fiftv-seventh  Street, 
New  York  19,  N.  Y.,  leaflet;  Daily  Worker,  April  18,  1949,  pp.  2  and  9;  New 
York  Times,  April  16,  1949.) 

Rev.    Charles    A.    Ackley    Mike  Gold 

A.    Acklev 
Stella  Adler 
James  Aronson 
Elmer  Benson 
B.  A.  Botkin 
Richard  O.  Boyer 
Joseph  Brainen 
Dr.     Charlotte 

Harry  Bridges 
Angus  Cameron 
Charlie  Chaplin 
Rabbi  J.  X.  Cohen 
Jo  Davidson 
Henry  Longfellow  Dana 
Olin  Downes 
Muriel  Draper 
W.  E.  B.  DuBois 
Henry  Pratt  Fairchild 
Howard  Fast 
Lion  Feuchtwanger 
Daniel  S.  Gillmor 
Elinor  Gimbel 

Shirley  Graham 
Donald  Henderson 
Mineola  Ingersoll 
Ada  Bell  Jackson 
Sam  Jaffe 

Rabbi  D.  A.  Jessurun 
Hawkins    Albert  E.  Kahn 
Rockwell  Kent 
Dr.  John  A.  Kingsbury 
Leo  Krzycki 
John  Howard  Lawson 
F.  O.  Matthiessen  ' 
John  Marsalka 
Arthur  Miller 
Arthur  W.  Moulton 
Philip  Morrison 
Scott  Nearing 
CliflFord  Odets 
Aubrey  Pankey 
Clarence  Parker 
Martin  Popper 
Raymond  Robins 

Paul  Robeson 
O.  John  Rogge 
Norman  Rosten 
Martin  Russell 
Rose  Russell 
Frederick  L.  Schuman- 
Artur  Schnabel 
Edwin  Seaver 
Artie  Shaw 

Dr.  Guy  Emery  Shipler 
Dr.  Maud  Slye 
Raphael  Soyer 
Arthur  Szyk 
George  Tabori 
Helen  Tamiris 
Louis  Untermeyer 
Dr.  Mray  Van  Kleeck 
Nym  Wales 
Max  Weber 
Dr.  Gene  Weltfish 
Leonore    Sophie    Stewart 
(Ella  Winter) 

'  Deceased. 



(Part  2) 

(Official   leaflet  of  the   American   Sponsoring   Committee,    World   Congress  for 
Peace,  suite  1111,  119  West  Fifty-seventh  St.,  New  York  19,  N.  Y.) 

Cochairmen:  Bishop  Arthur  W.  Moulton,  Dr.  W.  E.  B.  DuBois,  O.  John  Rogge 

Greetings  From  American  Sponsors  to  World  Congress  for  Peace, 
Paris,  April  20-25,  1949 

As  American  citizens  deeply  concerned  with  the  welfare  of  our  land  and  the 
maintenance  of  world  peace,  we  send  our  warmest  greetings  to  the  World  Peace 
Congress,  unprecedented  in  its  proportion  and  so  deeply  meaningful  at  this  crucial 
instant  in  the  history  of  mankind. 

We  join  with  millions  of  men  and  women  of  other  lands  in  voicing  the  heartfelt 
and  inflexible  resolve  that  there  must  not  be  another  war. 

We  stand  firmly  united  in  the  common  determination  that  peace  must  prevail 
in  the  world. 

Berenice  Abbott 

Rev.  Charles  B.  Ackley 

Stella  Adler 

John  Alexander 

Oliver  S.  Allen 

Robert  Alswang 

Kurt  Anderson 

Robenia  Anthony 

Dr.  Herbert  Aptheker 

Bruno  Aron 

James  Aronson 

Mordecai  Bauman 

Thomas  Bell 

Elmer  Bendiner 

Elmer  Benson 

Walter  Bernstein 

Kevork  Berbian 

Herbert  Biberman 

Boris  Blai 

Prof.  Henry  Blumberg 

Hans  Blumenfeld 

B.  A.  Botkin 

Richard  O.  Boyer 

Joseph  Brainen 

Howard  Bay 

George  Brazilier 

Dorothy  Brewster 

Dr.   Charlotte   Hajwkjins 

Lucy  Brown 
Dr.  Allan  M.  Butler 
J.  M.  Budish 
Richard  Burgin 
Desmond  Callan 
Norman  Cazden 
Rabbi     D.     A.     Jessurun 

Jerome  Chodorov 
Nicolai  Cikovsky 
Rabbi  J.  X.  Cohen 
Shirlee  Clarke 
W.  G.  Clugston 
Abraham  Cronbach 
Prof.    Henry    Wadsworth 

Longfellow  Dana 
Rev.  John  W.  Darr,  Jr. 
Roger  DeKoven 
Jo  Davidson 
Freda  Diamond 

Martha  Dodd 

Muriel  Draper 

Dr.  W.  E.  B.  DuBois 

Arnaud  D'Usseau 

Carlos  Dore-Aurieta 

Olin  Downes 

Harriet  G.  Eddy 

Morris  Eisenstein 

Thomas  L  Emerson 

Philip  Ebergood 

Prof.    Henry    Pratt    Fair- 

Howard  Fast 

Robert  D.  Field 

Abe  Feinglass 

Sidney  Finkelstein 

Irving  H.  Flamm 

Prof.  Joseph  F.  Fletcher 

Elizabeth  P.  Frazier 

Dr.  F.  S.  Freeman 

Lion  Feuchtwanger 

Joseph  Gaer 

Jack  Gilford 

Barbara  Giles 

Daniel  S.  Gillmor 

Elinor  S.  Gimbel 

Vincent  Glinsky 

Rabbi  Herbert  S.  Gold- 

Jay  Gorney 

Harry  Gottlieb 

Shirley  Graham 

William  Cropper 

Chaim  Gross 

Robert  Gwathmey 

Minna  R.  Harkavy 

Pearl  M.  Hart 

Hagop  T.  Hatzakortzian 

Herbert  Haufrecht 

Edler  G.  Hawkins 

Edna  Wolff"  Hopper 

Rev.  Charles  A.  Hill 

Rose  Hobart 

Prof.  Eugene  C.  Holmes 

Osa  Hopp 

Leo  Huberman 

Kim  Hunter 

Rev.      Kenneth     De     P. 

W.  A.  Hunton 
Leo  Hurwitz 
Alfonso  lannelli 
Frank  Ilchuk 
Mineola  TngersoU 
Ada  B.  Jackson 
Ruth  Jett 
Robert  Joyce 
Rita  Judd 
Albert  E.  Kahn 
Rockwell  Kent 
Dr.  J.  Spencer  Kennard 
Stetson  Kennedy 
Billie  Kirpich 
Dr.  John  A.  Kingsbury 
L  M.  Kolthoff 
Doris  Koppelman 
Pauline  Koner 
Alfred  Dreymborg 
Leo  Kryzcici 
S.  Lev-Landau 
Sidney  Laufman 
John  Howard  Lawson 
Ray  Lev.' 
Jack  Levine 
Joseph  H.  Levy 
Ronald  B.  Levy 
Dr.  Robert  M.  Lindner 
Jack  Lee 
Pietro  Lucchi 
Meridel  LeSeur 
Curtis  D.  MacDougall 
Luther  K.  MacNair 
A.  B.  Magil 
F.  L.  Marcuse 
Prof.  John  Marsalka 
Prof.  F.  O.  Matthiessen 
Elizabeth  McCausland 
John  T.  McManus 
Arthur  Miller 
Dr.  Benjamin  Miller 
Mack  Minkoff 
Lizette  Model 
Elizabeth  Moos 
Prof.  Philip  Morrison 
Jacob  Moscowitz 
Bishop  Arthur  W.   Moul- 
Scott  Nearing 



Dr.  Peter  B.  Neubaiier 
Clifford  Odets 
Elizabeth  Olds 
Rev.  George  L.  Paine 
Bubrey  Pankey 
Father  Clarence  Parker 
William  L.  Patterson 
M.  Philips 
Elias  Picheny 
George  Pirinsky 
Seymour  M.  Pitcher 
Mrs.  Lionel  D.  Perara,  Jr. 
Abraham  Pomerantz 
Martin  Popper 
Walter  Rautenstrauch 
Charles  Recht 
Anton  Refregier 
Ernie  Riemer 
Bertha  C.  Reynolds 
Wallingford  Riegger 
Dr.  Holland  Roberts 
Raymond  Robins 
O.  John  Rogge 
Norman  Rosten 
Annette  T.  Rubinstein 
Ruth  W.  Russ 
Maud  Russell 
Rose  Russell 

Victor  Samrock 
George  Sandler 
Prof.  Margaret  Schlauch 
Dr.  Artur  Schnabel 
Prof.   Frederick   L.   Schu- 

Edwin  Seaver 
Dr.  Howard  Selsam 
Doris  Senk 
Artie  Shaw 
Eva  Sikelianos 
Samuel  Sillen 
Mitchell  Siporin 
Dr.  Maud  Slye 
Agnes  Smedley 
Jessica  Smith 
Elias  L.  Solomon 
Joe  Sommers 
Raphael  Soyer 
Mrs.  Laurence  D.  Steefel 
Johannes  Steel 
Dr.  Bernhard  Stern 
Bernard  Stoller 
Paul  Strand 
Prof.  Dirk  J.  Struik 
Paul  M.  Sweezy 
Earl  Sydnor 
Arthur  Szyk 

George  Tabori 

Helen  Tamiris 

Prof.  Leland  H.  Taylor 

Studs  Terkel 

Dr.  Mary  Church  Terrell 

Dr.  Charles  Trinkaus 

Jeannette  Turner 

Ralph  H.  Turner 

Louis  Untermeyer 

Dr.  Mary  Van  Kleeck 

Hilda  Vaughn 

Nym  Wales 

Eda  Lou  Walton 

Fredi  Washington 

Max  Weber 

Louis  Weinstock 

Dr.  Gene  Weltfish 

Frank  W.  Weymouth 

Henry  Willcox 

Jay  Williams 

Joseph  Winogradsky 

Ella  Winter 

Milton  Wolff 

Martin  Wolfson 

Clement  Wood 

Thomas  Woody 

Edward  L.  Young 

Ben  Zion 


(Supplement  to  New  Times,  No.  19,  May  10,  1950,  pp.  54  and  55) 

Permanent  Committee  of  the  World  Congress  for  Peace 

The  concluding  session  of  the  World  Congress  for  Peace  elected  a  Permanent 
Committee  consisting  of  the  following  members: 


Prof.  Frederic  Joliot-Curie,  French  High  Commissioner  for  Atomic  Energy 

Prof.  Irene  Joliot-Curie,  Nobel  Laureate 

Louis  Aragon,  writer 

Mme.  Eugenie  Cotton,  president,  International  Democratic  Women's  Federation 

Guy  de  Boysson,  president.  World  Federation  of  Democratic  Youth 

Pablo  Picasso,  artist 

Louis  Saillant,  general  secretary,  WFTU 

Abbe  Jean  Boulier 

Laurent  Casanove,  Deputy 

De  Chambrun,  Deputy 

Pierre  Cot,  Deputy 

Yves  Farge,  ex-minister 

Jean  Lafitte,  writer 

Alain  Le  Leap,  general  secretary,  General  Confederation  of  Labour 

Marie-Claude   Vaillant-Couturier,    general  secretary,    International   Democratic 

Women's  Federation 
Emmanuel  d'Astier  de  La  Vigerie,  Deputy 
Francoise  Leclercq,  secretary,  French  Women's  Union 
Allen,  miner 
Fernando  Clavo,  peasant 

United  States 
O.  John  Rogge,  lawyer 
Prof.  W.  Du  Bois,  historian- 
Albert  Kahn,  journalist 
Bishop  A.  W.  Moulton 
Paul  Robeson,  singer 
Howard  Fast,  writer 
Donald  Henderson,  trade-union  leader 
Dr.  Gene  Weltfish,  professor  of  Columbia  University 


Great  Britain 

Prof.  J.  D.  Bernal,  M.  P. 

D.  N.  Pritt,  lawyer 

J.  G.  Crowther,  writer 

Dr.  Hewlett  Johnson,  dean  of  Canterbury 

R.  Berch,  worker 

Marie  Pritt 

K.  Zilliacus,  M.  P. 

Nora  Wooster,  phvsicist 

Mrs.  E.  Allen 

John  Wood,  miner 

J.  Platts-Mills,  M.  P. 

U.  S.  S.  R. 

Alexander  Fadeyev,  writer 

Alexander  Korneichuk,  writer 

Wanda  Wassilewska,  authoress 

Ilya  Ehrenbourg,  writer 

Zinaida  Gagarina,  member  of  the  Anti-Fascist  Committee  of  Soviet  Women 

Lyubov  Kosmodemyanskaya,  teacher 

Alexei  Maresyev,  air  pilot 

Pavel  Shelakhin,  secretary,  Central  Committee  of  the  Miners'  Trade  Union 

Metropolitan  Nikolai,  of  Krutitsy  and  Kolomna 


Prof.  Kuo  Mo-jo,  historian 

Prof.  Ma  Ying-chu,  economist 

Lu  Ning-yi,  vice  president,  Cninese  Association  of  Labour 

Emi  Hsiao,  poet 


Pietro  Ninni,  Deputy 

Einaudi,  writer 

Prof.  Ambrogio  Donini 

Renato  Guttuso,  painter 

Titto  Ruffo,  singer 

Fernando  Santi,  secretary,  Italian  General  Confederation  of  Labour 

Giulio  Cerreti,  president,  Italian  Cooperative  League 

Maria-Maddalena  Rossi,  president.  League  of  Italian  Women 

Emiiio  Sereni,  senator 

Guido  Miglioli,  secretary.  Agrarian  Constituent  Assembly 

Adda  Alesandrini,  Christian  Movement  for  Peace 

Dr.  Amadeo,  secretary.  Democratic  Front  of  the  South 

Mme.  Pisano,  peasant 


Gabriel  d'Arboussier,  general  secretar.y,  Democratic  Union  of  Africa 

Guy  Abbas,  general  secretary,  Dakar  Trade  Union  Federation 


Manol  Konomi,  president,  Institute  of  Sciences 


Abder-Khaman  Buchama,  architect 


Otto  Nuschke,  president,  German  People's  Council 

Alexander  Abusch,  writer 

Fritz  Basel,  member  of  Saar  Parliament 

Heinrich  Fink,  docker 

Anna  Seghers,  authoress 


Dr.  Julio  L.  Peluffo 

Gerardo  Scolamieri 


Noel  Counihan,  painter 


Brunfaut,  secretary,  Belgian  Women's  Union 


Bra  zil 

Jorge  Amado,  writer 

H.  Prado 

Prof.  Paulo  Fonseca 


Professor  Ludmil  Stoyanov 


James  Endicott,  writer 


Pablo  Neruda,  poet 


Han  Ser  Ya,  writer 

Pak  Den  Ai 


Juan  Marinello,  writer 


Martin  Andersen  Nexo,  writer 

Edvard  Heiberg,  architect 

A.  Olsen 


Jose  Giral,  former  Prime  Minister 

Manuel  Sanchez  Argas,  architect 


Vaino  Meltti,  prefect 


M.  Axioti,  authoress 


Jose-Manuel  Fortuny,  journalist 



Gyorgy  Lukacs,  writer 


Rie  Lips  Odinot 

Marcus  Bakker,  president,  Dutch  General  Youth  League 



Dr.  Pratomo,  journalist 

Dr.  Joseph  Mastane 

Iscanderi,  former  Minister 
Hilda  Verlin 

Antoine  Tabet,  architect 

Mustafa  el-Ariss,  chairman  of  the  Lebanon  Trade  Union  Federation  of  Workers 
and  Employees 



Prof.  Edmond  Reuter 


Razakarivoni,  member  of  the  Economic  Council 


General  Cardenas 

Lombardo  Toledano,  president,  Confederation  of  Labour  of  Latin  America 

Mongolian  People's  Republic 

Zhargal  Salkhan,  member  of  the  Committee  on  Science 


Prof.  Mimi  Sverdrup-Lunden 

Peder  Vestad,  trade-union  leader 


Jerzy  Borejsza,  general  secretary,  All-Polish  Committee  for  Defense  of  Peace 

Tadeusz  Cwik,  general  secretary,  Central  Committee  of  Trade  Unions 

Irena  Sztachelska,  president,  League  of  Polish  Women 

Professor  Dembowski 


Mihail  Sadoveanu,  writer 

Prof.  Florica  Mezincescu 

C.  Lepadatu,  railwayman 


Dr.  Nils  Silfverskiold 


Prof.  Andre  Bonnard 


Jan  Mukarovsky,  rector  of  the  Karlowa  University 

A.  Hodinova-Spurna,  vice  chairman,  National  Assembly 

Russik,  miner 


D.  Buckle,  trade-union  leader 

Atto  Braun,  engineer 


Nuri  Boudali,  trade-union  leader 


Julia  Arevalo,  Senator 


Miguel  Otero  Silva,  journaUst 


Pam  Ui  Tong,  poet 


Prof.  Josip  Vidmar,  president  of  the  Nationalities  Veche  of  the  People's    Skup- 

International  Students'  Union:  Grohman 
International  Organization  of  Journalists:  Jiri  Hronek 




(OflBcial  leaflet  published  by  the  American  Continental  Congress  for  Peace) 

Address  in  the  United  States: 

American  Continental  Congress  for  Peace 
Room  70,  49  West  Forty-fourth  Street 
New  York  18,  N.  Y. 

Call  to  the  American  Continental  Congress  for  Peace,   Mexico  Citt, 
September  5-10,  1949 

signers  of  the  call  (from  the  united  states) 

Charlotta  A.  Bass 

Dr.     Charlotte     Hawkins 

Muriel  Draper 
Mineola  V.  Ingersol 
Ada  B.  Jackson 
Frances  Leber 
Susan   B.    Anthony    Mac- 


Vivian  Carter  Mason 
Elizabeth  Moos 
Eslanda  G.  Robeson 
Rose  Russell 
Elizabeth  Sasuly 
Dr.  Maude  Slye 
Jeannette  Stern  Turner 
Marion  Ulmer 
Daisy  Kendall  Ward 

Ella  Winter 
Margaret  Zorach 
Viola  M.  Brown 
Helen  S.  Mangold 
Charlotte  Stern 

united  states  sponsors,  AMERICAN  CONTINENTAL  CONGRESS  FOR  PEACE 

Jules  C.  Abercauph 
John  J.  Abt 
Rev.  Stacy  Adams 
Helen  L.  Alfred 
Walter  Allmendinger 
Rabbi  Michael  Alper 
Kurt  Anderson 
Herbert  Aptheker 
Rev.  Lee  H.  Ball 
Alice  P.  Barrows 
Dr.  Edward  K.  Barsky 
Bernard  Bauni 
Thomas  Bell 
Elmer  Benson 
John  T.  Bernard 
Walter  Bernstein 
Herbert  J.  Bigerman  [sic] 

(Herbert  J.  Biberman) 
Dr.  B.  Franklin  Blotz 
Peter  Blume 
Richard  O.  Boyer 
Kay  Boyle 
Jocelyn  Brando 
Dorothy  Brewster 
Lucy  Brown 
Edwin  Berry  Burgum 
David  Burliuk,  Sr. 
James  J.  Burns 
Dr.  Allan  Butler 
Rev.  Fred  I.  Cairns 
Angus  Cameron 
A.  J.  Carlson 
Norman  Cazden 

Rev.    Ruthven    S.    Chal- 
Allan  Chase 
Alvin  B.  Christman 
George  A.  Coe 
Earl  Conrad 
Paul  Corey 
John  O.  Crane 
Abraham  Cronbach 
G.  H.  Daggett 
Henry  W.  L.  Dana 
Rev.  John  W.  Darr,  Jr. 
Percy  M.  Dawson 
John  J.  DeBoer 
Ernest  De  Maio 
Jasper  Deeter 
Freda  Diamond 
Earl  B.  Diskerson 
Katherine  Dodd 
Martha  Dodd 
James  Dombrowski 
Olin  Downes 
Paul  Draper 
Barrows  Dunham 
Virginia  Durr 
Arnaud  D'Usseau 
Harriet  G.  Eddy 
Winston  C.  Edwards 
Tillman  H.  Erb 
Phillip  Evergood 
Henry  Pratt  Fairchild 
Fyke  Farmer 
Howard  Fast 

John  B.  Faulk 
Lion  Feuchtwanger 
Frederick  W.  Field 
Sidney  Finkelstein 
Rev.  Joseph  Fletcher 
Rev.  Kenneth  R.  Forbes 
Clark  Foreman 
Waldo  Frank 
Morris  Gainor 
Barbara  Giles 
Max  Goberman 
Ben  Zion  Boldberg 
Harry  Gottlieb 
Priciila  B.  Grace 
Shirley  Graham 
Harry  Granick 
Rabbi  David  Graubart 
Percy  Greene 
Marion  Greenwood 
William  Gropper 
Harry  Grundfest 
Ralph  H.  Gundlach 
Rev.  P.  L.  Hailey 
Dashiell  Hammett 
Charles  H.  Hapgood 
Mina  Harkavy 
Dr.  D.  L.  Harris 
William  Harrison 
Sheldon  Hart 
Herbert  Haufrect 
R.  S.  Havenor 
Karl  F.  Heiser 
Donald  Henderson 



Edna  WolflF  Henner 

Stefan  Heym 

Sammy  Hej'ward 

J.  Allen  Hickerson 

Rev.  Charles  A.  Hill 

Joseph  Hirsch 

Rose  Hobart 

Carroll  Hollister 

Charles  P.  Howard 

Rev.      Kenneth      de      P. 

M.  Louise  Hunt 
Leo  Hurwitz 
Reginald  Johnson 
Mervin  Jules 
Albert  E.  Kahn 
Jack  Kamaiko 
Rockwell  Kent 
Paul  J.  Kern 
Dr.  John  A.  Kingsbury 
Howard  Koch 
L  M.  Kolthoff 
Saul  Kress 
Harry  C.  Lamberton 
Corliss  Lamont 
Millard  Lampell 
Ring  Lardner,  Jr. 
Sidney  Laufman 
Arthur  Laurents 
John  Howard  Lawson 
Ray  Lev 
S.  Lev-Landu 
Ronald  B.  Levy 
Maxim  Lieber 
Alan  Lomax 

Rev.  Donald  G.  Lothrop 
Curtis  D.  MacDougall 
Luther  K.  MacNair 
A.  B.  Magil 
F.  O.  Matthiessen 
Albert  Maltz 
Thomas  Mann 
Hon.  Vito  Marcantonio 
F.  L.  Marcuse 
Adele  Margolis 
Ben  Margolis 
Larkin  Marshall 
John  Marsalka 
Dr.  Leo  ?klaver 
Louis  F.  McCabe 
Elizabeth  McCausland 
Rev.  Warren  H.  McKenna 
Rev.  Jack  Mc Michael 
Rev.      William      Howard 


Minnie  Meltzer 

Willie  B.  Merriam 

Rev.  Michael  Millen 

Dr.  Benjamin  F.  Miller 

Clyde  Miller 

Richard  B.  Moore 

Howard  Morgan 

June  Morgan 

Jacob  Moscowitz 

Willard  Motlev 

Rt.      Rev.      Arthur      W. 

Rev.  Robert  M.  ^Nluir 
Capt.  Hugh  IMulzac 
George  B.  Murphy,  Jr. 
Berenice  Near 
Scott  Nearing 
Clifford  Odets 
Elizabeth  Olds 
Arthur  Osman 
Aubrey  Pankey 
Erwin  Panofsky 
Dorothy  Parker 
Meyer  Parodneck 
William  J.  Pennock 
Jennings  Perry 
Elias  Picheny 
Seymour  M.  Pitcher 
Abel  Plenn 
Arthur  Pollack 
Abraham  L.  Pomerantz 
Martin  Popper 
Charles  S.  Preston 
Willard  B.  Ransom 
Aallman  Rawley 
Rev.  J.  W.  Reed 
Anton  Refregier 
Bertha  C.  Reynolds 
John  G.  Rideout 
Wallingford  Riegger 
Holland  Roberts 
Col.  Raymond  Robins 
Reid  Robinson 
Eleanor  Rollins 
Muriel  Rukeyser 
Lee  Sabinson 
Alexander  P.  Saxton 
Dr.  Artur  Schnabel 
Arthur  Schuster 
Viola  Scott 
Edwin  Seaver 
Joseph  P.  Selly 
Howard  S^elsam 
Dr.  Harlow  Shapley 

Rt.   Rev.   David   William 

Eva  Sikelianos 
Samuel  Sillen 
Attott  Simon 
Agnes  Smedley 
Rev.    F.   Hastings  Smyth 
Anna  Sokolov 
Gale  Sondergaard 
Estaban  Soriano 
Moses  Sover 

Rev.  William  B.  Spaflford 
Theodore  Stanford 
Joseph  Starobin 
Alfred  K.  Stern 
Bernard  J.  Stern 
Donald  Ogden  Stewart 
Paul  Strand 
Dirk  J.  Struik 
Howard   Edwin   Sweeting 
William  M.  Sweets 
Alva  W.  Taylor 
Leland  H.  Taylor 
Rabbi  Samuel  Teitlebaum 
Albert  Thieme 
Nicholas  Topping 
Dalton  Trumbo 
Hilda  Vaughn 
Clara  Vincent 
Nym  Wales 

Hon.  Henrv  A.  Wallace 
Dr.  Harry  F.  Ward 
Lynd  Ward 
Theodore  Ward 
Colston  E.  Warne 
Alfred  H.  Washburn 
Mrs.  Alfred  H.  Washburn 
Max  Weber 
Frank  Wedl 
Mrs.  Harvey  Weeks 
Louis  Weinstock 
Edward  Weston 
Henry  N.  Wieman 
Henry  Willcox 
Harold  C.  Williams 
James  Waterman  Wise 
Rolland  E.  Wolfe 
Martin  Wolfman 
Clement  Wood 
Thomas  Woody 
Dr.  Edward  L.  Young 
Mrs.  Doris  E.  Youngblood 
Tracy  F.  Youngblood 
Ben  Zion 
William  Zorach 



American  Sponsoring  Committee  for  Representation  at  the  Second  World- 
Peace  Congress 

The  Daily  Worker,  official  organ  of  the  Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A.,  listed  the 
following  individuals  as  members  of  the  American  Sponsoring  Committee  for 
Representation  at  the  Second  World  Peace  Congress.  The  names  were  carried 
in  the  Daily  Worker  issues  dated  October  19,  1950  (.p.  3);  October  30,  1950  (p.  5) ; 
and  November  9,  1950  (p.  2). 

Prof.    Joseph    Fletcher,    professor   of    Christian    social    ethics   at   the    Episcopal 

Theological  Seminary,  Cambridge,  Mass. 
Rt.    Rev.    W.    Appleton    Lawrence,    Protestant    Episcopal    bishop    of   western 

Rt.  Rev.  Arthur  W.  Moulton,  Protestant  Episcopal  bishop  of  Utah  (retired). 
Rt.  Rev.  John  Moore  Walker,  Protestant  Episcopal  bishop  of  Atlanta,  Ga. 
Charlotta  Bass,  publisher  of  the  California  Eagle,  Los  Angeles,  Calif. 
Dr.  Allan  M.  Butler,  Harvard  University  Medical  School,  Cambridge,  Mass. 
Prof.  Anton  J.  Carlson,  University  of  Chicago,  Chicago,  111. 
Dr.  W.  E.  B.  DuBois,  anthropologist  and  historian,  New  York  City. 
Dr.  E.  Franklin  Frazier,  chairman,  department  of  sociology,  Howard  University, . 

Washington,  D.  C. 
Rev.  John  Paul  Jones,  Union  Church  of  Bay  Ridge,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y. 
Dr.  John  A.  Kingsbury,  former  commissioner  of  public  welfare,  New  York. 
Robert  Morss  Lovett,  former  Governor  of  the  Virgin  Islands,  Chicago,  111. 
Prof.  Philip  Morrison,  nuclear  physicist,  Cornell  University,  Ithaca,  N.  Y. 
Dr.  Theodor  Rosebury,  bacteriologist,  Columbia  UniversitV,  New  York. 
Vida  D.  Scudder,  professor  emeritus,  Wellesley  College,  Massachusetts. 
Fred  Stover,  president,  Iowa  Farmers  Union,  Hampden,  Iowa. 
Artur  Schnabel,  concert  pianist. 
Bishop  W.  J.  Walls,  Chicago,  111. 
Prof.  Fleming  James,  Yale  Divinity  School,  New  Haven,  Conn. 

Delegates  from  the  United  States  to  the  Second  World  Peace  Congress  included ' 
the  following  individuals,  according  to  the  Daily  Worker  issues  dated  November  7, 
1950  (p.  2),  and  November  16,  1950  (p.  1): 

Bishop  William  J.  Walls,  of  Chicago,  111.,  secretary  of  the  board  of  bishops  of  the 
African  Methodist  Episcopal  Zion  Church,  and  honorary  chairman.  Committee 
on  Peaceful  Alternatives  to  the  Atlantic  Pact. 

Rev.  John  Paul  Jones,  on  behalf  of  the  W^orld  Alliance  for  Friendship  Through  the 

Mrs.  Theresa  Robinson,  Washington,  D.  C,  chairman  of  the  civil  liberties  com- 
mittee of  Negro  Elks. 

Rev.  Linwood  J.  Fauntleroy,  president  of  the  Oakland,  Calif'.,  Ministerial  Alliance. 

Dr.  John  A.  Kingsbury,  member  of  American  Sponsoring  Committee  for  Repre- 
sentation at  the  Second  World  Peace  Congress. 

Mrs.  Dorothy  B.  Cole,  of  the  Chicago  Conference  of  Club  Presidents. 

Angeline  R.  Mensik,  of  the  Czech-American  Peace  Committee. 

James  E.  Miller,  of  the  United  Auto  Workers  Local  453.  Chicago,  111. 

Mrs.  Millie  Lucas,  Chicago,  111.,  who  obtained  3,000  signatures  to  the  Stockholm 
Peace  Appeal. 

Rev.  Willard  Uphaus,  New  Haven,  Conn.,  executive  secretary  of  the  National 
Labor  and  Relicious  Foundation. 

Rev.  Warren  McKenna.  of  Boston.  Mass. 

Rev.  Robert  M.  Miiir.  Boston.  Mass. 

Massie  Kennard,  Chicago,  111.,  chairman  of  the  Illinois  Christian  Youth  for  Peace. 

Leibel  Bergman,  St.  Paul,  Minn. 



"World  Peace  Appeal,"  Adopted  by  the  Permanent  International  Com- 
mittee, World  Peace  Congress,  Representing  More  Than  900,000,000 
People,  Issued  to  all  Governments,  Organizations,  and  to  all  Peoples 
Throughout  the  World 

united  states  youth  sponsoring  committee  (committee  still  in 

Dorothy  Annrews,  Scrooby  Club,  Western  Knoll  Congregational  Church,  Los 

Jeanne  and  Harold  E.  Barnhardt,  Jr.,  Society  of  Friends,  Penn  Valley  Meeting, 
Kansas  City,  Mo. 

Herschel  Bernard,  Hillel  Independent  Organization,  University  of  Texas 

Bob  Binion,  local  No.  486,  UAW-CIO,  Cleveland 

Charles  Bisdee,  chairman,  Committee  to  End  Discrimination,  University  of 

Paul  Boatin,  president,  Motor  Unit,  Ford  Local  No.  600,  UAW-CIO,  Detroit 

Earl  Budin,  director,  Philadelphia  Youth  for  Peace 

Constance  Claj^ton,  cochairman.  High  School  Fellowship,  Philadelphia 

Ike  Clinton,  administrative  secretary.  Young  Progressives  of  America,  New  York 

Gil  Gerena,  business  agent,  local  No.  6,  Hotel  and  Restaurant  Workers,  AFL, 
New  York 

Douglas  Glasgow,  NAACP,  New  York 

Dorothy  Gottlieb,  executive  secretary,  American  Youth  for  a  Free  World 

Bernard  Greenside,  Young  Adult  Group,  Hecht  House,  Dorchester  Community 
Center,  Massachusetts 

Nat  Halebsky,  editor.  City  College  of  New  York  Observation  Post,  New  York 

Nora  Irvin,  Seventh  Day  Adventist  Church,  Cleveland 

Lawrence  Jackson,  NAACP,  Cleveland 

Rev.  Father  Frederick  B.  Jansen,  St.  James  Episcopal  Church,  Massachusetts 

Sylvia  Johnson,  vice  president,  NAACP  Youth  Council,  Philadelphia 

Sallie  Kerney,  secretary,  International  Longshoremen's  and  Warehousemen's 
Union,  Chicago 

Doris  Koppelman,  Jewish  youth  leader.  New  York 

Norman  Ledgin,  city  editor,  Morning  Leader,  Clifton,  N.  J. 

James  Lee,  Chinese  Youth  Club,  New  York 

Howard  W.  Linnard,  Methodist  Federation  for  Social  Action,  Austin,  Tex. 

Ed  Lock,  president.  Plastic  Unit,  Ford  Local  No.  600,  UAW-CIO,  Detroit 

William  K.  McAfee,  International  Typographical  Union,  Austin,  Tex. 

Percy  Hayes  McNutt,  chairman,  Democracy  in  Education,  University  of  Michi- 

Jacqueline  Mitchell,  NAACP  Student  Council,  Radcliffe  College,  Massachusetts 

John  Morris,  president.  Unitarian  Student  Guild,  University  of  Michigan 

Dave  Moore,  vice  president,  Gear  and  Axle  Unit,  Ford  Local  No.  600,  UAW-CIO, 

Jay  Oswalt,  United  World  Federalists,  University  of  Texas 

George  E.  Pappas,  chairman,  NSA  delegation.  School  of  Education,  New  York 

Leonard  Parks,  YMCA,  Cleveland 

Kerry  Preston,  Peace  Committee,  Wesley  Foundation,  Austin,  Tex. 

Paul  Robeson,  Jr.,  New  York 

Ernest  N.  Rymer,  national  director,  Jewish  Young  Fraternalists,  New  York 

Lulu  M.  Rowley,  eastern  area  missionary,  Women's  American  Baptist  Home 
Mission  Society,  Chicago 

James  Sabal,  vice  president.  Phi  Iota  Alpha,  University  of  Michigan 

Hortense  Sie,  executive  secretary,  Committee  for  International  Student  Coopera- 
tion, New  York 

John  Sloss,  president,  American  Veterans  Committee,  University  of  Michigan 

Mary  Sutera,  YWCA,  Cleveland 

Lewis  Tout,  Farmers  Union,  Forbes,  N.  Dak. 

Earl  L.  Walter,  Youth  Division,  Hamilton  Methodist  Church  School 

Vivian  Washington,  Encampment  for  Citizenship,  Cleveland  Alumni 

Don  Willmott,  Y  open  forum  committee,  YMCA,  Oberlin  College,  Ohio 

Leon  Wofsy,  national  chairman.  Labor  Youth  League,  New  York 
(Organization  for  identification  only.) 



The  documents  reprinted  below  were  introduced  into  the  records  of 
the  Committee  on  Un-American  Activities  on  October  13,  1950,  by- 
Matthew  Cvetic,  former  undercover  agent  for  the  FBI  in  Western 
Pennsylvania  Communist  Party.  The  directives  were  issued  by  the 
Communist  Party  in  connection  with  its  peace  campaign. 

Plan  of  Work  of  National  Committee,  Communist  Party,  U.  S.  A., 
July  15  to  Labor  Day,   1950 

The  military  intervention  of  Wall  Street  imperialism  and  its  bipartisan  com- 
bination in  Washington  against  the  people  of  Korea  confirms  the  correctness 
of  our  party's  analysis  made  during  the  entire  past  period  and  emphasized  at  our 
last  national  committee  meeting.  Our  party  showed  that  the  Wall  Street  monop- 
olists, growing  ever  more  desperate  in  the  face  of  the  rising  strength  of  the 
world  peace  camp  and  the  expanding  resistance  of  the  American  people,  are 
feverishly  preparing  for  war  to  enslave  the  whole  world.  The  aggressive  armed 
attack  against  the  people  of  Korea,  and  United  States  imperialist  intervention 
in  the  whole  of  Asia,  clearly  shows  that  American  imperialism  has  now  entered 
the  open  military  phase  of  its  preparations  to  unleash  World  War  III,  threatening 
to  embroil  the  whole  world  in  a  new  world  holocaust. 

The  war  in  Korea  provoked  by  United  States  imperialism  has  aroused  the 
anger  and  strengthened  the  vigilance  or  the  world  forces  for  peace,  championed 
by  the  camp  of  democracy  and  socialism,  including  millions  of  people  in  our  own 
country.  All  those  who  strive  for  peace  recognize  that  at  this  moment  the 
struggle  for  peace  can  and  must  be  advanced  by  a  twofold  fight.  (1)  By  a  resolute 
fight  to  demand  the  withdrawal  of  imperialism  forces  from  Korea  in  order  to 
enable  the  people  there  to  achieve  national  unification  and  liberation  without 
outside  interference;  and  (2)  simultaneously  extending  the  movement  to  prevent 
world  war  III  by  fighting  for  United  States-Soviet  agreement,  for  the  necessity 
and  possibility  of  peaceful  coexistence  and  competition  on  a  world  scale  of  the 
two  social  systems,  and  extending  the  demand  for  the  seating  of  the  representa- 
tives of  New  China  in  the  UN  in  order  that  the  UN  can  once  again  function  in 
accord  with  the  UN  Charter. 

The  basic  campaign  for  peace  outlined  by  our  party  in  the  national  committee 
peace  plan  remains  the  central  task  today;  the  campaign  to  help  secure  5,000,00') 
signatures  to  the  world  peace  appeal  initiated  by  the  peace  forces  in  our  country; 
the  building  of  the  labor  conference  for  peace  and  other  broad  people's  movements 
for  peace;  the  fight  to  defend  civil  hberties,  for  the  release  of  our  general  secretary, 
Eugene  Dennis,  and  the  freedom  of  the  11;  the  defense  of  the  economic  conditions 
of  the  workers  and  their  trade-unions,  and  the  building  of  our  party  and  the 
working-class  press. 

The  membership  of  our  party,  and  the  millions  of  workers  and  Negro  masses, 
must  be  imbued  with  confidence  that  it  is  possible  to  stop  the  Wall  Street  aggres- 
sion in  Korea  and  save  world  peace.  To  help  heighten  the  quality  of  our  entire 
work  to  realize  the  perspectives  set  by  our  national  committee,  the  following 
national  plan  has  been  adopted  for  the  period  from  July  15  to  Labor  Day,  which 
should  be  the  basis  of  concrete  and  practical  plans  to  be  formulated  by  all  State 
committees.  The  fulfillment  of  these  plans  must  be  firmly  checked  in  -the  course 
of  our  day-to-day  activity. 


Every  single  member  of  our  party  must  be  equipped  politically  with  the  neces- 
sary arguments  to  combat  the  intensified  barrage  of  Wall  Street  propaganda 
aimed  to  confuse  and  divide  the  ranks  of  the  American  working  class.  Every 
Communist  must  be  in  a  position  to  clarify  and  answer  all  questions  raised  by  the 
workers  in  the  shops  and  communities,  to  show  how  the  true  interests  of  the 
American  working  class  and  people,  the  true  interests  of  our  nation,  are  protected, 
only  in  the  struggle  against  Wall  Street  imperialism.  From  this  standpoint  we 
propose  the  carrying  through  of  the  following  tasks: 

1.  The  immediate  holding  discussions  in  all  clubs  on  the  imperialist  character 
of  the  attack  on  Korea,  to  be  based  on  Comrade  Gus  Hall's  pamphlet  (for  which 
the  educational  department  shall  prepare  a  brief  outline).  To  supply  added 
information,  the  educational  department  will  prepare  each  week  supplementary 
material  for  the  use  of  the  clubs,  speakers,  and  functionaries.  Fullest  use  must 
be  made  of  the  material  in  the  Daily  Worker  and  the  Worker. 


2.  By  August  1,  a  program  of  ideological  discussions  must  be  carried  through 
with  all  national  leaders  of  trade-unions  and  other  mass  organizations  (pohtical, 
civil  rights,  Negro  fraternal,  women,  youth,  cultural,  etc.)  with  the  aim  of  bringing 
these  discussions  to  their  own  memberships.  These  discussions  must  help  to 
show  them  that  by  speaking  out  against  the  war  in  Korea,  a  war  contrary  to 
the  interests  of  the  people  in  the  United  States,  they  defend  the  interests  of  their 
own  membership. 


1.  That  we  issue  and  help  circulate  the  following  pieces  of  literature  in  mass 
quantities:  Complete  by  August  1  the  sale  and  distribution  of  the  465,000  copies 
of  Gus  Hall's  pamphlet  Hands  Off  Korea  and  Formosa;  to  issue  and  sell  200,000 
copies  of  the  pamphlet  under  preparation  explaining  the  meaning  of  the  world 
peace  appeal  to  outlaw  atomic  weapons;  to  help  distribute  the  speech  of  Paul 
Robeson  to  the  National  Negro  Labor  Conference  in  200,000  copies;  to  prepare 
a  new  pamphlet  dealing  with  current  questions  and  answers  on  Korea  to  be 
distributed  in  400,000  copies. 

2.  That  we  issue  and  circulate  in  smaller  quantities  the  following  pamphlets: 
A  pamphlet  containing  Kim  Ir  Sung's  article  on  conditions  in  Korea,  the  state- 
ment of  Andrei  Gromyko,  etc.;  Gurley  Flynn's  pamphlet  on  Eugene  Dennis 
the  fight  for  peace;  Elizabeth  Gurley  Flynn's  pamphlet  on  Eugene  Dennis  and 
Eugene  Debs — war  prisoners;  and  the  pictorial  pamphlet  on  the  Foley  Square 

3.  During  this  period,  the  utmost  attention  shall  be  paid  to  the  building  of  the 
circulation  of  the  press  and  the  issuance  of  mass  agitational  material.  To 
accomplish  this,  we  decide  to: 

(a)  Issue  two  4-page  folders  (this  may  be  issued  as  Daily  Worker  supple- 
ments) for  national  distribution  in  large  quantities  on  Why  Wall  Street  Is  Attack- 
ing the  Colored  Peoples  of  Asia  and  on  Unmasking  the  Wall  Street  Claim  That 
It  Is  Acting  on  Behalf  of  the  UN. 

(b)  That  all  districts  shall  immediately  undertake  to  bring  about  an  increase 
in  the  Daily  Worker  circulation  by  working  out  specific  tasks  to  be  undertaken 
and  accomplished  during  this  period. 



1.  To  encourage  the  participation  of  Communists  and  non-Communists  in  the 
writing  of  letters  to  the  editors  of  the  commercial  press,  to  take  issue  with  their 
editorials,  articles,  etc.  Maximum  efforts  shall  be  made  to  secure  participation 
in  forums,  debates,  radio  symposiums  on  all  questions  pertaining  to  the  fight 
to  save  world  peace. 

2.  To  encourage  all  forces  to  speak  out  in  every  possible  way  against  United 
States  imperialist  intervention  in  Korea  and  for  world  peace. 

(a)  Individual  leaders  of  trade-unions,  Negro  people's  organizations,  religious 
groups,  women,  youth,  professional  and  cultural  groups,  must  be  urged  to  speak 
out  on  all  levels.  These  leaders,  both  as  individuals  and  in  the  name  of  their 
organizations,  shall  be  urged  to  express  themselves  in  whatever  way  they  choose 
for  an  end  to  the  aggression  in  Korea,  for  restoring  the  UN  to  its  original  purpose 
by  seating  People's  China,  etc.  Messages  containing  such  statements  to  local 
Congressmen,  and  especially  to  the  President  of  the  United  States,  are  especially 

(b)  Full  support  shall  be  given  to  the  efforts  of  the  Labor  Conference  for 
Peace  to  secure  1,000  trade-union  leaders  by  August  1  from  the  shop-steward 
level  on  up,  to  cosign  its  statement  oli  Korea. 

(c)  Full  support  shall  be  given  to  the  efforts  of  World  War  II  veterans  from 
the  Pacific  theater  to  voice  their  protest  against  American  intervention  in  Korea 
and  Asia. 

(d)  Full  support  shall  be  given  to  carry  through  the  community  and  church 
activities — especially  local  and  state-wide  conferences — projected  at  the  Mid- 
Century  Conference  of  Peaceful  Alternatives  at  its  sessions  in  Chicago. 

3.  The  following  mass  activities  require  maximum  support  and  encourage- 

(a)  Support  the  efforts  of  the  Labor  Conference  for  Peace  to  organize  mass 
protest  demonstrations  in  New  York,  Philadelphia,  Cleveland,  Detroit,  Chicago, 
Los  Angeles,  and  Seattle  during  the  week  of  August  1-7  (the  anniversary  of 
Hiroshima) . 

76512 — 51 — -9 


(b)  Support  the  efforts  to  organize  a  mothers  delegation  to  Washington. 

(c)  Support  the  efforts  to  organize  a  mass  delegation  of  Negro  people's  leaders 
to  Washington  to  demand  the  stopping  of  the  imperialist  attacks  on  the  colored 
peoples  of  the  world  to  keep  America  at  peace;  for  the  immediate  passage  of 
FEPC  and  the  defeat  of  the  Mundt  bill. 

(d)  Support  the  sending  of  representative  delegations  to  the  United  Nations 
demanding  that  it  return  to  its  original  purpose  outlined  in  the  UN  Charter. 

(c)  Join  with  all  forces  desirous  of  organizing  a  Congress  for  the  repeal  of 
the  draft. 

(g)  Extend  and  support  all  movements  for  Presidential  amnesty  for  Eugene 
Dennis  and  all  other  political  prisoners,  as  well  as  for  the  reversal  of  the  Foley 
Square  decision. 


1.  In  the  center  of  all  activities  for  peace  is  the  task  to  help  secure  the  5,000,000 
signatures  for  the  world  peace  appeal.  The  national  committee  peace  plan 
outlined  the  major  stages  in  this  connection.  Within  the  framework  of  that 
plan  August  6  should  be  the  next  stage  for: 

(a)  Completing  the  second  million  signatures — ^with  particular  emphasis  on 
concentrating  to  secure  these  signatures  in  the  shops,  in  the  local  unions,  through 
canvassing  each  apartment  house  and  block,  through  securing  signatures  at 
churches  and  other  mass  organizations. 

(6)  To  organize  nationally — on  the  week  end  of  August  5-6  1,000  open-air 
rallies  and  shop-gate  meetings — with  booths  and  tables  for  street-corner  collec- 
tion of  signatures. 

September  4  (Labor  Day)  is  the  next  milestone  to  secure  the  third  million 

2.  As  part  of  the  campaign  to  secure  5,000,000  signatures,  every  effort  shall  be 
exerted  to  build  up  peace  committees  in  the  shops,  unions,  communities,  organi- 
zations, etc. — thus  to  organize  the  powerful  sentiment  for  peace  into  movements 
to  wage  the  struggle  on  a  day-to-day  basis. 

In  this  connection  full  support  shall  be  given  to  the  establishment  of  a  well- 
functioning  Labor  Conference  for  Peace  in  at  least  30  cities  throughout  the 
country.  In  these  cities,  to  help  organize  a  minimum  of  500  peace  committees  in 
shops  and  local  unions,  drawing  into  the  activity  of  these  peace  committees 
large  numbers  of  nonparty  trade-unionists  around  the  collection  of  signatures 
and  the  other  activities  outlined  by  the  Labor  Conference  for  Peace. 

3.  Full  support  shall  also  be  given  to  the  PIC  and  the  Labor  Conference  for 
Peace  in  their  efforts  to  send  delegates  to  the  World  Peace  Conference  in  October, 
including  100  trade-union  delegates. 

4.  Wherever  conditions  permit,  efforts  shall  be  directed  to  unite  all  organiza- 
tions— churches,  youth,  trade-unions,  Negro  people's  organizations,  women's 
organizations,  pacifist  groups,  etc. — into  local  councils  for  peace. 

We  urge  that  the  above  decision  be  immediately  discussed  and  that  the  State 
plans  and  control  tasks  for  the  next  6  weeks  be  forwarded  to  the  national 

Comradely  yours, 

National  Organizing  Department. 

(Cvetic  exhibit  No.  98,  Expos^  of  the  Communist  Party  of  Western  Pennsyl- 
vania, pt.  Ill,  pp.  3133-3135.) 


A  Guide  to  the  Club — Its  Role  in  Buildino  the  United  Front  in  1950 — 
A  Handbook  for  Community  Club  Officers 

(Prepared  by  Carl  Dorfman) 

Issued  bv  National  Organization  Department,  Communist  Party,  35  East  Twelfth 
Street,  New  York  3,  N.  Y. 


I.    HOW    CAN    YOUR     CLUB    HELP     ESTABLISH    UNITY     OF    THE     PEOPLE    FOR     PEACE? 

What  kind  of  steps  can  be  taken  in  your  neighborhood  to  give  expression  to  the 
mass  sentiment  for  peace? 

Can  your  club  help  to  get  together  a  limited  number  of  people  or  organizations 
to  sponsor  a  neighborhood? 


Calling  upon  President  Truman — 

To  outlaw  the  H-bomb. 

■ To  negotiate  Now  with  the  Soviet  Union. 

To  outlaw  atomic  warfare  and  halt  the  cold  war. 

Or,  would  these  sponsors  be  willing  to  call  a  neighborhood  rally  against  the 
H-bomb?  Or,  perhaps  a  mass  Peace  Ballot  would  help  lay  the  base  for  and 
popularize  a  united  Neighborhood  Peace  Rally. 

Would  it  be  possible  at  such  a  Neighborhood  Rally  to  launch  a  still  bigger  and 
broader  petition  to  President  Truman  calling  upon  him  to  undertake  negotiations 
between  the  United  States  and  the  Soviet  Union  for  atomic  disarmament  and  au 
end  to  the  cold  war? 

In  other  words,  what  we  wish  to  indicate  here  are: 

First.  The  decisive  place  where  the  ability  to  hold  the  Wall  Street  warmongers 
in  check  will  be  decided  at  the  Grass  Roots,  in  your  neighborhood.  This  is  not 
just  a  question  of  National  politics  or  State  politics,  but  rather,  and  most  impor- 
tant, it  is  a  question  of  local  politics. 

Peace  is  a  community  problem.     The  fight  for  peace  is  neighborhood  politics. 

Second.  Your  club  should  use  its  own  initiative  and  go  to  work  now  on  this 
question.  Actions  should  not  be  limited  to  ballots,  petitions,  and  rallies.  We 
must  remember  that  people  express  their  determination  for  peace  in  their  own 
way:  Church  groups  conduct  mass  prayers.  Some  organizations  send  delegations 
to  various  political  representatives.  Some  organizations  lay  wreaths  commemo- 
rating those  who  have  given  their  lives  in  war  and  pledge  themselves  to  work  for 
peace.  These  and  other  forms  of  expression  help  swell  the  demand  that  we  shall 
not  face  the  holocaust  of  atomic  destruction. 

(Cvetic  exhibit  No.  99,  ibid.,  pp.  3155-3157.) 



List  of  Sponsors,  by  States,  of  Stockholm  Appeal 
[From  folder.  Prominent  Americans  Call  for  Outlawing  Atomic  Warfare] 

Rev.  Lemuel  B.  Greeh,  Stockton 
Bishop  S.  L.  Greene,  Payne  College,  Birmingham 
Dr.  W.  E.  Jackson,  Greenville 

Dr.  D.  V.  Jemison,  president.  National  Baptist  Convention,  Inc.,  Selma 
J.  B.  Kennedy,  chairman.  General  Youth  Section,  National  Conference  Methodist 

Youth,  Birmingham 
Aubrey  Williams,  editor,  Southern  Farmer,  Montgomery 
Rev.  Cullen  B.  Wilson,  Opelika 


Rev.  Horatio  H.  Crawford,  Yuma 

Prof.  W.  W.  Denton,  University  of  Arizona,  Tucson 


Rev.  J.  H.  Abernathy,  Memphis 

Mrs.  Thelmaw  Burke,  Arkansas  Association  of  Colored  Women,  Forrest  City 

Rev.  J.  R.  Jamison,  president,  Arkansas  Missionary  Baptist  Convention,  Morril- 

Rev.  J.  S.  Jones,  Scott 
Elder  A.  L.  Perkins,  Little  Rock 
Rev.  J.  L.  Thornton,  recording  secretary,  Middle  Western  Association,  Menifee 


Rev.  Gross  W.  Alexander,  Redlands 

Dr.  Norman  Bauer,  Berkeley 

Dr.  and  Mrs.  David  K.  Bruner,  Stockton 

Rev.  Howard  R.  Carey,  Fontana 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Edwin  H.  Cerney,  Stockton  College,  Menlo  Park 

Dr.  George  A.  Coe,  professor  emeritus.  Union  Theological  Seminary,   Claremont 

Rev.  J.  Raymond  Cope,  Berkeley 

Rev.  Frank  B.  Cowgill,  Huntington  Park 

Robert   Crawford,   president.    Northern   California,    Western   Nevada   Christian 

Youth  Council,  Berkeley 
Rev.  Kenneth  L.  Danskin,  Redlands 
Clarence  L.  Davis,  Jr.,  Alameda 
Dr.  Percy  M.  Dawson,  Los  Altos 
Thomas  K.  Farley,  director,  California- Arizona  Conference  of  Methodist  Youth 

Fellowship,  Los  Angeles 
Rev.  Joyce  W.  Farr,  San  Jose 
Dr.  and  Mrs.  Morris  Felton,  San  Francisco 
Lion  Feuchtwanger,  author,  Pacific  Palisades 
Richard  B.  Fisher,  East  Palo  Alto 
Rev.  Owen  M.  Geer,  Los  Angeles 
Dr.  Asher  T.  Gordon,  San  Francisco 
Mrs.  Marie  Price  Gorin,  Sacramento 
Rev.  E.  Alexander  Gray,  San  Diego 
R.  F.  Hackenhull,  Pasadena 
Hugh  Hardyman,  La  Crescenta 
Rev.  Arthur  E.  Harrington,  San  Fernando 
Louise  Harding  Horr,  Brisbane 
John  Howard  Lawson,  author,  San  Fernando 
Dr.  Frank  Lindhorst.  College  of  the  Pacific,  Stockton    • 
Grace  McDonald,  Santa  Clara 
Mrs.  Albert  Maltz,  Los  Angeles 
Dr.  Thomas  Mann,  author.  Pacific  Palisades 
Ben  Margolis,  National  Lawyers  Guild,  Los  Angeles 
Judge  Stanley  Moffatt,  Huntington  Park 
Sidney  Moore,  Los  Angeles 
Rev.  Dr.  David  Lee  Mounts,  Coronado 
Cavendish  Moxon,  San  Francisco 
Rev.  Arthur  B.  Patten,  Claremont 


Leonard  T.  Pockman,  San  Francisco 

Bruce  Risley,  Marin 

Dr.  Holland  Roberts,  San  Francisco 

Rev.  Edwin  P.  Ryland,  Los  Angeles 

Alexander  P.  Saxton,  author,  Sausalito 

Rev.  Randall  B.  Scott,  Los  Angeles 

Rev.  Donald  G.  Smith,  Folsom^ 

Joseph  Allen  Stein,  architect,  San  Francisco 

Howard  Edwin  Sweeting,  architect,  Pasadena 

E.  S.  Thomas,  Oakland" 

Rev.  Raymond  A.  Waser,  Pasadena 

Dr.  Frank  W.  Weymouth,  professor  emeritus  of  psychology,  Stanford  University, 

Jacob  Zeitlin,  Los  Angeles 


Prof.  Jerome  Davis,  Boulder 

Virginia  Durr,  Denver 

Rev.  A.  G.  Kendrick,  Denver 

Rev.  Burke  R.  Lawtoii,  Colorado  Springs 

Rev.  Samuel  W.  Marble,  Denver 

Winston  McDaniel,  Denver 

Samuel  D.  Menin,  attorney,  Denver 

Very  Rev.  Paul  Roberts,  dean,  St.  John's  Cathedral  (Protestant  Episcopalian), 

Rev.  Kenneth  M.  Smith,  Colorado  Springs 
Rev.  William  Camobell  Wasser,  Denver 
Mrs.  Harvev  Weeks,  Delta 
Rev.  Harold  H.  Wright,  Fort  Collins 


George  Abbe,  North  Guilford 

Rev.  Merrill  F.  Clarke,  New  Canaan 

Rev.  John  W.  Darr,  Wesleyan  University,  Middletown 

Martha  Dodd,  author,  Ridgefield 

Witherspoon  Dodgp,  National  Religion  and  Labor  Foundation,  New  Haven 

Rev.  Albert  J.  Hallington,  Danbury 

Rev.  Charles  Ross  Hodges,  Norwich 

Carroll  HoUister,  violinist,  Westport 

Crocket  Johnson,  attorney  and  publisher,  South  Norwalk 

Rev.  Kenneth  R.  Teed,  Willimantic 

Verne  Weed,  Hartford 


Rev.  William  C.  Munds,  Greenville 

District  of  Columbia 

Rev.  Roland  M.  Austin 

Joseph  Beavers,  business  agent,  local  209,  AFL 

Miriam  R.  Bischoflf 

Geneva  Brown,  financial  secretary,  local  471,  Cafeteria  Workers  Union 

Prof.  C.  De  Witt  Eldridge,  George  Washington  University 

Gertrude  Evans 

Rev.  Eddy  L.  Ford 

Prof.  E.  Franklin  Frazier,  chairman,  department  of  sociology,  Howard  University 

William    Glazier,    legislative    representative.    International    Longshoremen's    & 

Warehousemen's  Union 
Dr.  Marcus  Goldman,  geologist 
Hugh  Hinchclifie 

Rev.  W.  H.  Jernagin,  president,  National  Baptist  Sunday  School  Congress 
Rev.  R.  Benjamin  Kirkland 
Harry  Lamberton,  attorney 
John  Martini,  business  agent,  local  209,  AFL 

Oliver  Palmer,  business  agent.  Cafeteria  Workers  Union,  local  471 
Dean  George  A.  Parker,  Terrell  Law  School 
Arthur  Stein 
Mrs.  Margheritta  Tillman  Stirling 


John  Stone,  correspondent 

Mrs.  Mary  Church  Terrell,  National  Association  of  Colored  Women 

Bruce  Waybur,  economist 

Dr.  Irving  Winik 


Dr.  Irwin  R.  Beiler,  professor  of  religion,  University  of  Miami,  Miami 

Hon.  John  M.  Coe,  former  State  senator,  Pensacola 

Rev.  Ed.  Martin,  Palatka 

Vernon  Sanderson,  Methodist  Children's  Home,  Enterprise 

Rev.  M.  J.  Sherard,  St.  Petersburg 

Rev.  and  Mrs.  C.  H.  Seibert,  West  Newahaitchka 


Prof.  G.  Murray  Branch,  Morehouse  College,  Atlanta 

H.  S.  Dixon,  Bainbridge 

George  W.  Dudley,  Atlanta 

Bishop  William  A.  Fountain,  senior  bishop,  African  Methodist  Episcopal  Church, 

Kathryn  Jones,  Conference  of  Methodist  Youth  Fellowship,  Atlanta 
Larkin  Marshall,  editor  and  publisher,  Macon 


Rev.  Leonard  Oechsli,  Honolulu 


Rev.  Louis  C.  Phelps,  Northern  Baptist  Convention,  Nampa 

Prof.  John  G.  Rideout,  Pocatello 


Rev.  Ernest  Akin,  Payson 

Harland  H.  Allen,  Chicago 

John  T.  Bernard,  United  Electrical,  Radio  &  Machine  Workers,  Chicago 

Rev.  Rav  Bond,  Chicago 

Rev.  Roy  S.  Buffat,  Centralia 

Prof.  A.  J.  Carlson,  University  of  Chicago,  Chicago 

Rudolf  and  Elizabeth  Ina  Carnap,  University  of  Chicago,  Chicago 

Serge  Chermayeff,  Institute  of  Design,  Chicago 

Mrs.  Dorothy  Bushnell  Cole,  Chicago  Women's  Club,  Chicago 

Rev.  Roy  Crocker,  Chicago 

Ernest  DeMaio,  Chicago 

Rev.  Joseph  M.  Evans,  Chicago 

Rev.  George  Miles  Gibson,  McCormick  Theological  Seminary,  Chicago 

Rev.  Glenn  S.  Gothard,  Philo 

Lowell  B.  Hazzard,  Illinois  Wesleyan  University,  Bloomington 

Concepcion  Hernandez,  Home  Missions  Council,  Chicago 

Rev.  C.  Wesley  Israel,  River  Forest 

Udell  Jarden,  president,  Painters  Local  55,  Central  Body,  AFL,  Staunton 

Dr.  Eugene  Jenski,  Chicago 

Rev.  W.  D.  Kilgore,  Evanston 

Prof.  Ronald  B.  Levy,  Roosevelt  College,  Chicago 

Rev.  P.  Henry  T>otz,  Forrest 

Bernard  Lucas,  International  Longshoremen's  &  Warehousemen's  Union,  Chicago 

Rev.  Frank  Marston,  Jacksonville 

Father  Samuel  J.  Martin,  Chicago 

Helen  Meserve,  Hoopeston 

Father  Clarence  Parker,  Chicago 

Rev.  Clarence  Peach,  Chicago 

Rev.  John  L.  Regier,  Chicago 

Rev.  Henry  Edward  Rompel,  Orland  Park 

Rev.  L.  J.  Sailor,  Carlenville 

Dr.  I.  H.  Shapiro,  Chicago 

Dave  Sheldon,  Home  Missions  Council,  Chicago 

Don  Snider,  Elgin 

Mieas  S.  Stephens,  Sr.,  Chicago 

Oscar  Strum,  secretary.  Painters  Local  35,  V.  P.  Central  Body,  AFL,  Staunton 


Rabbi  Samuel  Teitelbaum,  Evanston,  Hillel  Foundation,  Northwestern  University, 

Bishop  W.  J.  Walls,  secretary,  board  of  bishops,  A.  M.  E.  Zion  Church;  honorary 

chairman,  Committee  for  Peaceful  Alternatives,  Chicago 
Ann  West,  Home  Missions  Council,  Chicago 
Charles  Enoch  Wheeler,  Chicago 
Ivois  Whitacre,  Home  Missions  Council,  Chicago 
Rev.  P.  G.  Van  Zandt,  Chicago 
Rev.  Charles  E.  Zunkel,  Elgin 


Rev.  W.  D.  Archibald,  DeMotte 

Rev.  Marion  C.  Bishop,  Griffeth 

Dr.  Gaines  M.  Cook,  executive  secretary,  International  Convention  of  Disciples 
of  Christ,  Indianapolis 

Norvin  L.  Crosby,  Brotherhood  of  Railway  Clerks,  Terre  Haute 

John  Gojack,  general  vice  president.  United  Electrical,  Radio  &  Machine  Workers, 
Fort  Wavne 

M.  L.  Klopfenstein,  Grabill 

Rev.  Peter  Langendorff,  Hammond 

Dr.  Frank  Neuwelt.  Gary 

Willard  B.  Ransom  president,  Indianapolis  National  Association  for  Advance- 
ment of  Colored  People,  Indianapolis 

David  Reid,  South  Bend 

Rev.  Charles  A.  Tyler,  North  Vernon 

Rev.  William  L.  White,  Paoli 


Prof.  Edward  S.  Allen  and  jNIinnie  E.  Allen,  Ames 

Homer  Ayres,  farm  relations  director,  Farm  Equipment  Union,  Des  Moines 

Rev.  Lester  H.  Bill,  Fort  Madison 

Rev.  Lawrence  Carlton,  Sioux  City 

Rev.  John  De  Long,  Estherville 

Rev.  M.  E.  Dorr,  Osage 

Rev.  Paul  C.  Ellis,  Montezuma 

Rev.  Frank  T.  En  Yart,  Salem 

Rev.  Glenn  S.  Hartong,  Mount  Vernon 

Charles  W.  Hobbie,  Cedar  Rapids 

Hon.  Charles  P.  Howard,  lawyer,  Des  Moines 

Rev.  Ralph  B.  Imes,  Eldora 

Rev.  Marvin  B.  Kober,  Cedar  Rapids 

Prof.   C.   F.   Littell,  professor  of  history  and  political  science,   Cornell  Collego, 

Mount  Vernon 
Thomas  I>udwig,  manager.  Farmers  Cooperative,  Greenville 
Mrs.  E.  T.  Mayer-Oakes,  Emmetsburg 
Rev.  James  Robertson,  Fairfield 
Rev.  James  P.  Russell,  Pocahontas 
Rev.  Robert  L.  Smith,  Marathon 

Fred  W.  Stover,  president,  Iowa  Farmers  Union,  Hampton 
C.    Orville    Strohl,    executive    secretary,    Methodist    Executive    Commission  on 

Education,  Des  Moines 
Rev.  Herbert  R.  Thomas,  Redfield 


Rev.  J.  E.  Bartholomew,  Topeka 

Rev.  George  H.  DeBoer,  Marion 

Rev.  Edward  A.  Freeman,  Kansas  City 

Rev.  Wright  M.  Hornton,  Edna 

Rev.  P.  J.  Houston,  Kansas  City 

Rev.  E.  Bernard  Hurd,  Topeka 

Clara  Michael,  Topeka 

Rev.  Lynn  H.  Rupert,  Kansas  City 

Richard  A.  SchroU,  Kansas  Methodist  Student  Movement,  Syracuse 


Rev.  W.  R.  Brown,  Ashland 

Dr.  G.  A.  Hampton,  secretary,  General  Association  Kentucky  Baptists,  Louisville 

Rjv.  H.  W.  Jones,  Louisville 



Armand  V.  Boutte,  Sr.,  president,  Negro  Business  League  of  New  Orleans,  New- 
Dr.  James  A.  Dombrowski,  New  Orleans 
Prof.  Robert  D.  Field,  New  Orleans 
A.  M.  Friedman,  New  Orleans 


Mrs.  Viola  M.  Campbell,  Saco 
Rev.  Francis  C.  Hawes,  Winterport 
Mrs.  M.  Louise  Hunt,  Portland 
Dr.  Jacob  Melnick,  Portland 


Mrs.  and  Mrs.  Charles  L.  Carhart,  Fellowship  of  Reconciliation,  Presbyterian 

Church,  Chevy  Chase 
Dr.  Miles  W.  Connor,  i  Coppin  Teachers  College,  Baltimore 
Rev.  G.  Custer  Cromwell,  Towson 
Blanche  Hobbs  McNeil,  Hobbs 


Rev.  Charles  T.  Allen,  district  superintendent,  the  Methodist  Church,  Worcester 

Rev.  Guy  Allen,  Dorchester 

Robenia  Anthony,  Springfield 

Emily   Greene  Balch,   honorable  chairman,   Women's  International  League  for 

Peace  and  Freedom,  Wellesley 
Rev.  Oscar  A.  Benson,  Worcester 

Dr.  Allan  M.  Butler,  Harvard  University  Medical  School,  Cambridge 
Rev.  Raymond  Calkins,  Cambridge 
Rev.  Albert  B.  Cleage,  Jr.,  Springfield 
Florence  Converse,  author,  Wellesley 
Rev.  E.  Pomeroy  Cutler,  Richmond 

Prof.  Dorothy  W.  Douglas,  Smith  College,  Northampton 
Rev.  Joseph  Fletcher,  Episcopal  Theological  School,  Cambridge 
Prof.  S.  Ralph  Harlow,  Smith  College,  Northampton 
William  Harrison,  associate  editor,  Boston  Chronicle,  Boston 
Willard  T.  Hazen,  Jr.,  Pigeon  Cove 
Oscar  M.  Hechter,  Worcester 

Dorothy  Hewitt,  Boston  Center  for  Adult  Education,  Cambridge 
Rev.  Kenneth  de  P.  Hughes,  Cambridge 
Benjamin  T.  Johnson,  Boston 
Florence  H.  Luscomb,  Cambridge 
Rev.  Clifford  L.  Miller,  Boston 
John  E.  Mitchell,  Boston 
Mrs.  John  F.  Moore,  Brookline 
Rev.  HoUis  M.  Mosher,  Milton 

Stanley  E.  Niebruegge,  Episcopal  Theological  School,  Cambridge 
Rev.  George  L.  Paine,  Cambridge 
Bertha  C.  Reynolds,  Stoughton 
Prof.  Louise  Pettibone  Smith,  Wellesley 
Prof.    Dirk    Struik,    scientist    and   mathematician,    IVIassachusetts    Institute    of 

Technology,  Boston 
Dr.  Vida  D.  Scudder,  Wellesley  College,  Wellesley 
R.  A.  Simmons,  D.  D.  S.,  Boston 
Dr.  P.  A.  Sorokin,  Harvard  University,  Cambridge 
Rev.  Charles  M.  Styron,  Lincoln 
Prof.  John  Wild,  Harvard  University,  Cambridge 
Dr.  Edward  L.  Young,  Committee  of  Physicians  for  Improvement  of  Medical 

Care,  Brookline 


Rev.   J.   Burt  Bouwman,   executive  secretary,    Michigan  Council  of  Churches, 

Dr.  Fred  Fiske,  Albion  College,  Wesley 
Jean  T.  Hewitt,  Detroit 

1  This  individual,  also  formerly  a  sponsor  of  the  Maryland  Committee  for  Peace,  withdrew  from  that 


Rev.  Charles  A.  Hill,  Detroit 

Wm.  Hood,  recording;  secretary,  Ford  Local  600,  UAW-CIO,  Detroit 

Rev.  Albert  Wallace  Kauffman,  Bancroft 


Mrs.  Bertha  Anderson,  Minneapolis 

Hon.  Elmer  Benson,  Appleton 

Rev.  Paul  G.  Hayes,  Albert  Lea 

Dr.  I.  M.  Kolthoff,  University  of  Minnesota,  Minneapolis 

Louis  Locketz,  Minneapolis 


Mrs.  Clarie  Collins,  Harvey,  National  Council  of  Negro  Women,  Jackson 
Hon.  W.  J.  Gates,  Natchez 

Rev.  J.  L.  Tolbert,  general  secretary,  Evangelism,  Colored  Methodist  Episcopal 
Church,  New  Albany 


Dean  C.  Curnutt,  president,  Missouri  Conference  of  Methodist  Youth,  Rock  Port 

Dr.  Meredith  F.  Eller,  Central  College,  Fayette 

Tommie  Haynes,  Teamsters  Union,  AFL,  St.  Louis 

Rev.  J.  L.  Huntlev,  St.  Louis 

Ben  Koon,  S.  E.  Missouri  Conference  Methodist  Youth  Fellowship,  Bolivar 

Rev.  Walter  A.  Scheer,  St.  Louis 

Rev.  W.  A.  Sparks,  Kansas  City 


Rev.  Merle  W.  Burres,  Western 

Lydia  N.  Dueker,  Gmaha 

Rev.  Otto  M.  Fabre,  Brady 

Almeda  Hill,  Women's  Society  of  Christian  Service,  Falls  City 

Rev.  Lowell  D.  Jones,  Neligh 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Harold  Lewis,  Gmaha 

Rev.  C.  Edwin  Murphy,  Waverly 

Lorene  Schacht,  Lincoln 

Rev.  C.  T.  Van  Metre,  Gmaha 

Rev.  M.  Wingate,  Liman 


Rev.  Paul  L.  McClure,  Las  Vegas 

New  Hampshire 

Rev.  George  C.  Junkins,  Danbury 

Rev.  George  R.  Wolverton,  Franklin 

New  Jersey 

Rev.  Bedran  K.  Apelian,  Fair  Lawn 

Mrs.  Rachel  R.  Cadbury,  Moorestown 

Bernard  Forer,  Local  437,  American  Federation  of  Teachers,  AFL,  Trenton 

Rev.  Robert  A.  Geddes,  Glen  Rock 

Irving  Hirsch,  Somerville 

Rev.  Chester  E.  Hodgson,  Newark 

James  Imbrie,  Lawrenceville 

Dr.  J.  J.  Kashkevich,  Newark 

Dr.  Albert  R.  Melnikoff,  Camden 

Rev.  James  R.  Miller,  Hackettstown 

Rabbi  Sidney  Nathanson,  Plainfield 

Prof.    Erwin   Panofsky,    Institute   of   Advanced   Study,    Princeton   University, 

Walter  S.  Poleshuk,  U.  E.  Local  401,  Vaux  Hall 
Prof.  Walter  Rautenstrauch,  Palisade 
Rev.  Lyman  H.  Seamans,  Paterson 
Rev.  Ted  C.  Seamans,  Paterson 

James  M.  Senor,  Jewish  Community  Center  of  Essex  Co.,  Newark 
Rev.  Warren  P.  Sheen,  Newark 
Rev.  Clifford  G.  Sinnickson,  Avon 
Rev.  George  Teague,  Teaneck 


Dr.  Harry  F.  Ward,  professor  emeritus,  Union  Tlieological  Seminarj',  Palisade 

Daisy  Ward,  Palisade 

Abraham  Welanko,  attorney,  Newark 

Frank  Witkus,  United  Auto  Workers,  CIO  Local  595,  Kearny 

New  Mexico 

Rev.  Henry  Hoyt  Hayden,  University  of  New  Mexico,  Albuquerque 
New  York 

David  Alman,  author.  New  York 
Prof.  Kurt  Anderson,  New  York 
Rev.  John  W.  Anna^?,  Jr.,  Syracuse 
•  Dr.  Herbert  Aptheker,  Brooklyn 
Rev.  Lloyd  J.  Averill,  Jr.,  Rochester 
Ruth  Baker,  New  York 

C.  B.  Baldwin,  executive  director,  Progressive  Partv,  New  York 
Rev.  Lee  H.  Ball,  New  Paltz 
Rabbi  Herbert  Baumgard,  president,  student  body,  Jewish  Institute  of  Religion, 

Cedric  Belfrage,  New  York 
Rev.  Anton  Beza,  Valley  Falls 
Albert  Bland,  New  York 
Rev.  William  G.  Boomhower,  Brooklyn 
Prof.  Dorothy  Brewster,  Columbia  University,  New  York 
Lucy  Brown,  pianist,  New  York 

Prof.  Edwin  Berry  Burgum,  New  York  University,  New  York 
Canaan  Baptist  Church,  New  York 
Marc  Chagall,  artist,  New  York 
Rev.  Ruthven  S.  Chalmers,  Spencer 
Jerome  Chodorov,  playwright,  New  York 

Prof.  Ephraim  Cross,  College  of  the  City  of  New  York,  New  York 
Rev.  John  Darr,  Jr.,  New  York 

Rev.  George  Davis,  Assembly  of  Spiritualists,  New  York 
Hadley   DePuy,    New   York   Annual  Conference   Methodist   Youth   Fellowship, 

St.  Lawrence  University,  Canton 
Arnold  Donawa,  D.  D.  S.,  New  York 

Muriel  Draper,  Congress  of  American  Women,  New  York 
Dr.  W.  E.  B.  Du  Bois,  anthropologist,  Council  on  African  Affairs,  chairman,  Peace 

Information  Center,  New  York 
Father  Clarence  Duffy,  New  York 
Arnaud  d'Usseau,  New  York 
Susan  d'Usseau,  New  York 
Prof.  Abraham  Edel,  Jamaica 

Duke  Ellington,  composer  and  musician,  New  York 
Prof.  Henry  Pratt  Fairchild,  New  York  University,  New  York 
Sidney  Finkelstein,  writer,  Elmhurst 
Mrs.  Welthy  Honsinger  Fisher,  chairman,  World  Day  of  Prayer,  Committee  of 

United  Council'  of  Church  Women,  New  York 
Abram  Flaxer,  president.  United  Public  Workers,  New  York 
Rev.  Adrian  B.  Foote,  Endicott 
Dr.  Leonard  Frank,  New  York 
Richard  A.  Freedman,  D.  D.  S.,  New  York 

Prof.  Frank  S.  Freeman,  department  of  psychology,  Cornell  University,  Ithaca 
Milton  A.  Galamison,  Brooklyn 
Essie  Garfein,  Brooklyn 
Vincent  Glinskv,  artist,  New  York 
Rabbi  Albert  S.  Goldstein,  New  York 
Harry  Gottlieb,  artist,  New  York 

Eward  G.  Guinier,  United  Public  Workers,  New  York 
Dr.  Ralph  H.  Grundlach,  New  York 
Shirley  Graham,  author,  St.  Albans,  Long  Island 
Robert  Gwathmey,  artist,  New  York 
George  Hall,  New  York 
Prof.  Talbot  HamiHn,  New  York 
Dashiell  Hammett,  author.  New  York 
Charles  C.  Haney,  Brooklyn 
Rev.  Thomas  S.  Harten,  Brooklyn 


Herbert  Haufrecht,  composer,  New  York 
Harry  Hausknecht,  New  York 
Leo  T.  Hurwitz,  New  York 

Ada  B.  Jackson,  Brooklyn  Interracial  Assembly,  Brooklyn 
Rev.  Raymond  S.  Jewett,  Mount  Vernon 
Robert  Joyce,  New  York 
Albert  E.  Kahn,  Croton  on  Hudson 
Rockwell  Kent,  artist,  Ausable  Forks 
Doris  H.  Koppelman,  Bronx  Junior  Hadassah,  Bronx 
Rev.  Thomas  Kilgore,  Jr.,  Bronx 
Dr.  John  A.  Kingsbury,  Shady 
Alfred  Kreymborg,  poet.  New  York 
Rev.  Charles  Wesley  Lee,  New  Hyde  Park 
Mrs.  Jean  Lesser,  Hewlett,  Long  Island 
Ray  Lev,  pianist.  New  York 

Rabbi  Howard  L  Levine,  Lindenhurst,  Long  Island 
Rev.  Father  Frederick  W.  Lightfoot,  Maspeth,  Long  Island 
Helen  M.  Lynd,  New  York 
Rev.  Frederick  C.  Maier,  Baldwin 

F.  L.  Marcuse,  department  of  psychology,  Cornell  University,  Ithaca 
Sarnia  Marquand,  New  York 

John  McManus,  general  manager.  National  Guardian,  New  York 
Eve  Merriam,  author,  New  York 

Prof.  Philip  Morrison,  physicist,  Cornell  University,  Ithaca 
Florence  Murray,  editor,  the  Negro  Handbook,  New  York 
Rev.  Melville  D.  Nesbit,  Jr.,  Ogdensburg 
Rev.  Joseph  Niver,  Stormville 
Russ  Nixon,  economist,  Brooklyn 
Alex  North,  pianist.  New  York 
Charlie  Parker,  composer  and  musician.  New  York 
William  Patterson,  Civil  Rights  Congress,  New  York 
Rev.  Don  Eliento  Pedro,  New  York 

Albert  Pezzati,  International  Union  of  Mine,  Mill  &  Smelter  Workers,  New  York 
George  Pirinsky,  American  Slav  Congress,  New  York 
Anton  Refregier,  artist,  Woodstock 
Wallingford  Riegger,  composer,  New  York 
Paul  Robeson,  singer.  New  York 
Rev.  Frank  P.  Rogers,  Jr.,  Amityville 
-O.  John  Rogge,  Esq.,  New  York 
Muriel  Rukeyser,  poet.  New  York 
Rose  Russell,  New  York  Teachers  Union,  New  York 
Rev.  William  K.  Russell,  Brooklyn 
Dr.  Sidney,  M.  Samis,  Flushing 
Dr.  Artur  Schnabel,  pianist,  New  York 
Aaron  Schneider,  UOPWA,  New  York 
Bill  Shneyer,  Jewish  Young  Fraternalists,  New  York 
Rev.  James  T.  Small,  New  York 

Ferdinand  C.  Smith,  Harlem  Trade  LTnion'Council,  New  York 
Johannes  Steel,  New  York 
Alfred  K.  Stern,  New  York 

Prof.  Bernhard  J.  Stern,  Columbia  University,  New  York 
Leon  Straus,  Joint  Board  Fur  Dressers  and  Dyers  Union,  New  York 
Rev.  T.  C.  Taylor,  Brooklyn 
Rev.  Joseph  H.  Titus,  Jamaica 
Rev.  Otto  K.  Walther,  New  York 
Eda  Lou  Walton,  New  York  Universitv,  New  York 
Rev.  Bradford  G.  Webster,  Buffalo 
Walter  N.  Welsh,  Syracuse 

Prof.  Gene  Weltfish,  Columbia  Universitv,  New  York 
Rev.  Elmer  Reed  West,  Wells 
Rev.  Eliot  White,  New  York 
Rev.  David  Rhvs  Williams,  Rochester 
Alexander  Wolf,  M.  D.,  New  York 
Clement  Wood,  Delanson 
Maxine  Wood,  dramatist.  New  York 
Archie  Wright,  Farmers  Unions,  Ogdensburg 


North  Carolina 

Edwin  Bjorkman,  Asheville 

Dr.  Charlotte  Hawkins  Brown,  president,  Palmer  Institute,  Sedalia 

Angeline  Coutlakis,  Asheville 

Rev.  J.  M.  Miller,  Rocky  Mount 

L.  R.  Russell,  Greensboro 

North  Dakota 

Prof.  Royer  Woodburn,  director,  Wesley  Foundation,  Grand  Forks 


Rabbi  Stanley  R.  Brav,  Central  Conference  of  American  Rabbis,  Cincinnati 

Rev.  Edwin  A.  Brown,  Marion 

Russell  N.  Chase,  attorney,  Cleveland 

Bishop  A.  R.  Clippinger,  presiding  bishop,  Evangelical  United  Brethren  Church, 

Rev.  H.  G.  Coleman,  Cleveland 
Isabel  Dornon,  East  Palestine 
Ivan  Dornon,  president,  Ohio  Methodist  Student  Movement;  United  Student 

Christian  Council;  World  Student  Christian  Federation,  East  Palestine 
Rev.  Oliver  G.  Droppers,  Cleveland 
Rev.  M.  C.  Hunt,  Lakewood 
William  E.  Jacobs,  National  Youth  Cabinet,  Evangelical  and  Reformed  Church, 

Rev.  B.  F.  Lamb,  president,  Ohio  Council  of  Churches,  Columbus 
Rev.  F.  B.  Landerdale,  Cincinnati 
Rev.  Carl  J.  Landes,  Shandon 

Mrs.  Harry  C.  Long,  Akron  Council  for  Peace  Action 
Prof.  Oliver  S.  Loud,  Antioch  College,  Yellow  Springs 
Rev.  Harry  S.  Mabie,  Oberlin 
Dr.  Henry  M.  Marbly,  Cincinnati 
Donald  L.  Mathews,  Columbus 
Joseph  Morgenstern,  Cleveland 
Rev.  Arthur  M.  Shenevelt,  London 
Prof.  Ralph  H.  Turner,  Oberlin  College,  Oberlin 
C.  B.  Whitlach,  Cleveland 
Rev.  James  D.  Wyker,  Ohio  Council  of  Community  Churches,  Mount  Vernon 


Rev.  Charles  H.  Davis,  Haskell 
Rev.  Horace  F.  Patton,  Tulsa 
B.  J.  Wilson,  Okmulgee 


Rev.  Wendell  L.  Coe,  North  Bend 

The  Rt.  Rev.  Benjamin  D.  Dagwell,  D.  D.,  Protestant  Episcopal  bishop  of  Oregon, 

Dr.  Robert  H.  Ellis,  Portland 

Rev.  William  H.  Genne,  Pacific  University,  Forest  Grove 
Rev.  Sidney  E.  Harris,  Monument 
Ruth  P.  W'hitcomb,  American  Friends  (Quaker)  Wider  Fellowship,  Corvallis 


Wilmer  J.  Althouse,  Farmers  Union  Local  70,  Berks  County,  Hamburg 

Hans  Blumenfeld,  Philadelphia  City  Plan  Commission,  Philadelphia 

J.  A.  Boak,  past  master,  Pennsylvania  State  Grange,  New  Castle 

Millen  Brand,  writer,  New  Hope 

Rev.  Burns  Brodbead,  Moravian  College,  Bethlehem 

Rev.  Leonard  G.  Carr,  chairman,  civic  committee,  Philadelphia  Baptist  Ministers 

Conference,  Philadelphia 
Alvin  B.  Christman,  president,  eastern  division.  Farmers  Union,  Centerport 
Miriam  E.  Cliff,  president,  local  638,  Food  &  Tobacco  Workers  Union,  Lancaster 
Dr.  I.  J.  Domas,  Erie 

Prof.  Barrows  Dunham,  Temple  University,  Cynwyd 

Dr.  H.  Stanley  Dunn,  Evangelical  and  Reformed  Theological  Seminary,  Lancaster 
Rev.  Robert  H.  Eads,  State  College 
Rev.  Clarence  B.  Felton,  Boothwyn 


Rev.  Kenneth  Ripley  Forbes,  Philadelphia 

Rev.  Wayne  Furman,  Warren 

John  E.  Gillespie,  United  Steel  Workers  of  America,  local  2295,  Coatesville 

Rev.  C.  W.  Gregory,  Philadelphia 

Rev.  J.  C.  Hairston,  Pittsburgh 

Donald  Henderson,  administrative  director,  Food  &  Tobacco  Workers  Union, 

Rev.  H.  Ross  Hume,  Canonsburg 

Don  Levine,  New  Castle 

Rev.  R.  S.  McGrew,  Vandergrift 

Blanche  M.  Nicola,  St.  Martha's  Settlement  House,  Philadelphia 

Rev.  G.  A.  Parkins,  Pittsburgh 

Margaret  L.  Pennock,  Philadelphia 

Rabbi  E.  H.  Prombaum,  Hazelton 

Mitchell  M.  Schaffer,  Bethlehem 

Joseph  L.  Schatz,  president,  local  2,  UOPWA,  Philadelphia 

Herman  E.  Stenger,  Central  Pennsylvania  Conference  of  Methodist  Youth, 
Roaring  Spring 

Rev.  Arthur  A.  Swanson,  Lundy's  Lane 

Rev.  B.  J.  Tingler,  Meadville 

Dr.  Philip  R.  White,  Cancer  Research  Institute,  University  of  Pennsylvania, 

Dr.  Lawrence  D.  Williams,  Harrisburg 

Rev.  Edwin  H.  Witman,  New  Cumberland 

Alexander  Wright,  Pittsburgh 

Mrs.  Anna  B.  Yarnall,  YWCA;  Friends  Misson  Board,  Philadelphia  Yearly  Meet- 
ing, Philadelphia 

Puerto  Rico 

Dr.  Thomas  B.  Jones,  University  of  Puerto  Rico,  Rio  Piedras 

Rhode  Island 

Rev.  Otto  P.  Churchill,  North  Scituate 

Hon.  Clemens  F.  France,  former  State  welfare  commissioner,  West  Warwick 

Elizabeth  Murray  Robinson,  Jamestown 

Mrs.  Emily  Finley  Robinson,  Jamestown 

South  Dakota 

Rev.  Norman  J.  Tenpas,  Castlewood 

Rev.  J.  E.  Beard,  secretary-treasurer,  pension  department,  AME  Church,  Nash- 
Rev.  W.  Flenoy,  Chattanooga 
Rev.  Bernie  H.  Hampton,  Chattanooga 
Rev.  Donald  Howell,  Lafayette 

Dr.  Ralph  W.  Riley,  American  Baptist  Theological  Seminary,  Nashville 
Rev.  Cornelius  H.  Witt,  Memphis 


Rev.  Frank  A.  Boutwell,  Bryan 

Dr.  Arthur  L.  Bradley,  Conroe  Normal  and  Industrial  College,  Conroe 

Bob  Breihan,  Methodist  Youth  Fellowship,  Dallas 

Matthew  G.  Carter,  assistant  secretary.  Southwest  Area  Council,  YMCA,  Dallas 

Rev.  M.  K.  Currv,  Wichita  Falls 

Rev.  E.  M.  Edwards,  Dallas 

Rev.  James  I.  Gilmore,  Wolfe  City 

Rev.  Z.  H.  Hickerson,  Mineral  Wells 

Fred  Loville,  Houston 

Dr.  A.  E.  McMillan,  Waco 

Rabbi  J.  Sarasohn,  Marshall 


Rt.  Rev.  Arthur  W.   Moulton,    Protestant  Episcopal  bishop  of  Utah   (retired). 

Salt  Lake  City 
Hon.  James  H.  Wolfe,  justice  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  LTtah,  Salt  Lake  City 



Prof.  Kurt  Anderson,  Bennington  College,  Bennington 

Rev.  J.  R.  Case,  Vergennes 

Rev.  Skillman  E.  Myers,  Plainfield 


Elder  Norman  E.  Cooper,  Winchester 

Prof.  J.  Ellison,  Virginia  Union  University,  Richmond 

Edgar  S.  Fraley,  Bristol 

Dr.  A.  B.  Harrison,  Franklin 

Dr.  I.  J.  McGuffin,  South  Boston 

Miriam  Wabur,  Arlington 


Prof.  Wayne  Burnes,  Seattle 

Alice  Holm,  Maselle 

Prof.  A.  C.  Keller,  University  of  Washington,  Seattle 

Dr.  Willis  Merriam,  State  College  of  Washington,  Pullman 

William  J.  Pennock,  Washington  Pension  Union,  Seattle 

Mrs.  Jean  W.  Schuddakopf,  UOPWA  Local  35,  Seattle 

Victor  Steinbrueck,  American  Institute  of  Architects,  Seattle 

Rev.  E.  A.  Wolfe,  Everett 

West  Virginia 

Dr.  James  B.  Eaton,  Swilzer 

Eugene  O.  Maley,  Weston,  West  Virginia  Conference  of  Methodist  Youth  Fellow- 
Rev.  B.  R.  Morgan,  North  Spring 
Prof.  Leland  H.  Taylor,  Morgantown 


Rev.  Herman  A.  Block,  Berlin 

Rev.  Frederick  C.  Boiler,  Bangor 

Rev.  W.  Ross  Connor,  district  superintendent,  Methodist  Church,  Madison 

Rev.  George  H.  Crow,  Argyle 

Rev.  Roy  Curless,  Pittsville 

Rev.  J.  Roy  Deming,  Wauwatosa 

Rev.  Lewis  Manson  Douglas,  Riposa 

Rev.  E.  E.  Draeger,  Marion 

Rev.  Fred  Erion,  Green  Bay 

R.  S.  Havenor,  Madison 

Joan  Holliday,   Methodist  Youth  Fellowship,   West  Wisconsin  Conference,   La 

Rev.  Walter  W.  HoUiday,  Elkhorn 

John  S.  Hubner,  Wampsum 

Rev.  Deane  W.  Irish,  Portage 

Rev.  J.  Birk  Johnson,  Benton 

Mary  E.  Johnson,  Benton 

Rev.  Bernard  Kassilke,  Waldo 

Julius  Lange,  Owen 

Rev.  John  Leypoldt,  Milwaukee 

Rev.  Guy  R.  "Nelson,  Waukesha 

Rey.  Floyd  E.  Olson,  Briggsville 

Rev.  Frank  C.  Seymour,  Tomahawk 

Rev.  Alvin  Stacy,  Willard 

Jean  Streckenbach,  Wesley  Foundation,  Oshkosh 

Rev.  O.  R.  Thome,  Mellen 

Rev.  W.  F.  Tomlinson,  Edgerton 

Mrs.  Peter  Walters,  Women's  Christian  Service  Union,  Holcome 


Rev.  J.  Clyde  Keegan,  district  superintendent,  Methodist  Church,  Casper 

(Organizations  and  other  affiliations  listed  for  purposes  of  identification  only.) 



(Part  1) 

(Letterhead,  dated  February  1951) 

American  Peace  Crusade 
1186  broadway,  new  york  1,  n.  y. 

Phone  MU  5-6526 

Let  the  People  Speak  fob  PeaceI 

INITIAL  sponsors 

Willmer  J.  Althouse 

Bishop  Cameron  C.  Alleyne 

Mrs.  Charlotta  Bass 

Hon.  Ehner  Benson 

Edward  Biberman 

Herbert  J.  Biberman 

Rabbi  Abraham  J.  Bick 

Mr.  Edwin  Bjorkman 

Dr.  Dorothy  Brewster 

Harry  Bridges 

Dr.  Charlotte  Hawkins  Brown 

Hugh  Brvson 

Rev.  Dudley  H.  Burr 

Dr.  Allen  Butler 

Alvin  Christman 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  John  F.  Clewe 

Dr.  George  A.  Coe 

Dorothy  B.  Cole 

Dr.  Abraham  Cronbach 

Bishop  Benjamin  D.  Dagwell 

Dr.  Jerome  Davis 

Dr.  Mark  A.  Dawber 

Mr.  Ernest  De  Maio 

Hon.  Earl  B.  Dickersen 

Dr.  J.  A.  Dombrowski 

Rev.  M.  E.  Dorr 

Rev.  Oliver  G.  Droppers 

Dr.  W.  E.  B.  DuBois 

Virginia  Foster  Furr 

Rev.  Emmer  Engberg 

Rev.  Joseph  M.  Evans 

Prof.  Henry  Pratt  Fairchild 

Howard  Fast 

Rev.  G.  Linwood  Fauntleroy 

Abram  Flaxer 

Hon.  Clemens  France 

Prof.  Royal  Wilbur  France 

Rev.  Stephen  Fritchman 

Mr.  John  Gojack 

Ben  Gold 

Dr.  Carhon  B.  Goodlet 

Uta  Hagen 

Alice  Hamilton,  M.  D. 

Prof.  Talbot  Hamlin 

Hugh  Hardyman 

Rev.  Charles  A.  Hill 

Hon.  Charles  P.  Howard 

Rev.  Kenneth  DeB.  Hughes 

Mr.  James  Imbrie 

Albert  Kahn 

Rev.  Massie  Kennard 

Mr.  Rockwell  Kent 

Dr.  John  A.  Kingsbury 

Karly  Larsen 

Prof.  Oliver  S.  Loud 

Dr.  Robert  Morss  Lovett 

Howard  McGuire 

Dr.  Willis  Merriam 

Bishop  Waher  A.  Mitchell 

Prof.  Philip  Morrison 

Bishop  Arthur  M.  Moulton 

Prof.  Erwin  Panofsky 

Dr.  Clementina  J.  Paolone 

Dr.  Linus  Pauling 

Mr.  Albert  Pezzati 

Dr.  Lucius  C.  Porter 

Mr.  Willard  Ransom 

Rev.  William  N.  Reid 

Eslanda  Goode  Robeson 

Paul  Robeson 

Dr.  Lewis  Bavard  Robinson 

Rev.  Charles  E.  Tvler 

Mr.  Fred  W.  Stover 

Dr.  Theodor  A.  Rosebury 

Mrs.  Andrew  A.  Simkins 

Alex  Sirota 

Prof.  Louise  Pettebone  Smith. 

Dr.  P.  A.  Sorokin 

Prof.  Leland  H.  Tavlor 

Mary  Church  Terrell 

Maurice  Travis 

Mr.  Arnaud  d'Usseau 

Justice  James  N.  Wolfe 

Michael  Wood 

Dr.  Edward  L.  Young 


(Part  2) 

(Leaflet,  Let  the  People  Speak  for  Peace! — published  by  the  American  Peace 



Thursday,  March  1st  (latei'  changed  to  15th) 

Registration:  9:30  a.  m.-ll:00  a.  m. 

11:00  a.  m.-4:00  p.  m. :  Visit  Senators  and  Congressmen  in  their  offices  and  in 

4:30  p.  m.-6:00  p.  m.:  Reports  to  State  delegation  meetings  on  congressional 

7:30  p.  m.  Mass  Rally  for  Peace 

Delegates  are  urged  to  remain  an  extra  day  to  continue  visiting  their  Congress- 
men. In  addition,  there  will  be  special  meetings  for  those  concerned  with  the 
problems  of  bringing  the  program  of  the  American  Peace  Crusade  to  the  following 
sections  of  the  American  people: 

Women  Youth  Farm 

Negro  Labor  Religious  groups 

Headquarters  for  the  Pilgrimage  will  be  at  Turners  Arena,  1341  W  Street  NW., 
Thursday,  March  1  [later  changed  to  15th]. 

All  delegates  are  urged  to  report  to  Turner's  Arena  first  to  register.  Registra- 
tion Fee  $1. 

For  further  information,  fill  in  the  blank  and  send  to  the  American  Peace  Cru- 
sade, 1186  Broadway,  New  York  City  1,  N.  Y. 

what  you  can  do  to  help 

1.  Take  part  in  the  American  Peace  Crusade. 

2.  Ask  your  Club,  Church,  or  Union  to  send  a  delegation  to  the  Peace  Pilgrimage. 

3.  Come  to  Washington  and  bring  your  friends. 


We  are  summoning  American  men  and  women  to  take  part  in  a  Peace  Pil- 
grimage to  Washington,  March  1  [later  changed  to  15th],   1951. 

We,  the  undersigned,  propose  a  Peace  Pilgrimage  to  our  National  Capitol  so 
that  our  Congressmen,  Senators,  and  our  President  can  learn  of  the  will  to  peace 
among  all  Americans,  regardless  of  creed,  color,  occupation,  or  political  opinion. 

Willmer  J.  Althouse,  Hamburg,  Pa. 

Bishop  Cameron  C.  Alleyne,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Mrs.  Charlotta  Bass,  Los  Angeles,  Calif. 

Hon.  Elmer  Benson,  Appleton,  Minn. 

Herbert  J.  Biberman,  Hollywood,  Calif. 

Rabbi  Abraham  J.  Bick,  New  York  City 

Mr.  Edwin  Bjorkman,  Asheville,  N.  C. 

Dr.  Dorothy  Brewster,  New  York  City 

Harry  Bridges,  San  Francisco,  Calif. 

Dr.  Charlotte  Hawkins  Brown,  Sedalia,  N.  C. 

Hugh  Bryson,  San  Francisco,  Calif. 

Rev.  Dudley  H.  Burr,  East  Hartford,  Conn, 

Dr.  Allen  Butler,  Cambridge,  Mass. 

Albin  Christman,  Centreport,  Pa. 

Dr.  George  A.  Coe,  Claremont,  Calif. 

Dr.  Abraham  Cronbach,  Cincinnati,  Ohio 

Bishop  Benjamin  D.  Dagwell,  Portland,  Oreg. 

Dr.  Jerome  Davis,  New  Haven,  Conn. 

Dr.  Mark  A.  Dawber,  Long  Beach,  Long  Island,  N.  Y. 

Mr.  Ernest  De  Maio,  Chicago,  111. 

Hon.  Earl  B.  Dickersen,  Chicago,  111. 

Dr.  J.  A.  Dombrowski,  New  Orleans,  La. 

Rev.  M.  E.  Dorr,  Osage,  Iowa 

Rev.  Oliver  G.  Droppers,  Cleveland,  Ohio. 

Dr.  W.  E.  B.  Du  Bois,  New  York  City 


Virginia  Foster  Durr,  Denver,  Colo. 

Mr.  Arnaud  d'Usseau,  New  York  City 

Rev.  Emmer  Engberg,  Pasadena,  Calif. 

Rev.  Joseph  M.  Evans,  Chicago,  111. 

Prof.  Henry  Pratt  Fairchild,  New  York  City 

Howard  Fast,  New  York  City 

Rev.  G.  Linwood  Fauntleroy,  San  Francisco,  Calif, 

Abram  Flaxer,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Hon.  Clemens  France,  Providence,  R.  I. 

Prof.  Royal  Wilbur  France,  Rollins  College,  Winter  Park,  Fla. 

Rev.  Stephen  Fritchman,  Los  Angeles,  Calif. 

Mr.  John  Gojack,  South  Bend,  Ind. 

Ben  Gold,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Uta  Hagen,  New  York  City 

Alice  Hamilton,  AI.  D.,  Hadlvme,  Conn. 

Prof.  Talbot  Hamlin,  New  York  City 

Hugh  Hardvman,  LaCrescenta,  Calif.    * 

Rev.  Charles  A.  Hill,  Detroit,  Mich. 

Hon.  Charles  P.  Howard,  Des  Moines,  Iowa 

Rev.  Kenneth  DeB.  Hughes,  Boston,  Mass. 

Mr.  James  Inbrie,  Lawrenceville,  N.  J. 

Albert  Kahn,  Croton-on-Hudson,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  Massie  Kennard,  Chicago,  111. 

Mr.  Rockwell  Kent,  Au  Sable  Forks,  N.  Y. 

Dr.  John  A.  Kingsbury,  Shady,  N.  Y. 

Karly  Larsen,  Seattle,  Wash. 

Prof.  Oliver  S.  Loud,  Yellow  Springs,  Ohio 

Dr.  Robert  Morss  Covett,  Chicago,  111. 

Howard  McGuire,  Chicago,  111. 

Dr.  Willis  Merriam,  Pullman,  Wash. 

Bishop  Walter  A.  Mitchell,  Rancho  Santa  Fe,  Calif. 

Prof.  Philip  Morrison,  Ithaca,  N.  Y. 

Bishop  Arthur  M.  Moulton,  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah 

Prof.  Erwin  Panofsky,  Princeton,  N.  J. 

Dr.  Clementina  J.  Paolone,  New  York  City 

Dr.  Linus  Pauling,  Pasadena,  Calif. 

Mr.  Albert  Pezzati,  New  York  City 

Dr.  Lucius  C.  Porter,  Beloit,  Wis. 

Mr.  Willard  Ranson,  Indianapolis,  Ind. 

Rev.  William  N.  Reid,  Chicago,  111. 

Eslanda  Goode  Robeson,  Enfield,  Conn. 

Paul  Robeson,  New  York  City 

Dr.  Lewis  Bayard  Robinson,  Baltimore,  Md. 

Dr.  Theodor  A.  Rosebury,  New  York  City 

Mrs.  Andrew  A.  Simkins,  Columbia,  S.  C. 

Alex  Sirota,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Prof.  Louise  Pettebone  Smith,  Wellesley,  Mass. 

Dr.  P.  A.  Sorolsin,  Cambridge,  Mass. 

Mr.  Fred  W.  Stover,  Hampton,  Iowa 

Rev.  Charles  E.  Tvler,  Omaha,  Nebr. 

Prof.  Leland  H.  Taylor,  Morgantown,  W.  Va. 

Mary  Church  Terrell,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Maurice  Travis,  Denver,  Colo. 

Justice  James  N.  Wolfe,  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah 

Michael  Wood,  Chicago,  111. 

Dr.  Edward  L.  Young,  Cambridge,  Mass. 

Mrs.  Andrew  W.  Simkins,  Columbia,  S.  C. 

Ferdinand  C.  Smith,  New  York. 

Rev.  Kenneth  M.  Smith. 

Wesley  Methodist  Church,  Colorado  Springs,  Colo. 

Hersciiel  Solomon,  American  Jewish  Congress  youth  leader,  San  Francisco. 

Rev.   Frederich   K.   Stamm,   Congregational  Christian  Church   (retired),   Plum- 

stedville.  Pa. 
Rev.  B.  C.  Taylor,  Valliant,  Okla. 
Rev.  J.  C.  Thornton,  Menifee,  Ark. 
Idell  M.  Umbles,  Chicago  Women  for  Peace,  Chicago. 

76512—51 10 


Mrs.  Clara  M.  Mincent,  Chattanooga,  Tenn. 

Rev.  Alfred  H.  Washburn,  Denver. 

Rev.  William  Campbell  Wasser,  Methodist  Church,  Denver. 

Miriam  Waybur  Arlington,  Va. 

Abraham  Welanko,  attornev,  Hollvwood. 

Dr.  Gene  Weltfish,  New  York. 

Dr.   Gunther  Wertheimer,  executive  secretary,   Maryland  Committee  for  Peace, 

Rev.  Eliot  White,  New  York. 

Mrs.  Lulu  B.  White,  woman  leader,  Houston,  Tex. 
Dr.  Henry  N.  Wieman,  University  of  Oregon. 
Albert  J.  Wilson,  Portland,  Oreg. 
Roy  M.  Wingate,  Merriman,  Nebr. 
Frank  Witkus,  Kearney,  N.  J. 
Alexander  Wright,  Pittsburgh,  Pa. 

Rev.  Harold  H.  Wright,  Congregational  Unitarian  Church,  Fort  Collins. 
Arthur  Zebbs,   New  Orleans. 

(Part  3) 

(Daily  Worker,  March  15,  1951,  pp.  5  and  S) 

166  More  Notables  Join  Sponsors  of  Peace  Group 

One  hundred  and  sixty-six  Americans,  among  whom  are  40  Protestant  ministers 
and  rabbis,  have  added  their  names  as  sponsors  of  the  American  Peace  Crusade, 
it  was  announced  today  by  the  crusade's  national  committee.  Among  the  new 
sponsors  for  the  crusade  are  Rev.  Prof.  Rolland  E.  Wolfe,  Western  Reserve 
University,  Cleveland;  Rev.  J.  Clyde  Keegan,  district  superintendent,  Methodist 
Church,  Casper,  Wyo. ;  Rabbi  Robert  E.  Goldberg,  Hamden,  Conn.;  writer 
Dashiell  Hammett;  Prof.  William  Wells  Denton,  University  of  Arizona;  Prof. 
Harvey  Roberts,  Virginia  State  College;  Prof.  C.  Sheldon  Hart,  Carleton  College; 
Fyke  Farmer,  attorney  and  leader  in  world  government  movement;  Tom 
Ludwig,  farm  leader,  Greenville,  Tenn.;  and  Hans  Blumenfeld,  City  Planning 
Commission,  Philadelphia. 

Initial  sponsors  include  four  Protestant  bishops— Bishop  Cameron  C.  Alleyne, 
Philadelphia;  Bishop  Benjamin  D.  Dagwell,  Portland,  Oreg.;  Bishop  Walter  A. 
Mitchell,  Rancho  Santa  Fe,  Calif.;  Bishop  Arthur  W.  Moulton,  Salt  Lake  City, 
Utah;  the  noted  chemist,  Dr.  Linus  Pauling  of  Pasadena,  Calif.;  atomic  physicist 
Dr.  Philip  Morrison  of  Cornell  University;  Dr.  W.  E.  B.  DuBois,  noted  Negro 
anthropologist  and  historian,  and  many  other  distinguished  American  figures. 

Thousands  of  people  will  be  in  Washington  on  a  "Peace  Pilgrimage"  March  15 
under  the  auspices  of  the  American  Peace  Crusade,  which  has  launched  a  gigantic 
peace-poll  mobilization  in  all  parts  of  the  country. 

The  question  that  is  being  featured  in  all  peace-poll  ballots  is,  "Are  you  for 
bringing  our  troops  back  from  Korea  and  for  making  peace  with  China  now?" 

Himdreds  of  thousands  of  peace-poll  ballots  have  already  been  sent  out,  ac- 
cording to  the  national  office  of  the  crusade,  which  is  at  1186  Broadway,  New 
York  City. 

Among  the  sponsors  are: 

Prof.  Edith  Abbott,  Chicago 

Helen  F.  Alfred,  Altadena,  Calif. 

Prof.  Jurt  Anderson,  New  York,  N.  "Y. 

Robenia  Anthony,  educator,  Springfield,  Mass. 

Rev.  David  Bell,  New  London,  Conn. 

Dr.  Bernard  Bender,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

John  T.  Bernard,  United  Electrical  Workers,  Chicago,  111. 

Rev.  Anton  Beza,  Valley  Falls,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  Verle  Wilson  Blair,  Church  of  Our  Master,  Chicago,  111. 

Dr.  Frederick  A.  Blossom,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Nathaniel  Bond,  Durham,  N.  C. 

Rev.  W.  H.  Boone,  Little  Rock,  Ark. 

Rev.  J.  E.  Bowen,  Mount  Sterling,  Ky. 

Joseph  Brainin,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  T.  E.  Brown,  Progressive  Baptist  Church,  Chicago 

Prof.  G.  Murray  Branch,  Morehouse  College,  Atlanta,  Ga. 

Lucy  Brown,  concert  pianist.  New  York 


David  Burliuk,  Sr.,  artist. 

Prof.  Wayne  Burns,  Seattle,  Wash. 

Rev.  J.  R.  Case,  Vcrgennes,  Vt. 

Rev.  Paul  W.  Caton,  Halstead  Street  Institutional  Church 

Russell  N.  Chase,  attorney,  Cleveland 

Rev.  A.  Myron  Conhran,  Alexandria,  Va. 

Mrs.  Dorothy  Bushnell  Cole,  Chicago 

Marvel  Cooke,  New  York 

Rev.  John  F.  Corpe,  Montclare  Congregational  Church,  Chicago 

Rev.  N.  A.  Davis,  Monroe  Ville,  Ala. 

Dr.  Arnold  Donawa,  New  York 

Mrs.    Mayme   Dunivan,  assistant   superintendent,   Macedonia   Baptist    Church 

E.  M.  Edwards,  Dallas,  Tex. 

Rev.  J.  Edwin  Elder,  Congregational  Church,  New  Plymouth,  Idaho 
Dr.  Robert  H.  Ellis,  Portland,  Oreg. 
Rev.  Frank  T.  Enyart,  Lima,  Ohio 
Gertrude  Evans,  Washington,  D.  C. 
Dr.  Arthur  Huff  Fauset,  Philadelphia 
R.  D.  Field,  New  Orleans 

Rev.  Kenneth  Ripley  Forbes,  Protestant  Episcopal  Church,  Philadephia,  Pa. 
Rev.  Edward  A.  Freeman,  First  Baptist  Church,  Kansas  City,  Kans. 
Ruth  Freeze,  Dayton,  Ohio 
Rev.  James  I.  Gilmore,  Wolfe  City,  Tex. 

Rabbi  Robert  E.  Goldburg,  Congregation  Mishkan  Israel,  New  Haven,  Conn. 
Dr.  Leo  M.  Goldman,  Chicago 
Marcus  I.  Goldman,  Washington,  D.  C. 
Harry  Gottlieb,  New  York 

Rev.  G.  E.  Graden,  Methodist  Church,  Dania,  Fla. 
Rev.  S.  Grayson,  Baptist  Church,  Chicago 
Mitchell  A.  Greene,  Georgetown,  S.  C. 
Charles  C.  Haney,  youth  leader,  Brooklyn 
Rev.  Edgar  D.  Handle,  Eudora,  Ark. 

William  Harrison,  associate  editor,  Boston  Chronicle,  Boston 
Joseph  Hirsch,  New  York 

Charles  John  Hoffman,  youth  leader.  New  Haven,  Conn. 
Carroll  Hollister,  concert  pianist,  New  York 
Rev.  P.  J.  Houston,  Kansas  City,  Kans. 

Rev.  Albert  W.  Kauffman,  Congregational-United  Church,  Vernon,  Mich. 
Rev.  A.  G.  Kendrick,  Denver,  Colo. 

Rev.  Lewis  Kuester,  Reformed  Church,  Secaucus,  N.  J. 

Harry  C.  Lamberton,  former  general  counsel  of  Rural  Electrification  Administration 
Calvin  Lippitt,  youth  leader,  Detroit 
Fred  Loville,  Houston,  Tex. 
Florence  H.  Luscomb,  Cambridge,  Mass. 
Prof.  Curtis  D.  MacDougall,  Northwestern  University 
Gordon  MacDougall,  youth  leader,  Ann  Arbor,  Mich. 
Rev.  S.  P.  Manning,  St.  Mark's  Methodist  Church,  Kingsport,  Tenn. 
Dr.  John  M.  Marsalka,  national  president,  American  Slav  Congress,  New  Haven, 

Larkin  Marshall,  publisher  of  Macon  Herald,  Macon,  Ga. 
John  S.  Mazeika,  Lithuanian  Peace  Committee,  Chicago 
David  McCanns,  cocbairman,  United  Negro  Peoples'  Committee  for  Peace  and 

Freedom,  Harlem  division.  New  York 
W.  A.  McGirt,  Jr.,  youth  leader,  Winston-Salem,  N.  C. 
Dr.  George  S.  McGovern,  Dakota  Wesleyan  University,  Mitchell,  S.  Dak. 
Rev.  Edward  McGowan,  Epworth  Methodist  Church,  New  York 
Horace  S.  Meldahl,  attorney,  Charleston,  W.  Va. 
Karen  Morley,  actress,  Los  Angeles 
Dr.  Frank  Neuwelt,  Gary,  Ind. 
Prof.  J.  Rud  Nielsen,  Norman,  Okla. 
Dr.  Thomas  F.  Ogilvie,  Atlantic  City 

Father  Clarence  Parker,  St.  Peters  Protestant  Episcopal  Church,  Chicago 
William  Pennock,  Washington  Pension  Union,  Seattle,  Wash. 
David  Poindexter,  youth  leader,  Salem,  Oreg. 
Prof.  Anatol  Rapaport,  University  of  Chicago 


Marie  J.  Reed,  trade-unionist,  Cleveland 

Bertha  C.  Reynolds,  social  worker,  Stoughton,  Mass. 

Dr.  John  G.  Rideout,  Pocatello,  Idaho 

Rev.  R.  Poland  Ritter,  Archer,  Iowa 

Dr.  Holland  Roberts,  educator,  San  Francisco,  Calif. 

Rev.  James  M.  Royston,  Union  Baptist  Church,  Chicago 

Antonio  Rubio,  Chicago  Ethical  Society,  Chicago 

Dr.  Robert  J.  Rutman,  Philadelphia 

Ernest  N.  Rymer,  youth  leader.  New  York 

Mitchell  W.  Schaflfer,  steelworker,  Bethlehem,  Pa. 

Bill  Schneyer,  youth  leader,  New  York 

Mrs.  C.  H.  Schuddakopf,  youth  leader.  Gig  Harbor,  Wash. 

Rev.  M.  L.  Scott,  Marion,  Ark. 

Dr.  Benjamin  Segal,  New  York 

(Part  4) 

(Leaflet  distributed  at  the  mass  rally  for  peace  held  at  Turner's  Arena,  Washing- 
ton, D.  C,  March  15,  1951,  by  the  American  Peace  Crusade) 

Peace  Pilgrimage 

washington,  d.  c,  march  15,  1951 

9:00-10:30  A.  M.:  Registration,  Turner's  Arena,  1341  W  Street  NW, 
10:30  A.  M.:  Visits  to  Congressmen  and  Senators  (on  Capitol  Hill) 
1:30-2  P.  M.:  Prayer  meeting  for  peace — Tenth  and  You  Streets  NW. 
2:45-3:45:  Plenary  session  (Turner's  Arena) 

"Where  Do  We  Go  From  Here" 

Report  from  the  Sponsors'  Meeting  by — 
Dr.  Philip  Morrison 
Dr.  Clementina  Paolone  and  others 
3:45-5:45  P.  M. :  State  and  city  delegation  meetings  (Turner's  Arena) 
4:45-5:45  P.  M.:  Special  caucuses  (Turner's  Arena) 

1.  Women 

2.  Youth 

3.  Labor 

7:15:  Mass  rally  for  peace  (Turner's  Arena) 
Prominent  speakers  will  include: 

Dr.  Philip  Morrison,  Atomic  Scientist 

Prof.   Robert   Morss  Lovett,  former  Acting  Governor  of  the  Virgin 

Mrs.  Therese  Robinson,  Chr. 
Mr.  Paul  Robeson 
Dr.  Clementina  J.  Paolone,  Chr.,  American  Women  for  Peace  ' 

(Part  5) 

(Daily  People's  World,  February  16,  1951,  p.  3) 
Peace  Ballot  to  Reach  Thousands  in  Bay  Area 

San  Francisco,  February  15. — Formal  announcement  this  week  of  a  Nation- 
wide "peace  poll"  found  peace  organizations  in  the  San  Francisco  Bay  area  on  the 
mark  and  ready  to  go  today. 

Already  they  have  organized  a  committee  to  direct  the  American  Peace  Crusade 
in  the  bay  area,  and  at  least  one  participating  organization — the  Independent 
Progressive  Party  of  Alameda  County — will  hold  "peace  ballot"  mobilizations 
on  Sunday. 

Establishment  of  local  crusade  headquarters  at  935  Market  Street  (room  307, 
telephone  EXbrook  2-5295),  assured  the  early  distribution  of  thousands  of  blue 
and  white  "peace  ballots" —  which  will  give  rank-and-file  citizens  a  chance  to  vote 
"yes"  or  "no"  on  the  question:  "Are  you  for  bringing  our  troops  back  from  Korea 
and  for  making  peace  with  China  now?" 


Agreement  to  set  up  a  local  headquarters  was  reached  at  a  meeting  last  week 
attended  by  delegates  or  observers  from  the  following  organizations:  San  Francisco 
chapter  of  the  Labor  Conference  for  Peace;  peace  committee  of  the  American- 
Russian  Institute;  Committee  for  a  Democratic  Far  Eastern  Policy;  Sausalito 
Peace  Committee;  IPP  from  San  Francisco  and  Alameda  Counties;  Committee 
for  Peaceful  Alternatives  and  the  Palo  Alto  Peace  Committee. 

Members  of  the  committee  that  will  direct  the  campaign  campaign  locally 
include  William  Kerner,  Mrs.  Jeanne  Grusez,  Dr.  Holland  Roberts,  John  Flowers, 
Mrs.  Virginia  Stoll,  Mrs.  Helen  Benner,  Dr.  Robert  Colodny,  and  Eral  Leek. 

The  committee  said  each  participating  organization  is  'making  preparations 
this  week  to  undertake  specific  projects  "that  will  bring  the  peace  ballot  into  homes, 
shops,  churches,  and  main  centers  of  northern  California." 

Kerner,  speaking  on  behalf  of  the  committee,  declared,  "A  peaceful  settlement 
of  the  present  crisis  is  possible  and  necessary.  We  are  confident  thousands  of 
Bay  area  residents  will  take  this  opportunity  to  register  their  opinions  on  this  vital 

"The  'great  debate'  on  our  foreign  policy  has,  to  date,  been  limited  to  statesmen 
and  politicians.  By  using  the  peace  ballot  the  people  of  America  will  now  express 
their  sentiments  in  this  debate." 

The  Alameda  county  IPP  said  virtually  all  of  its  clubs  are  scheduled  to  mobilize 
Sunday  for  a  door-to-door  canvass  with  ballots. 

West  Oakland  club  will  mobilize  at  1  p.  m.  at  902  Willow  Street. 

(Part  6) 

(Daily  People's  World,  February  26,  1951,  p.  3) 

Peace  Ballot  Welcomed  in  Palo  Alto 

San  Francisco,  February  25 — Palo  Alto  residents  have  hit  upon  a  novel  way 
of  casting  their  ballots  for  peace  and  results,  in  the  "yes"  column,  are  already 
flowing  into  the  San  Francisco  office  of  the  Committee  for  the  American  Peace 

To  acquaint  the  public  with  the  poll,  the  Palo  Alto  Peace  Committee  purchased 
a  large  space  in  the  Palo  Alto  Times  in  which  the  ballot  was  printed  in  its  entirety. 

The  ballot  asks  a  "yes"  or  "no"  answer  to  the  one  question:  "Are  you  for 
bringing  our  troops  back  from  Korea  and  for  making  peace  with  China  now?" 

Readers  of  the  Times  were  urged  to  mark  the  ballots  and  mail  them  to  the 
San  Francisco  peace  office,  room  307,  935  Market  Street. 

By  the  next  day,  the  ballots  began  to  arrive,  said  William  Kerner,  executive 
secretary  of  the  San  Francisco  committee. 

To  date,  some  15  have  been  received.     All  were  marked  "yes." 




"Thp:  World  Must  Outlaw  A-Bomj?s  Now!" 

[Advertisement  in  Baltimore  Sun,  June  5,  1950,  p.  16] 


Prof.  D.  Cameron  Allen,  ^  educator 

Mrs.  Estelle  Amousky,  musician 

Franklin  L.  Balch 

Dr.  Edgar  F.  Berman,  '  surgeon 

Miss  Carol  V.  Blanton,  musician 

Dr.  Ruth  Bleier,  physician 

Rev.  J.  Harrison  Bryant 

Dr.  Robert  Burns,  embryologist 

Dr.  A.  C.  Burwell,  physician 

Dr.  J.  E.  T.  Camper,  civic  leader 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Alfred  Cascino,  artists 

Prof.  Alphonse  Chapanis,  educator 

Miss  Betty  Clark,  youth  leader 

Prof.  Lloyd  J.  Davidson,  educator 

Rev.  R.  J.  Daniels 

Rev.  Eddy  L.  Ford 

Rev.  Clarence  L.  Fossett 

Rev.  Don  Foster 

Rev.  Frank  J.  Frve 

Rev.  Bruce  H.  Gilford 

Dr.  E.  A.  Gilkes,  physician 

Rabbi  Israel  M.  Goldman 

Mrs.  Victor  L.  Gray,  civic  leader 

Rabbi  Jacob  S.  Green 

Rev.  Albert  H.  Hammond 

Rev.  John  Hammond 

Rev.  Charles  S.  Harper 

Mrs.  Mary  Hawkins,  civic  leader 

Rabbi  Joseph  H.  Hirseh 

Rev.  and  Mrs.  Richard  R.  Hively 

Rev.  Loyd  A.  Holt 

Dr.  Evelyn  Howard,  physiologist 

Mrs.  Margaret  R.  Irving 

Dr.  Frederick  Jackson,  educator 

Rev.  Kelly  L.  Jackson 

Mrs.  Adah  Jenkins,  civic  leader 

Mrs.  Eugene  L.  Jenness 

Dr.  Arthur  L.  Johnson,  physician 

Prof.  Leo  Kanner,  psychiatrist 

Mrs.  Joseph  Kaplan,  civic  leader 

Mr,    and    Mrs.    Richard    Kapuscinski, 

Mr.  Allen  Katz,  youth  leader 
Rev.  and  Mrs.  Fairfax  F.  King 
Rev.  Bruce  Knisely 
Lin  wood  G.  Koger,  attorney 
Arthur  C.  Lamb,  educator 
Dr.  Stanley  Levy,  dentist 

i;Later  resigned  from  this  organization.    See  p.  M. 

Rev.  Norris  A.  Lineweaver ' 

Matthew  Lipa 

Rev.  and  Mrs.  Ely  Lofton 

Prof.  Victor  Lowe,  educator 

Miss  Esther  McCuUy,  student  leader 

Karl  Metzler,  artist 

Rabbi  Uri  Miller 

Rev.  Cedric  E.  Mills 

Prof.  Clifford  T.  Morgan,  psychologist 

Prof.  Orville  Moselv,  educator 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  William  Murphy,  civic 

Daniel  Nitzberg,  youth  leader 

Dr.  A.  G.  Osier,  iDacteriologist 

Prof.  Edwards  A.  Park,  pediatrician 

Rev.  Joseph  N.  Pedricki 

Rev.  W.  Lindsai  Pitts 

Rabbi  Manuel  M.  Poliakoff  i 

Mr.  Arthur  Randall,  journalist 

Chuck  Richards,  radio  announcer 

Dr.  and  Mrs.  Harold  Rosen,  psychia- 

Rabbi  Samuel  Rosenblatt 

Rev.  Edwin  A.  Ross 

Mrs.  Arno  Schirokauer 

Rev.  Gustav  Schmidt 

Rabbi  Ephraim  F.  Shapiro 

Dr.  and  Mrs.  George  Sharfatz 

Bishop  Alexander  P.  Shaw 

Mr.  Howard  Shpritz,  civic  leader 

Mrs.  Herbert  Shuger 

Rev.  E.  L.  Smith 

Aaron  Sopher,'  artist 

Anthony  Stone,  psychologist 

Mrs.  Henry  G.  Taubman,  civic  leader 

Mrs.  Haidee  Terrill,  novelist 

Prof.  Alexander  Walker,  educator 

Pev.  James  H.  Walker 

Melvin  L.  Ward,  civic  leader 

Mrs.  Gertrude  Waters,  civic  leader 

Rev.  Wilbur  Waters 

Dr.  Charles  Watts,  dentist 

Dr.  William  Watts,  physician 

Rev.  E.  W.  White 

Rev.  E.  W.  Williams 

Rev.  F.  E.  Williar 

Rev.  Carl  E.  Young 

Dr.  Ralph  J.  Young,  physician 



Call  to  Mid-Century  Conference  for  Peace,   May  29,  30,   1950,  Chicago 

INITIATING    sponsors 

Dr.  David  Baker,  president,  Associated  Church  Press,  St.  Louis,  Mo. 

Emily  Greene  Balch,  Nobel  prize  winner,  honorary  chairman,  Women's  Inter- 
national League  for  Peace  and  Freedom,  Wellesley,  Mass. 

Dr.  Wade  Crawford  Barclay,  Methodist  Board  of  Missions,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Dr.  Charlotte  Hawkins  Brown,  president,  Palmer  Institute,  Sedalia,  N.  C. 

Rabbi  Jonah  E.  Caplan,  Congregation  Beth-El,  Astoria,  Long  Island. 

Rev.  Donald  Cloward,  Northern  Baptist  Convention,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  Howard  G.   Colwell,  president.   Northern  Baptist  Convention,   Loveland, 

Dr.  Abraham  Cronbach,  Hebrew  Union  College,  Cincinnati,  Ohio. 

Dr.  Mark  Dawber,  Long  Beach,  Long  Island. 

Prof.  Kermit  Eby,  University  of  Chicago,  Chicago.  111. 

Rabbi  Alvin  I.  Fine,  Congregation  Emanu-El,  San  Francisco,  Calif. 

Mrs.  Welthy  H.  Fisher,  United  Council  of  Church  Women,  New  York  City. 

Prof.  E.  Franklin  Frazier,  Howard  University,  W^ashington,  D.  C. 

Rabbi  Robert  Cordis,  Jewish  Theological  Seminarv,  Belle  Harbor,  New    York 

Bishop  S.  L.  Greene,  A.  M.  E.  Church,  Birmingham,  Ala. 

Prof.  Georgia  Harkness,  Garrett  Biblical  Institute,  Evanston,  111. 

Prof.  Robert  J.  Havighurst,  University  of  Chicago,  Chicago,  111. 

Dr.  Charles  W.  Iglehart,  chairman,  board  of  directors,  F.  O.  R.,  New  York  City. 

Rev.  D.  V.  Jemison,  president.  National  Baptist  Convention,  Selma,  Ala. 

Dr.  W.  H.  Jernagin,  Fraternal  Council  of  Negro  Churches,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Jameson  Jones,  president.  National  Conference  of  Methodist  Youth,  Nashville, 

Rabbi  Leo  Jung,  Rabbinical  Council  of  America,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  William  E.  Lampe,  Evangelical  and  Reformed  Church,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Dr.  Halford  E.  Luccock,  Yale  Divinity  School,  New  Haven,  Conn. 

Dr.  Lester  G.  McAllister,  Berkeley,  Calif. 

Dr.  Thomas  Mann,  Nobel  literature  prize  winner.  Pacific  Palisades,  Calif. 

Donald  L.  Mathews,  Union  Theological  Seminary,  New  York  City. 

Dr.  Benjamin  E.  Mays,  president,  Morehouse  College,  Atlanta,  Ga. 

Dean  Walter  G.  Muelder,  Boston  University,  Boston,  Mass. 

Dr.  John  S.  Nolle,  president  emeritus,  Grinnell  College,  Iowa. 

Dr.  Albert  W.  Palmer,  Altadena,  Calif. 

Rt.  Rev.  Edward  L.  Parsons,  Protestant  Episcopal  bishop  (retired);  San   Fran- 
cisco, Calif. 

Prof.  Linus  Pauling,  California  Institute  of  Technology,  Pasadena,  Calif. 

Prof.  George  V.  Schick,  secretary.  Evangelical  Lutheran  Synodical  Conference, 
St.  Louis,  Mo. 

Rev.  Franklin  I.  Sheeder,  Evangelical  and  Reformed  Church,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Hon.  Odell  Shepard,  Pulitzer  hterature  prize  winner,  Connecticut. 

Dr.  P.  A.  Sorokin,  Harvard  University,  Cambridge,  Mass. 

Dean  John  B.  Thompson,  Rockefeller  Memorial  Chapel,  University  of  Chicago, 
Chicago,  111. 

Dr.  Charles  Turck,  president,  Macalester  College,  St.  Paul,  Minn. 

Prof.    Oswald    Veblen,    Institute    for    Advanced    Study,    Princeton    University, 
Princeton,  N.  J. 

Bishop  W.  J.  Walls,  A.  M.  E.  Zion  Church,  Chicago,  111. 

Prof.  Goodwin  Watson,  Teachers  College,  Columbia  University,  New  York  City. 

Bishop  R.  R.  Wright,  Jr.,  A.  M.  E.  Church,  Atlanta,  Ga. 

Organizations,  titles  and  other  affiliations  are  listed  for  purposes  of  identification 



Figure  6. 


Monday,  May  29 

10:00  a.m.—     12  m.      —REGISTRATION  .  .  .  .* St.  James  Methodist  Church 

4611   S.   miis  Ave.,  Chicago 

2:00  p.m.  —4:00  p.m.— KEYNOTE  SESSION St.  James  Methodist  Church 


Bishop  W.  J.  Walls,  A.M.E.  Zion  Church 


Dr.  John  B.  Thompson,  Dean.  Rockefeller  Chapel,  University  of 

Chicago  J 


Dr.  Malcolm  P.  Sharp,  Professor  of  Law,  University  of  Chicago 


Prof.  Kerrait  Eby,  Divisionof  Social  Sciences,  University  of  Chicago 

Mis8  Emily  Greene  Balch,  Honorary  Chairman,  Women's  Inter- 
national League  for  Peace  and  Freedom, 
Wellesley,  Mass.  (recorded) 

5:30  p.m.— YOUTH  SUPPER 

Donald  Mathews,  President,  Student  Cabinet,  Union  Theological 
Seminary,  New  York  City 

8:00  p.m.— PUBLIC  MEETING— St.  James  Methodist  Church,  4611  S.  Ellis 


INVOCATION— Dr.  George  A.  Fowler,  St.  James  Methodist  Church,  Chicago 

CHAIRMAN— Dr.  John  B.  Thompson,  Dean,    Rockefeller   Chapel,   University   of 

SPEAKERS— Dr.  Charlotte  Hawkins  Brown,  Pres.,  Palmer  Institute.  Sedalia,  N.C. 

Dr.  Mark  A.  Dawber,  formerly  of  the  Home  Missions  Council  of  North 
America,  Long  Beach,  N.Y. 

Rev.  Maasie  Kennard,  pastor  to  youth.   Metropolitan   Community 
Church,  Chicago 

Thomas  Mann,  Nobel  Prize  Winner  (recorded) 

Prof.  Philip  Morrison,  physicist,  Cornell  University 

F.  W.  Stover,  Editor,  "The  Iowa  Union  Fanner,"  De«  Moines,  Iowa 

Harris  Wofford,  Trustee,  Foundation  for  World  Government,  N.Y.C. 


10 KM)  a.m.— 12 KK)  m      — 

All  at  St.  James  Methodist  Church 
IKM)  p.m.—  3KM)  p.m.— 


MODERATOR— Dr.  David  D.  Baker,  Pres.,  Associated  Church  Press,  St.  Louis,  Mo. 

DISCUSSION  LEADERS— Prof.  K«rmit  Eby,  Division  of  Social  Sciences,  llnivereity  of  Chicago 
Dr.  Albert  Bamett,  Garrett  Biblical  Institute.  Evanston.  III. 



MODERATOR— Rabbi  Jonah  E.  Caplan,  Congregation  Belh-El,  Astoria,  L.I. 
DISCUSSION  LEADERS— Dr.  Daniel  Q.  Posin,  Professor  of  Physics,  N.  DakoU  State  Agricul- 
tural College,  Fargo 
■  Rev.  Alfred  W.  Swan,  First  Congregational  Church,  Madison,  Wis. 


MODERATOR— Rev.  Edgar  M.  Wahlberg,  Mt.  Olivet  Methodist  Church,  Dearborn, 

DISCUSSION  LEADERS— Prof.  Colston  E.  Warne,  Economist,  Amherst  College,  Mass. 

Mrs.  WeJthy  Fisher,  Chairman,  World   Day  of  Prayer  Committee, 

United  Council  of  Church  Women,  N.Y.C. 
Dr.  W.  E.  B.  DuBois,  Author  and  Anthropologist,  Council  on  African 


MODERATOR— Dr.  Charles  J.  Turck,  President,  Macalesler  College,  St.  Paul,  Minn. 
DISCUSSION  LEADER— Hon.  Clifford  Durr,  Former  Federal  Communications  Commissioner. 

Washington,  D.C. 
Dr.  Mark  A.  Dawber,  fomieriy  of  the  Home  Missions  Council  of  North 
America,  Long  Beach,  N.Y. 

To  plan  efTective  community  action,  the  Conference  will  have  experts  in  religion,  education, 
labor,  youth  and  community  life  as  consultants  in  each  seminar. 

4 KM)    p.m.— 6K)0    p.m.— CLOSING  SESSION 

Reports  from  Seminars 

Adoption  of  Program 

Election  of  Continuations  Committee 

7:00  p.m.  —FELLOWSHIP  SUPPER 


Attendance  and  participation  is  open  to  all  who  are  concerned  with  theproblemof  peace  in  today's  world. 

Registration  fee:  $2 — for  admission  to  all  sessions. 

Program  Committee 

Dr.  Charlotte  Hawkins  Brown  Prof.  Robert  J.  Havighurst  Rev.  Franklin  I.  Sheeder 

Rabbi  Jonali  K.  Caplan  Jameson  Jones  Dean  John  B.  Thompson 

Prof.  Kermit  Eby  Dr.  Halford  E.  Luccock  Bishop  W.  J.  Walls 

Rabbi  Aivin  I.  Fine  Dr.  Thomas  Mann  Prof.  Goodwin  Watson 

Mrs.  Welthy  Fisher  Donald  Mathews  Bishop  R.  R.  Wright,  Jr. 

Prof.  Linus  Pauling 

REGISTRATION  FORM-Tear  off  and  mail! 


30  North  Dcarlrarn  Street,  Chicago  2,  IllinoU 

I  plan  to  attend  the  MID-CENTURY  CONFERENCE  FOR  PEACE  to  be 
Mil  in  Chicago  on  May  29.  30 
I  will  attend  as  an  individual.Q 
I  will  be  a  deleKale,  representing 

Re«(iatration  fee  of  S2.00  is  encloMd.  O" 


Pleaae  print 


Your  prompt  return  of  the  at- 
tached registration  form  will 
help  us  to  make  the  necessary 
arrangements  for  adequate  and 
convenient  meeting  facilities. 

Make  ell  checks  payable  to: 






Prof.  Edith  Abbott,  Hull  House,  Chicago,  111. 

Rev.  S.  A.  Abram,  East  Beckley,  W.  Va. 

Rev.  Gross  W.  Alexander,  Redlands,  Calif. 

Miss  Helen  Alfred,  Peace  Publication  Fund,  South  Orange,  N.  J. 

Bishop  A.  J.  Allen,  A.  M.  E.  Zion  Church,  Cleveland,  Ohio. 

Bishop  C.  C.  Alleyne,  A.  M.  E.  Zion  Church,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Rabbi  Michael  Alper,  Jewish  Institute  of  Religion,  New  York 

Rev.  Howard  M.  Amoss,  North  Avenue  Methodist  Church,  Baltimore,  Md. 

Dr.  J.  H.  Ashbv,  Afro-American  Baptist  Convention,  Asbury  Park,  N.  J. 

Rev.  B.  Franklin  Auld,  Baltunore,  Md. 

Rev.  H.  Stewart  Austin,  West  Palm  Beach,  Fla. 

Homer  Ayres,  Farm  Relations  Director,  Farm  Equipment  Union,  Des  Moines, 

Rev.  Karl  Baehr,  American  Christian  Palestine  Committee,  New  Hvde  Park, 
N.  Y. 

Donald  Gay  Baker,  Chairman,  Friends  Temperance  Association,  Collegeville,  Pa. 

Dr.  De  Witt  C.  Baldwin,  University  of  Michigan. 

Dr.  Russell  W.  Ballard,  Hull  House,  Chicago,  III. 

Rev.  Alfred  H.  Barker,  Des  Moines,  Iowa 

Dr.  Albert  E.  Barnett,  Garrett  Biblical  Institute,  Evanston,  111. 

Dr.  Cyrus  P.  Barnum,  Jr.,  University  of  Minnesota. 

Miss  Charlotta  Bass,  editor,  the  California  Eagle,  Los  Angeles,  Calif. 

Rev.  Owen  J.  Beadles,  Methodist  district  superintentent,  Seattle,  Wash. 

Rev.  J.  E.  Beard,  A.  M.  E.  Church,  Nashville,  Tenn. 

Prof.  Irwin  R.  Beiler,  University  of  Miami,  Miami,  Fla. 

Elmer  Benson,  Appleton,  Minn. 

Robert  Berberich,  Brotherhood  of  Railroad  Trainmen,  Milwaukee,  Wis. 

Dr.  Frederick  K.  Beutel,  dean,  Law  School,  University  of  Nebraska. 

Rev.  Lester  H.  Bill,  Fort  Madison,  Iowa 

Dr.  Edwin  Bjorkman,  Asheville,  N.  C. 

Dr.  Algernon  L.  Black,  New  York  Society  for  Ethical  Culture,  New  York 

Dr.  Ruth  Bleier,  Maryland  Committee  for  Peace,  Baltimore,  Aid. 

Hans  Blumenfeld,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Dr.  Heil  D.  Bollinger,  Methodist  Board  of  Education,  Nashville,  Tenn. 

Rev.  Charles  J.  Booker,  Birmingham,  Ala. 

Rev.  Charles  F.  Boss,  executive  secretary,  Commission  on  World  Peace,  Metho- 
dist Church,  Evanston,  111. 

Rev.  J.  Burt  Bouwman,  executive  secretary,  Michigan  Council  of  Churches, 
Lansing,  Mich. 

Rev.  Harold  L.  Bowman,  Chicago,  111. 

Rev.  J.  W.  Bradbury,  editor.  Watchman  Examiner,  New  York  City 

Rev.  Theodore  Brameld,  New  York  University 

Prof.  G.  Murray  Branch,  Morehouse  College,  Atlanta,  Ga. 

Rabbi  Stanley  R.  Brav,  Cincinnati,  Ohio 

Prof.  Dorothy  Brewster,  Columbia  University. 

Prof.  Edgar  S.  Brightman,  Boston  University 

Rev.  E.  F.  Broberg,  Sioux  Citv,  Iowa 

Rev.  John  W.  Broek,  Plainfield,  N.  J. 

Rev.  J.  S.  Brookens,  editor,  A.  M.  E.  Review,  Mobile,  Ala. 

Rev.  Edwin  A.  Brown,  Marion,  Ohio 

Bishop  W.  C.  Brown,  Los  Angeles,  Calif. 

Prof.  Robert  W.  Browning,  Northwestern  University. 

Dr.  T.  T.  Brumbaugh,  associate  secretary,  Methodist  Board  of  Missions, 
New  York,  N.  Y. 

Dr.  David  Bryn-Jones,  Carlton  College,  Northfield,  Minn. 

Hugh  Bryson,  Marine  Cooks  &  Stewards  Union,  San  Francisco,  Calif. 

Prof.  Wayne  Burns,  Seattle,  Wash. 

Prof.  Edwin  A.  Burt,  Cornell  University 

Dr.  Allan  M.  Butler,  Medical  School,  Harvard  University. 

Mrs.  Rachel  R.  Cadbury,  Society  of  Friends,  Moorestown,  N.  J. 

Prof.  Kenneth  Neill  Cameron,  University  of  Indiana,  Bloomington 

Rabbi  Jessurun  D.  Cardozo,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Charles  L.  Carhart,  Chevy  Chase,  Md. 

Dr.  Anton  J.  Carlson,  University  of  Chicago 

Prof.  Rudolph  Carnap,  University  of  Chicago 


Lucy  P.  Carner,  social  worker,  Chicago,  III. 

Rev.  G.  H.  Carter,  the  Christian  Index,  Jackson,  Tenn. 

Matthew  G.  Carter,  association  secretary,  Southwest  Area  Council,  YMCA, 
Dallas,  Tex. 

Rev.  and  Mrs.  Mark  A.  Chamberlin,  Gresham,  Oreg. 

Dr.  Bernhard  Christensen,  president,  Augsburg  College,  Minneapolis,  Minn. 

Alvin  B.  Christ  man.  Farmers  Union,  Centerport,  Pa. 

Rev.  Otto  P.  Churchill,  North  Scituate,  R.  I. 

James  Cichocki,  president,  local  742,  UAW-CIO,  Detroit,  Mich. 

Miriam  E.  Cliff,  president.  Food,  Tobacco,  Agricultural  Workers,  local  638, 
Lancaster,  Pa. 

Robert  M.  Coates,  writer,  Bayside,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  Albert  Buckner  Coe,  D.  D.,  president,  Massachusetts  Conference  of  Con- 
gregational Churches,  Boston,  Mass. 

Dr.  George  A.  Coe,  professor,  emeritus.  Union  Theological  Seminary,  Claremont, 

Rabbi  Rudolph  I.  Coffee,  San  Francisco,  Calif. 

Rabbi  Jack  J.  Cohen,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  Dorothy  Bushnell  Cole,  Chicago  Women's  Club,  Chicago,  111. 

Dr.  Edwin  Grant  Conklin,  Princeton  University 

Rev.  W.  Ross  Conner,  Madison,  Wis. 

Rev.  Elbert  M.  Conover,  Methodist  Church,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Florence  Converse,  author,  Wellesley,  Mass. 

Rev.  Lindley  J.  Cook,  Portland,  Maine 

Fred  Coots,  Jr.,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Dr.  Henry  Hitt  Crane,  Detroit,  Mich. 

Rt.  Rev.  Benjamin  D.  Dagwell,  D.  D.,  Protestant  Episcopal  bishop  of  Portland, 

Dr.  George  Dahl,  professor  emeritus,  Yale  Divinity  School,  New  Haven,  Conn. 

Phyllis  Ann  Davies,  Keuka  College,  Keuka  Park,  N.  Y. 

Dr.  Jerome  Davis,  West  Haven,  Conn. 

Rev.  Warren  J.  Day,  Union  Theological  Seminary,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

A.  C.  Debobe.n,  Brotherhood  Firemen  and  Engineers,  Gardenville,  N.  Y. 

Prof.  John  J.  DeBoer,  University  of  Illinois 

Rev.  Purd  E.  Deitz,  Eden  Theological  Seminary,  Webster  Groves,  Mo. 

Prof.  W.  W.  Denton,  University  of  Arizona 

Dr.  W.  Marshon  DePoister,  Grinnell  College,  Iowa 

Rev.  Oviatt  F.  Desmond,  Columbus,  Ohio 

Prof.  Charlotte  D'Evelyn,  Mount  Holyoke  College 

Dr.  Harold  De Wolfe,  Boston  LTniversity 

Hon.  Earl  B.  Dickerson,  Chicago,  111. 

Prof.  Frank  Dobie,  University  of  Texas,  Austin 

Dr.  Witherspoon  Dodge,  National  Religion  and  Labor  Foundation,  New  Haven, 

Ivan  Dornon,  president,  Ohio  Methodist  Student  Movement 

Rev.  M.  E.  Dorr,  Dayton,  Iowa 

Dr.  Hedley  S.  Dimock,  George  Williams  College,  Chicago,  111. 

Prof.  Dorothy  W.  Douglas,  Smith  College 

Mary  E.  Dreier,  Women's  Trade  Union  League,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  Oliver  G.  Droppers,  Cleveland,  Ohio 

Rabbi  Abraham  Dubin,  Flushing,  N.  Y. 

Dr.  W.  E.  B.  DuBois,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Lvdia  A.  M.  Denser,  Methodist  Hospital  Nurses  Home,  Omaha,  Nebr. 

Rev.  Hubert  N.  Dukes,  Grand  Forks,  ,N.  Dak. 

Dean  David  Dunn,  Evangelical  and  Reformed  Seminary,  Lancaster,  Pa. 

Dr.  L.  C.  Dunn,  Columbia  University 

Dr.  H.  Stanley  Dunn,  Evangelical  and  Reformed  Seminary,  Lancaster,  Pa. 

Rev.  G.  Eugene  Durham,  Evanston,  111. 

James  Durkin,  president,  UOPWA,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Hon.  Clifford  Durr,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Armand  d'Usseau,  playwright.  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Carl  Leon  Eddv,  Indianapolis,  Ind. 

Robert  M.  Eddy,  Albany,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  J.  Edwin  Elder,  New  Plv mouth,  Idaho 

Errol  T.  Elliot,  Richmond,  Ind. 

Rev.  Phillips  P.  Elliott,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y. 


Prof.  Thomas  I.  Emerson,  Yale  University  Law  School 

Joseph  E.  Engel,  Cleveland,  Ohio 

Rev.  A.  R.  Eschliman,  Sioux  Falls,  S.  Dak. 

Rev.  Joseph  M.  Evans,  Chicago,  111. 

Prof.  John  Scott  Everton,  president,  Kalamazoo  College 

Thomas  K.  Farley,  director.  Southern  California-Arizona  Conference  of  Meth- 
odist Youth,  Los  Angeles,  Calif. 

Rev.  C.  C.  Farnham,  executive  secretary 

Los  Angeles  Church  Federation,  California 

Lion  Feuchtwanger,  writer,  Pacific  Palisades,  Calif. 

Harold  E.  Fey,  editor,  Christian  Century,  Chicago,  111. 

Rev.  Prof.  Joseph  F.  Fletcher,  Episcopal  Theological  School,  Cambridge,  Mass. 

Rev.  Arthur  W.  Foote,  Unitarian  Church,  St.  Paul,  Minn. 

Rev.  Eddy  L.  Ford,  Baltimore,  Md. 

Price  Forsythe,  president.  Local  725,  IBEW,  AFL. 

Rev.  Roscoe  Foust,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Dr.  George  A.  Fowler,  president.  Church  Federation  of  Greater  Chicago,  Chi- 
cago, 111. 

John  Franzen,  Seymour,  Conn. 

Prof.  Frank  S.  Freeman,  Cornell  University 

Rev.  Stephen  H.  Fritchman,  Los  Angeles,  Calif.  ^  " 

Edward  D.  Gallagher,  past  president,  California  State  Federation  of  Teachers, 
San  Francisco,  Calif. 

Bishop  Carey  A.  Gibbs,  A.  M.  E.  Church,  Jacksonville,  Fla. 

Rev.  George  Miles  Gibson,  McCormick  Theological  Seminary,  Chicago,  111. 

Rev.  Rudolph  W.  Gilbert,  Unitarian  Church,  Denver,  Colo. 

Mrs.  Louis  S.  Gimbel,  Jr.,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Hon.  Josiah  W.  Gitt,  publisher.  Gazette  Daily,  York,  Pa. 

Rabbi  Roland  B.  Gittelsohn,  Rockville  Centre,  Long  Island,  N.  Y. 

Robert  C.  Gnegv,  recording  secretary,  National  Conference  of  Methodist  Youth 
Washington,  D.  C. 

Rabbi  Robert  E.  Goldberg,  New  Haven,  Conn, 

Louis  Goldblatt,  ILWU,  San  Francisco,  Calif. 

Carlton  B.  Goodlett,  M.  D.,  president,  NAACP,  San  Francisco,  Calif. 

Helen  Gordon,  Denver,  Colo. 

Dr.  Ivan  M.  Gould,  general  secretary,  Pennsylvania  Council  of  Churches,  Harris- 
burg,  Pa. 

Charles  A.  Graham,  former  chairman,  War  Labor  Board,  Denver,  Colo. 

Shirley  Graham,  writer,  St.  Albans,  Long  Island,  N.  Y. 

Rabbi  David  Graubart,  D.  D.,  Chicago,  111. 

Rev.  Leon  E.  Grubaugh,  Denver,  Colo. 

David  Haber,  Yale  University  Law  School 

Prof.  Calvin  S.  Hall,  Cleveland,  Ohio. 

Alice  Hamilton,  M.  D.,  Hadlyme,  Conn. 

Bishop  J.  Arthur  Hamlett,  Colored  M.  E.  Church,  Kansas  City,  Kans. 

Prof.  C.  H.  Hamlin,  Atlantic  Christian  College,  Wilson,  N.  C. 

Dr.  G.  A.  Hampton,  secretary  general.  Association  of  Kentucky  Baptists,  Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Pauline  Gillespie  Hansen,  YWCA,  Los  Angeles,  Calif. 

Prof.  Harrison  L.  Harley,  Simmons  College,  Brookline,  Mass. 

George  Harper,  administrative  secretary.  National  Conference  Methodist  Youth, 
Nashville,  Tenn. 

Dr.  E.  E.  Harris,  the  Telescope  Messenger,  Harrisburg,  Pa. 

Prof.  C.  Sheldon  Hart,  Carleton  College,  Northfield,  Minn. 

Rev.  William  C.  F.  Hayes,  conference  superintendent.  Evangelical  United 
Brethren,  Madison,  Wis. 

Mrs.  Anne  E.  Heath,  president.  Women's  Missionary  Society,  A.  M.  E.  Church, 
Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Prof.  Michael  Heidelberger,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Donald  Henderson,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Dr.  Everett  C.  Herack,  president  emeritus,  Newton  Theological  School,  Massa- 

Rev.  Chas.  A.  Hill,  Detroit,  Mich. 

Dr.  Leslie  Pickney  Hill,  State  Teachers  College,  Cheyney,  Pa. 

Dr.  Cecil  E.  Hinshaw,  former  president,  William  Penn  College,  F.  O.  R.,  Kirk- 
wood,  Mo. 


Virginia  Hippie,  recording  secretary,  U.  E.  754,  Dayton,  Ohio 

Rev.  John  Haynes  Hohnes,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

William  Hood,  recording  secretary,  UAW-CIO  Local  600,  Dearborn,  Mich. 

Rev.  Reynold  N.  Hoover,  Chicago,  111. 

Karen  Horney,  M.  D.,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Rabbi  Samuel  Horowitz,  Seattle,  Wash. 

Dr.  Walter  M.  Horton,  Oberlin  Graduate  School  of  Theology,  Oberlin,  Ohio 

Hon.  Charles  P.  Howard,  Des  Moines,  Iowa. 

Rev.  Fred  A.  Hughes,  editor.  Western  Christian  Recorder,  St.  Louis,  Mo. 

Rev.  M.  C.  Hunt,  Lakewood,  Ohio 

James  Imbrie,  Lawrenceville,  N.  J. 

Rev.  Harold  B.  Ingalls,  National  Student  YMCA,  Tuckahoc,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  Dr.   J.   R.  Jamison,  president,   Arkansas   Missionary   Baptist   Convention, 

Morrilton,  Ark. 
Udell  Jarden,  president.  Painters  Local  Union  35,  Staunton,  111. 
Jenny  A.  Johnson,  editor.  The  Friend,  Minneapolis,  Minn. 
Dr.  E.  Stanley  Jones,  New  York,  N.  Y. 
Esther  Holmes  Jones,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 
Rev.  John  Paul  Jones,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y. 
Dr.  Mordecai  M.  Kaplan,  Jewish  Theological  Seminary  of  America,  New  York, 

N.  Y. 
Rev.  Massie  Kennard,  cochairman,  Illinois  Christian  Youth  for  Peace,  Chicago, 

Rev.  J.  Clyde  Keegan,  Methodist  district  superintendent,  Casper,  Wyo. 
Dr.   A.  C.   Keller,   University  of  Washington 
Prof.  Carl  Kepner,  Dickinson  College,  Carlisle,  Pa. 
Bishop  Paul  B.  Kern,  Methodist  Church,  Nashville,  Tenn. 
Rev.  Herbert  King,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Velma  Ruth  King,  Southwestern  College,  Winfield,  Kans. 
Rabbi  Edward  E.  Klein,  New  York,  N.  Y. 
Dr.  I.  M.  Kolthoff,  University  of  Minnesota,  Minneapolis. 
Rev.  Edwin  E.  Krapf,  Los  Angeles,  Calif. 

Leo  Krzycki,  president,  American  Slav  Congress,  Milwaukee,  Wis. 
Rev.  B.  F.  Lamb,  president,  Ohio  Council  of  Churches,  Columbus,  Ohio. 
Rev.  Andrew  H.  Lambright,  Madison,  Wis. 
Dr.  Corliss  Lamont,  writer,  New  York,  N.  Y. 
Rev.  Carl  J.  Landes,  Shandon,  Ohio. 
Rev.  Donald  G.  Lathrop,  Boston,  Mass. 
Rev.  Dr.  John  Howland  Lathrop,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y. 

Hugo  Leaming,  cochairman,  Illinois  Christian  Youth  for  Peace,  Chicago,  111. 
James  D.  LeCron,  Berkeley,  Calif. 

Howard  Lee,  vice  president,  local  22,  UAW-CIO,  Detroit,  Mich. 
Nora  W.  Link,  Women's  Missionary  Society,  A.  M.  E.  Church,  Philadelphia,  Pa, 
Robert  L.  Lindsey,  Union  Theological  Seminary,  New  York,  N.  Y. 
Prof.  Rayford  W.  Logan,  chairman,  department  of  history,  Howard  University 
Rev.  Herman  H.  Long,  Fisk  University,  Nashville,  Tenn. 
Rev.  John  D.  Long,  Dayton,  Ohio 

Prof.  Oliver  S.  Loud,  Antioch  College,  Yellow  Springs,  Ohio 
Tom  Ludwig,  Farmers  Union,  Greenville,  Tenn. 
S.  Beryl  Lush,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Prof.  Curtis  D.  MacDougall,  Northwestern  Universitv 
Louis  Machetta,  president,  local  22,  UAW-CIO  Detroit,  Mich. 
Rev.  James  Macpherson,  Broadway  Baptist  Church,  Denver,  Colo. 
Rev.  Paul  G.  Macy,  executive  secretary,  Evanston  Council  of  Churches,  Evanston, 

Rev.  Charles  C.  G.  Manker,  El  Paso,  Tex. 
Rev.  Stanley  Manning,  chairman.   Committee  on  International  Relations,   Uni- 

versalist  Church  of  America,  Avon,  111. 
Rev.  Samuel  W.  Marble,  Denver,  Colo. 
Dr.  F.  L.  Marcuse,  Cornell  University 
Mary  Bacon   Mason,   vice  chairman.   War  Resisters  League,   Newton  Center, 

Prof.  Kirtley  Mather,  Harvard  University 
Rev.  Howard  G.  Matson,  Santa  Monica,  Calif. 
Grace  McDonald,  Santa  Clara,  Calif. 
Bernard  V.  McGroarty,  Cleveland,  Ohio 


Mrs.  Annabelle  J.  McLay,  Birmingham,  Mich. 

Carey  McWilHams,  Los  Angeles,  CaUf. 

Rev.  George  Mecklenburg,  Minneapolis,  Minn. 

Dr.  Paul  I.  Miller,  Hiram  College,  Ohio 

Rabbi  Uri  Miller,  Baltimore,  Md. 

Rt.  Rev.  Walter  Mitchell,  Protestant  Episcopal  bishop  (retired)  of  Arizona, 
Rancho  Santa  Fe,  Calif. 

Dr.  F.  M.  Ashley  Montagu,  Rutgers  University,  N.  J. 

Rev.  Robert  W,  Moon,  San  Francisco,  Calif. 

Mrs.jHalois  Moorehead,  Hotel  Front  Service  Employees  Union,  local  444,  A.  F.  of  L., 
New  York 

Prof.  Philip  Morrison,  Cornell  University 

HoUis  M.  Mosher,  Milton,  Mass. 

Willard  Motley,  author,  Chicago,  111. 

Dr.  John  R.  Mott,  World  Alliance,  YMCA,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Rt.  Rev.  Arthur  W.  Moulton,  Protestant  Episcopal  bishop  (retired)  of  Utah,  Salt 
Lake  City,  Utah 

Mrs.  Baxter  Mow,  Chicago,  111. 

Stuart  Mudd,  M.  D.,  School  of  Medicine,  University  of  Pennsylvania 

Rev.  Robert  Muir,  Roxbury  Crossing,  Mass. 

Rev.  Skillman  E.  Myers,  Goddard  College,  Plainfield,  Vt. 

Prof.  Seth  Neddermeyer,  University  of  Washington 

Dr.  Henry  Neumann,  Brooklyn  Ethical  Culture  Society,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  J.  Pierce  Newell,  La  Crosse,  Wis. 

Rev.  Walter  D.  Niles,  Bonne  Terre,  Mo. 

M.  W.  O'Brien,  Brotherhood  of  Railroad  Trainmen,  Richmond,  Calif. 

Clifford  Odets,  playwright.  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  Tarrence  F.  Ogden,  president,  Schenectady  Ministers  Association,  Schenec- 
tady, N.  Y. 

Rt.  Rev.  C.  Ashton  Oldham,  Protestant  Episcopal  bishop  of  Albany,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  John  Ormond,  Birmingham,  Mich. 

Dr.  A.  G.  Osier,  School  of  Hygiene,  Johns  Hopkins  Hospital,  Baltimore,  Md. 

Rev.  Clarence  E.  Parr,  Albuquerque,  N.  Mex. 

Rev.  Elmer  C.  Pedrick,  Richmond,  Va. 

Rev.  Edward  L.  Peet,  Mill  Valley,  Calif. 

Rev.  Leslie  T.  Pennington,  Chicago,  111. 

Dr.  E.  C.  Peters,  president,  Paine  College,  Augusta,  Ga. 

Albert  Pezzati,  International  Union  of  Mine,  Mill  and  Smelter  Workers,  Columbus, 

Rev.  Louis  C.  Phelps,  Nampa,  Idaho 

Prof.  Seymour  M.  Pitcher,  State  University  of  Iowa 

Rabbi  David  De  Sola  Pool,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Harry  H.  Powell,  president,  local  1010,  United  Steelworkers  of  America,  CIO, 
Indiana  Harbor,  Ind. 

Willard  B.  Ransom,  State  president,  NAACP,  Indianapolis,  Ind. 

Shirley  Reece,  National  Conference  of  Methodist  Youth,  Stockton,  Calif. 

Rev.  J.  W.  Reed,  Portland,  Oreg. 

Bishop  Frank  M.  Reid,  Allen  University,  Columbia,  S.  C. 

Rev.  L.  Willard  Reynolds,  West  Newton,  Ind. 

Rev.  James  Rhinesmeith,  Oceanside,  N.  Y. 

Judge  James  Hoge  Ricks,  Richmond,  Va. 

Prof.  John  G.  Rideout,  Pocatello,  Idaho 

Rev.  Llovd  H.  Rising,  Lincoln,  Nebr. 

Holland  "Roberts,  director,  California  Labor  School,  San  Francisco,  Calif. 

Very  Rev.  Paul  Roberts,  dean,  St.  Johns  Cathedral,  Denver,  Colo. 

Dr.  Theodor  Rosebury,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Rabbi  Jacob  Phillip  Rudin,  Great  Neck,  Long  Island,  N.  Y. 

Dr.  E.  E.  Rvden,  The  Augustana  Lutheran,  Rock  Island,  111. 

Dr.  Ernest  W.  Saunders,  Morningside  College,  Sioux  City,  Iowa 

J.  Nevin  Sayre,  division  International  F.  O.  R.,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Alfred  G.  Scattergood,  Religious  Society  of  Friends,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

J.  Henry  Scattergood,  Religious  Societv  of  Friends,  Villanova,  Pa. 

Leo  SchaefTer,  president,  local  163,  UAW,  Detroit,  Mich. 

Sylvain  Schnaittacker,  Mine,  Mill  and  Smelter  Workers,  El  Paso,  Tex. 

Rev.  Paul  G.  Schneider,  Canton,  Ohio 

Dr.  T.  C.  Schneirla,  American  Museum  of  Natural  History,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Dr.  Edwin  W.  Schramm,  Columbus,  Ohio 


Rev.  John  H.  Shanley,  Coshocton,  Ohio 

Dr.  Harlow  Shapley,  Harvard  College  Observatory 

Prof.  John  F.  Shepard,  University  of  Michigan 

Dr.  Guy  Emery  Shipler,  editor,  The  Churchman,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Tom  L.  Slater,  Carpenters  Union,  local  1,  A.  F.  of  L.,  Chicago,  111. 

Rev.  Alson  J.  Smith,  writer,  Stamford,  Conn. 

Marlin  E.  Smith,  president.  Food,  Tobacco  Workers,  local  638,  Oshkosh,  Wis. 

Rev.  Roy  C.  Snodgrass,  Amarillo,  Tex. 

Rabbi  Elias  Solomon,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Dr.  John  Somerville,  author,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  Walter  B.  Spaulding,  executive  secretarv,   Montana  Board  of  Education, 
Methodist  Church,  Great  Falls,  Mont. 

Jonathan  Steere,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Rev.  Philip  Humason  Steinmetz,  Ashfield,  Mass. 

Rev.  Alexander  Stewart,  Union  Theological  Seminary,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Walter  Stich,  Marine  Engineers,  San  Francisco,  Calif. 

Rev.  Wrav  W.  Stickford,  Mansfield,  Mass. 

Donald  E.  Stier,  Cleveland,  Ohio 

I.  F.  Stone,  columnist,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Fred  W.  Stover,  president,  Iowa  Farmers  Union,  Hampton,  Iowa 

Oscar  Strum,  vice  president.  Central  Body,  A.  F.  of  L.,  Staunton,  111. 

Dr.  Stanley  I.  Stuber,  Church  World  Service,  Inc.,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Leon  Svirsky,  Ossining,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  Alfred  W.  Swan,  Madison,  Wis. 

Glen  Talbot,  president.  North  Dakota  Farmers  Union,  Jamestown,  N.  Dak. 

Rev.  Alva  W.  Taylor,  Nashville,  Tenn. 

Dr.  Price  A.  Taylor,  Jr.,  Central  Christian  Advocate,  New  Orleans,  La. 

Rev.  John  H.  Telfer,  Dousman,  Wis. 

Mrs.   Mary   Church  Terrell,   honorary  president.   National  Association  for  Ad- 
vancement of  Colored  Women,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Rev.  Dillon  Throckmorton,  Sr.,  Methodist  district  superintendent,  Sacramento, 

Rev.  Willis  C.  Thurow,  Montana  Conference  Methodist  Church,  Glendive,  Mont. 

Mrs.  M.  E.  Tilly,  Southern  Regional  Council,  Atlanta,  Ga. 

Rev.  Frank  Morev  Toothaker,  Methodist  district  superintendent.  Phoenix,  Ariz. 

Rev.  V.  M.  Townsend,  president.  Elder  A.  M.  E.  Church,  Little  Rock,  Ark. 

Rev.  Carroll  D.  Tripp,  Vermont  Church  Council,  Burlington,  Vt. 
Louis  Untermeyer,  writer,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y. 

Dr.  Willard  Uphaus,  executive  secretary.  National  Religion  and  Labor  Founda- 
tion, New  Haven,  Conn. 

Mark  Van  Doren,  writer,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Pierre  Van  Paassen,  writer.  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Rev.  P.  G.  Van  Zandt,  Chicago,  111. 

Dr.  Maurice  Visscher,  University  of  INIinnesota 

Rev.  Edgar  M.  Wahlberg,  Dearborn,  Mich. 

Bishop  Paris  A.  Wallace,  A.  M.  E.  Zion  Church,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y. 

Prof.  George  H.  Watson,  Roosevelt  College,  Chicago,  111. 

Rev.  Ewart  G.  Watts,  El  Paso,  Tex. 

Prof.  F.  W.  Went,  California  Institute  of  Technology,  Pasadena,  Calif. 

Prof.  Henry  Nelson  Wieman,  University  of  Oregon,  Eugene,  Oreg. 

Rev.  Howard  G.  Wiley,  executive  secretary,  Minneapolis  Church  Federation 

Rev.  Howell  O.  Wilkins,  vice  chairman.   World  Christian  Youth  Commission, 

"  Camden,  Del. 
Rev.  Harper  S.  Will,  alternate  moderator.  Church  of  the  Brethren,  Chicago,  111. 
Aubrey  Williams,  editor.  Southern  Farmer,  Montgomery,  Ala. 
Rev.  Claude  Williams,  Helena,  Ala. 
Rev.  Walter  T.  Wilson,  East  Chicago,  Ind. 
Rev.  Edwin  H.  Witman,  New  Cumberland,  Pa. 

Hon.  James  A.  Wolfe,  Utah  Supreme  Court  justice.  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah 
Prof.  Rolland  E.  Wolfe,  Western  Reserve  University,  Cleveland,  Ohio 
Dr.  Thomas  Woody,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Rev.  Warren  Wyrick,  chairman.  Commission  on  International  Relations  of  San 

Francisco  Council  of  Churches 
Prof.  W.  A.  Young,  Baker  University,  Baldwin,  Kans. 
Rev.  Herbert  E.  Zebarth,  Milwaukee,  Wis. 



[Advertisement  in  New  York  Times,  April  13, 1949,  p.  36] 

Labor  Wants  Peace  Talks  Not  a  Pact  for  War — A  Statement  on  the  North 
Atlantic  Pact 

The  United  States  Senate,  which  recently  filibustered  the  civil  rights  bills  to 
death,  has  been  called  upon  to  push  through  the  North  Atlantic  Pact  at  top 
legislative  speed. 

It  is  argued  that  the  North  Atlantic  Pact  is  urgently  needed  to  secure  world 
peace.  Yet  many,  here  and  abroad,  are  alarmed  over  the  pact  and  fear  that,  far 
from  promoting  peace,  it  may  lead  to  war.  This  is  our  fear.  We,  the  under- 
signed, see  neither  hope  nor  promise  in  a  world  divided  into  hostile  blocks. 

It  makes  no  sense  to  say,  as  the  Secretary  of  State  has  said,  that  the  North 
Atlantic  Pact  is  in  the  spirit  of  the  United  Nations  Charter  and  conforms  to  its 
provisions.  The  North  Atlantic  Pact  is  the  opposite  of  the  United  Nations.  It 
is  the  final  climax  in  a  series  of  events  which  have  disunited  the  original  United 
Nations.  It  is  clearly  a  pact  for  war  based  on  the  assumption  that  peace  is 
either  impossible  or  undesirable. 

We  fervently  believe  that  peace — which  the  overwhelming  majority  in  all 
countries  earnestly  want — is  possible.  We  are  convinced  that  the  controversy 
between  the  United  States  and  the  U.  S.  S.  R.  can  be  resolved  in  negotiations  for 
a  peaceful  settlement.     The  pact  closes  the  door  on  negotiation. 

Millions  of  dollars  of  American  taxpayers'  money  are  to  go  to  the  pact's  signa- 
tories for  arms  and  armies.  Less  than  4  years  after  the  conclusion  of  the  last 
war,  the  United  States  evidently  is  ready  to  promote  a  full-fledged  international 
armaments  race.     This  is  the  road  to  war — not  peace. 

As  trade-unionists,  we  are  especially  alarmed  over  policies  which  put  American 
economy  on  a  war  footing,  give  our  industries  a  stake  in  the  continuance  of  the 
armaments  race,  and  fill  Americans  with  a  fear  of  peace  as  bad  for  business  and 
harmful  to  national  prosperity.  We  are  convinced  that  the  true  road  to  pros- 
perity lies  in  the  development  of  peacetime  industry,  designed  to  meet  the  mount- 
ing needs  of  consumers.  The  dread  of  a  depression  should  be  met  by  forthright 
action  to  protect  the  living  standards  of  Americans,  employed  and  unemployed. 

The  North  Atlantic  Pact  is  a  very  serious  departure  from  traditional  American 
policy.  It  should  not  be  rushed  through  to  meet  a  fictitious  deadline.  We  urge 
all  Americans,  regardless  of  their  political  differences,  to  call  upon  the  President, 
the  Secretary  of  State,  and  the  Congress  to  arrange  for  free  and  unrestricted 
public  hearings  before,  as  a  Nation,  we  are  committed  to  a  course  which  many  of 
us  feel  is  fraught  with  peril  to  America  and  the  world. 

Arthur  Osman,  president,  local  65,  Wholesale  and  Warehouse  Workers 

William  Michelson,  president,  local  2,  Department  Store  Workers 

Leon  J.  Davis,  president,  local  1199,  Drug  Clerks  Union 

Al  Evanoff",  division  director,  local  65,  United  Wholesale  and  Warehouse  Workers 

Milton  Goldman,  business  agent,  local  1199,  Drug  Clerks  Union 

Frank  Quinn,  steward,    local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

PhiUip  Wachtel,  steward,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Irving  Wodin,  administrator,  local  2,  Department  Store  Workers 

Bernard  Eisenberg,  area  director,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Abe  Cohen,  garment  area  director,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Frank  Brown,  area  director,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Bill  Portnoy,  employment  dispatcher,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Lillian  Stephens,  steward,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Peter  Evanoff,  employment  dispatcher,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Charles  Goldstein,  area  director,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Peter  Baldino,  area  director,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Joe  Tillem,  area  director,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Sol  Molofsky,  Fourth  Avenue  director,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Leonard  Irsay,  headquarters  area  director,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

William  O'Connor,  Long  Island  area,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Harry  Bush,  Long  Island  area,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Max  C.  Wantman,  area  director,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Philip  Mannheim,  area  director,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W.  j 

Ruth  Bearman,  steward,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 

Bernard  Tolkow,  area  director,  local  65,  U.  W.  &  W.  W. 


Irving  Zeldman,  recording  secretary,  local  2155,  United  Brotherhood  of  Car- 
penters, AFL. 

Edward  Schwuchow,  financial  secretary.  Carpenters  Local  21,  United  Brotherhood 
of  Carpenters,  AFL 

Alex  Klerman,  trustee,  local  2155,  United  Brotherhood  of  Carpenters,  AFL 

Isidore  Rosenberg,  manager,  joint  council  13,  United  Shoe  Workers,  CIO 

Fileno  De  Novalis,  secretary-treasurer,  joint  council  13,  USW-CIO 

Anthony  Scimica,  coordinator,  local  54,  USW-CIO 

Milton  "Schaff,  business  agent,  local  129,  USW-CIO 

Nick  De  Maria,  business  agent,  local  60,  USW-CIO 

Santo  Gioia,  business  agent,  USW-CIO 

A.  Silver,  chairman  executive  board,  local  60,  USW-CIO 
Pat  D'Amelio,  executive  board  member,  local  60,  USW-CIO 
Leo  Sanders,  business  agent,  local  65,  USW-CIO 

Max  Goldstein,  business  agent,  local  65,  USW-CIO 
Max  Honigbaum,  chairman,  joint  council  13,  USW-CIO 
John  Noto,  business  agent,  local  62,  USW-CIO 
Anthony  Rivituso,  business  agent,  local  61,  USW-CIO 
Ted  Tudisco,  business  agent,  local  54,  USW-CIO 
Steve  Alexandersom,  president,  local  60,  USW-CIO 
Achille  Di  Pietro,  executive  board  member,  local  60,  USW-CIO 
Nettie  Cordaro,  executive  board  member,  local  60,  USW-CIO 
Joseph  Marino,  executive  board  member,  local  60,  USW-CIO 
H.  Tucker,  executive  board  member,  local  65,  USW-CIO 
Ronna  Thaler,  executive  board  member,  local  65,  USW-CIO 
Robert  A.  Lopez,  member  executive  local  board  54,  USW-CIO 
Jack  Lowenger,  member  executive  board,  local  54,  USW-CIO 
Arthur  Kostove,  member  joint  council  13,  USW-CIO 
Jack  Danihelsky,  shop  chairman,  local  54,  USW-CIO 
M.  Buzzanca,  floor  chairman,  local  54,  USW-CIO 

B.  Guiaurizzo,  department  chairman,  local  54,  USW-CIO 
Pearl  Ehrlich,  legislative  director,  local  54,  USW-CIO 
Murray  Gold,  business  agent,  local  54,  USW-CIO 

Leo  Rabinowitz,  business  agent,  local  board,  local  54,  USW-CIO 

Steve  Kravath,  president,  local  54,  USW-CIO 

Ida  Pasner,  shop  chairman,  local  54,  USW-CIO 

Sol  Reinstein,  business  agent,  local  54,  USW-CIO 

Max  Perlow,  international  secretary-treasurer,  United  Furniture  Workers^  CIO 

Ernest  Marsh,  director  of  organization,  UFW-CIO 

J.  Anania,  president,  local  76-B,  UFW-CIO 

Herman  Kagan,  vice  president,  local  76-B,  UFW-CIO 

Sol  Silverman,  business  agent,  local  76-B,  UFW-CIO 

Richard  Mazza,  business  agent,  local  76-B,  UFW-CIO 

David  Ratushenko,  business  agent,  local  76-B,  UFW-CIO 

Joseph  Garraffa,  business  agent,  local  76-B,  UFW-CIO 

Ernest  Capaldo,  business  agent,  local  76-B,  UFW-CIO 

S.  Lederman,  member,  joint  council,  local  76-B,  UFW-CIO 

Max  Parees,  member,  joint  council,  local  76-B,  UFW-CIO 

Philip  Lanch,  member,  joint  council,  local  76-B,  UFW-CIO 

Hank  Antell,  business  agent,  local  140,  UFW-CIO  ^ 

Carl  A.  Wise,  executive  board  member,  local  140,  UFW-CIO 

Isidore  Heimowitz,  recording  secretary,  local  140,  UFW-CIO 

Frank  Wagner,  business  agent,  local  140,  UFW-CIO 

Alex  Sirota,  manager,  local  140,  UFW-CIO 

Arnold  Birnbach,  secretary,  civil  rights  committee,  local  140,  UFW-CIO 

Emil  Winick,  shop  chairman,  local  140,  UFW-CIO 

John  Czernowski,  shop  chairman,  local  140,  UFW-CIO 

Bernard  Minter,  business  agent,  local  140,  UFW-CIO 

Al  Di  Martino,  shop  chairman,  local  76,  UFW-CIO 

Louise  Trivelli,  shop  chairman,  local  76,  UFW-CIO 

Helen  Bernstein,  shop  chairman,  local  76,  UFW-CIO 

William  F.  O'Gorman,  business  agent.  Marine  Cooks  and  Stewards,  CIO 

C.  F.  Jonanson,  port  agent,  MCS-CIO 

Ben  Gold,  president.  International  Fur  and  Leather  Workers  Union,  CIO 
Hyman  Richman,  manager,  local  105,  IFL¥/U-CIO 
Murray  Brown,  manager,  local  110,  IFLWU-CIO 
76512—51 11 


John  Demelis,  manager,  local  70,  IFLWU-CIO 

Harry  Jaflfee,  manager,  local  120,  IFLWU-CIO 

Herbert  Kurzer,  manager,  local  125,  IFLWU-CIO 

Morris  Breecher,  business  agent,  IFLWU-CIO 

Max  Bronsnick,  assistant  manager,  local  125,  IFLWU-CIO 

Julius  Fleiss,  business  agent,  IFLWU-CIO 

Samuel  Freedman,  legislative  dir(*ctor,  IFLWU-CIO 

Izzy  Gru,  business  agent,  IFLWU-CIO 

Max  Kochinsky,  business  agent,  IFLWU-CIO 

Joseph  Morgenstern,  business  agent,  IFLWU-CIO 

Morris  Pinchewsky,  business  agent,  IFLWU-CIO 

Samuel  Resnick,  business  agenit,  IFLWU-CIO 

Leon  Shlofrock,  business  agent,  IFLWU-CIO 

Bernard  StoUer,  business  agent,  IFLWU-CIO 

William  Wasserman,  business  agent,  IFLWU-CIO 

Jack  Hindus,  business  agent,  IFLWU-CIO 

Oscar  Ward,  welfare  director,  IFLWU-CIO 

Steve  Leondopoulos,  business  agent,  IFLWU-CIO 

Philip  Silber,  chairman,  local  101,  IFLWU-CIO 

Abe  Potchinskv,  chairman,  local  110,  IFLWU-CIO 

John  QuiUian,  chairman,  local  125,  IFLWU-CIO 

James  Stephenson,  chairman,  local  70,  IFLWU-CIO 

David  Miller,  secretary,  local  101,  IFLWU-CIO 

Max  Ruskin,  secretary,  local  105,  IFLWU-CIO 

Dave  Shapiro,  acting  secretary,  local  110,  IFLWU-CIO 

Sam  Burt,  manager,  joint  board,  Fur  Dressers  and  Dyers  Union,  CIO 

Gladstone    Smith,    secretary -treasurer,    joint    board,    Fur   Dressers    and    Dyers 
Union,  CIO 

Leon  Straus,  executive  secretary,  joint  board,  Fur  Dressers  and  Dyers  Union, 

Morris  Angel,  organizer,  local  64,  IFLWU-CIO 

Cecil  Cohen,  organizer,  local  64,  IFLWU-CIO 

Max  Salzman,  organizer,  Local  64,  IFLWU-CIO 

Tom  Lloyd,  secretary,  local  64,  IFLWU-CIO 

Ervin  Wagner,  president,  local  64,  IFLWU-CIO 

Sophie  Marcus,  executive  board,  local  61,  IFLWU-CIO 

Morris  Gumpel,  executive  board,  local  64,  IFLWU-CIO 

Al  Moses,  shop  chairman,  A-1  Fur  Cleaners,  local  64,  IFLWU-CIO 

Jack  Ostrower,  organizer,  local  80,  IFLWU-CIO 

Anthonv  Barratta,  organizer,  local  80,  IFLWU-CIO 

Hannah  Bock,  executive  board,  local  80,  IFLWU-CIO 

Edward  Wharton,  executive  board,  local  80,  IFLWU-CIO 

Moe  Austin,  president,  local  80,  IFLWU-CIO 

Leonard  I.  Webb,  executive  board,  local  80,  IFLWU-CIO 

Vincent  Castiglione,  executive  board,  local  80,  IFLWU-CIO 

Joseph  Cacchioli,  executive  board,  local  80,  IFLWU-CIO 

Wade  McMillion,  shop  committee,  Pacific  Fur  Dyeing  Co.,  local  80,  IFLWU-CIO 

Tom  landiorio,  organizer,  local  85,  IFLWU-CIO' 

Armand  Norelli,  president,  local  85,  IFLWU-CIO 

Lvndon  Henry,  organizer,  local  88,  IFLWU-CIO 

Jack  Arra,  organizer,  local  88,  IFLWU-CIO 

Nat  Litwack,  president,  local  88,  IFLWU-CIO 

Hy  Denerstein,  administrator,  local  16,  United  Office  and  Professional  Workers, 

Sol  Revkin,  executive  board,  local  88,  IFLWU-CIO 

Noel  Marsh,  shop  chairman.  Central  Striping  and  Blending  Co.,  local  88,  IFLWU- 

Peter  Miriello,  shop  chairman,  Neisel-Peskin  Fur  Dyeing  Co.,  local  88,  IFLWU- 

Sol  Friedman,  business  agent,  local  150,  IFLWU-CIO 

Vincent  Provinzano,  business  agent,  local  150,  IFLWU-CIO 

Morris  Cohen,  business  agent,  local  150,  IFLWU-CIO 

Matt  Vincent,  president,  local  150,  IFLWU-CIO 

Dave  Kaplan,  executive  board,  local  150,  IFLWU-CIO 

Sam  Weinberg,  executive  board,  local  150,  IFLWU-CIO 

Robert  Green,  shop  chairman,  local  16,  UOPWA-CIO 


Rose  Marks,  shop  chairman,  local  16,  UOPWA-CIO 

Winifred  Norman,  organizer,  local  16,  UOPWA-CIO 

Henry  Sheridan,  shop  chairman,  local  16,  UOPWA-CIO 

Shirley  Traub,  shop  chairman,  local  16,  UOPWA-CIO 

Rissel  Bonoff,  recording  secretary,  local  18,  UOPWA-CIO 

Richard  Eveleth,  executive  board,  local  18,  UOPWA-CIO 

Estelle  Levine,  vice  president,  local  18,  UOPWA-CIO 

Henry  Schlanger,  executive  secretary,  local  18,  UOPWA-CIO 

James  Berger,  chapter  chairman,  local  19,  UOPWA-CIO 

Jav  Cohen,  chapter  chairman,  local  19,  UOPWA-CIO 

Helen  Mangold,  president,  local  19,  UOPWA-CIO 

Bernard  Segal,  executive  director,  local  19,  UOPWA-CIO 

Dorothy  Tate,  executive  board,  local  19,  UOPWA-CIO 

Olive  Van  Horn,  vice-president,  local  19,  UOPWA-CIO 

Richard    Morton,   business   representative,    local   906,    UOPWA-CIO 

Antonio  Lopez,  vice-president,  Hotel  and  Club  Employees,  local  6,  AFL 

Richard  Sirch,  business  agent,  hotel  local  6,  AFL 

Alvah  Dean,  executive  board,  hotel  local  6,  AFL 

Ray  Rodriguez,  executive  board,  hotel  local  6,  AFL 

Sotir  Titcas,  executive  board,  hotel  local  6,  AFL 

Frank  Cooper,  executive  board,  hotel  local  6,  AFL 

Frances  Smith,  executive  board,  hotel  local  6,  AFL 

Florine  Donaldson,  delegate,  hotel  local  6,  AFL 

Rhodena  Boyd,  delegate,  hotel  local  6,  AFL 

William  Cafasso,  executive  board,  hotel  local  6,  AFL 

Joseph  Aluffo,  executive  board,  hotel  local  6,  AFL 

Henry  Beckman,  president,  local  3,  Bakers  and  Confectionery  Workers  Union-AFL 

John  Curylo,  business  agent,  local  3,  Bakers-AFL 

Joseph  Cappacona,  business  agent,  Bakers-AFL 

Louis  Altman,  business  agent,  local  164,  Bakers-AFL 

Jules  Meyerowitz,  business  agent,  local  579,  Bakers-AFL 

Herman  Fries,  organizer,  local,  Bakers-AFL 

John   Kandl,   organizer,   local    1,    Bakers-AFL 

Frank  Dutto,  president,  local,  Bakers-AFL 

Ben  Tiedeman,  secretary-treasurer,  Bakers-AFL 

Frank  Weinheimer,  bussiness  agent,  local  430,  United  Electrical  Workers-CIO 

Moe  Portnoy,  business  agent,  UE-CIO 

James  Patterson,  organizer,  local  430,   UE-CIO 

Belle  Bailynson,  legislative  director,  local  430,  UE-CIO 

Harry  Haber,  shop  steward,  local  430,  UE-CIO 

Louise  Nyitray,  vice  shop  chairman,  local  430,  UE-CIO 

Rose  Barr,  shop  chairman,  local  430,  UE-CIO 

James  Garry,  business  manager,  local  1227,  UE-CIO 

Joseph  F.  Kehoe,  secretary-treasurer,  American  Communications  Association-CIO 

D.  R.  Panza,  vice-president,  ACA-CIO 
Joseph  P.  Selly,  president,  ACA-CIO 
Lawrence  F.  Kelly,  vice-president,  ACA-CIO 

Alfred  Doumar,   secretary-treasurer,   local  40,   ACA-CIO 

Eugene  Sayet,  secretary,  Atlantic  branch  local  1,  ACA-CIO 

William  Bender,  vice-president,  ACA-CIO 

John  J.  Wieners,  chairman,  local  40,  ACA-CIO 

Louis  Siebenberg,  vice-president,  local  40,  ACA-CIO 

I.  J.  Sobel,  treasurer,  Atlantic  branch,  local  1,  ACA-CIO 

Frank  SuUivan,  vice-chairman,  Atlantic  branch,  local    1,  ACA-CIO 

F.  W.  Gruman,  secretary-treasurer,  local  10,  ACA-CIO 

Bert  Penman,  vice-president,  local  11,  ACA-CIO 

Frank  A.  Lenahan,  secretary-treasurer,  local  11,  ACA-CIO 

Ewart  Guinier,  secretary-treasurer,  United  Public  Workers-CIO 

Manny  Sherman,  chairman,  local  11,  UPW-CIO 

Mike  Copperman,  chapter  secretary,  local  111,  UPW-CIO 

E.  P.  Luebke,  chapter  president,  local  111,  UPW-CIO 
Ann  Arnold,  legislative  chairman,  local  111,  UPW-CIO 
Charles  Rutkoff,  chapter  president,  local  111,  UPW-CIO 
Helene  Richards,  vice  president,  chapter  local  111,  UPW-CIO 

Sara  Slutsky,  executive  board  member,  chapter  local  111,  UPW-CIO 
Max  Hammer,  division  chairman,  local  2899,  UPW-CIO 


Janet  Wolfe,  executive  board  member,  local  2899,  UPW-CIO 

Al  Rosenberg,  second  vice  president,  local  2899,  UPW-CIO 

Fanny  Langsam,  executive  board  member,  local  2899,  UPW-CIO 

Bert  Loeb,  local  representative,  local  2899,  UPW-CIO 

Stanley  Rudbarg,  shop  chairman,  local  2899,  UPW-CIO 

William  Hauptman,  treasurer,  local  2899,  UPW-CIO 

Ehzabeth  Haber,  financial  secretary,  local  111,  UPW-CIO 

Sidney  Katz,  chapter  executive  board  member,  local  111,  UPW-CIO 

Dominick  Bartoluzzi,  representative  New  York  district,  UPW-CIO 

Jack  Bigel,  president.  New  York  district,  UPW-CIO 

Lewis  J.  Sklar,  vice  president,  chapter,  local  111,  UPW-CIO 

A.  Ginsberg,  vice  president,  chapter,  local  111,  UPW-CIO 

Samuel  Garnett,  president,  local  111,  UPW-CIO 

Louis  Passikoff,  chairman,  section  No.  2,  local  338,  United  Retail  &  Wholesale 

Morris  Pitt,  executive  board  member,  section  No.  2,  local  338,  UR&WW 
Leo  Reiter,  section  chairman,  local  338,  UR&WW 
Hy  Friedman,  welfare  secretary,  section  6,  local  338,  UR&WW 
Andrew  Leredu,  president.  International  Jewelry  Workers,  local  1,  AFL 
David  Ehre,  vice  president,  local  1,  jewelry-AFL 
David  Smith,  recording  secretary,  local  1,  jewelry-AFL 
Isidore  Kahn,  secretary-treasurer,  local  1,  jewelry-AFL 
Benny  Sher,  organizer,  local  1,  jewelry-AFL 
Leon  Sverdlove,  organizer,  local  1,  jewelry-AFL 
Frank  Milo,  organizer,  local  1,  jewelry-AFL 

Frank  Wedl,  president,  local  848,  Brotherhood  of  Painters  &  Paperhangers-AFL 
Morris  Davis,  secretary,  local  848,  painters-AFL 
Louis  Weinstock,  delegate,  district  council  9,  painters-AFL 
Ralph  French,  painters-AFL 
Samuel  Winn,  painters-AFL 
M.  Botwinick,  painters-AFL 
William  Peace,  vice  president,  local  144,  Building  Service  International  Union- 

Molly  West,  business  agent,  local  144,  BSIU-AFL 
Sidney  Pudell,  administrator,  local  144,  BSIU-AFL 
Francis  Golden,  general  organizer,  local  144,  BSIU-AFL 
Larry  Schnall,  business  agent,  local  144,  BSIU-AFL 
Halois  Moorhead,  business  agent,  local  144,  BSIU-AFL 
James  Anderson,  executive  board  member,  local  144,  BSIU-AFL 
Helen  Pivalo,  executive  board  member,  local  144,  BSIU-AFL 
Nicky  Carale,  local  144,  BSIU-AFL 
Al  Lewis,  business  agent,  local  144,  BSIU-AFL 
John  Steuben,  secretary-treasurer,  local  144,  BSIU-AFL 
Arnold  Ames,  executive  secretary.  Ladies  Garment  Center-ALP 
Fanny  Golos,  vice  president,  Ladies  Garment  Center-ALP 
Morris  Garfin,  treasurer,  LGC-ALP 
Abraham  Skolnick,  president,  LGC-ALP 
Aberlardo  Baez,  general  secretary,  local  273,  Food,  Tobacco,  Agricultural  Union- 

Felix  Rivera,  executive  board  member,  local  273,  FTA-CIO 
Severino  Martinez,  assistant  regional  director,  FTA-CIO 
Hyman  Levine,  recording  secretary.  Sheet  Metal  Workers  Sick  &  Benevolent 

Association,  Inc.,  local  union  No.  28,  AFL 
Alcott  L.  Tyler,  business  manager,  local  121,  United  Chemical  Workers-CIO 
Daniel  Allen,  trade  union  director,  ALP 

(This  advertisement  initiated  and  paid  for  by  voluntary  contributions  from 
among  the  above  signators  as  individuals.  Title  and  affiliation  listed  for  identi- 
fication only.) 



Call  to  a  National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace,  Chicago,  III.,  October 
1  AND  2,  1949,  Carmen's  Hall,  Ashland  Auditorium 


Honorary   chairman:  Bernard  V.    McGroarty,    Stereotypers,   AFL 

Chairman:  Samuel  Curry,  Packinghouse  No.  347 

Executive  secretary:  James  H.  Wishart,  I.  F.  L.  W.  U.-CIO 

Treasurer:  Ossie  Long,  Dining  Car  and  Railroad  Food  Workers,  Independent 

Publicity  chairman:  Rod  Holmgren,  I.  U.  M.  M.  &  S.  W.-CIO 

Mass-meeting  chairman:  James  Pinta,  I.  U.  M.  M.  &  S.  W.-CIO 

Coordinator:  Joseph   D.    Persily 

Illinois  organizer:  John  T.  Bernard,  U.  E.-CIO 

Illinois  organizer:  Sven  Anderson,  U.  A.  W.-CIO 

Office  manager:  June  R.  Shaw,  U.  O.  P.  W.  A.-CIO 

Octavia  Hawkins,  UAW-CIO  No.  453    Bill  Jackson,  I.  U.  M.  IM.  &  S.  W.-CIO 
Pat  Amato,  UE-CIO  No.  1150  Gene  Barile,  Shoe  Workers 

Willard  Best,   FE-CIO  Givn  F.  Brooks,  Railroad,  AFL 

Jacob  Blake,  Jr.,  USA-CIO  Tom  Slater,  Carpenters  No.  1,  AFL 

Max  Friend,  ILGWU-AFL 
Veronica  Kryzan,  FTA-CIO 



John  Allard,  president,  local  230,  UAW-CIO 

James  T.  Allen,  financial  secretary,  local  634,  Carpenters,  AFL 

William  Axelrod,  executive  secretary,  Newsvenders 

diet  Baker,  patrolman,  Marine  Cooks,  Stewards,  CIO 

Thomas  Bankhead,  chairman,  legislative  committee,  local  634,  Carpenters,  AFL 

James  Daugherty,  president,  State  CIO  Council 

Fred  Friedman,  political  committee,  local  116,  Painters,  AFL 

Howard  Garvin,  editorial  board  of  the  Union  Painter,  local  116,  AFL 

Charles  Gladstone,  ILGW,  AFL 

Frank  Green,  business  agent,  local  115,  Watchmakers,  AFL 

Fred  Hancock,  local  116,  Painters,  AFL 

Frank  Hearn,  business  agent,  local  26,  ILWU-CIO 

Dennis  Hooper,  port  agent,  Alarine  Cooks,  Stewards,  CIO 

John  Leboun,  division  664,  Locomotive  Engineers,  San  Luis  Obispo 

Lester  J.  McCormick,  business  representative,  local  634,  Carpenters  Union,  AFL 

Charles  F.   MclVIurray,  representative,  Dining  Car  &  Railroad  Food  Workers, 

Henry  Richardson,  trustee,  Painters,  AFL 
Henry  Sazer,  local  22,  Capmakers,  AFL 
Lloyd  Seeliger,  business  agent,  local  26,  ILWU-CIO 
Lou  Sherman,  president,  local  26,  ILWU-CIO 
Sophie  Silver,  joint  board,  ILGWU-AFL 
Sam  Sperling,  local  1976,  Carpenters,  AFL 
Del  Tucker,  president,  local  1421,  UE-CIO 
Sam  Willens,  ILGWU,  AFL 
Sol  Zeleznick,  president,  local  1348,  Painters,  AFL 


Charles  Didsbury,  president,  local  620,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

Frank  Giaralli,  president,  local  237,  UE-CIO 

Edward  Gilden,  legislative  director,  local  503,  ITU 

Rudolph  Gillespie,  local  146,  Hod  Carriers,  AFL 

Saul  Kreas,  business  agent,  local  186,  Printers,  AFL 

Thomas  Koury,  vice  president,  local  423,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

Philip  Laracca,  financial  secretary,  local  146,  Hod  Carriers,  AFL 

John  Ropuano,  president,  local  445,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

Saul  Weissman,  president,  local  364,  Cleaners  &  Dyers,  CIO 



Pat  Amato,  president,  local  1150,  UE-CIO 

Abraham  Arnstein,  executive  board,  local  14,  Cigarmakers,  AFL 

Solon  C.  Bell,  president,  Dining  Car  &  Railroad  Food  Workers,  Independent. 

Willard  Best,  recording  secretary,  local  108.  FE-CIO 

Nick  Blattner,  business  agent,  local  18-B,  Furniture,  CIO 

Glyn  F.  Brooks,  president,  local  666,  Railway  Carmen 

Geo.  Carlson,  local  637,  Painters,  AFL 

Samuel  Currv,  president,  local  347,  Packinghouse,  CIO 

Geraldine  Dvorak,  president,  local  24,  UOPWA-CIO 

HiUiard  Ellis,  organizer,  local  453,  UAW-CIO 

Carl  Erickson,  president,  local  637,  Painters,  AFL 

Max  Friend,  executive  board,  local  212,  ILGWU-AFL 

Milton  Gilmore,  president,  local  23,  Packinghouse,  CIO 

B.  V.  Gleason,  lodge  474,  BRT 

Carl  Gustrom,  treasurer,  local  637,  Painters,  AFL 

Chris  Gyker,  legislative  director,  local  164,  FE-CIO 

Matt  Halas,  president,  local  108,  FE-CIO 

Bill  Jackson,  vice  president,  local  758,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

Clifford  Johnson,  business  representative,  local  49,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 

Helge  Johnson,  vice  president,  local  637,  Painters,  AFL 

Terry  Kandal,  district  committeeman,  local  719,  UAW-CIO 

Michael  Karpa,  president,  local  1119,  UE-CIO 

William  King,  executive  board,  local  4,  Printers,  AFL 

Irving  Krane,  business  manager,  local  1150,  UE-CIO 

Veronica  Kryzan,  secretarv-treasurer,  local  194,  FTA-CIO 

Bernard  Lucas,  president,  "local  208,  ILWU-CIO 

Frank  Mierkiewicz,  business  representative,  local  43,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 

Bernard  McDonough,  business  manager,  local  1119,  UE-CIO 

Arthur  Peterson,  recording  secretary,  local  101,  FE-CIO 

Bernard  Rappaport,  shop  chairman,  local  5,  ILGWU-AFL 

Edward  Romanowski,  sergeant  at  arms,  local  347,  Packinghouse,  CIO 

WiUiam  Samuels,  president,  lodge  225,  BRT 

Jack  Sauther,  president,  local  25,  Packinghouse,  CIO 

Sam  Schaps,  president,  local  45,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 

Goldie  Shapiro,  chairman,  education  committee,  local  2,  Public  Workers,  CIO 

Tom  Slater,  secretary-treasurer,  local  1,  Carpenters,  AFL 

Ben  Sloan,  executive  board,  local  14,  Cigarmakers,  AFL 

Pasco  Soso,  president,  local  1114,  UE-CIO 

Max  Strulovich,  steward,  local  28,  Packinghouse,  CIO 

Arthur  C.  Thomas,  lodge  342,  Railway  Clerks,  AFL 

Alvin  L.  Vessey,  local  101,  FE-CIO 

John  M.  Volz,  president,  local  169,  FE-CIO 

Harold  Ward,  financial  secretary,  local  108,  FE-CIO 

John  Wesolowski,  business  representative,  local  415,  Fur  and  Leather,  CIO 

Charles  Wilson,  steward,  local  719,  UAW-CIO 


Jacob  Blake,  Jr.,  trustee,  local  1014,  USA-CIO 

Harold  M.  Boyer,  steward,  local  9,  UAW-CIO 

Joe  Gyurko,  grievance  committee,  local  1010,  USA-CIO 

Chris  L.  Mails,  shop  steward,  local  1014,  USA-CIO 

Julius  Rems,  steward,  local  9,  UAW-CIO 

Ed,  Wygant,  steward,  local  9,  UAW-CIO 


J.  S.  Lindsey,  financial  secretary,  local  704,  I  AM 

Mervin  L.  Myers,  business  agent,  local  110,  FTA-CIO 

Arthur  Petrusch,  president,  local  116,  FE-CIO 

David  A.  Reed,  president,  local  155,  FE-CIO 

Wm.  R.  Smith,  local  116,  FE-CIO 

Mary  Testraet,  president,  local  271,  FE-CIO 

Mark  Thompson,  local  118,  ITU 


Walter  Rogers,  local  406,  Operating  Engineers,  AFL 



Irv  Dvorin,  port  agent,  Marine  Cooks  and  Stewards,  CIO 
Sam  Fox,  chief  shop  steward,  local  75,  Furniture  Workers,  CIO 
James  Mosley,  secretary,  local  219,  Fur  and  Leather,  CIO 
Joseph  Oliver,  president,  local  219,  Fur  and  Leather,  CIO 


Robenia  Anthony,  local  484,  Teachers  Union,  AFL 

George  Bradow,  manager,  local  30,  Fur  and  Leather,  CIO 

Alexander  Cocoburn,  president,  local  201,  Retired  Employees,  UE-CIO 

Alphonse  Croce,  board  of  directors,  Shoe  Lasters 

Paul  R.  Emerson,  local  218,  Carpenters,  AFL 

Bartley  Harriett,  business  agent,  local  11,  Packinghouse,  CIO 

Helen  S.  Johnson,  treasurer,  local  3,  UOPWA-CIO 

Carol  T.  Levy,  president,  local  3,  UOPWA-CIO 

Harold  Lewengrus,  shop  steward,  local   181,   Amalgamated  Clothing  Workers, 

Robert  McCarthy,  business  agent,  local  136-B,  Furniture  Workers,  CIO 
Geo.  Roe,  recording  secretary,  local  239,  UE-CIO 
Salvatore  Vaudo,  executive  board,  local  11,  Packinghouse,  CIO 


Paul  Boatin,  bargaining  committee,  local  600,  UAW-CIO 

Phillip  Carroll,  tool-room  steward,  local  157,  UAW-CIO 

Ed.  Chabot,  legislative  committee,  local  931,  UE-CIO 

James  Cichocki,  president,  local  742,  UAW-CIO 

Tom  Coleman,  president,  local  285,  Public  Workers,  CIO 

Thomas  Crowe,  bargaining  committee,  local  2340,  USA-CIO 

Tracv  Doll,  Detroit 

Virgil  Lacey,  local  600,  UAW-CIO 

Percy  Llewellvn,  local  600,  UAW-CI01 

Ed  Lock,  president,  plastic  unit,  local  600,  UAW-CIO 

Andrew  Poach,  vice  president,  CIO  Council,  Oakland  County. 

Warren  F.  Powers,  secretary-treasurer,  local  26,  UOPWA-CIO 

John  Reynolds,  president,  local  208,  UAW-CIO 

Samuel  Sage,  Detroit 

Edith  Van  Horn,  chief  steward,  local  3,  UAW-CIO 

Leo  West,  chairman  legislative  committee,  local  931,  UE-CIO 

Fred  Williams,  business  agent,  local  208,  UAW-CIO 

John  H.  Young,  president,  local  922,  UAW-CIO 


George  Dizard,  business  agent,  Federal  local  18650,  AFL 

Leo  Giovannini,  local  1140,  UE-CIO 

John  L.  Johnson,  local  2714,  USA-CIO 

Pat  McGraw,  secretary,  local  1096,  USA-CIO 

Joe  Paszak,  secretary,  local  1210,  USA-CIO 

Cornelius  Smith,  local  7,  Carpenters,  AFL 

Walter  J.  Szlachtowski,  local  1140,  UE-CIO 


Loyal  Hammack,  secretary,  general  grievance  committee,  lodge  696,  BRT 

Walter  Held,  president,  local  820,  UE-CIO 

Geo.  Kimmel,  president,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

Wm.  Massingale,  president,  Building  Service  Employees 

James  L.  Moore,  local  41,  lAM 

E.  M.  Simmons,  local  1108,  AFL 


Florence  Coppock,  steward,  local  60,  Packinghouse,  CIO 

Joe  Dozier,  local  113,  Packinghouse,  CIO 

Wm.  O.  Hester,  local  47,  Packinghouse,  CIO 

Geo.  Patrinor,  financial  secretary-treasurer,  local  62,  Packinghouse,  CIO 

Wm.  Stone,  Hod  Carriers,  AFL 

New  Hampshire 

Harold  Macey,  chapel  chairman,  local  25,  ITU 

John  S.  Yarmo,  steward,  local  136B,  Furniture,  CIO 


New  Jersey 

Mike  Berko,  chief  steward,  local  365,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

Wm.  Betzel,  president,  local  437,  UE-CIO 

Santo  Bevacqua,  president,  local  140,  Fur  Workers,  CIO 

Clarence  Bingaman,  president,  local  810,  UE-CIO 

Ethel  Carpenter,  local  429,  UE-CIO 

Robert  Brennan,  president,  local  401,  UE-CIO 

Munzio  Calise,  president,  local  130,  Fur  Workers,  CIO. 

Anthony  J.  Cascone,  picket  captain,  singer  local  403,  UE-CIO 

John  Dillon,  vice  president,  local  448,  UE-CIO 

Joseph  Evans,  financial  secretary,  local  422,  UE-CIO 

Wm.  Ewaskiw,  shop  chairman,  local  407,  UE-CIO 

Bernard  Porer,  corresponding  secretary,  local  437,  Federation  of  Teachers,  AFL 

Andrew  Garner,  president,  local  286,  Packinghouse,  CIO 

Dominick  San  Giovanni,  president,  local  20,  Chemical  Workers,  CIO 

Helen  Gottlieb,  president,  local  11,  UOPWA-CIO 

Agnolia  Holland,  vice  president,  local  424,  UE-CIO 

Phillip  H.  Israel,  financial  secretary,  local  1782,  Carpenters,  AFL 

Anthony  Lisano,  president,  local  409,  UE-CIO 

Mike  Longi,  chief  steward,  local  702,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

John  McCarthy,  president,  local  429,  UE-CIO 

Arnold  McGee,  president,  local  231,  Packinghouse,  CIO 

George  Palmer,  recording  secretarv,  local  446,  UE-CIO 

Richard  J.  Ryan,  Jr.,  ITU,  AFL 

Bert  Salwen,  chief  steward,  local  7,  UOPWA-CIO 

John  Shein,  chief  steward,  local  837,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

Morris  Slater,  secretary-treasurer,  local  451,  UE-CIO 

Guida  Trombetta,  president,  local  7,  UOPWA-CIO 

Ed.  Scocco,  president,  local  141,  UE-CIO 

Walter  Speicher,  recording  secretary,  local  407,  UE-CIO 

Edward  Taylor,  president,  local  506,  district  50,  UMWA 

James  Williams,  local  27,  Leather  Workers,  CIO 

New  Mexico 

Arturo  Flores,  recording  secretary,  local  890,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

Jose  M.  Hernandez,  shop  steward,  local  890,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

Henry  Jaiamillo,  trustee,  local  890,  Mine-MiU,  CIO 

Clinton  E.  Jencks,  executive  secretary,  local  890,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

D.  C.  Law,  local  chairman,  lodge  221,  BRT-AFL 

New  York 

Louis  Altman,  business  agent,  local  164,  Bakers  Union,  AFL 

Morris  Angel,  organizer,  local  64,  Fur  Workers,  CIO 

Norma  Aronson,  president,  local  16,  UOPWA-CIO 

Henry  Beckman,  president,  local  3,  Bakers  Union,  AFL 

Daniel  Benjamin,  vice  president.  Dining  Car  &  Railroad  Food  Workers,  IND 

Lewis  Allen  Berne,  president,  local  231,  Architects  Union,  CIO 

Russell  Bonoff,  recording  secretary,  local  18,  UOPWA-CIO 

Joe  Cappodonna,  business  agent,  local  3,  Bakers  Union,  AFL 

Vincent  Castiglione,  president,  local  80,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 

Jack  Curylo,  business  agent,  local  3,  Bakers  Union,  AFL 

Leon  Davis,  president,  local  1199,  Drug  Clerks  Union,  CIO 

Frank  Duto,  president,  local  1,  Bakers  Union,  AFL 

Morris  Gainer,  president,  local  905,  Painters,  AFL 

Louis  Greenstein,  president,  local  164,  Bakers  Union,  AFL 

Lyndon  Henry,  organizer,  local  88,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 

Mike  Hudyma,  manager,  local  85,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 

Andrew  Leredu,  president,  local  1,  Jewelry  Workers,  AFL 

David  Livingstone,  vice  president,  local  65,  Wholesale  &  Warehouse 

Helen  S.  Mangold,  president,  local  19,  UOPWA-CIO 

Ruby  Marcus,  business  agent,  local  107,  Paper  Bags  &  Novelty,  AFL 

W^illiam  Michaelson,  president,  local  2,  Department  Store,  CIO 

Richard  Morton,  business  representative,  local  906,  UOPWA-CIO 

Annan  Norelli,  president,  local  85,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 

Jack  Ostrower,  organizer,  local  80,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 

Frank  Princysati,  president,  local  88,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 


Charles  Rivers,  executive  secretary,  district  3,  UE-CIO 

Tonv  Scimica,  local  54,  Shoe  Workers,  CIO 

Philip  Sterling,  executive  board,  local  50,  UOPWA-CIO 

Ben  Tiedeman,  secretary-treasurer,  local  1,  Bakers  Union,  AFL 

Alcott  Tyler,  business  manager,  local  121,  Chemical  Workers,  IND 

Leo  Velardi,  president,  local  121,  Chemical  Workers,  IND 

Matt  Vincent,  president,  local  150,  Mechanics  Union 

Ervin  Wagner,  president,  local  64,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 

Maurice  Wechsler,  local  701,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

Frank  Wedl,  president,  local  848,  Painters,  AFL 

North  Dakota 

J.  M.  Glaser,  member  of  AFL  union 


Ray  E.  Bailes,  secretarv-treasurer,  lodge  108,  Order  of  Railroad  Conductors 

Robert  E.  Lee  Baltimore,  steward,  local  1157,  USA-CIO 

Charles  Beckman,  president,  local  45,  UAW-CIO 

Charles  Butler,  local  1331,  USA-CIO 

Clinton  Carlton,  president,  MuUins  Works,  local  USA-CIO 

Joseph  Carr,  pit  committeeman,  local  4285,  UMWA 

Myles  H.  Cartwright,  local  63,  ITU-AFL 

Wm.  W.  Chapman,  shop  chairman,  local  12,  UAW-CIO 

Oscar  Dennis,  president,  local  735,  Mine  Mill,  CIO 

John  W.  Fields,  secretarv,  local  7765,  UMWA 

Stanlev  Fonfa,  local  1418,  USA-CIO 

H.  C.  Glover,  lodge  2100,  Railwav  Clerks 

Elmer  Grandstaff,  local  1331,  USA-CIO 

R.  D.  Grathwol,  corresponding  secretary,  local  473,  Painters,  AFL 

Josephine  Hansen,  president,  local  209,  ILWU-CIO 

Rav  Horrigan,  member  of  Railroad  Industrial  Union 

Aileen  Kelley,  president,  local  87,  UOPWA-CIO 

Herman  Carl  Kopper,  committeeman,  local  185,  USA-CIO 

Wm.  Long,  lodge  26,  Railway  Carmen 

Geo.  E.  Lyons,  local  5,  Rubber  Workers,  CIO 

Florence  Romig,  chief  shop  steward,  local  707,  UE-CIO 

Joseph  Ross,  secretarv,  local  641,  Blacksmiths  Union,  AFL 

Frank  Sicha,  local  284,  UMWA 

Flora  Wall,  steward,  local  323,  Clothing  Workers,  CIO 


Chas.  C.  Auburn,  president,  local  155,  UE-CIO 

Miriam  E.  Cliff,  local  638,  FTA-CIO 

Willis  Collins,  local  1256,  USA-CIO 

Thos.  F.  Delaney,  secretary.  District  Council  1,  UE-CIO 

Frank  Di  Vincinzo,  business  agent,  local  30,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 

Ed.  Drill,  secretary,  local  587,  Painters,  AFL 

Vincent   Fitzgerald,   recording  secretary,   lodge  462,    Locomotive   Firemen   and 

Tom  Fitzpatrick,  chief  steward,  local  601,  UE-CIO 
Ike  Freedman,  business  manager,  local  53,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 
Marc  Gzylburd,  recording  secretary,  local  155,  UE-CIO 
John  Gillespie,  chief  grievance  committeeman,  local  2295,  USA-CIO 
E.  Incolingo,  business  agent,  local  30,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 
Robert  Kirkwood,  business  agent,  local  610,  UE-CIO 
David  Lachenbruch,  chairman,  local  16,  Newspaper  Guild 
Jack  Law,  president,  local  416,  Paper  &  Novelty  Workers,  CIO 
Nick  Lazeri,  business  agent,  local  237,  Restaurant  Workers,  AFL 
Stanley  L.  Loney,-  president,  District  6,  UE-CIO 
Joseph  McLaughlin,  business  agent,  Shoe  Workers,  CIO 
Maurice  Mersky,  president,  local  30,  Fur  &  Leather,  CIO 
George  Nichols,  labor  manager,  local  237,  Hotel,  Restaurant  Workers,  AFL 
John  Pacosky,  president,  local  1514,  UMWA 

James  Pasquay,  Secretarv-treasurer,  local  30,  Fur  and  Leather,  CIO. 
Warren  Perry,  shop  steward,  local  2599,  USA-CIO 
Jos.  A.  Picucci,  committeeman,  local  2598,  USA-CIO 
Joseph  A.  Ruccio,  business  representative  and  secretary,  local  46,  Roofers,  AFL 


Stephany  Ruccio,  shop  secretary,  local  119,  Clothing  Workers,  CIO 

Anthony  Salopek.  local  1256,  USA-CIO 

Mitchell  W.  Schaffer,  steward,  local  2600,  USA-CIO 

Joseph  L.  Schatz,  president,  local  2,  UOPWA-CIO 

Jacob  Smith,  shop  steward,  local  773,  Teamsters,  AFIj 

Sara  E.  Smith,  vice  president,  local  128,  UE-CIO 

Albert  Sonka,  shop  steward,  local  2599,  USA-CIO 

South  Dakota 

E.  E.  Sudan,  local  123,  Barbers  Union,  AFL 

Henderson  Davis,  chief  shop  steward,  local  19,  FTA-CIO 
John  Mack  Dyson,  president,  local  19,  FTA-CIO 
Ed  McCrea,  business  agent,  local  19,  FTA-CIO 


Isaac  J.  Baker,  vice  president,  local  26,  FTA-CIO 
David  Clark,  president,  local  978,  ILWU-CIO 
Lawrence  McGurty,  organizer,  local  26,  FTA-CIO 
Robbie  W.  Riddick,  president,  local  26,  FTA-CIO 


Robert  Berberich,  treasurer,  lodge  191,  BRT 

Emil  Churchich,  head  steward,  local  75,  UAW-CIO 

Clarence  Dickerson,  vice  president,  local  802,  Public  Workers,  CIO 

George  M.  Hayden,  Bargaining  Committee,  local  1109,  UE-CIO 

Clarence  E.  Hughes,  local  19,  Rubber  Workers,  CIO 

William  Lockett,  executive  board,  Federal  local  18499,  AFL 

Arvo  Mattson,  president,  local  237,  Hod  Carriers,  AFL 

Robert  C.  Miller,  Sentinel  Lodge  1916,  Machinists. 

Emil  Muelver.  president,  local  1113,  UE-CIO 

Oliver  Rasmussen,  president,  local  15,  Woodworkers,  CIO 

George  L.  Sommers,  Brewery  Workers,  CIO 

Fred  WoUman,  president,  local  47,  Fur  and  Leather,  CIO 


Myrna  Anderson,  president,  local  35,  UOPWA-CIO 

O.  L.  Dearinger,  business  agent,  local  9,  ILWU-CIO 

A.  A.  Fisher,  secretary,  State  CIO  Council 

A.  Joe  Harris,  port  agent.  Marine,  Cook  and  Stewards,  CIO 

Harold  Johnson,  Machinist  Lodge  79,  lAM-AFL 

Prudencio  Mori,  secretary,  local  7,  FTA-CIO 

Elmer  Olsen,  business  agent,  local  25,  Mine-Mill,  CIO 

Jerry  Tyler,  secretary,  Seattle  CIO  Council 

(Organizations  listed  for  purposes  of  identification  only.) 


Five  for  each  local  union ;  one  additional  for  each  thousand  members.  Delegates 
from  shops,  buildings  and  departments  shall  also  be  elected.  Registration  fee 
(to  cover  expenses  of  conference):  Delegate,  $2;  observer,  $2. 


Registration  of  delegates:  Friday,  September  30,  8  to  12  p.  m.,  and  Saturday, 
October  1,  9  to  11  a.  m.,  at  Carmen's  Hall,  Ashland  and  Van  Buren,  where  all 
sessions  will  take  place. 

Sessions:  Saturday,  11  a.  m.  to  6:30  p.  m.;  Sunday,  10  a,  m.  to  4  p.  m. 

Mass  meeting  and  program  Saturday  night  at  8  p.  m. 

A  copy  of  the  draft  agenda  and  featured  speakers  at  the  conference  will  be 
mailed  on  request  and  to  all  delegates  and  observers  who  register  by  mail. 


Write  to  arrangements  committee  bureau  on  housing.  Please  specify  approxi- 
mate rate  you  wish  to  pay  and  number  of  nights  for  accommodations. 

Address  all  communications  and  requests  for  additional  copies  of  Call  to: 
National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace,  Secretary,  Arrangements  Committee. 


(Advance  registration  blanlc) 

Secretary,  Arrangements  Committee, 
National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace, 

Suite  905,  179  West  Washington  Street,  Chicago  S,  III. 
Dear  Sir  and   Brother:  I  shall  attend  the   Labor   Conference  for   Peace 
(Chicago,  111.,  October  1  and  2),  as  a — 



(Check  one.) 


Address City State 

Local  No International  Union 

(Your  organization  should  forward  the  names  of  all  its  delegates  to  us  not  later 
than  September  24,  1949). 

(Additional  delegates,  names,  and  addresses  should  be  written  on  another  sheet.) 


[From  the  Daily  Worker,  New  York,  Monday,  December  19, 1949,  p.  5] 
Conference  for  Peace  Called  by  Ohio  Unionists 

An  Ohio  Labor  Conference  for  Peace,  sponsored  by  a  large  number  of  AFL, 
CIO,  and  independent  union  officials,  will  be  held  at  the  Hotel  AUerton  in  Cleve- 
land January  28  and  29,  it  is  announced. 

The  conference  will  seek  to  "unite  the  laboring  men  and  women  in  Ohio  to 
battle  for  peace  and  security,  for  a  return  to  the  policies  of  FDR,"  the  conference 
call  declared.  "It  will  give  expression  to  their  determination  to  prevent  a  suicidal 
atomic  war  of  annihilation.  It  will  mark  a  major  step  toward  the  assumption  by 
labor  of  its  rightful  place  in  the  leadership  of  the  fight  on  which  our  entire  future 

The  Ohio  parley  follows  a  National  Labor  Conference  for  Peace  held  in  Chicago 
October  1  and  2. 

The  Cleveland  Labor  Committee  for  Peace,  with  headquarters  at  5713  Euclid 
Avenue,  is  in  charge  of  arrangements  for  the  conference.  Its  officers  are  Bernard 
V.  IVIcGroarty,  AFL  Stereotypers,  honorary  chairman;  Joseph  A.  Ross,  FLB  Black- 
smiths, chairman;  Robert  E.  Lee,  Baltimore,  CIO  Steelworkers,  secretary;  and 
Leroy  Feagler,  CIO  Longshoremen  and  Warehousemen,  treasurer. 

The  conference  will  start  Saturday  morning,  January  28.  Sessions  will  con- 
tinue Saturday  afternoon  and  Sunday. 

sponsors  list 

A  partial  list  of  sponsors  includes: 

Sylvester  Banks,  USA  local  steward;  Charles  W.  Barkley,  USA  Local  1157 
steward;  Netta  Berman,  CIO  United  Office  Workers  Local  242  president;  D.  A. 
Bowers,  United  Miners  Local  6223  safety  committeeman; 

Also,  John  Bozeman,  United  Electrical  Local  707  acting  membership  director; 
Local  4285  committeeman;  William  Chapman,  CIO  United  Auto  Workers  Local 
12  shop  chairman;  Carl  Chauncey,  UE  Local  735  shop  chairman;  Hugh  Chesney, 
NMW  Local  51  safety  committeeman;  Wallace  Combs,  UE  Local  754  vice  presi- 
dent; Leola  Cooke,  CIO  Clothing  Wx)rkers  steward; 

Also,  Hugh  Crocard,  AFL  Potters  Local  24  committeeman;  Roscoe  James 
Dawson,  AFL  Hodcarriers  Local  265  business  agent;  Thomas  Degnan,  UE 
Local  735  treasurer;  Oscar  Dennis,  CIO  Mine-Mill  Local  735  president;  Joseph 
Dougher,  USA  Local  1104  executive  board;  Fred  D.  Eaves,  CIO  United  Retail 
Workers  Local  2  district  representative;  Sam  Easley,  URWA  Local  2; 

Also  Jake  Epstein,  UE  Local  721  political  action  director;  Leo  Fenster,  CIO 
UWA  Local  45  executive  board;  R.  FeoHch,  USA  Local  1200  steward;  John 
Fields,  UMW  Local  7765  recording  secretary;  Mike  Firestone,  UE  Local  732; 
Frument,  UWA-CIO  Local  45  committeeman;  Roy  Roy  [sic]  Gant,  MMSW  Local 
785  vice  president; 

Also,  Irving  Gilbert,  UAW-CIO  Local  1045  trustee;  Morris  Goldstein, 
IFLWU-CIO  Local  86  secretary;  Hyman  Gordon,  AFL  Carpenters  Local  1715; 
Betty  Grandstaff,  International  Machinists  Local  224;  E.  R.  Grandstaff,  USA 


Local  1331;  Robert  Grant,  USA  Local  1104;  R.  J.  Grathwol,  AFL  Painters 
Local  473  recording  secretary; 

Also,  Morris  Greenbaum,  IFLWU-CIO  Local  86  vice  president;  Elvi  Hakola, 
UE  Local  707  chief  steward;  Josephine  Hansen,  IFLWU-CIO  Local  209  financial 
secretary;  Virginia  Hippie,  UE  Local  754  recording  secretary;  Rose  Joca,  UE 
Local  707  chief  steward;  Joseph  Keller,  IFLWU-CIO  Local  86  business  manager; 
Eileen  Kelly,  UOPWA  Local  87  president;  William  Kozman,  UE  Local  758 
financial  secretary-treasurer; 

Also,  William  Livingstone,  Maymex  McCurdy,  UOPWA  Local  87  chair- 
man; Lee  Workers  Local  47  business  agent;  John  Mugnana,  IFLWU-CIO 
Local  86  president;  Louise  Napolitano,  UE  Local  707  chief  steward;  John  Norris, 
MMSW  Local  785  president;  John  G.  Parker,  UE  Local  766  president;  Frank 
Peoples,  USA  Local  1104  steward;  John  Perry,  UAW-CIO  Local  542  trustee; 
T.  Raley,  UE  Local  766  representative; 

Also,  Olga  Raridon,  IFLWU-CIO  Local  86  treasurer;  Steve  Rees,  UE  Local 
735  shop  chairman;  national  Ladies  Garment  Workers  Local  29  vice  president; 
Joseph  Sheetz,  UE  Local  758  president,  steward. 


[From  Poland  Today,  January  1951,  vol.  6,  No.  1,  p.  18.] 

World  Peace  Council 

members  elected  at  second  world  peace  congress 

Albania:  Konomi  Manol,  President  of  the  Institute  of  Science. 

Algeria:  Abderhama  Bouhama,  architect. 

Argentina:  Margharita  de  Ponce,  teacher;  Emilio  Garcia  Ituraspe,  lawyer;  Dr. 
Luiz  Peluffo,  physician. 

Australia:  Mrs.  Jessie  Street,  member  of  the  Australian  Peace  Council;  Jim 
Healy,  secretary-general  of  the  Dockers  Union;  John  Hughes,  secretary  of  the 
Lawyers  Association. 

Austria:  Ernst  Fischer,  writer;  Prof.  Joseph  Dobretsberger,  university  teacher; 
Prof.  Heinrich  Brandweiner,  university  teacher. 

Belgium:  Prof.  Max  Cosyns,  physicist. 

Brazil:  Mario  Fabio,  scientist;  Branca  Fiahlo,  teacher;  Jorge  Amado,  writer; 
Palamode  Borsari,  engineer. 

Bulgaria:  Ludmil  Stoianov,  academician;  M.  Popov,  teacher. 

Canada:  Rev.  J.  C.  Endicott,  professor  of  theology;  Arthur  Wray,  member  of 
parliament  from  Alberta. 

Ceylon:  Pieter  Keuneman,  president  of  the  Federation  of  Unions. 

Chile:  Pablo  Neruda,  writer;  Guilhermo  de  Fedregal,  former  government 

China:  Kuo  Mo-jo,  president  of  the  Academia  Sinica;  Madam  Sun  Yat-sen, 
president  of  the  Association  of  Aid  to  the  Chinese  People;  Ma  Yin-chu,  university 
president;  Liu  Ning-i,  vice-president  of  the  Chinese  Trade  Unions;  Emil  Siao, 
poet;  Li  Teh-chuan,  vice-president  of  the  Federation  of  Democratic  Women; 
Chang  Po-chun,  secretary  general  of  the  Chinese  Democratic  League;  Tsai  Ting- 
gai,  former  army  general;  Liao  Cheng-chih,  president  of  the  Federation  of  Demo- 
cratic Youth;  Wu  Lanfu  member  of  the  Chinese  Peace  Committee;  Y.  T.  Wu, 
member  the  Union  of  Chinese  Christian  Youth. 

Colombia:  Baldomero  Sanin  Cano,  writer;  Graziela  Mendoza,  journalist. 

Costa  Rica:  Joaquin  Garcia  Monge,  university  teacher. 

Cuba:  Juan  Marinello',  writer  and  former  government  minister;  Domingo  Vil- 
lamil,  lawyer  and  professor  of  theology;  Prof.  Elias  Entralgo,  university  teacher. 

Czechoslovakia:  Anezka  Hodinova-Spurna,  Vice-president  of  the  National  As- 
sembly of  Czechoslovakia;  Jan  Mukarovski,  President  of  Prague  university;  Rev. 
Alexiei  Horak;  V.  Boucek,  worker  at  "Skoda"  Works. 

Denmark:  Martin  Anderson  Nexo,  writer;  M.  Fog,  teacher  and  former  govern- 
ment minister. 

Ecuador:  Angel  Modesto  Paredes,  lawyer  and  former  government  minister. 

Egypt:  Mohamed  Kamel  El  Bindari,  former  envoy;  Fathi  Radwan,  president 
of  the  Supreme  Council  of  the  Nationalist  Party;  Ahmed  Saad  El  Deur  Kamel, 


Finland:  Vaino  Melti,  governor  of  Helsinki  province;  Hagar  Olsson,  writer; 
Felix  Iverson,  teacher. 

France:  Frederic  Joliot-Curie,  scientist;  Irene  Joliot-Curie,  scientist;  Eugenie 
Cotton,  teacher  and  president  of  the  World  Federation  of  Democratic  Women; 
Pablo  Picasso,  painter;  Louis  Aragon,  writer;  Vercors,  writer;  Louis  Saillant,  trade 
union  leader;  Pierre  Cot,  lawyer  and  former  cabinet  minister;  Emmanuel  d'Astier 
de  la  Vigerie,  cabinet  minister;  Abbe  Jean  Soulier;  Alain  le  Leap,  secretary- 
general  of  the  General  Confederation  of  Labor;  Francoise  Leclerc,  secretary  of 
the  Union  of  French  Women;  Laurent  Casanova,  former  cabinet  minister;  Jean 
Lafitte,  writer;  Guy  de  Boysson,  lawyer  and  chairman  of  the  World  Federation 
of  Democratic  Youth;  Gilbert  de  Chambrun,  deputy;  Dr.  Weill  Hallee,  physician; 
Armand  Mitterand,  lawyer;  Robert  Chambeiron,  deputy;  Fernand  Vigne,  secre- 
tary-general of  the  Fighters  for  Peace  and  Liberty;  Dr.  Justin  Godard,  physician 
and  former  cabinet  minister;  Yves  Farge,  former  cabinet  minister;  Rev.  Bosc; 
Madame  Cassin,  teacher;  Dr.  J.  P.  May;  Marcel  Alleman,  miner;  Paul  Raudit, 
Catholic  leader. 

Germany:  Johannes  Becher,  writer;  Prof.  Hans  Kertal,  member  of  German 
Academy  of  Science;  Erwin  Eckert,  Landtag  deputy  and  chairman  of  the  Peace 
Committee  in  Western  Germany;  Walter  Diehl,  student  of  theology  and  chairman 
of  Young  Peace  Defenders  Committee  in  Western  Germany;  Heinrich  Fink 
secretary  of  Longshoremen's  Union  in  Hamburg;  Edith  Hoereth-Menge,  teacher 
and  member  of  Munich  City  Council;  Anna  Seghers,  writer;  Arnold  Zweig,  writer; 
Helen  Weigel-Brecht,  actress;  Dr.  Herz  de  Peipsig,  professor  of  theology. 

Great  Britain:  Prof.  J.  G.  Crowther,  scientist;  Prof.  J.  D.  Bcrnal,  scientist; 
Mrs.  S.  O.  Davies;  D.  N.  Pritt,  lawyer;  J.  Piatt-Mills,  lawyer;  Steve  Lawther, 
miner;  Dr.  C.  R.  Woodward,  physician;  Rev.  Alexander  Reid,  chairman  of  Scottish 
Peace  Committee;  Anne  George,  civil  servant;  Mrs.  J.  Sandy,  engineer;  Dr.  Nora 
Johns,  physician;  Mrs.  Mary  Robertson,  secretary  of  Scottish  Peace  Committee; 
Malcolm  Nixon,  student;  Ivor  Montagu,  journalist;  Rev.  Hewlett  Johnson,  Dean 
of  Canterbury. 

Greece:  Prof.  Kokkalis,  former  government  minister. 

Hungary:  Mrs.   Ezsebet   Andics,   university  teacher;   Rt.   Rev.  Janos  Pjeter, 
Bishopof  the  Reformist  Church;  Gyergy  Lucacs,  writer. 
.  India:  Dr.  Mohanlal  Atal,  physician;  D.  D.  Kosambi,  teacher, 

Indonesia:  Dr.  Tjoa  Sik  Yen,  former  Indonesian  representative  at  UN. 

Iran:  Rahar,  poet  and  university  teacher;  Eskanderi,  lawyer. 

Iraq:  Mohamed  Mehdi  Al  Jewhari,  poet. 

Israel:  Yaari  Meir,  deputy;  Toofik  Toobi,  deputy;  Bar  Yehuda,  deputy. 

Italy:  Pietro  Nenni,  senator;  Emilio  Sereni,  senator;  Rev.  Andrea  Gaggero; 
Prof.  Ambroggio  Donini,  former  Italian  Ambassador  to  Warsaw;  Umberto 
Terracini,  senator;  Arturo  Labriola,  senator;  Giovanni  Conti,  senator;  Willi 
Ferrero,  conductor;  Lodovico  Targetti,  deputy;  Ada  Alessandrini,  teacher; 
Francesco  Cerabona,  deputy  and  former  government  minister;  Elena  Caporaso, 
lawyer;  Giuseppe  Dozza,  Mayor  of  Bologna;  Giulio  Einaudi,  publisher;  Giorgio 
Fenoaltea,  lawyer;  Achille  Lordi,  lawyer;  Prof.  Marcello  Morellini,  university 
teacher;  Mario  Palermo,  senator;  Salvatore  Quasimodo,  writer;  Leonida  Repaci, 
writer;  Francesco  Scotti,  deputy;  Fernando  Santi,  deputy  and  secretary  of  the 
General  Confederation  of  Labor;  Antonio  Varvado,  lawyer;  Tullio  Vecchietti, 
Sociahst  leader;  Conte  Paolo  Sella  di  Monteluco,  industrialist. 

Japan:  Okuo  Oyama,  member  of  the  Chamber  of  Councillors. 

Korea:  Han  Ser  Ya,  writer,  chairman  of  the  Journalists  Union;  Li  Gi  Yen, 
writer;  Madame  Pak  Den  Ai,  chairman  of  the  Union  of  Korean  Democratic 

Lebanon:  Dr.  George  Hanna,  physician;  Radvan  Shagal,  artist;  Antoine 
Tabet,  architect. 

Madagascar:  Madame  Rascanorazelle,  deputy. 

Mexico:  Gen.  Lazaro  Cardenas,  former  President  of  the  Republic;  Vicente 
Lombardo  Toledano,  President  of  the  Confederation  of  Labor  of  Latin  America; 
Ismael  Cosio  Villogas,  scientist;  Gen.  Heriberto  Jara,  former  Minister  of  the  Navy. 

Mongolia:  Tsendin  Damdisyryn,  writer. 

Netherlands:  Mr.  Horsmeier. 

New  Zealand:  Dean  G.  W.  Chandler. 

Norway:  Kirsten  Hansteen,  editor;  Herman  Tennessen,  director  of  Research 
Institute  of  Oslo  University;  Ellen  Gleditch,  teacher. 

Pakistan:  Faiz  Ahmed  Faiz,  secretary  of  Pakistan  Peace  Committee. 


Poland:  Prof.  Jan  Dembowski,  university  teacher;  Prof.  Leopold Inf eld, 
university  teacher;  Ostap  Dluski,  journalist;  Wiktor  Klosiewicz,  chairman  of  the 
Central  Council  of  Trade  Unions;  Leon  Kruczkowski,  writer;  Jerzy  Putrament, 

Portugal:  Manuel  Valladares,  scientist. 

Rumania:  Mihail  Sadoveanu,  writer;  Prof.  Florica  Mezincescu,  Vice  Minister 
of  Education;  Sorin  Jama,  newspaper  editor. 

South  Africa:  Desmond  Buckle;  Rev.  D.  C.  Thompson. 

Spain:  Jose  Giral,  former  Government  minister  of  the  Spanish  Republic; 
Manuel  Sanchez  Argas,  architect;  Jose  Bergamin,  writer. 

Sweden:  Arthur  Lundquist,  writer;  Rev.  Sven  Hector;  Peer  Olaf  Zemmestroem, 

Switzerland:  Prof.  Bonnard. 

Syria:  Ibrahim  Hamzaoui,  lawyer;  Said  Tahsin,  painter;  Mustapha  Amin, 

Trieste:  Franca  Angelo,  journalist. 

Tunisia:  Dr.  Ben  Suleiman,  physician;  Mohamed  Dierad,  journalist. 

U.  S.  S.  R. :  Alexander  Fadeyev,  writer;  Nicolai  Tikhonov,  writer;  Alexander 
Korneichuk,  playwright;  Wanda  Wasilewska,  writer;  Ilya  Ehrenburg,  writer; 
Zinaida  Gagarina,  Vice  President  of  the  Anti-Fascist  Women's  Committee; 
Alexander  Oparin,  academician;  Alexander  Nesmeyanov,  President  of  Moscow 
University;  Leonid  Solovyev,  secretary  of  the  All-Union  Central  Council  of 
Trade  Unions;  P.  V.  Gulyaev,  journalist;  V.  Kochemassov,  secretary  of  Anti- 
Fascist  Youth  Committee;  Metropolitan  Nicolai. 

United  States:  Prof.  W.  E.  B.  DuBois,  sociologist;  Paul  Robeson,  singer; 
Howard  Fast,  writer;  Bishop  Arthur  Moulton;  Joseph  Fletcher,  professor  at 
School  of  Theology  at  Harvard  University;  Charles  Howard,  lawyer;  Rev.  Dr. 
Willard  Uphaus,  Director  of  the  Religion  and  Labor  Foundation;  Theresa  Robin- 
son; Mr.  Larsen,  trade  unionist;  Fred  Stover,  President  of  Farmers  Union  of  the 
State  of  Iowa;  Ernest  de  Maio,  trade  unionist;  Dr.  Clementina  Paolone,  phy- 
sician; Rev.  John  Darr;  Rev.  Robert  Muir. 

Uruguay:  Jose  Luiz  Massera,  scientist. 

Venezuela:  Gen.  Jose  Maria  Gabaldon, 

Vietnam:  Tran  Tan;  Nguyon  Phuc-Bunhoi,  scientist;  Phan  Huy-thong,  teacher. 

Yugoslavia:  Gen.  Pero  Popivoda. 



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